It was bred by Mr. Sawata Aoki and his on in 1946. First he found a koi with golden lines on the back and made it a parent.
He chose the best golden koi one generation after another. In the fourth or the fith generation a Kin Kabuto golden headed koi and a Sakin gold dust koi were breed.
Mating them with a female Shiro-Fuji (White Mt. Fuji) a golden koi was finally bred. Being hybridized with other species, the Ogon is an Origin of many kinds of the Hikarimono.
Sawata Aoki, a Niigata peasant.In 1921, Mr. Sawata was walking along a mountain path toward the river, carrying his lunch, when he met up with a boy who had caught a carp with golden scales on its flanks.
Sawata was so deeply impressed that he bought the fish at the first price asked.
He spawned the fish and selected from the offspring the ones with the most golden color.
After four or five generations, he had produced ones with golden heads, silvery heads, and other varieties.
He purchased more breeding stock until he became too poor.He wanted a new breed known as gin-fuji, but the price was 60 yen, the cost of a large bag of rice.
That was too expensive for him.If he had bought the fish, his family would have gone hungry.
Knowing her father’s troubles, his daughter left home to work as a health nurse for six months.
Upon returning home, she gave her father her salary of 60 yen to purchase the parent fish.
From the spawnings that followed, two ogon with an entirely golden, shiny body were produced.
“It was just after the end of the war World War II) and food was scanty, however, his family supported him to feed the koi by reducing their own food.
In spite of rain or wind, Mr.Sawata went to and from the pond with an empty stomach to feed the koi with locusts that he had caught and crushed with his teeth.
After many years of effort, at the age of 74, he finally succeeded in producing the ogon.
Points for appreciation
The head should be brightly golden
Its scale has golden trimmings. If a fish has these scales spreading on the abdominal region, too the fish is valuable.
The pectoral fins should be shiny.
The fish should be well-figured.
As the temperature rises golden color is apt to become dark. A fish of which golden color does not get dark even in the summer is a good fish
IN the case of the “Doitsu-Ogon” it should have neatly lined scales without a redundant scale.
A silver Hikarimono is called “Nezu-Ogon”. In Japanese “Nezumi (mouse)iro (color) means grey. “Nezu-Ogon” is shortened word of “Nezumi-Ogon” A whitish Nezu-Ogon is Shiro-Ogon
In 1963 Mr. Tado Yoshioka of Uozu city-bred a koi as shiny as platinum, mating a Ki-goi with a Nezu-Ogon.
It was bred by Masoka in 1957, a Ki-goi and an Ogon being mated. The fish shines like pure gold.
It is an orange Hikarimono which was first bred in 1956
It is red Hikarimono. The points for appreciating Plati-num Ogon and Hi-Ogon are the same as those of the Ogon.
It is especially important that their heads are clear and their scales have shiny trimmings.
Kin-Matsuba (Matsuba-Ogon), Gin-Matsuba
In 1960 Mr. Eizaburo Mano bred a Kin-Matsuba by mating a Matsuba with an Ogon Every scale is brilliantly embossed. The Matsuba with platinum texture is “Gin-Matsuba”
It is the Ogon of the Doitsu family.
It is the Platinum-Ogon of the Doitsu family
It is the Orange-Ogon of the Doitsu family
It is the Orange-Ogon with shiny black scales on the back.
A hoe-shaped pattern shines golden or silver on the head of a black carp. Scales on the black body have golden or silver trimmings.
It is rubbish of the Ogon, Most of these kind are culled and thrown away.
These are also rubbish of the Ogon. Their back shine golden or silver on black texture.
What is an Ogon Koi?
Ogon koi are a single solid colour with a metallic appearance. This variety is very popular, particularly with those new to keeping koi.
These fish can be a variety of attractive colours. Cream specimens are rare and the most popular choices are bright yellow (Yamabuki Ogon) and Platinum (Purachina Ogon).
What is a ghost koi?
Ghost Koi has human face! … A cross between a Koi carp and a wild-type mirror carp, Ghost koi are known for their hardiness, big appetites and, above all, growth. But a Koi is only worth what someone will pay for it – and for a Ghost koi even less.
Kohaku come in hundreds of patterns. Some of the more recognized ones are:
– by patterns on the body:
Omoyo: one step pattern. A continuous, large, unbroken pattern from head to tail.
Straight Hi: Single, continuous Hi pattern, but the red patches are interconnected.
Nidan: two step pattern. Two islands of red color that are not interconnected.
Sandan: three step pattern. (Yondan – four step, Godan – five step, etc.)
Inazuma: pattern resembling a lightning strike; zig-zag pattern.
– by markings on the head:
Tancho: Pure white body with a single roundish red marking on the head between the eyes
(with no other red on the body).
Kuchibeni: red lipstick-like markings, red (beni) on the mouth.
Menkaburi: “hood” pattern – going behind, below the eyes often to the mouth.
Maruten: “crown” on the head pattern – a red mark on the head (similar to Tancho) but with red patterns
on the rest of the body too.
Kohaku are sensitive to water conditions. In hard water they will develop small black freckles (called “shimi”) on the skin.
Softer water will prevent shimi from forming and will also
contribute to the development of the red (beni).
In very young koi the red starts out as a pale yellow and, in time, it changes to orange and later to red.
Males tend to develop the red faster than females, but their color also tends to diminish faster.
Females might take longer to develop the red but their colors will
last longer, this aspect making them more desirable among the hobbyists.
Kohaku There are fundamental points to look for in a kohaku. Pattern for the head, body, the tail, and the fins.
A red marking is indispensable for the head, even if it has beautiful
patterns on the body, a koi without a head Hi will be amoung the first culled.
The ideal shape of the head Hi is a large U spreading over the head,
a head Hi which spreads all over the head is not preferable.
The mouth region should be white, the Hi which spreads down to
the lips, and not covering the cheeks and jaws is also disliked.
The ideal end line of the head Hi is the nose line, and at least down to the eyes.
A head Hi that is neither too large nor too small is preferable.
The head Hi should not spread down to the mouth tip, if it is split in some place, no mouth Hi is acceptable.
The head Hi must not cover the eyes, jaws, and cheeks, but must be as large as possible.
The back should have a pattern well-balanced on both sides. A large mark on the shoulders near the head makes a Kohaku look imposing.
A V shaped white cut on the shoulders is desirable. A continuous pattern from the head to shoulders without any cuts looks dull.
The distance between the last Hi and the tail joint should be about 2cm.
As the fish grows larger, this distance increases, the last Hi spreading
over the tail is disliked, no fins should have Hi.
The skin should be snow white, the Hi deep, each pattern is
different but should show a clean cut edge.
The Kohaku should look imposing, elegant and the pattern well balanced.
The basic factors of Kohaku are, Bright Hi, Sharp pattern edges, no
Hi over the eyes and fins, no Hi markings spreading below the
lateral line, head Hi that does not spread below the nose, and tail Hi that does not spread over the caudal fin.
Kohaku Koi are the most popular Koi in Japan. Kohaku, Sanke and Showa Koi are called the “Gosanke” which means “The Three Families.” In the United States, “Gosanke” Koi are often referred to as “The Big Three.”
Kohaku are white bodied koi with red markings (sometimes more orange than red)…
Ideally the white of the body is like fine porcelain in color, with the
red well-demarcated (not “bleeding”). Red is undesirable on the fins,
and unless specified in a particular sub-variety, not below the eyes or on the mouth.
Several “sub-varieties”, designator terms are utilized with Kohaku type koi:
By Hi: “He”, Red Patterns on the Body:
Straight Hi: Pattern like meandering islands of red that are interconnected.
Inazuma: Interconnected red pattern looking “Like a Lightning Bolt”.
Nidan (Ni is two in Japanese): Two Step pattern. Two islands of red color that are not interconnected.
Sandan (San is three in Japanese): Three Step pattern. Three islands of red color that are not interconnected.
Yondan (Yon is four in Japanese): Four Step pattern. Four islands of red color that are not interconnected.
By Red Markings on the Head:
Kuchibeni: “Lipstick”; with red on the oral lobes.
Menkaburi: With “A Hood on the head”. Going behind, below the eyes often to the mouth.
Maruten: With a “Crown on the head”. A reddish mark, though with more red on the body.
Tancho: With a “Red Sun” marking on head, and lacking other red on the body. Best if the “spot” is bright red, w/o bleeding color, and circular, centered on the head.
Koh-haku koi are the cornerstone of any serious koi collection.
They are fairly simple in appearance, with red markings on a white body.
But simplicity aside, this is undeniably the most important and
most fundamental koi variety.
Koh-haku form the root breeding stock of many other varieties,
and they commonly win the “grand champion” award at prestigious koi shows.
It is said “appreciation of koi starts and ends with Kohaku”. What that means is Kohaku was the first class to be bred consistently or stabilized in about 1890.
It also means that after a person has studied all of the classes of koi and has become experienced, they
will come back to appreciate Kohaku for its simplicity and beauty.
I will keep the amount of Japanese terminology to a minimum in this lecture.
A Japanese term dictionary will be available soon in KOIUSA magazine and on the AKCA website.
Before I continue on Kohaku, I want to take a minute to discuss judging points common to all classes.
Koi are judged as a whole or holistically and are not judged on a positive or negative point system.
Negative points can come into play in close contests.
Koi are judged side by side based on what we see today and not what may be there next week or next year.
Japanese Judges have a disadvantage in often being able to
recognize bloodlines, which can cloud their “judge for today”
decisions because they know which koi cost more and has more potential.
A Japanese Judge once answered a question on why a koi won an
award replying, “because it was the most expensive fish”.
Koi may lose today only to come back to win tomorrow based on the competition tomorrow.
First, the koi cannot be missing anything like a fin or have any
abnormalities like a pushed in mouth all of which will disqualify the koi from judging.
The exception is the second set of barbels.
Second the koi must be healthy and not show signs of disease or
parasites, which could disqualify the koi from judging.
An exception is made for split fins or bruises judged to be caused during transportation.
Third, is the importance of body conformation.
Broad, thick body shape of female koi is preferred giving an
imposing appearance when compared to the thin trout shaped body of a male koi.
Shape and size of the fins are important to be in proportion to the body.
The head shape is important that it not be too short or too long or turn to one side.
The koi when viewed from above should be symmetrical on both sides and not have one side flatter than the other.
Even the way a koi swims is taken into account on conformation.
Not all female koi hold their eggs well, which could affect conformation.
Fourth, in my opinion is quality of skin and deep, vibrant colors, which makes koi “living jewels”.
This also includes how well the koi is “finished”, are all of the colors up, and is there a good sheen on the skin.
It is conformation and quality that will catch a Judges eye from a distance.
Fifth is pattern that is artistically balanced and not front, tail or side heavy.
Pattern must also be proportional to the size of the koi and not have
a small pattern on a huge body or a huge pattern on a small body.
Last is uniqueness or character usually of the pattern on the head that makes this koi special.
Now for Kohaku.
We have a snow white (shiro) base color with a red (hi) pattern. The pattern may be stepped or continuous. The white must be without blemish or yellow tint.
The hi may be any one of the many hues from deep persimmon
orange to Ferrari red but the red must be thick without any thin
spots and the pattern must be the same color from head to tail.
Some Judges prefer the persimmon orange hi to the Ferrari red
because the orange appears soft and the purple red appears hard and gaudy.
Kohaku must have red pattern on the head.
The pattern on the body must be artistically balanced and the kiwa
or rear edges of each spot must be sharp like cut with a razor.
A new bias in Japan has started to favor bloodlines that have the
kiwa stop at the edge of each scale forming a scalloped edge rather
than a straight edge across the center of a scale.
The front edge of each spot (not on the head) may have blurred red color that is called “sashi” or insertion.
Sashi indicates the koi is still improving in quality and is not finished yet.
It is elegant if a Kohaku has a white nose and a white area with no
red pattern just in front of the tail called a “tail stop” and several other names.
Some subtleties of pattern not liked are a totally red head or red
down the face to the nose that are heavy in appearance.
Red pattern wrapping below the lateral line suggests a future koi
when the red and white are better balanced.
Red spots below the lateral line are disliked. The lateral line is a raised sensory organ running the full length of a koi half way up the side of a koi.
A red head pattern with an additional red lip mark is called
“kuchibeni” and can be cute if it balances the overall pattern.
Red pattern at the base of the pectoral fin was considered
unfavorable but is being accepted now if it adds to the overall balance of the pattern.
Red into the tail or into the dorsal fin is still disliked.
Kohaku tend to get black specks “shimis” in hard water with high pH.
How many types of koi fish are there?
Types of Koi Varieties. There are over a 100 different types of koi (Nishikigoi).
Can you have koi fish in a tank?
Keep koi in large aquariums for a few months at a time. If you live in an apartments, you may have to keep koi in aquariums for their entire life.
That is possible, as long as you do not overcrowd the aquarium with too many koi. … Your tank should have 1 cubic foot per 1 inch of koi fish length.
What does the name kohaku mean?
Kohaku (琥珀 Kohaku) is the Japanese word for amber, and a Japanese name.
You have it halfway right, halfway wrong 🙂 琥珀 is THE kanji writing for the word “kohaku,” meaning, amber. If you want the meaning “amber,”
A koi with Hi and white markings on black skin is defined as “Showa-Sanshoku” The joints of its pectoral fins are black (Fig. 4-24)
The Showa-Sanshoku was bred by Mr. Jukichi Hoshino by mating a Ki-Utsuri and a Kohaku in 1927. Hi color of the first Showa-Sanshoku was yellowish brown. Mr. Tomiji Kobayasi succeeded in producing real red Hi by using a Yagozemon-Kohaku. Then it has become one of the best kinds.
It is necessary to have a big Hi marking on the head. Hi should be uniform and dark Its edge must be clear.
About 20% of white is desirable. The color should be snow white
White marking are necessary on the head, the tail joint and the back.
There are two basic patterns the pattern of which Sumi divides the head Hi into two (Fig. 4-25) and that of which Sumi draws V on the head and which has
a marking on the nose (Fig. 4-26). The former is the original type. The latter is more impressive than the former.
The pattern of Sumi on the body should be large lighting shaped or mountain-shaped
The pectoral fins should have Sumi at their joints. They must not be plain white or black. They must not have Hi Stripes, either.
Distinctive features of the Taisho-Sanke and the Showa-Sanshoku
Both the Taisho-Sanke and the Showa-Sanshoku are tricolor white, black and red. The former has red and black markings on white skin, but the latter has red and white markings on black skin. The following items are the distinctive features.
The Taisho-Sanke does not have Sumi on the head but the Showa-Sanshoku does.
Sumi of the Taisho-Sanke’s trunk stay on the back, but that of the Showa-Sanshoku’s trunk spread over the abdomen.
Pectoral fins of the Taisho-Sanke are white or striped. but those of the Showa-Sanshoku have Sumi at their joints. It is easy to distinguish one from the other by these features. If you are an expert koi keeper. You will tell the difference by examining the quality of Sumi, because that of these two koi is completely different
Every Sumi scale the Showa-Sanshoku looks relieved clearly, but Sumi of the Boke Showa is blurred and light.
It is the Showa with a large Hi marking which spreads from head to tail.
It shows many white parts and looks like a Taisho-Sanke at a glance.
A koi with Hi and Sumi markings on white skin is defined as “Taisho-Sanke”. Its basic pattern is a Hi marking on the head and black stripes on the pectoral fins. It is a representative class together with the Kohaku.
Sanke: White and red with black accents
• White, or shiroji (sheer-row-gee), is the base color on Sanke. It begins at the nose and continues to the tail, including the fins. It should be clean, bright and not discolored in any way.
• The red on Sanke is called hi (he) or beni (ben-ny) in Japanese. Beni tends to be more of an orange shade rather than a true, fire engine red. Sanke usually have large, reddish-orange patches that form the foundation of their color pattern, with the white base generally visible between the patches of beni.
• Black, or sumi (sue-me), is the rarest color on Sanke. Generally, Sanke will have black spots, or sumi markings, that are relatively small when compared to the prominent beni patches. Sumi can be thought of as an accent color, while beni and shiroji are the primary colors on Sanke.
It is not clear exactly when and how a tricolor black white and red koi had been bred, but it was found in the middle of the Meiji era. The first Sanke had black, white and red markings apart from one another all over the body and is distinguished from the present Taisho-Sanke. It ws Mr. Eizaburo Hoshino of Takezawa who bred the Taisho-Sanke with red and black markings on white skin.
Later it had been greatly improved and splendid Sankes as “Jinbei” “Torazo” and “Sadazo” were bred.
White skin The texture should be snow white.
Hi should be uniform and dark. Clear edges are important.
The head Hi should not spread over the eyes, jaws and cheeks. Hi should not cover the nose, either. A white part is necessary on the tail region. Symmetrical Hi pattern is desirable, Fins are not colored red.
Excellent Sankes do not have Sumi on their heads. A big Sumi marking on the shoulder is important. It is very attractive (Fig-19). A Sumi marking on white skin is called “Tsubo-Sumi” (Fig. 4-20) and that on a Hi patch is “Kasame-Sumi” (Fig. 4-21). The Tsubo-Sumi markings are preferable. It is the best that these Tsubo-Sumi markings appear symmetrically. Roundish Sumi markings look elegant. Sumi should not spread widely on the latter half of a body.
It is ideal that a fin has about three black stripes. A fin with fewer stripes looks more elegant than that with many stripes.
It is a Taisho-Sanke of which red marking spreads from head to tail. It is impressive but lacks elegance
It is the Taisho-Sanke of the Doitsu family of which origin is the mirror carp. The Aka-Sanke of the Doitsu family is called “Doitsu-Aka-Sanke”
It is the Taisho-Sanke with silver lumps on the head.
Here’s an article from Koi net about Sanke Vs Showa
The Kohaku, Sanke and Showa varieties of koi are collectively known as the gosanke. In this case the “go” does not mean five, but refers to three noble Japanese families. The highest quality of skin and colour is to be found amongst the gosanke and for this reason grand champions are usually selected from these varieties. A Kohaku is a white koi with red pattern markings while Sanke and Showa are three coloured koi; red, black and white. Showa and Sanke appeal to all types of hobbyists, especially those who want to show their koi and compete for top awards. It is not easy to raise a koi with three colours of high quality, but for those that can achieve this feat, there is the possibility of having a grand champion.
Hobbyists and even benching teams sometimes have difficulty in deciding whether a koi is a Sanke or a Showa. It is often said that a Sanke is a white koi with red and black pattern markings and a Showa is a black koi with red and white pattern markings. It is true that when breeding Showa the all black fry are kept at the first cull. However, this does not help to distinguish larger koi exhibiting all three colours.
In his book, Dr Takeo Kuroki referred to Mr Eziburo Hoshino as being the first to breed Sanke while Peter Waddington credits Mr Kawakami (Torazo) as being the first to breed Sanke in 1915. The Sanke variety has its origins in the reign of the Japanese Emperor Yoshihito and the period of his reign (1912 —1926) was known as the Taisho era. Taisho means “great righteousness”. Sanshoku means three colours and the proper name for a Sanke is Taisho Sanshoku or Taisho Sanke, which is commonly abbreviated to Sanke.
The proper name for a Showa is Showa Sanshoku and this variety was developed a little later in the Showa era of Emperor Hirohito 1926 —1989. Showa means enlightenment and harmony. Jukichi Hoshino has been credited with breeding the first Showa in 1927 using a Ki Utsuri as one of the parents. These early Showa were of poor quality and it was not until Tomiji Kobayashi crossed Showa with Kohaku in the 1960’s that the high quality Showa we recognise today were created. learn more https://www.koinet.net/j/index.php/19-home/159-showa-or-sanke.html
What does Doitsu mean in Koi?
Doitsu refers to the scalation, or in this case lack of. Doitsu means scaleless or in some cases, scaleless body, but rows of oversized scales on the top and side of the koi
What are the different types of koi?
Most Popular Types of Koi for Shows
Are butterfly koi real koi?
As Butterfly koi grow, they become more and more impressive because the fins keep growing until the blood vessels can’t sustain the fins to be any longer. … Butterfly koi seem to lack some of the body size of regular koi, but the overall fish can run as long as 36 to 40 inches in the right pond with plenty of food.
What type of fish are koi?
Koi fish is domesticated version of common carp. This fish is most famous by its beautiful colors that have been created via selective breeding. There are over 20 different varieties of koi fish that differ in color, patterns and type of scales.
There are fourteen different varieties of Koi, with a fifteenth variety that is used as a sort of a catchall variety for all of the different types of koi that do not quite fit into one of the other fourteen slots.
This last variety is known as the Kawarimono, and a large percentage of Koi are placed in this category.
Inclusion in this variety has no bearing on the quality of the Koi.
Placement in the fifteenth variety simply means that there is something not quite right about the fish.
It may be attractive and healthy, but it does not fit the “breed standard” for any of the individual varieties.
All Koi have a unique beauty, but those who are entered in shows must resemble this standard.
Crossbreeding For Different Varieties
The many different color varieties that you will see were brought to fruition by crossbreeding fish that are closely related to each other.
Crossbreeding tends to make a genetic line more stable, bringing out the good qualities while pushing back the bad.
Those who are preparing to be Koi breeders are advised to learn about the different types of koiv arieties so that they will know which ones they are interested in breeding and raising.
The Asagi Koi is one of the initial varieties of Koi. The body of the Asagi is a blue color, with the lighter shades of blue most preferred.
The scales on the skin of the Asagi are given high importance. The edges of these scales must all be equal in length, and must be on the entire body of the koi from its tail to its head.
The red (Hi) color that appears on the sides of the Asagi, on the head, and on the fins sometimes looks more orange than red.
The Hi needs to be symmetrical on both sides of the Koi’s cheeks all the way to its eyes.
Three varieties of the Utsurimono have been painstakingly developed. These are the –
Ki Utsuri, which is a yellow and black Koi
Hi Utsuri, a red and black Koi
Shiro Utsuri Shiro, a white and black koi
The Utsurimono should be heavily marked with black (Sumi) in order to display a prominent contrast with the yellow, red, or white.
All colored need to be somewhat balanced, as this helps to call attention to the pattern on the Koi.
The Utsurimono is sometimes mistaken for the Bekko koi. There are two differences to look for that will allow the observer to tell the two varieties of Koi apart.
The main variation is that the Utsurimono is a black Koi with red, white, or yellow markings, while the Bekko Koi are either white, yellow, or red Koi that have black markings.
The Utsurimono also feature black markings on their heads that run all the way down to their noses. The Bekko Koi do not have black markings in this area.
The Bekko variety is a white, yellow or red Koi that can be identified by the unique black markings.
This assortment has small and very simple black markings that are not included on the head of the Koi.
The Shiro Bekko is white with black markings. The Aka Bekko is red with black markings The Ki Bekko is yellow with black markings, and is considered to be rare.
The Shusui is the result of a crossbreeding that took place in 1910. One Yoshigoro Akiyama crossed an Asagi Koi with a Doitsu Mirror carp.
He ended up with a fish he called the Shusui. The color of this Koi is comparable to that of the Asagi.
The Shusui has a head that is a bluish gray color, with red on the jaws of the Koi.
The skin is a lovely sky blue, with darker fish scales outlining the lateral and dorsal lines.
Lines of red run down the back from the gills to the tail. There are several types of Shusui, including –
Hi Shusui Hana Shusui Ki Shusui Pearl Shusui
The Koromo koi is a relatively new type of Koi that appeared around 1950.
The Koromo came into existence by crossing the Kohaku with the Naruni Asagi.
The Koromo has a lovely pattern of deep red edged with black on a white background/body.
The red is described as being in a lace pattern, and the markings of the Koromo are prone to variations, depending on which variety you are looking at.
The most commonly seen varieties include –
Budo Sanke Koromo Sanke Koromo Showa Budo Goromo
Budo Goromo are a Goromo with shading that completely covers the Hi, creating a purple color. Budo means grape in Japanese.
Look for a Budo Goromo with a Kohaku pattern on it’s back. What makes an Budo Goromo? Goromos were created by accident.
How? A breeder was breeding Goshikis and a goshiki with a white background and a net pattern on the Hi appeared. This Koi was carefully bred and now we have the Goromo variety. Ai-Goromo Sumi-Goromo
In Japan, the word “goshiki” means five colors, which are red, white, black, dark blue and blue.
All of these colors can be mixed on the body of one fish. The result of this is a Koi that has a rather purplish tint.
Originally created by crossing the Asgai Koi with the Sanke Koi, the Goshiki has patterns that are quite striking.
These surprisingly lovely fish are very popular with those who keep Koi as a hobby.
The Kawarimono classification is given to many non-metallic fish who do not seem to fit in any other variety of Koi.
This classification should in no way be considered as a variety in which to dump the oddly marked Koi! Many gorgeous crossbred Koi come from the Kawarimono variety.
Often, these are not bred on purpose, but appear in a spawning as a “sport” koi.
Generally, the Kawarimono are divided into three groups –
Single-colored Koi Black Koi Other colors of Koi Ochiba Shigure
Have you ever seen a soft gray colored koi with gold patterning? If you have, you likely would not forget, because it is very different looking than the brightly colored koi we are used to seeing.
This quietly refined and elegant koi is called an Ochiba Shigure, which aptly translates to “autumn leaves on water”. The delicately reticulated scales do indeed give an impression of leaves floating on a calm pond, with the golden-leaved trees reflected on the surface.
A relative newcomer on the koi scene, having been around only since about the mid-90s, the Ochiba is actually a cross between a gray Soragoi and a golden brown chagoi.
These two ancestors have a reputation of being the friendliest of koi, and the Ochiba has happily inherited that trait.
Many hobbyists will have one of these types koi in their collection for the purpose of encouraging other, shyer koi to “come out of their shells” and be more sociable.
They will be the first to come up to greet you as you approach your pond, and will readily eat from your hand. learn more here kumonryu koi
Kumonryu. The Kumonryu is a Doitsu (German) koi that has a jet black pattern that emerges like billowing black clouds against a white background. beni kumonryu koi
Beni Kumonryu came from Kumonryu and Doitsu Kohaku. Since Doitsu varieties have no scales, their colors can be very bright and bold.
Beni Kumonryu are a rare form of Kumonryu, they have red along with the black and white. They are scaless and their pattern actually changes throughout the year.
No one is absolutely sure what causes the color change, but the two best theories are a change in temperature or a change in pH. Beni Kumonryu are usually black in the winter.
The white and red usually appears in the spring and summer. Chagoi koi
The Chagoi is known as the “gentle giant”. They are not the most colorful or fanciest of Koi varieties, but make of for that in other fabulous ways! Chagoi are the friendliest and most docile Koi breed to the point that most actually like interaction with people. In as such they tend to make all of your other fish more friendly and trusting. They are also known to grow large and grow quickly. They come in various shades from brown, reddish brown, beige,copper/rootbeer, and even shades of green. learn more about chagoi at hanoverkoifarms.comSoragoi Koi
Soragoi, similar to Chagoi, are koi of a solid grey or silver color, combined with a subtle net pattern. Also like Chagoi, mature Soragoi are very docile and will be among the first koi in your pond to learn to hand feed. … Soragoi belong to the Ogon group of koi, which appeared in the Showa Period (1926-1989).
Ochiba-Shigure is an interesting name for a Koi. The words translate to mean “dead leaves on the water”.
These fish are clothed in the basic colors of gray and green with a network of brown lines, rather like the stems of a dead leaf.
The word “Hikari” translates from the Japanese to mean “metallic”.
“Mono” means one particular single color. This means that the ogon koi is classified as a highly metallic-colored variety of Koi. There are –
Metallic silver, or Platinum ogon koi,
Platinun- Ogons are metallic white and are one of the most popular Ogons.
The color should be as white as fresh mountain snow. As with other Ogons
Metallic yellow, or Yamabuki ogon koi.
These two colors are the most common, and the easiest shades of ogon koi to purchase.
There is also the –
Fuji ogon koi, where only the head of the Koi is metallic Orenji ogon koi, which is all orange like a common goldfish, with a red splotch on its back. Goldfish lovers are usually quite fond og the Orenji.
Except for the Fuji, the metallic color of the ogon koi must be the same from the head to the tail, and even flow down to the ends of each fin to be considered “correct”.
The size of the fins also matters a great deal. Everyone wants to see long fins on the ogon koi, as they help to counterbalance the plain Koi body.
Ogon koi are a single solid colour with a metallic appearance. This variety is very popular, particularly with those new to keeping koi.
These fish can be a variety of attractive colours. Cream specimens are rare and the most popular choices are bright yellow (Yamabuki ogon koi) and Platinum (Purachina ogon koi).
Any Koi that are metallic and have several colors, but do not come from Utsuri lineage are in this group.
The Hikarimoyo-mono was created by crossing a Platinum Ogon with several other varieties, none of which had any Utsuri genes at all. This cross resulted in the
The Kujaku is a metallic or Ogon koi with the reticulated net-like pattern of the Asagi on its back. …
The development of high quality Kujaku has led to their being judged in a category of their own at recent koi shows.
Kujaku are koi with a solid white base, accented by a black net pattern along with patterns of red/orange/yellow.
The net pattern is created by a black edging on each individual scale.
Variations of Kujaku include Doitsu Kujaku, Tancho Kujaku and Maruten Kujaku.
There is another group in this classification, which has fish of two colors, either gold, orange, or platinum.
These Koi are called Hariwake. The Orenji Hariwake and the Hariwake matsuba koi are two examples of this variety. Hariwake koi
The matsuba koi is basically an Ogon with reticulation. It is a one colored metallic koi with dark pigment on the scales.
This variety is in the Hikari Muji class, and is considered one color regardless of the contrasting scales.
KIN matsuba koi are orange-red metallic skin, GIN matsuba koi are platinum based. kikusui koi
Kikusui – Kikusui. Although technically they are the Doitsu version of Hariwake, scaleless white koi with patterns of orange or yellow
goshiki koi pronounced (gosh-key or Go-she-key by some) are an interesting breed of Koi. The name means ‘five colors” in Japanese, but frankly it is not a fitting name in my opinion with today’s goshiki koi. You do not readily see five colors at a glance and it is a stretch to do so no matter. This is one breed I feel the Japanese creators misnamed.
Most times the Japanese names are right on the money as for descriptive names that tell a story of what the Koi breed looks like.
The name was probably created because of the look of some of the first goshiki koi created when they crossed a Sanke to and Asagi. Today yet I don’t see the “:five colors) easily. Anyway, enough about that.
The goshiki koi basically a white based Koi that has a fishnet black pattern on top of the white base that covers the entire back and runs from the top of the back down to the lateral line (center line of the side of the fish that runs from gill plate to tail base).
On top of the fishnet pattern there is a red or orange pattern like the Kohaku.
This pattern is called the Hi (hee) plate. One difference in this Hi plate from Goshiki to Kohaku is that the Goshiki Hi tends to be much thicker, bolder and more neon in color intensity as compared to the Kohaku Hi plate which can be a glossy red/orange but not neon.
The Goshiki Hi plate actually glows and gives the impression of thickness to the point that the Hi plate can look like a sticker stuck on top of the fishes fishnet pattern.
There are also offshoot breeds from Goshiki called Goshiki Sanke and Goshiki Showa. We won’t get into those details now though.
The term peacock koi refers to the five colors on the body of the koi.
The base color of this variety is white and the fins are generally white and free of any pigment.
The pattern markings on Goshiki are red, or Hi. … Kloubec Koi Farm is a breeder of Japanese Goshiki variety koi. Good read from http://nishikigoi.life article written by Author Mark Gardner Goshiki, a five coloured fish, created in the early 1900s have developed tremendously in recent years to the point where some consider them the 4th Gosanke, in place of Shiro Utsuri.
In this article we’ll look at the history of the variety, some of the most prominent breeders and the huge array of different styles that exist.
HISTORY According to Dr. Takeo Kuroki’s book ‘Modern Nishikigoi’ Goshiki were produced by crossing Asagi with Aka Sanke or Aka Bekko in 1918.
According to Shuji Fujita’s ‘Nishikigoi Mondo’ a primitive Goshiki existed from the mutation of Narumi Asagi and were known as Goshiki Asagi. Masayuki Amano’s 1968 ‘General Survey of Fancy Carp’ gives almost no mention to Goshiki, indeed the only references appear in reproductions of Masamoto Kataoka’s gene trees.
The first shows Goshiki Asagi being produced from Narumi Asagi and Aka Bekko, to then be bred with Kohaku to produce Koromo. The other shows Goshiki coming from Narumi Asagi. learn more
The Kohaku is a White koi with red, or Hi markings. The color white should look as if it is freshly fallen snow,
and there should be no superfluous marks on the white to distract the eye from the pristine color.
The clarity between the Hi color and the white is called the Kiwa.
The pattern on the Kohaku should have depth and should be as well balanced as possible.
There are several different pattern types, including the –
Inazuma, which means lightning strike in Japanese.
Nidan is the name for two red or Hi markings on the white background of the fish.
Sandan is the name for three red or Hi markings on the white fish.
Yondan is the name for four red or Hi markings on the Kohaku.
Chagoi Koi – Mr. Personality (Chah’-goy) … You’ll discover this pet is probably more intelligent than other koi in your pond too.
It is almost universally agreed to be the friendliest of the koi classifications because it is the most aggressive at feeding time and almost always the first fish to become hand-tame
The Cha-goi is a part of the catchall class known as Kawarimono. “Cha” is the word for a tea-colored Koi that is a very fast grower.
The Cha-goi is very easy to tame, and most people thoroughly enjoy having this variety in their pond.
How many types of koi are there?
Types of Koi Varieties. There are over a 100 different types of koi (Nishikigoi).
To find the proper koi classification you will need to look at their colors, patterns, and body confirmation.
Each type of koi fish variety has it’s own specific details for identification and can described based off another classification of Japanese Koi type.
For example, a Showa Sanke is a koi with calligraphic Sumi pattern on Kohaku and the Goshiki created by breeding Asagi with Kohaku. View popular koi varieties below and click to learn about each type of koi.
What type of fish is a butterfly koi?
Butterfly koi, longfin koi, or dragon carp are a type of ornamental fish notable for their elongated finnage.
The fish are a breed of the common carp, Cyprinus carpio, which includes many wild carp races as well as domesticated koi (“Nishikigoi”). … They are also sometimes referred to as Dragon Koi.
Also known as American koi, Butterfly koi, Longfin koi, and Dragon koi, the Onagaoi has beautiful long fins reminiscent of a butterfly’s wings.
The Japanese bred these koi, hoping to improve the hardiness of all koi by doing so.
A type of wild fish called Indonesian Longfin river carp were captured by these breeders to use in breeding experiments.
These carp were bred with koi that were more traditional in appearance.
The fish that resulted from this breeding had the long fins and the resiliency that hoped for.
Koi Purists Dislike the Butterfly
Other breeding experiments carried out in the hopes of setting the different patterns of traditional koi onto the long finned.
This attempt at crossbreeding was mostly successful. Many koi purists are adamantly against the Onagaoi.
This is the reason why many of the people who sell koi do not offer this variety.
Famous breeders in Japan would not think of breeding the Onagaoi.
These koi are not popular anywhere in the world except for the United States.
What is a ghost koi?
Ghost Koi. … The Ghost Koi that surfaced in the early ’80s are a hybrid mix of wild carp and single-colored metallic Ogon koi.
They are also referred to as Ghost Carp—one of the reasons that koi purists don’t recognize them as true Nishikigoi at all.
Koi with a red head patch are called “Tancho.” Most common are “Tancho Kohaku (all-white Koi with Tancho),” “Tancho Sanshoku (white Koi with Sumi similar to Shiro Bekko, and with Tancho),” and “Tancho Showa (Showa Sanshoku without red markings except for Tancho),” etc. However, “Tancho Goshiki (Koi of five colors with Tancho),” and “Tancho Hariwake” are rare.
Tancho do not form a single, independent kind of Nishikigoi; they all can be bred from Kohaku, Taisho Sankshoku or Showa Sanshoku.
Their red patch happen to show up only in the head region. Tancho, therefore, can not be produced in bulk even if you so wish.
The essential point for appreciation is the red patch in the head region, of course.
The red head patch sitting right at the center of the head region is the best.
The white skin is also important as it is the milky white color that sets the red head patch off to advantage.
The Sumi of Tancho Sanshoku and Tancho Showa are the same as Bekko and Shiro Utsuri respectively.
A Kikokuryu (pronounced Key-Ko-Koo-Roo)is always a metallic and always a doitsu (scaless or partially scaled) variety of Koi or Butterfly Koi
Kin Kikokuryu was first created in 1998 by crossing Kin Showa with Kumonryu by Mr Seiki Igarashi. This metallic koi have changing patterns and can change
Over the years the Kikokuryu has been developed into some other breeds like Beni Kikokuryu, Kin Kikokuryu, and the Pastel Kin Kiko developed By Hanover Koi
Kin Kikokuryu combine orange or yellow with the black and white patterns of Kikokuryu to form the newest variety of koi in the industry
Definition-It is a hybrid of koi of the Utsuri family and the Ogon
They are bred by mating the Showa-Sanshoku with the Ogon. Those which have strong golden luster are “Kin-Showa” and those which have platinum luster are “Gin-Showa”
(Kinshiro-Utsuri) It is the Hikarimono of the Shiro-Utusri with much platinum luster.
Kin-Ki-Utusri It is the HIkarimono of the Shiro-Utsuri with much platinum luster.
Kin-Ki-Utsuri It is a hybrid of the Ki-Utsuri or the Hi-Utusuri
Koi usually live around 20 or 30 years. The oldest Koi on record was named
Hanako. It purportedly lived to be about 226 years old.
It lived in a pond that was in a stable area (read low geologic
activity) and was passed down from generation to generation.
how long do koi live
What is the oldest living koi fish?
226 Year Old Koi Carp ‘Hanako’ The oldest known fish (and indeed
one of the longest living vertebrate ever recorded) was a beautiful
scarlet coloured female Koi called ‘Hanako’ (pronunced hah-nah-koh; translated as ‘Flower Maid’).
butterfly koi fish has a long fin koi fish they are also called dragon carp.
They have elongated finnage the pectoral, caudal and pelvic fins.
They are high breed from the common carp,
cyprinus carpio including wide varieties of wild carp races with a
domesticated koi (” Nishikigoi”)
butterfly koi fish was breed in the mid-20th century as a result of an
effort to improve the hardiness of traditional koi fish.
Butterfly koi fish are breed by Japanese breeders who interbred the
wild Indonesian longfin river carp with traditional koi fish.
The resulting fish had longer fins, long barbells, pompom nostrils,
and were hardier than koi fish.
These were known in Japan as “onagaoi” or “hire naga goi”, or translated in English “long tail carp”.
It was Randy LeFever, the son of Wyatt LeFever, a noted koi fish
breeder was credited with suggesting they looked like butterflies, a
trait for which the breed is named.
They are also sometimes referred to as Dragon Koi fish.
For clarification, the word koi is wholly inaccurate for describing these fish;
Koi are, as dictated by the Japanese breeders, Nishikigoi,
butterfly koi fish have long-finned carp are Hirenagagoi.
The word koi has been given to these fish to increase their resale
value and popularity in garden centres and the like
Conformation – The ideal shape of a koi has been set by tradition to be generously oval.
By contrast, butterfly koi fish are naturally more slender.
This difference is amplified by the fact that traditional koi judging is
done from a top-down viewing angle.
Relationship of fin to body – The ratio of fin-to-body is an
important scoring criteria in nishikigoi competitions.
By design, longfin embody a ratio that exceeds the standards
applied to nishikigoi by 500 to 1000 percent.
butterfly koi types Pattern differences – Great energy has been
given to developing butterfly koi versions of
traditional koi patterns, (e.g. kohaku, sanke, showa, utsuri and ogon).
Butterfly koi, however, exhibit these patterns in a slightly different way.
How big do butterfly koi grow in a year?
Their barbels (whiskers) even grow long and can fork into elaborate designs.
Butterfly koi seem to lack some of the body size of regular koi,
but the overall fish can run as long as 36 to 40 inches in the right pond with plenty of food.
They are graceful and pleasant to watch swim.
How long does a butterfly koi live?
The short answer is they can live over 200 years.
The oldest known Koi was Hanako who lived to be 226 years.
But the reality is most Koi fish do not live anywhere close to that long.
A water garden can be an elaborate planting in and around a pond,
or something simple in a watertight container.
You can start small, with a hollowed-out stone that catches
rainwater, a watertight, patio-sized container or jump right in with
an in-ground pond with water lilies, fish and a fountain
Water quality refers to the chemical, physical, biological, and radiological characteristics of water.
It is a measure of the condition of water relative to the
requirements of one or more biotic species and or to any human need or purpose.
pond keepers facebook fanpage
Pond and garden keepers has 21804 members. All about Koi, fish keeping, gardening and pond projects
Koi carp (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) are a brightly coloured
fish native to Asia and Europe.
komei koshihara is the last owner of Hanako
The Life of Hanako Koi
While her initial place of spawning is not accurately documented,
in 1966, her last and final owner, Dr. Komei Koshihara revealed that
she spent most of her life in a quiet pond at the foot of Mt.
Ontake in a locality near Oppara, Higashi-Shirakawa Village, Kamo County.
According to the Koshihara, the ravine was carefully constructed by
his ancestors only keeping Hanako’s well-being in mind, a factor he
believes led to her thinking that she was fondly loved by and was part of the family.
Pure water perennially trickled down into the pond, allowing
ultimate favorable conditions for Hanako.
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How big do butterfly koi get?
Their barbels (whiskers) even grow long and can fork into elaborate designs. Butterfly koi seem to lack some of the body size of regular koi, but the overall fish can run as long as 36 to 40 inches in the right pond with plenty of food. They are graceful and pleasant to watch swim
How much do butterfly koi fish cost?
It is also true that certain varieties of koi are more expensive than others. A high-quality 6-inch (a white fish with large red patches) may cost $3000. A high-quality oghon (basically a golden, metallic-colored fish) of the same size may cost $100
How do you take care of a butterfly koi?
Put your Butterfly Koi in a pond that holds at least 1,000 gallons of water and is more than a meter in depth. …
Add sturdy-rooted plants to the pond. …
Keep the pH of the pond at a neutral 6.8 to 7.2 range. …
Feed your Butterfly Koi high-quality pellet food with no more than 30 percent protein. …
Install a heater.
What is a butterfly koi fish?
Butterfly koi, longfin koi, or dragon carp are a type of ornamental fish notable for their elongated finnage. The fish are a breed of the common carp, Cyprinus carpio, which includes numerous wild carp races as well as domesticated koi (“Nishikigoi”). … They are also sometimes referred to as Dragon Koi.
Their barbels (whiskers) even grow long and can fork into elaborate designs. Butterfly koi seem to lack some of the body size of regular koi, but the overall fish can run as long as 36 to 40 inches in the right pond with plenty of food. They are graceful and pleasant to watch swim.
How long does it take for a koi fish to grow to full size?
Koi can be stunted during the first 18 months of growth, but if it is from good stock they can later still grow to 20″.
There are tosia and what some call jumbo tosai. A tosai is basically a first year koi. Fingerlings are a mere 3-4 inches and usually quality Japanese koi are sold as Tosia at a minimum of 7-8″.
This is koi fish color meaning chart guide to koi fish meaning behind types of koi fish and behind koi fish tattoo
Koi fish color meaning chart for Types of koi fish
You can easily identify koi fish variety by looking on this koi fish meaning color chart
Look at the different types of koi fish below look at their respective variety and refer it to the chart above then you can now easily Identify them if you can memorize the koi fish meaning into English from Japanese terms.
Japanese descriptions of color are important in koi nomenclature. Some have many names depending on the form in which that color appears.
UNDERSTANDING KOI NOMENCLATURE
Distinguishing between koi varieties can be extremely confusing at
first, partly because they are referred to in the West by traditional
Japanese descriptions, even if they have been bred in other countries.
Knowledge of a few basic terms, such as the words to describe the
various colors (right) and the main varieties (below), is a useful
introduction to the complex
world of koi nomenclature.
The illustrations below give examples of the main koi varieties,
highlighting their individual characteristics.
The most popular varieties, known as “Go Sanke,” are the Showa, Kohaku, and Sanke.
Varieties prefixed with the term “Hikari” are metallic koi, which
have an overall reflective luster, while all others are known as nonmetallic.
Also to the color differences described here, the appearance of
a koi is influenced by its pattern of scalation.
“Doitsu” koi, for example, may have large mirror scales on either
side of the dorsal fin, but are scaleless elsewhere, while the scale type known as “Kin
Gin Rin,” or simply “Gin Rin,” is characterized by the sparkling appearance of the scales.
What does a black koi fish represent?
Swimming koi represent advancement and determination. Fish in
general symbolize wealth and surplus, and the Chinese believe koi
particularly represent good fortune in business and academics.
Buddhists on the other hand see koi as representations of courage. Together in a koi pond, they represent love and friendship.
black koi fish meaning in feng shui
The koi fish has profound meaning, according to Japanese legend. … The black koi is associated with successfully overcoming an obstacle.
the black koi fish is used to represent adverse struggle to succeed. It can be a story of rags to riches