indian almond leaves for betta 5 health benefits for your betta fish

indian almond leaf for betta

indian almond leaf 5 Amazing proven health benefits list

 

indian almond leaves

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indian almond leaf locally known here in my place as  “Talisay leaf” is commonly used as betta fish breeding stimulant by local betta fish breeders but the breeders here did not really know what are the reason and properties that the indian almond leaf has that can stimulate the betta fish to breed.

 

They used it also to treat sick betta fish and groom betta fish coloration but not knowing the background of the indian almond leaf ingredients that has the antifungal or antibacterial properties.

 

Let’s dive into what are the benefits of Indian almond leaf that can give your betta fish

  1. can stimulate the betta fish to breed because of its tannin. The Indian almond leaf tannin can change the water chemistry of your breeding tank turning it similar to the betta fish natural habitat in the wild and for this reason, the betta fish will be triggered to breed.
  2.  can be used as betta fish conditioner for battle preparation and helps cure the wound after battle
  3. can be used as water conditioner for newly bought betta fish this will help the newly betta fish adjust faster to its new home.
  4. can also be used as betta fry food when added to the betta fry tanks since it can introduce an infusoria culter 
  5. also can be used as a color enhancer to betta fish

indian almond leaf extract for betta fish

If you’re an Betta fish keeper, you are a fan of using  Indian almond leaves (also known as Catappa leaves). for your Betta

These leaves of the Terminalia catappa tree are especially popular in the betta and shrimp hobby as a natural medicine and water conditioner.

It can be used as a combat fungus and bacterial problems like finrot, and prevent stress by mimicking the natural habitat.

But how, when and why should you use them?

What are Indian almond leaves?

As mentioned before, Indian almond leaves are the leaves of the Terminalia catappa tree, which grows in large parts of Asia.

The leaves are usually harvested by simply picking them off the ground. After drying them, they are ready for use in the aquarium.

You can import Indian almond leaves directly, but nowadays they are also available in some pet-/aquarium stores and online!

What do Indian almond leaves do?

When placed in an aquarium, Indian almond leaves slowly start to decompose.

While this happens they turn the water a yellow or brown color by releasing tannins.

These tannins lower the pH and are said to have antifungal and antibacterial properties, which comes in very handy when you have a fish suffering from finrot or when you’re raising vulnerable fry.

The dark color of the water is considered unsightly by some aquarists, but it actually mimics the natural habitat of many fish species! This definitely makes it something to consider embracing.

Based on my personal experience  I will testify that adding Indian Almond leaves in your betta tank will make your betta fish healthier and spawn faster.

Evenly newly bought betta fish when you add Indian Almond leaves to its tank it can recover immediately from transportation stress and even shown spawning behavior immediately by building bubble nest immediately.

I personally testify it.

If I missed something about talisay leaf other uses please feel free to leave it in the comment section below or to my youtube video your comment and suggestion is highly appreciated.

What are Indian almond leaves used for?

Indian Almond Leaves are commonly used for conditioning and care of Bettas. …

Simply adding Indian Almond Leaves to your aquarium will release compounds from the leaves which alter the chemistry of the water,

making the aquarium more similar to the habitat from which the fish hails.

What is the common name of Terminalia Catappa?

Terminalia catappa is a large tropical tree in the leadwood tree family, Combretaceae, that grows mainly in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia.

It is known by the English common names country-almond, Indian-almond, Malabar-almond, sea-almond, tropical-almond and false kamani.

indian almond leaves this is a good article from indianalmondleaves.com

Using Indian almond leaves in aquariums
Indian almond leaves (IAL) have traditionally been used by Betta (Siamese Fighting Fish) breeders in South East Asia to mimic the natural Betta habitat.

They are believed to aid the fish in a number of ways, such as helping fighting fish heal after a battle and inducing spawning in breeding tanks.

 

Unfortunately, the affect of Indian almond leaves on aquarium fish has not been scientifically studied yet so it is difficult to separate the truth from the myth.

I can only speak from personal experience and my own good track record using Indian almond leaves, and base my conclusions on reports gathered from other fish keepers.

 

Why do aquarists use Indian almond leaves?
The poor man’s water conditioner
Indian almond leaves are often described as ”the poor man’s water conditioner” due to their capacity of altering the water chemistry in an aquarium.

In the wild, fish evolve to fit into their particular habitat and having to live in another type of environment in captivity is often difficult for them.

Even if your fish manages to survive in less than ideal conditions, there is a great difference between thriving and merely staying alive.

If your fish hails from a habitat where leaves and other plant debris regularly falls into the water and decompose, your fish will be used to that kind of environment and trying to mimic it in the aquariums is strongly recommended.

Leaves that fall into the water release a myriad of different compounds, from trace minerals to dyes, and animals living in the water adapt to having all these different compounds readily available.

When we place fish in our “clean” and rather unnatural aquariums, we in avertedly deprive them of access to a long row of different compounds present in their native habitat.

If your fish hails from the type of environment described above, Indian almond leaves are one way of making life in captivity a little more natural for your pet.

Just like driftwood and peat, Indian almond leaves release ample amounts of tannins into the water. The tannins affect the pH-value (how much will depend on the buffer capacity of your water) and you will also see how the water turns dark – just like a blackwater river.

Needless to say, water rich in tannins is appreciated by fish species that hail from such environments in the wild. So called blackwater habitats are formed when rivers flow slowly through heavily forested areas where falling leaves and other plant debris end up decomposing in the water.

You can find more detailed information about the chemistry of Indian almond leaves in on the Indian almond leaves chemistry page. That page also includes a section on blackwater habitats.

N.B! Using almond leaves will give the water in your aquarium a yellow to reddish tea-coloured shade. Exactly how dark the water gets depends on the concentration of tannins in the water.

Some aquarists dislike this tint which they find unsightly, but try to keep in mind that for fish hailing from blackwater habitats this dark water is actually the normal state of things and the crispy “clean” 100% transparent water without any hint of colour favoured by many aquarists is quite unnatural for them.

Is it true that Indian almond leaves prevent and cure diseases in aquariums?
Indian almond leaves are rich in compounds produces by the tree to protect itself against bacteria, fungi and similar organisms.

Because of this, it has been speculated that adding Indian almond leaves to an aquarium will decrease the risk of disease in the tank or even help fish. As far as I know, no one has yet carried out any scientific study to verify this claim.

Compounds found in Indian almond leaves have however been researched for their potential health benefits for the human body.

Quercetin, a type of flavonoid found in Indian almond leaves, is for instance considered anti-inflammatory and has antioxidant properties1 , while several other flavonoids present in these leaves – such as kaempferol – decrease the risk of developing certain types of cancer.[2 ][3 ]

Fish kept in an environment that mimic its natural habitat tend to grow stronger and heartier, i.e. more apt at fending off malicious microorganisms.

As an aquarists, it is therefore difficult to determine if Indian almond leaves actually cures and prevent disease by killing of bacteria and fungi, or if it is simply a question of the leaves boosting the fish’s own immune system by providing it with an ideal water quality when it comes to pH-value, tannins, etc.

Natural hiding spots and infusoria supply
Using Indian almond leaves is not just about chemistry. You may think leaf litter looks ugly, but for a long row of fishes it feels just like home. Leaves and leaf litter makes the environment more natural.

Bottom dwelling fish love to hide among sunken leaves, while surface and mid-water dwellers like the sense of security offered by floating leaves.

Indian almond leaves are also nice for fish and invertebrates to nibble on between meals, and the leaves serve as home and food for infusoria.

Can Indian almond leaves be used to change the sex ratio of Betta fish?
A lot of rumors circulate about South-East Asian Betta breeders using Indian almond leaves to increase the male-to-female ratio in the batches. Personally, I’ve noticed no difference in sex ratio when using Indian almond leaves.

When do aquarists use Indian almond leaves?
Indian almond leave
Indian Almonf leaf
What fish will like Indian almond leaves and what won’t?
Indian almond leaves are ideal for fish that hails from environments where the water is rich in leaf debris. A few examples of such fishes are bettas and other gouramis, blackwater tetras, discus, rasboras and many dwarf cichlids. You need to research your particular species to see if it hails from this type of water.

Indian almond leaves are not recommended for fish that like hard and alkaline water, such as African cichlids from the Great Rift Valley lakes.

Examples of situations when Indian almond leaves are commonly used
Some aquarists use Indian leaves all the time, while others use them only for special purposes, i.e. when the feel that their fish needs some extra pampering. It is especially common to use IAL…

  • When setting up a new aquarium
  • When a new fish is introduced to an aquarium
  • To induce breeding, especially in Bettas
  • When setting up and maintaining a fry aquarium
  • When a fish is sick, especially if the sickness affects the skin
    In the plastic transport bag when a fish is moved to a new home
  • When keeping delicate fish species that are considered difficult to keep and breed in captivity
    If you use Indian almond leaves all the time, remember that you may have to “wean” your fish off them if you plan on selling your fish to an aquarist that won’t use Indian almond leaves. A fish that has been raised among Indian almond leaves or spent a long time in an IAL-tank may not handle a rapid move to a different environment well.

How do aquarists use Indian almond leaves?
Preparations

Keep your Indian almond leaves in a dry place at room temperature until you wish to use them. Dry leaves can be stored for at least 6 months in a suitable environment (preferably a container that is airtight, watertight and prevents light from entering).
If the tree may have been sprayed with pesticides or grows in a big city with lots of pollution, rinse the Indian almond leaves well in tap water before placing it in your tank.
Do not use Indian almond leaves that are mouldy.
Remove active carbon, purigen and similar from the aquarium before adding your Indian almond leaves.
If you’re in a hurry, you can cut the leaves into smaller pieces since this will make them leach their content into the water more rapidly.
Dosage
Dosages below are based on 15-25 cm (6-10 in) leaves. If your leaf is smaller or bigger, you need to adjust the figures accordingly.

Using 2 leaves per 50 L (13 us gallons) of water is a good rule of thumb, but be prepared to adjust the dosage to suit your particular fish. Some Betta keepers routinely use up to 2 leaves per 15 L (4 us gallons) of water in their everyday tanks.
Betta breeders normally use 1 leaf per 20 L (5 us gallons) of water in breeding tanks.
In fry rearing tanks, use 1 leaf per 40 L (10 us gallons) of water.
For how long?

Unless you anchor the leaves using a rock or similar, they will normally float for 2-3 days before sinking. Sinking is natural and it doesn’t mean that your have to change the leaves.

The leaves will normally disintegrate after a month or two, depending on how actively your fish tries to destroy them.

Aquarists that dislike the sight of torn leaves normally replace the leaves every 2-3 week, but this is purely for aesthetical reasons.

There is usually no need to change the leaves more often than every second month.
Indian almond leaves in fry tanks

In a fry tank, Indian almond leaves are beneficial in several different ways. In addition to all the positive effects described above, the leaves serve as home and food for infusoria; minute aquatic creatures like ciliates, euglenoids, and protozoa.

Due to its size and nutritional content, infusoria is an excellent food source for newly hatched fry from a long row of species.

In addition to this, many species of fry are naturally inclined to hide among leaves and leaf litter and will feel safer and less stressed in a fry tank that isn’t completely barren.

Indian almond leaf for hospital tank
Instead of routinely adding Indian almond leaves to the aquarium, some aquarists prefer to set up a separate IAL-tank and let their fish spend some time in it when the fish seem to be a bit under the weather, e.g. due to skin abrasions.

This is not a quick fix – you should be prepared to let your fish stay in the hospital tank for at least 2-3 weeks. (Having a separate hospital tank will also prevent spreading of infectious disease and keep other more healthy fish in the main aquarium from taking advantage of a weakened tank mate.)

As always, the hospital tank must naturally be very similar to the ordinary aquarium when it comes to temperature etc, otherwise your will shock your fish.

Traditional conditioning for Siamese Fighting fish
According to professional breeders of Siamese Fighting fish in South East Asia, Indian almond leaves will harden and coat the skin of the fish, thus making it more apt for fighting.

The idea is that Siamese fighers living without Indian almond leaves have softer skin and scales that aren’t smooth and slippery enough to handle being bitten by other fighters.

The fish is therefore conditioned using Indian almond leaves for at least seven days prior to a fight. A clay pot is filled with clean, aged water, the leaves are added, and the fish will live in the pot and be fed live food once a day.

The pot is placed in a dark and quite place to help the fish prepare.
After a fight, a similar treatment is given to help the fish recover from its injuries.

Frequently Asked Questions
Is it true that Indian almond leaves remove heavy metals from the aquarium?
I come across this claim now and then, but I have seen no explanation for exactly how it would work or any scientific studies regarding IAL and heavy metals.

Bogwood is commonly used among aquarists to reduce the toxicity of metals; perhaps decaying leaf matter works in a similar way.

When organic matter (i.e. not just Indian almond leaves) are turned into humus by bacteria and fungi, toxic substances such as heavy metals can be chelated, i.e. bound to the complex organic molecules of humus.

This can prevent the metals from entering the wider ecosystem, but will not remove them. For us aquarists, it means that the heavy metals will still be present in our tanks – only bonded to humus.

I have never used copper based medication in an aquarium together with Indian almond leaves so I can’t tell if the leaves decrease the effectiveness of the medicine or not.

Can I use Indian almond leaves in my planted tank?
Yes, Indian almond leaves can safely be used in planted aquariums. Of course, plants that like alkaline waters won’t appreciate the drop in pH-value, but why would you keep such plants with acidic loving fish in the first place?

Can I combine Indian almond leaves with activated carbon or purigen?
Activated carbon, purigen and similar will decrease the effect of Indian almond leaves and should therefore be removed from the aquarium prior to IAL use.

Is there any way of getting rid of the colour?
If you for some reason wish to get the tannins out of the water, you can use activated carbon or simply do a lot of water changes. Just remember that the positive properties of the Indian almond leaf will vanish as well.
Alternatives to using whole leaves

Indian almond leaves in a tea bag
If you hate the look of Indian almond leaves in your aquarium, there are vendors that sell IAL tea bags to soak in the water. Of course, using teabags will not give your fish any leaf litter to hide among or nibble on.

Making your own Indian almond leaf concentrate
Another alternative for those who dislike having leaves in the tank is to boil the leaves and make a concentrated Indian almond tea to pour directly into the aquarium water. Simply place the leaves in a pot filled with water and bring to a boil. Boil until the water darkens. The tea can be stored in an airtight bottle in the fridge.
Recipe for a 375 L or 100 us gallon aquarium:
15 to 20 leaves (15-25 cm / 6-10 in)
10 L or 2.5 us gallons of water
N.B! The tea must naturally have roughly the same temperature as the aquarium water when you add it, i.e. not to warm or too cold.

What do Almond leaves do for bettas?

The tannins released by the leaves help create water conditions that are similar to those in the natural habitat of the fish, which means ideal breeding conditions.

If you’re trying to get your bettas or Crystal Red shrimp to breed, adding a few Indian almond leaves to the breeding tank can speed up the process!

What do Indian almond leaves do?

Indian Almond Leaves are commonly used for conditioning and care of Bettas. They are believed to aid the fish in a number of ways, they increase fertility, health, and vigour.

Reduce Ph in water, aid in the recovery of diseased or damaged fish and the tannin quickly colours the water.

What are almond leaves used for?

Indian almond leaves (IAL) have traditionally been used by Betta (Siamese Fighting Fish) breeders in South East Asia to mimic the natural Betta habitat.

They are believed to aid the fish in a number of ways, such as helping fighting fish heal after a battle and inducing spawning in breeding tanks.

Do Indian almond leaves lower PH?

When Indian Almond leaves are immersed in water, the tannins and humic substances are released, which can lower the pH of the water.

indian almond leaves

indian almond leaves

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Do Indian almond leaves lower PH?

If you want a natural solution to reduce the pH levels in your aquarium, Indian almond leaf helps to achieve just that. A study has also found that Indian almond leaves can significantly decrease water hardness (GH), which can benefit those who use hard water in their aquariums.

Is Talisay fruit edible?

The seed within the fruit is edible when fully ripe, tasting almost like almond. As the tree gets older, its crown becomes more flattened to form a spreading, vase shape.

I remember the old Visayan saying about sharing foods which says

Mabahin gani ang liso sa talisay na gamay kaayo ang pan pa kaha na sobra kadako

In English If the fruit of the talisay tree can be shared even it is too tiny how much more the size of the bread

 

What are Catappa leaves?

If you’re an aquarist, you’ve probably heard of Indian almond leaves (also known as Catappa leaves). These leaves of the Terminalia catappa tree are especially popular in the betta and shrimp hobby as a natural medicine and water conditioner.

indian almond leaves betta

What do Indian almond leaves do?
Indian Almond Leaves are commonly used for conditioning and care of Bettas. They are believed to aid the fish in a number of ways, they increase fertility, health, and vigour. Reduce Ph in water, aid in the recovery of diseased or damaged fish and the tannin quickly colours the water.

indian almond leaves aquarium

How do aquarists use Indian almond leaves?
Keep your Indian almond leaves in a dry place at room temperature until you wish to use them. …
If the tree may have been sprayed with pesticides or grows in a big city with lots of pollution, rinse the Indian almond leaves well in tap water before placing it in your tank.

indian almond leaves dried

In aquarium use, Indian almond leaves refer to the dried leaves of the Terminalia catappa tree – a tree that is native to Southeast Asia

Indian almond leaves are said to help combat fish diseases and prevent stress by … After drying them, they are ready for use in the aquarium.

Inducing Spawning If you want to breed some fries out of your betta couple, ketapang are a great tool for inducing spawning. Just like human beings, they work

1000 indian almond leaves

In case you didn’t know, we do not source dry catappa leaves from any supplier. … Every single leaf is inspected before they are ready for packing.

100 catappa indian almond leaves

aquatic arts indian almond leaves

Indian Almond Leaves are a popular treat for dwarf shrimp and aquatic snails. As a leaf decays in the water, it produces a large amount of biofilm

Aquarium Use – For Live Freshwater Shrimp, Snails, Fish (Betta, Otocinclus) Tank Health. Provides a great grazing spot for dwarf shrimp, snails, fish, and other surface-feeding animals.

using indian almond leaves after boiling

When you first add an Indian almond leaf to your tank, it will float on the surface. … Pre-soaking Indian almond leaves in fresh water (use a water conditioner!) will release some of the tannins, resulting in a weaker effect when you place it in your aquarium. The trick is to soak, not boil, your Indian almond leaf.

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tantora premium grade catappa indian almond leaves size medium

 

References:

1: ClinicalTrials.gov. A service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?intr=%22quercetin%22
2: Baek Nam-In; Kennelly E.J.; Kardono L.B.S.; Tsauri S.; Padmawinata K.; Soejarto D.D.; Kinghorn A.D., “Flavonoids and a proanthrocyanidin from rhizomes of Selliguea feei”. Phytochemistry, 1994, vol. 36, no2, pp. 513-518 (19 ref.)

3: Ute Nöthlings, Suzanne P. Murphy, Lynne R. Wilkens, Brian E. Henderson & Laurence N. Kolone. 2007. “Flavonols and Pancreatic Cancer Risk”. American Journal of Epidemiology 166 (8): 924–931.

how to care for guppy you need to know

how to care for guppy
how to care for guppy fry
how to care for guppy Guppies are perhaps the most popular type of freshwater fish to keep in an aquarium. Luckily, they are fairly easy to keep as well. Guppies are hardy fish that can adjust easily to minor fluctuations in water quality.
 
However, don’t allow these fluctuations to become common
practice, as they do cause some stress to the fish. The water temperature in an aquarium for guppies should be kept between
seventy two and eighty two degrees.
 
The P.H. level should be kept between 7.0 and 8.2. As you can see
these specifications are much more forgiving than those for certain
tropical or marine fish.
 
Guppies mature quickly and usually only grow to be about one and a half to two inches long. There small bodies and feathery fan like tails add a lot of interest to the tank. They are just fun to watch.
 
As with any type of aquarium, there are three basic components to caring for the fish. Diet is very important.
 
Guppies should be fed very small amounts as often as three times a day. Guppies will eat just about anything, but their main diet should consist of frozen or flake foods.
 
This should be especially regarded when there are baby guppies in
the tank, because guppies will eat their young. The next most
important feature to caring for any fish is appropriate water regulation.
 
The specific temperatures are listed above, but it is also important
to make frequent water changes. Usually every one to two weeks, depending on need.
 
If the water starts to smell or become cloudy, this is a good indication that it is time to change the water.
 
If water changes are made gradually, meaning change
approximately one third of the tank at a time, then there is little disruption made to the fish.
 
Last on the list for keeping fish healthy, is to keep them happy. Try to recreate their natural environment.
 
It is recommended to keep a variety of plants in the aquarium for guppies to seek refuge.
 
There should be about one to two inches of substrate in the bottom of the tank.
 
Colored rock or dead crushed coral make a nice addition to the aquarium, and may help to make the fish feel more at home.
 
A few varieties of guppies are the Fantail, Flagtail, Spadetail,
Deltatail and the Roundtail.
 
The names of all of these different types of guppies focus on the
tails because they are so remarkable and unique.
 
The tail itself is usually about one third of the size of the whole fish. It is possible to mix guppies with other varieties of fish.
 
However be careful when mixing because, guppies are targeted as
easy prey due to those fancy tails.
 
Guppies breed very quickly, usually about every three to four weeks. T
hey will interbreed amongst themselves, so the aquarium could
very quickly become filled with many different varieties of color.
 
It is very feasible to have an attractive aquarium without having any other fish at all.
If you don’t want the species to interbreed, simply keep them in separate tanks.
learn different types of guppies
how to care for guppy fry
It’s also important to keep the tank light on for 8-12 hours each day so the guppies’ spines will grow properly.
Feed the fry every 2-3 hours for the first 6 weeks, then decrease the feedings to every 4-5 hours.
Give them a mixture of high quality dry food and fresh food like brine shrimp, daphnia magna
How long does it take for guppy fry to grow?
about three months
Guppy fry are easy to keep, but their growth to maturity takes about three months and that can sound like a lot! They’re not hard to keep, but you need to make sure you provide good nutrition and conditions so they grow well.
how long are guppy fish in care for pregnant
22 to 26 days
Pregnant Guppy Stages and Gestation
Gestation may last from 21 to 30 days, although 22 to 26 days is average for most guppy pregnancies. A warmer tank – between 72 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit – is best for gestation and will keep the female from being pregnant too long.
how to care for early born guppy
It’s also important to keep the tank light on for 8-12 hours each day so the guppies’ spines will grow properly. Feed the fry every 2-3 hours for the first 6 weeks, then decrease the feedings to every 4-5 hours. Give them a mixture of high quality dry food and fresh food like brine shrimp.
Do guppies like light or dark?
Actually guppies sleep at night, when it’s dark. Their sleep cycle is not known, but it is obvious that they rest when lights are off. If you have a planted guppy tank, most likely you have lights on your aquarium, which have to be turned on and off every day.
how much money is it to take care of a guppy fish for one month
The fish themselves cost as little as $0.10 each at pet stores (or as much as $25 for fancy guppies), the flaked food they require is inexpensive, and if you pick up a used tank and filter, you’ll have your aquarium set up for hardly any cost at all. Guppies are incredibly easy to keep alive.
how to care for guppy grass
Does Guppy grass need light?
Najas Grass is commonly known as guppy grass for freshwater aquariums. It is easy to grow but likes light; the more light the brighter green it will be. … Guppy grass does not need Co2 to grow.
how to care for new guppy fry
It’s also important to keep the tank light on for 8-12 hours each day so the guppies’ spines will grow properly. Feed the fry every 2-3 hours for the first 6 weeks, then decrease the feedings to every 4-5 hours. Give them a mixture of high quality dry food and fresh food like brine shrimp.
what do i need to take care of a guppy fish
Part 1 Setting Up a Habitat
Choose an aquarium tank. Ideally, your tank will be 10 gallons (37.9 L) in volume. …
Dechlorinate the water in the tank. …
Keep the water between 75 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. …
Use a filtration system in your tank. …
Add plants and decorations to your tank. …
Light your tank.
What do you need to take care of guppies?
You can buy a dechlorinating chemical from your fish store to remove harmful chlorine from the tap water. Your Guppies will do best if you keep the water temperature between 24 and 30 degrees Celsius in the aquarium, and the pH between 6.8 and 7.6. Guppies should be fed once or twice a day.
What do guppies need in their tank?
To keep your guppies healthy, provide at least 1 gallon of water for each guppy so the tank is not overcrowded. … Then, feed your guppies high-quality tropical fish flakes 1-2 times a day, and feed them live food, like earthworms, once a week instead of fish flakes to supplement their diet.
kid brought a guppy home from school how to care for it
How do you keep guppies from dying?
The lack of oxygen in the water can also cause guppies to die. Putting too cold or too warm water in your aquarium will cause death to your guppy fish. Tap water contains chlorine, which is deadly to guppy fish. Though using tap water for your fish tank is find, but need to be treated before adding it to your aquarium.
how to take care of a blonde delta guppy
Steps
Choose an aquarium tank. Ideally, your tank will be 10 gallons (37.9 L) in volume. …
Dechlorinate the water in the tank. …
Keep the water between 75 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. …
Use a filtration system in your tank. …
Add plants and decorations to your tank. …
Light your tank.
how long do fancy fancy guppy care
How long do fancy guppies live?
2 to 5 years
A disease-free guppy can live anywhere between 2 to 5 years. A number of factors may contribute to a guppy living beyond two years. Not having guppies of opposite sex in the same tank is the most important one. It is seen that reproducing reduces the life span of not only female but also male guppies
how to take care of pregnant guppy
How long is a guppy fish pregnant?
Gestation may last from 21 to 30 days, although 22 to 26 days is average for most guppy pregnancies. A warmer tank – between 72 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit – is best for gestation and will keep the female from being pregnant too long.
halfmoon dragon guppy basic care
Are guppy fish easy to care for?
Keep two or three female guppies for every one male guppy.
You will want to keep multiple guppies in your tank, because they are social fish who enjoy being in groups. … Guppies give birth to live fry rather than laying eggs, so if your guppies breed, you will see their babies right as they are born.

how to clean acrylic aquarium

how to clean acrylic aquarium

how to clean acrylic aquarium

how to clean acrylic aquarium


The practice of keeping aquariums came about in the late 1800’s. They were fairly crude.

Usually these ancient aquariums only had one side that was made
of glass, with the other three sides being made of metal or wood.

Most aquariums consisted of fish that were native to the region of
its owner simply because of availability.

Also most old school fish tanks contained only fresh water fish. The reason being

The practice of keeping aquariums came about in the late 1800’s. They were fairly crude.

Usually these ancient aquariums only had one side that was made
of glass, with the other three sides being made of metal or wood.

Most aquariums consisted of fish that were native to the region of
its owner simply because of availability.

Also most old school fish tanks contained only fresh water fish.

The reason being that salt water would corrode the metal frame
that held the aquarium together.

Aquariums drastically changed in the 1960’s with the invention of silicone adhesive.

Metal frames became obsolete and more people started to keep
salt water fish and invertebrates.

More recently glass tanks have become less frequently used due to
the flexibility of acrylic.

Literally flexibility! Acrylic aquariums are far more for forgiving than there glass counterparts.

If a heavy object strikes a glass tank, it will almost certainly break. The flexibility of an acrylic tank will prevent this catastrophe from happening.

In addition, acrylic offers more flexibility in design than glass.

Acrylic aquariums have been made into everything from coffee
tables to gum ball machines.

That being said, there is a short downfall to owning an acrylic aquarium.

They do scratch more easily than glass. When cleaning your
aquarium, be careful not to use paper towels, and harsh or abrasive
chemicals, as they can scratch the acrylic surface of the aquarium.

Always use a cleaner specifically labeled safe for acrylic. Use plastic or rubber scrubbers, rather than metal to clean the sides of an acrylic tank.

Be careful not to accidentally pick up a piece of substrate or gravel while cleaning the inside of the tank. However, if you do happen to scratch an acrylic aquarium, all is not lost.

The tank can be repaired, unlike glass. There are acrylic repair kits
available at specialty pet stores, your local hardware store and of course online.

When purchasing an acrylic aquarium kit, there will be many
different options to choose from, at many different price points.

Aquarium kits can be purchased at places such as specialty aquatic
pet stores, from huge retail chains, or again online.

A fish lover can choose from small cylinder shaped tanks that can
double as a coffee table lamp to wall huge wall sized aquariums.

While, there are some basic things that will be included in most
kits, such as, a filter, some substrate or coral and sometimes
lighting, the kits themselves can vary greatly.

It really doesn’t matter where you buy your starter kit, but keep in
mind that it is extremely important to buy your fish from a reputable dealer.

Don’t buy fish that are hovering near the surface, or that are located in a tank with other dead fish.

Fish diseases are extremely communicable. Be weary of a fish dealer that refuses to catch a specific fish out of the tank for you. After all this is going to be your fish and you have a right to choose.

here are some ways on how to clean acrylic aquarium

how to remove scratches from acrylic aquarium

  1. Empty the tank of fish and water.
  2. Sand in one direction only with 120 or 220 grit wet/dry sandpaper for deep grooves, 320 grit for scratches that can be felt with a fingernail, 1800 or 400 grit for fine scratches, 2400 or 3200 for light scuff marks, or 4000 or 6000 grit for very fine scratches.

 

how to clean acrylic aquarium without scratching

Use plastic scraper as mentioned before. I also would be very careful with acrylic specific magnet scrubbers, one piece of sand in between the magnets is all it takes to get a scratch.

The Magic Erasers are amazing and I’ve switched to using them in all my freshwater and saltwater tanks, either acrylic or glass. It does an amazing job and doesn’t cost very much. They last quite awhile and you can even slice them into smaller, thinner pieces to stretch it out longer. You usually have to slice them up to get a good hold on the magnet if used that way anyways. Depends on the strength of your magnet. I just use my hands and manually scrub in my nano tanks.

how to repair cracked acrylic aquarium

Aquarium cracks, chips or leaks happen more often to glass aquariums rather than acrylic aquariums. Acrylic aquariums are often advertised as lightweight and crack and leak resistant. They cost more than glass aquariums as they offer benefits that glass aquariums can’t offer. Acrylic aquariums have more clarity than glass, are lightweight and are stronger. If you do experience a leak or crack in an acrylic aquarium, there are ways it can be fixed.

Choose which type of acrylic glue you need. There are two different kinds of acrylic glue, one being a thin liquid glue and the other a thick glue. A popular brand for acrylic tank repair is WeldOn. You can find this at a pet store and at some hardware stores.

Empty your tank of all fish, water and gravel so that is is completely empty. Move the tank outside so you can use a water hose to remove any sand, gravel or buildup that remains in your tank so it can be as clean as possible.

Use a towel to dry your tank thoroughly and allow it to air dry so all seams and areas can dry completely. Bring the tank back inside and prepare an area to work in. Protect your table by covering it with newspaper or plastic.

continue reading here https://animals.mom.me/how-to-repair-an-acrylic-aquarium-leak-12327811.html

What is the best way to clean acrylic?

Blow dirt or dust off the window.
Use clear water to clean lightly soiled acrylic.
Use a non-abrasive cleaner on dirtier windows.
Blot the surface dry.
Remove scratches using car wax.
Scrape the surface.
Sand the surface.

Can you use vinegar to clean a fish tank?

Vinegar is excellent for removing hard water stains, and salt will clean out a tank nicely. Use lots of salt, don’t be shy, and scrub it around there vigorously. Rinse very thoroughly and there you have it, a clean tank

Can you use baking soda to clean a fish tank?

Baking soda works two ways to clean an aquarium. If you soak a dirty aquarium with a baking soda solution, it will break down dirt and greasy substances clinging to the surfaces. On a damp sponge, baking soda is abrasive enough to remove grime and stubborn algae clinging to glass but is gentle enough not to scratch.

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aquarium aeration essential factor to aquarium fish

aquarium aeration

aquarium aeration Properly aerating your aquarium allows your fish to breathe
properly, which is essential for good health.

The devices most commonly used to increase aeration in fish tanks
are filters, power heads, air stones, and aerating decorations.

Use whatever combination you like to provide your fish with the oxygen they require.

As we all know rivers and lakes are the natural habits for fish and other marines.

Rivers and lakes have large surface area which makes maximum
provision of oxygen for fish survival possible.

On the other hand aquarium is not like river or lake, it has a smaller
surface area and there is limited movement of habitats.

As we all know rivers and lakes are the natural habits for fish and other marines.

Rivers and lakes have large surface area which makes maximum
provision of oxygen for fish survival possible.

On the other hand aquarium is not like river or lake, it has a smaller
surface area and there is limited movement of habitats.

This makes provision of alternative means of oxygen for fish to breathe important.

This artificial process of providing oxygen is called aeration. It’s a simple process of re-oxygenating the water in aquarium tank.

The Aerating System:

This is the series of material that increases the supply of air
(thereby increasing oxygen concentration) they are:
the air pump
t-pieces
rubber tubing
clamp or regulator
diffusers or airstone

Air pumps come in different shapes and sizes but the most popular
ones are tecax air pump from Taiwan together with ‘dyna free, and
the dragon’ another popular one is super 555 from India though cheaper, but not as rugged.

Occasionally available are the more expensive whisper and rens air
pumps from Uk and rance respectively.

Always place air pumps above the water level hooked to a non-vibrating material.

You can accomplish aeration in your aquarium tank by using the
above listed aeration materials.

This materials form aquarium aeration system. For small tanks all you need is to attach simple aquarium air pump to airstone by means of rubber air tube.

The system will be blowing air into the water which cause motion
in aquarium tank and thus provide necessary oxygen your fish
needs to breathe in aquarium.

Are bubbles necessary in an aquarium?

Dissolved oxygen is very, very important to fish, to bacteria, and even to plants at night.

Plants and algae need oxygen at night. So air pumps are relatively inexpensive.

Depending on the needs of the aquarium fine bubbles will give you
a little bit more surface area, and that’s going to give you more oxygen.

Can you aerate an aquarium too much?

And in aquariums, certain types of filters help aerate the water as well.

These include hang-on-back filters and trickle filters. … Too much
oxygen in water can lead to the potentially lethal gas bubble
disease, in which gas comes out of solution inside the fish, creating bubbles in its skin and around its eyes.

How do aquarium air stones work?

The air stone will increase the water circulation more than an
undiffused air feed into the tank from an air pump, and the
bubbles themselves will also increase the surface area of the water
more, but the real benefit from an air stone as far as oxygenation goes is just the increase in circulation.

Do aquarium filters aerate water?

The surface tension of the water must be broken for sufficient gas exchange.

Fortunately, creating surface agitation is easily done with aeration,
or pumping air into the water so that it forms bubbles.

These air-lift filters use this technique to pull water through their
filter media and thus clean the entire tank.

Do fishes need oxygen?

Fish need oxygen too, but since they don t have lungs, they take oxygen from the water in which they live.

The oxygen in the water available to fish is called dissolved oxygen
(oxygen that is dissolved in the water).

Fish use gills to take oxygen from water just as we use our lungs to take oxygen from the air.

Does goldfish need air pump?

Do goldfish need an air pump? New goldfish keepers often see air
pumps in goldfish tanks and assume that they are strictly required
and that the fish will suffocate without one.

You may be surprised to hear that all of those bubbles from the air
pump don’t actually add much oxygen to the water at all.

Are air stones good for aquariums?

Because they use such a high temperature when sintering, these
stones are really durable and dissolve oxygen at a high rate.

Plus, they put out a lot of tiny bubbles instead of a small number of large ones which most fish and plants prefer.

They’re great for fish aquariums as well as hydroponics.

Is an air stone necessary in an aquarium?

One of the most common misconceptions in the aquarium hobby,
possibly second only to “fish will not outgrow their aquarium”, is
that you need an air pump and air stones to provide sufficiently
oxygenation to that tank to keep the fish healthy, and that the air pump provides oxygen to the water.

How do you know if your fish is getting enough oxygen?

That is perfectly normal behavior, and the fish will not remain on
the surface taking breath after breath.

When fish go to the surface of the water for oxygen, they will gasp repeatedly, often with a wide open mouth. If all of the fish are gasping at the top, the problem is critical and swift action should be taken

Why are my fish at the top of the tank gasping for air?

What should I do if my fish are gasping? The water surface contains
the highest levels of dissolved oxygen, so when fish can’t get enough they’ll rise to the top and gasp.

However, the cause of that gasping could be due to several factors. The warmer the water gets, the less oxygen it holds

Do I need an air pump in a planted aquarium?

Do You Need Air Pumps in Planted Aquariums? All that an air
pump does is create a surface current and add oxygen to your
aquarium near the top where the water gets disturbed from the breaking bubbles.

This can also be achieved by using power heads at each end of your aquarium or just on one side.

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aquarium surface agitation

At the surface level of an aquarium, water and air undergo a natural exchange of gases.  Fortunately, creating surface agitation is easily done with aeration, or pumping air into the water so that it forms bubbles. The bubbles rise to the surface and burst, thus breaking the surface tension.

What does agitated water mean?
agitation. … The verb agitation comes from the Latin word agitare, meaning “move to and fro.” Agitation can happen whenever something is physically moved around, like stirring flour, eggs and milk to make pancake batter.

Can you over aerate fish tank?
And in aquariums, certain types of filters help aerate the water as well. These include hang-on-back filters and trickle filters. Too much oxygen in water can lead to the potentially lethal gas bubble disease, in which gas comes out of solution inside the fish, creating bubbles in its skin and around its eyes.

Can you turn off a fish tank pump at night?
The filter is separate from the air pump, so is it okay to turn off overnight? Thanks! If you do they it’s best not to turn off the pump at night. The plants start to consume the oxygen in a tank at night, and without the agitation at the surface then the plants may starve the water of oxygen.

how to aerate a fish tank without a pump

One of the easiest ways to aerate the water in your aquarium without a pump is to use a pitcher or cup. Simply fill a pitcher or cup with the aquarium water, lift it up nice and high, and pour the water back in. The water will pick up oxygen on the way down to the tank, thus inserting oxygen right into the water.

aquarium air stone benefits

The benefits of added oxygen
As an aquarium air stone releases bubbles, it helps keep the water from becoming stagnant or even toxic. Waste matter in a fish tank easily gets out of control in some situations, such as overfeeding or keeping too many fish in a small aquarium.

do fish need air bubbles

An air pump simply bubbles air through your tank. Air pumps serve two purposes. First, they insure that your tank maintains an adequate concentration of oxygen. An air pump is NOT required for this purpose, as long as your tank maintains adequate water movement together with surface agitation.

10 Amazing fish that can live in a bowl

fish that can live in a bowl

Here is a list of best fish that can live in a bowl without a filter.

But personally, for me, I don’t recommend this bowl and small aquariums are troublesome to maintain you will need to frequently clean it since it can only hold small water and easily get dirty.

fish that can live in bowl

The proper ratio of a fish and space is 1 inch is to 10 gallons. so you need to just keep small species of fish for them to survive in a small space like a fishbowl.

Bettas are excellent also for this type of environment since bettas can breathe in the atmosphere.

How does the labyrinth organ work?

This organ allows labyrinth fish to take in oxygen directly from the air, instead of taking it from the water in which they reside through the use of gills. The labyrinth organ helps the inhaled oxygen to be absorbed into the bloodstream.

Anabantoidei – Wikipedia

 

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anabantoidei
Why choose hardy fish to keep in a fishbowl?
Fishbowl water deteriorate quickly since it’s small only and the fish can consume the dissolved oxygen in the water fast, so you need to choose hardy fish to keep in a fishbowl
You need frequent water changes for fishbowl that is why its troublesome you need to prepare water that is already stuck in a container for water replacement to lessen fish stress in sudden water changes and chemistry

Why choose Small fish? fish that can live in a bowl

I think this is pretty self-explanatory but small fish require less space and water since as what I said the proper ration is 1 inch of fish equivalent to 10 gallons of water.

Some nano species of fish like Scarlet Badis may be good options for bowls.

Scarlet Badis Overview
The Scarlet Badis (Dario dario) is a colorful, peaceful, fish from the Badidae family. It is also known as the Scarlet Gem Badis, and is one of the most underrated species of freshwater fish.

It was previously known as Badis bengalensis or Badis bengalensis. However these two names were the result of a wrong description which appeared in a fishkeeping magazine in 1999.

Even though this fish is becoming increasingly popular in the aquarium trade, there is still lots we don’t know about this fish. It remains one of the least studied Percoid fish.

The circle of life for this fish is quite brutal. You might find them dead without any apparent cause. Often, at the end of their life they will likely show bright coloration as the male tries to reproduce before it dies.

However with proper care and a good balanced diet, the Scarlet Badis will add bright colors to your aquarium for at least 3-4 years.

Remember, they don’t like polluted waters, so keeping the aquarium clean is an absolute must.

Here is the 10 list of fish that can live in a bowl

  1. Betta fish rosetail bettaThe Siamese fighting fish, or betta, is a vibrantly-colored fish often seen swimming solo in brandy sniffers and ornamental vases in both the office and home. learn betta fish care

  2. Guppies Full Red MoscowThe guppy, also known as millionfish and rainbow fish, is one of the world’s most widely distributed tropical fish, and one of the most popular freshwater aquarium fish species. It is a member of the family Poeciliidae and, like almost all American members of the family, is live-bearing. learn more about different types of guppies 
  3. White Cloud MinnowsWhite Cloud Mountain Minnows are small, colorful fish, once termed the working man’s Neon because they compared to Neon Tetras in color
  4. Blind Cave Tetras The Blind Cave Tetra is a very interesting fish from the physical point of view. It gets its name from its lack of eyes, a feature that makes it special.

  5. Salt and Pepper Corydoras.-The salt and pepper catfish is a tropical freshwater fish belonging to the Corydoradinae sub-family of the family Callichthyidae. It originates in inland waters in South America, and is found in the Upper Orinoco River basin in Venezuela and Colombia
  6. Zebra Danios- The zebrafish is a freshwater fish belonging to the minnow family of the order Cypriniformes. Native to South Asia, it is a popular aquarium fish, frequently sold under the trade name zebra danio.
  7.  Ember Tetra- The ember tetra is a freshwater fish of the characin family of order Characiformes. It is native to the Araguaia River basin of Brazil and was discovered in 1987 and named in honor of the fish explorer Heiko Bleher’s mother

  8. Pea Pufferfish- The dwarf pufferfish, also known as the Malabar pufferfish, pea pufferfish or pygmy pufferfish, is a small, freshwater pufferfish endemic to Kerala and southern Karnataka in Southwest India. It is threatened by overfishing for the aquarium trade, and by habitat loss.
  9. Six-ray Corydoras- The sixray corydoras or false corydoras is a tropical freshwater fish belonging to the Corydoradinae sub-family of the family Callichthyidae. It originates in inland waters in South America, and is found in the upper Araguaia River basin in Brazil. The fish will grow in length up to 2.9 centimetres.
  10. Scarlet Badis –The scarlet badis is a tropical freshwater fish and one of the smallest known percoid fish species. It is a micropredator, feeding on small aquatic crustaceans, worms, insect larvae and other zooplankton. It is sold under a variety of names in the aquarium trade.

Here is a list of fish that can live in a bowl-related questions People also ask

Which fish can survive in a bowl?

Betta. Bettas, sometimes called Siamese fighting fish, are one of the most common tropical fish kept in bowls. Although they can survive in them, a bowl is not ideal for their health. They get their nickname because males will fight to the death if they are left in a tank together

What is the easiest fish to take care of?

Neon Tetra. Swarm of Neon Tetras. …
Guppies. This colorful and lively fish is able to adapt to a variety of water conditions which is one of the reasons they are so popular. …
Oscar. …
Mollies. …
Zebra Danios. …
Platies. …
Cherry Barb. …
Pearl Gourami.

Is it bad to keep fish in a bowl?

Ironically, fish bowls are not suitable homes for aquarium fish, whether they’re goldfish or bettas or any other animal. … The higher the ratio, the more oxygen will dissolve into the water, allowing the fish to breathe more easily.

What fish can live without a filter?

None. You may be able to keep the fish alive, but they won’t thrive. Without a filter, the ammonia produced by fish waste stays in the water, and it toxic to fish. It’s true that bettas breath from air, but they are still burned by ammonia.

Is keeping fish cruel?

So, no. They aren’t cruel, unless the keeper is cruel, by society’s definition. Just Like has been said many times as long as you take care of your fishes water, fish compatibility, proper tank size and don’t starve them i dont think its cruel at all.

3 gallon glass bowl

3 gallon glass bowl

3 Gallon Plastic Fish Bowl. If you’re looking for an inexpensive goldfish bowl that is large enough to hold a good bit of water

fish cat bowl

fish that can live in a bowl

small decorative fish bowls

glass fish bowl decoration ideas, decorative fish bowl plants – Pinterest


glass fish bowl decoration ideas, decorative fish bowl plants Do you have a small glass fish bowls? browse our Cool tips and gallery of decorative fish bowl

What fish can live in a small fish bowl?
Betta. Bettas, sometimes called Siamese fighting fish, are one of the most common tropical fish kept in bowls. Although they can survive in them, a bowl is not ideal for their health. They get their nickname because males will fight to the death if they are left in a tank together.

How do I start a small fish bowl?
How to Set up a Fish Bowl
By Josh Day.
Obtain your bowl or vase. …
Try to gather some cultured gravel. …
Plant your base with some forgiving, easy aquatic plants. …
Fill with dechlorinated water. …
Add fish. …
Feed fish a small amount of food every day. …
Change out a cup of water every day, or every other day.

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simple guide to aquarium filtration

simple guide to aquarium filtration filtration methods

simple guide to aquarium filtration

To have poison free aquarium water, filtration process is a
very important to aquarist.

Since most aquarists are aware of the fact that their aquarium water
accumulates harmful substances, which poison their fishes.

To prevent this from happening there is need for filtration here’s the simple guide to aquarium filtration thus, for our purpose I would define filtration as the removal of unwanted substances from water.

To have poison free aquarium water, the filtration process is a
very important to aquarist.

Since most aquarists are aware of the fact that their aquarium water
accumulates harmful substances, which poison their fishes.

To prevent this from happening there is need for filtration
thus, for our purpose I would define filtration as the removal
of unwanted substances from water.

Most aquarist uses three types: Biological, mechanical, and
chemical amongst which the biological is the most important.

Biological filtration is also referred to as undergravel filtration,
because the major equipment used (a flat plate of perforated
plastic) is placed under the gravel bed hence it is invisible.

Unless you are properly equipped, you can’t see the process
happening and cannot measure its effect.

Yet this process is the major difference between success and failure,
and the aquarist who does not take the time to understand it
workings is doomed to watch an endless procession of dying fishes
passing through his tank.

Biological filtration is solely the work of bacteria attached to the
surfaces of the gravel, the grave and the under grave filter together
constitute the filter bed.

Bacteria normally reach the filter bed through the food you give the fishes.

The waste product of the fishes, the air, and even through your hands as you works in the tank.

As the water ages, their numbers increase until the gravel is loaded with millions of them.

It is only then that the aquarium can function very well, because
the wastes of the fishes and unwanted substances mainly ammonia
are immediately broken down by those bacteria into harmless
substances while at the same time the filtration action drags organic
matter downwards into the spaces between the gravel’s where the
roots of plants can then extract essential growth substances hence
the undergravel filter promotes healthy plants growth.

Mechanical filtration is the physical removal of debris, waste
products, uneaten food, dead fish or plants.

They use a filter medium such as foam, filter wool or sand/gravel
to trap particles which are removed by later cleaning of the medium.

Chemical filtration changes the composition of some substances in the aquarium.

Ammonia absorbers, such as Ammogon tm help prevent problems
when water aging is done chemically (treatment with chloramines releases free ammonia).

Other “chemical” filtration includes ion exchangers which reduce either carbonate or sulphur hardness.

simple guide to aquarium filtration An effective aquarium filtration system not only removes waste products from the water by physical or chemical means, but also mirrors the process of biological filtration—the nitrogen
cycle—that occurs in the wild. Filtration goes hand in hand
with aeration, in which water is circulated so that it can absorb
oxygen from the air and lose unwanted carbon dioxide.

In the confines of an aquarium, thewaste produced by the fish can
quicklybuild up to harmful levels without aneffective filtration system.

Filtration involves passing the water in the aquarium through one
or several filtration media, which purify the water by biological,
chemical, or mechanical means (see box, below).

There are two basic methods of driving water through the media:
using an electric pump, or using an airlift system, in which air
bubbled into the tank through an airstone draws water up an airlift tube.

FILTRATION TIPS

  • Add zeolite sachets to remove ammonia from the water, and a
    starter seed culture of bacteria for the biological filter.
  • Be careful not to overfeed the fish and burden the filter with decomposing food.
  • Test the water quality regularly to check the filter’s efficiency;
    frequent partial water changes will ease the pressure on the filtration system.

simple guide to aquarium filtration

simple guide to aquarium filtration filtration methods

The most common type of system for freshwater aquariums—
the undergravel filter—is a simple airlift system.

A perforated corrugated or ridged plate is placed on the base of the
tank, and then covered by a substrate of gravel.

The plate allows water to flow under the gravel, while the gravel
particles— which should be at least 1⁄8 in (3 mm) in diameter to
ensure good water movement—form the biological filter medium.

Power filters use an electric pump to drive water through the filtration media.

There are two basic types: internal power filters, which sit inside
the tank, and external filters, which are housed outside the
aquarium and are generally used for larger aquariums.

A range of different media are available for power filters: biological
media, such as foam sponge and ceramic granules; mechanical
media, such as filter wool; and chemical filtration media, such as carbon.

The most efficient filters use layers of different media in combination. It is often

possible to add extra materials—for example, peat or
coral sand—to this type of filter to alter the water chemistry.

Efficient aeration is vital for the maintenance of a healthy
tank, providing a source of oxygen not only for the fish, but
also for the beneficial bacteria within the biological filter.

Using an air pump to pump air through an airstone can help to
aerate the tank: the bubbles produced cause surface ripples that
increase the area exposed to the air where oxygen exchange can take place.

But, if there is enough surface movement generated by the
outflow of the filtration system, an extra air pump may not be needed.

external filter system

 

External power filters work on the same principle as other systems:
water is pumped out of the aquarium and passes through the filter
unit, which contains one or several types of media, before being returned to the tank.

simple guide to aquarium filtration power head filter

A powerhead, shown above, is a pump that can be added
to the airlift tube of an under gravel filter to draw water more strongly through the system.

Installing a powerhead also improves the aeration provided by an
under gravel filter.

simple guide to aquarium filtration

airlift pump filter

What are the 3 types of filtration?

There are three types of filtration that are necessary for the health of any aquarium:

  1. Mechanical.
  2. Chemical.
  3. Biological.

What are the best filters for fish tanks?

  • Penn Plax Cascade Canister Aquarium Filter. …
  • Fluval External Fish Tank Filter. …
  • Marineland Magniflow Canister. …
  • EHEIM Classic External Canister Fish Tank Filter Media. …
  • Penn Plax Cascade Canister Aquarium Filter Cascade® 1000. …
  • AquaClear Power Filter – 110 V. …
  • Fluval Fx6 Aquarium Canister Filter.

Can I use 2 filters in my aquarium?

However, if you were to use these same two aquarium filters on a 180 gallon fish tank, you should be able to provide enough biological filtration for that 180 gallon aquarium. The filtration capacity increases with multiple filters, but only if the water volume also increases

How does filter work in aquarium?

The purpose of the filter on your aquarium is to remove excess food, decaying organic matter, free-floating particulate, dangerous chemicals, and the fish’s waste products from the water. The fish excrete waste constantly as they swim around in the water.

Is chemical filtration necessary?

A healthy tank DOES NOT require the use of chemical filters as activated carbon. One point about filtration cannot me made enough. ALL FISH TANKS MUST HAVE BIOLOGICAL FILTRATION. Although chemical filtration can remove ammonia under limited circumstances, they are NOT a general solution.

How is filtration useful?

Filtration, the process in which solid particles in a liquid or gaseous fluid are removed by the use of a filter medium that permits the fluid to pass through but retains the solid particles. … In some processes used in the production of chemicals, both the fluid filtrate and the solid filter cake are recovered.

Why do we use filtration?

Filtration is extremely important to keep things like water, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals clean, pure and free of contaminants. If it wasn’t for filtration, we might not have safe drinking water, because it plays a crucial role in eliminating sediment, sand, gravel, carbon and other suspended particles. Safety.

Does a fish tank filter always need to be on?

An aquarium filter should filter all the water in the tank through it at least three times per hour. If it does not, it is too small. … You cannot over-filter, but you can definitely under-filter, and the results can be harmful to your fish.

Which filter is best for planted aquarium?

Some Of The Best Filters For A Planted Tank
Fluval C4 Power Filter. The Fluval C4 Power Filter is an HOB filter that will work well on planted tanks up to 50 gallons in size. …
Eheim Classic Canister Filter. …
AquaClear Power Filter. …
Hydor Professional External Canister Filter. …
Penn Plax Cascade Canister Aquarium Filter.

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How often should you change fish tank filter?
The cartridge should be changed at least once a month. Or when you see a noticeable decrease in water flow.

Do aquarium filters need to be on all the time?
An aquarium filter should filter all the water in the tank through it at least three times per hour. If it does not, it is too small. … You cannot over-filter, but you can definitely under-filter, and the results can be harmful to your fish.

Why is my fish tank filter not pumping water? How do I fix it?

If there are no bubbles, the filter may not be working. Therefore, repair or replace the filter. The most likely cause is that the air pipes of the filter are disconnected or blocked or the air pump has broken down (See Q1). … If the filter and pump is working and the tank is still cloudy, then the water is contaminated.

What are the pros and cons of undergravel aquarium filters?

Power filters easily clip onto the back of your aquarium, whereas undergravel filters require you to take out

And Undergravel Filter Downsides:

1.UGFs are Hard to Maintain, Especially Long-Term

‘They’re like sweeping your dog/cat poo under the rug’, bad visual, but accurate to some extent. Unless you’re careful about regularly vacuuming your substrate, moving the decor about, and the occasional complete or nearly complete tear down, ‘gunk’ (a polite term) does tend to accumulate in the gravel and particularly under the plates of UG filters.

In fairness, all types of filtration have their respective maintenance and up-keep issues’¦ and if folks are careful enough to not overfeed, overcrowd, ignore their regular maintenance, undergravel filters can be run safely for years and years.

2. UGFs Can’t Be Used With Diggers

Eartheating Juraparoids and many other Neotropical cichlids, ‘engineering’ gobies of many sorts in marine systems, and many other animals that burrow extensively can create ‘channeling’ problems with undergravel filters, digging out the substrate, allowing water to easily pass though their tunnels, while dropping circulation through the rest of the filter ‘bed’ (the substrate) to dangerous anaerobic levels’¦ with these choices in livestock, you’re well-advised to at least use other types of filtration IN ADDITION to your undergravel plates.

3. UGFs Can Produce Noxious Gases–Creating Dead Zones

Most everyone who’s been in the hobby long enough can relate an incident of ‘rotten egg’ smell (Hydrogen Sulfide) wipe-out in an aquarium serviced with undergravel filtration. These instances are almost all matters of inadequate maintenance, where the aquarist neglected regular maintenance, fed too much of inappropriate foods, had too much bio-load’¦ reminds me of folks getting defibrillated for myocardial infarctions (heart attacks), ‘If you would have stuck with your 12 point maintenance program we wouldn’t have to jump start you.’ Honestly, if you’re marginally diligent in gravel vacuuming/water changing, stirring your gravel’¦ and other simple aspects of proper aquarium husbandry, stinky UGF wipe-out/dead zones are highly unlikely.

4. With UGF Use Fishes Can Get Trapped Under The Plates

‘Where’d my Clown, Kuhli Loaches, Gobies, Blennies’¦. go?’ ‘Let’s see, there not carpet jerky’¦ I bet it’s that darned cat!’ There are a host of fish species (and some invertebrates) that delight in hiding out under UG filter plates’¦ the good news is that most all of them are just as facile at coming back out’¦ If you’re missing some livestock and suspect that it’s ensconced under your UGF don’t panic, don’t tear the tank apart’¦ very likely your aquatic charges will re-emerge on their own’¦ when they’re hungry.

At least with undergravel use you have less chance of your livestock ‘jumping out’ through extra and larger openings made to fit hoses and attachments, necessary with other types of filter use.

5.Undergravel Filters May Present A Problem With Plants

Many rooted plants (as opposed to floating or surface types) have difficulties with too much water circulation as produced with undergravel filter use’¦ growing slowly or not at all due to the aerobic changes that such gear induces. Is this a big problem? Not at all! Swordplants, Crypts, Vallisnerias, Sagittarias et al. can be easily ‘blind potted’ in trays, clay pots and such or an area left open (sans an undergravel plate) for their planting’¦ or a section/plate of impervious (likely plastic) sheet inserted over the undergravel plate where you want to put them. So there!

Cloze:

Okay, so I’m an old timer who still likes, can see applications for undergravel filters in modern aquarium keeping’¦ Though they do have their attendant downsides, given regular upkeep, a practical understanding of their potential troubles, mis-applications UGFs can be at least useful adjuncts to other types of filtration. They do work!

Further Reading: http://www.wetwebmedia.com/FWSubWebIndex/ug5proscons.htm

common pleco Complete Guide: Species, Care, Tank Requirements

Black Hi-Fin Pleco L108

Plecostomus, or Plecos, are a group of armored catfish that belong to the Loricariidae family.

They are by far the most popular catfish amongst fish keepers and in total there are well over 150 species.

The most in demand member of this family is called the Common Pleco and can grow up to 24 inches long.

The common pleco (Hypostomus plecostomus), also known as the sucker fish, is a staple of the aquarium hobby, and is easily one of the most popular fish available.

Tiger Clown Pleco
Tiger Clown Pleco L066

Tiger Clown Pleco L066

ORIGINS South America, where it is found in Brazil’s
Rio Xingu.
SIZE 8 in (20 cm).
DIET Omnivorous.
WATER Temperature 73–82°F (23–28°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0).
TEMPERAMENT Territorial when mature.

 

A delicate patterning of white stripes on a black background distinguishes the Tiger Clown Pleco.

These markings are highly variable, allowing individuals to be recognized easily.

Females lack the spines on the pectoral and dorsal fins, and have a broader body shape.

Tiger Clown Plecos are most active after dark, and eat a wide variety of foods.
Shelled peas, either fresh or thawed, are a valuable source of vegetable matter, as are cucumber slices.

Butterfly Peckoltia L052
Butterfly Peckoltia L052

Butterfly Peckoltia L052

ORIGINS South America, occurring in parts of the
Orinoco basin.
SIZE 5 in (12.5 cm).
DIET Omnivorous.
WATER Temperature 73–82°F (23–28°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0).
TEMPERAMENT Territorial.

The coloration of these catfish, which can vary widely, is partly dependent on their background.

Their patterning of alternating light and dark patches (seen in the example below) disappears rapidly if the fish are transferred to a tank with a dark substrate, and may also be affected by the lighting.

Pairs spawn in the relative safety of a cave, with the female laying up to 120 eggs.

These may take ten days to hatch, by which time the fry have used up virtually all of their yolk sacs.

The young of this species can be reared on brine shrimp

Zebra Pleco L106

Hypancistrus zebra

Zebra Pleco L106

ORIGINS South America, where it is confined to the Rio
Xingu in Brazil.
SIZE 31⁄4 in (8 cm).
DIET Relatively carnivorous.
WATER Temperature 79–86°F (26–30°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and neutral (pH 7.0).
TEMPERAMENT Placid.

The straight black bands across its body separate this catfish from the wavy-lined form, known as L098.

Males have wider heads than females, when seen from above, and the first ray of the pectoral fin is broader.

Include sand, rocks, and bogwood in the tank to mimic this pleco’s natural habitat.

The water must be well-filtered and well-oxygenated to encourage spawning, which occurs in a cave.

The eggs are laid in batches, and hatch in about a week.

Gold-Spotted Pleco L014
Gold-Spotted Pleco L014

Gold-Spotted Pleco L014

ORIGINS South America, where it appears to occur only
in Brazil’s Rio Xingu.
SIZE 12 in (30 cm).
DIET Catfish pellets and livefoods.
WATER Temperature 77–84°F (25–29°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic to neutral (pH 6.0–7.0).
TEMPERAMENT Territorial when mature.

The coloration of burnished gold on the fins and contrasting yellower spots on the body is much brighter in young Gold-Spotted Plecos than in adults.

Males have a broader first ray on the pectoral fin, and a slightly bristly appearance on their heads.

At present, no breeding records exist for these catfish, which were only officially described in 1994.

They require well-filtered, moving water in their tank, with rocks and a sandy base to mimic their natural habitat.

Gold-Spotted Plecos are not particularly difficult to keep, despite their large size, but they do become more aggressive as they grow larger.

They feed near the substrate, and can be persuaded to take catfish pellets and livefoods.

If there are retreats in the tank, it is important that uneaten food does not accumulate in them, since it will decrease the water quality and harm the fish.

RASPING SUCKERMOUTHS
RASPING SUCKERMOUTHS

RASPING SUCKERMOUTHS

Loricariids are sometimes called suckermouth catfish because of their powerful mouthparts, which allow them to anchor onto rockwork and submerged wood even when faced with a strong current.

Many species also appear to need bogwood, which they eat, rasping off fragments with their teeth.

If kept without bogwood, these catfish are unlikely to thrive. Aside from keeping their teeth in check, the bogwood may also aid the digestive process, perhaps by providing additional nutrients for the beneficial microbes in the fish’s digestive tract, which help to break down plant matter

Hypostomus cf. emarginatus

Black Hi-Fin Pleco L108

 

Black Hi-Fin Pleco L108
Black Hi-Fin Pleco L108

ORIGINS South America, being common throughout
much of the Amazon region.
SIZE 7 in (18 cm).
DIET Mainly vegetarian.
WATER Temperature 73–82°F (23–28°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0).
TEMPERAMENT Territorial when mature.

The difficulty in naming plecos with certainty, even with the L-number system, is well illustrated by the Black Hi-Fin.

Although it is often described as L108, this fish is assigned a variety of other L-numbers in different parts of its range.

Exact coloration may vary, but all forms display a dense pattern of black spots on a darkish background.

More than 600 loricariids are now known, making it a large and diverse family, and others still await discovery.

Longtail Pleco L131
Longtail Pleco L131

Hypostomus cf. emarginatus

Longtail Pleco L131

ORIGINS South America, being common throughout
much of the Amazon region.
SIZE 7 in (18 cm).
DIET Mainly vegetarian.
WATER Temperature 73–82°F (23–28°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0).
TEMPERAMENT Territorial when mature.

The elongated body of this fish, which narrows toward the caudal fin, displays a dense pattern of dark spots.

Although the Longtail Pleco has been assigned the number L131, it is actually regarded as effectively being the same fish as L108 (see top right), but from a different area within their overall range.

It has also been suggested that the loricariids assigned numbers L11, L035, L116, L153, L166, and L195 are, aside from minor variations in coloration and patterning, examples of this same species that have been described differently.

Panaque nigrolineatus

Royal Panaque L191

Royal Panaque L191
Royal Panaque L191

ORIGINS South America, ranging from Colombia and
Venezuela through central parts of the Amazon basin.
SIZE 131⁄2 in (34 cm).
DIET Mainly vegetable matter.
WATER Temperature 72–86°F (22–30°C); soft(50–100 mg/l) and neutral (pH 7.0).
TEMPERAMENT Territorial.

The greenish background color of these catfish is marked with black lines, which appear straight on the face but are often more wavy elsewhere on the body.

In common with other plecos, these fish need bogwood in their tank, on which they can rasp.

Their diet can include shelled peas, but try experimenting with a range of plant foods, since these fish can be picky eaters.

Parancistrus tocantins

Peppermint Pleco L030

Peppermint Pleco L030
Peppermint Pleco L030

ORIGINS South America, in the lower Rio Tocantins and
the Rio Xingu in Para state, Brazil.
SIZE 6 in (15 cm).
DIET Mainly vegetarian.
WATER Temperature 73–82°F (23–28°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0).
TEMPERAMENT Territorial when mature.

A black background decorated with white spots helps to identify this particular loricariid.

It now seems that the Peppermint Pleco ascribed the number L030 is merely the juvenile form of the variety recognized as L031, which has a finer
spotted pattern.

L030 may appear more common simply because juveniles are caught more often than adults.

Peppermint Plecos need to be kept in well-oxygenated water with a low nitrate reading.

common pleco size

Plecostomus Size
In the wild a common Pleco will grow to around 24 inches, and in an aquarium it will typically grow to around 15 inches.

How big do common Plecos grow?
Before you purchase a Pleco, it is a good idea to find out how large that particular species can grow. A small 8 centimetre (3 inches) Pleco from the fish store can eventually turn into a 60 centimetre long (2 feet) fish that needs a very large aquarium to do well.

common pleco lifespan

10 – 15 years
Size of fish – inches: 24.0 inches (60.96 cm) – These fish seldom exceed 12 – 15″ (30.5 – 38 cm) in the aquarium. Lifespan: 15 years – In the wild they can live more than 15 years, but have an average lifespan of 10 – 15 years in captivity.

How many years do Plecos live?
Plecos who live in captivity tend to have slightly briefer lifespans than those out in the wild. Pet plecos often survive from 10 to 15 years, according to Rosamund Gifford Zoo. Those that live on their own in natural settings, however, often exceed 15 years in age.

common pleco tank size

The common Pleco, it requires a huge tank. Once they reach an adult they need at least a 150 gallon tank. As for other popular species here are their minimum tank sizes: Bristlenose Plecostomus (Ancistrus sp.): 25 gallons.

Common plecos can easily grow 12 inches long and up! If you need a minimum tanksize though.. I would say a 55 gallon would work but the fish will be on the brink of constantly out growing it.

common pleco max size

Plecostomus Size
In the wild a common Pleco will grow to around 24 inches, and in an aquarium it will typically grow to around 15 inches

common pleco care

One of the best algae wafers to feed them is Hikari Algae Wafers and I use them for all of my plecos. It is also important to regularly feed them a variety of fruits and vegetables. Their favorite foods are blanched zucchini medallions, shelled peas, cucumber and any soft melons.

common pleco diet

A well-balanced Pleco diet consists of:
Algae and sinking algae wafers.
Supplement with raw zucchini or cucumbers as a treat once or twice a week. Raw vegetables should be anchored near the bottom of the aquarium.

What do common Plecos eat?
They are actually omnivores, and eat plant material, algae, insects and small crustaceans in the wild. This diet should be reproduced as closely as possible in the home aquarium, and they should ideally be fed algae wafers and a high quality flake food.

albino common pleco

common albino pleco

How big do albino Plecos get?
Unlike the widely-seen Common Pleco (Hypostomus plecostomus) and Trinidad Pleco (Hypostomus punctatus), which easily reach a monstrous size of 18 to 20+ inches (45 to 51+ cm), the Albino Bristlenose Pleco grows to a size of only 4 to 5 inches (10 to 13 cm).

common pleco growth rate

How big do common Plecos grow?
Before you purchase a Pleco, it is a good idea to find out how large that particular species can grow. A small 8 centimetre (3 inches) Pleco from the fish store can eventually turn into a 60 centimetre long (2 feet) fish that needs a very large aquarium to do well.

how to breed plecos

how to breed them.

Firstly, it’s highly unlikely the eggs or fry will survive in a community tank so you will need a specific breeding tank. If they do breed in a community tank, you can move the eggs (along with whatever they are attached to), to another tank.
Secondly, breeding of this species usually occurs in the cooler winter months during the Amazon’s rainy season. To replicate this you may want to make your tank slightly cooler than normal.
Thirdly, you should provide plenty of caves and driftwood for the males to select the best possible spawn site.
Let’s take a look now, at how to breed them. The first thing you’ll need to be able to determine is which are male and females. This is really easy to do with Bristlenose Plecos.

The males tend to have larger bristles, which grow out to the middle of its head. The females have much smaller bristles which only grow around their mouths. You should always try and have more females than males, as the males are extremely territorial, especially during breeding.

The male will claim a cave, and prepare and clean its surfaces ready for the eggs. If you have more than one male, they will fight for control of the cave, and will eat their rival’s eggs given the opportunity.

You should therefore provide as many caves as possible if you have more than one male.

He’ll then wait for a female. The female will inspect the cave, and if she is impressed, she’ll deposit some bright orange adhesive eggs.

The male will then fertilize them, and push the female out to guard the eggs. More than one female can lay eggs in a males cave.

The male will clean the eggs and the nest, and aerate them with his fins during the 4-10 days that they take to hatch.

Once hatched, the fry will attach themselves onto the sides of the cave until they have completely absorbed their egg sacks; this normally takes a further 2-4 days. By now, if they are free swimming, they’ll be able to feed on algae and you can supplement them with mashed vegetables such as peas.

They grow very quickly, and by around 6 months old, they’ll be almost as big as their parents.

sucker fish babies

Sucker fish the most importing fish for tank that he’s job to clean and remove all the dirty staff in the thank

how long do plecostomus live

15 years
Size of fish – inches: 24.0 inches (60.96 cm) – These fish seldom exceed 12 – 15″ (30.5 – 38 cm) in the aquarium. Lifespan: 15 years – In the wild they can live more than 15 years, but have an average lifespan of 10 – 15 years in captivity.

common pleco need heater?

Does Pleco need heater?
Plecos like waters that are in the mid-seventies. Although they can survive water temperatures that are lower or higher than this, they do best in moderate temperature. Attach an aquarium thermometer to the outside of the tank and check the temperature every few days to ensure your temperature is correct.

common pleco 60 gallon

What size tank do you need for a Pleco?
The common Pleco, it requires a huge tank. Once they reach an adult they need at least a 150 gallon tank. As for other popular species here are their minimum tank sizes: Bristlenose Plecostomus (Ancistrus sp.): 25 gallons.

common pleco and otto in same tank

Mr. Pleco does a great job of eating the algae in the tank, too. And two … The fish in question is called the common pleco, and is known scientifically as Hypostomus plecostomus. About a … They all look basically the same, and can be pretty hard to tell apart. … Try a small group of Otocinclus (or “Otto”) cats.

difference between bristlenose and common pleco,

common pleco not eating,

common pleco.is bristlenose pleco,

pictures of common pleco,

common pleco and neocaridina,

common pleco petsmart,

common pleco water temp,

black and white common pleco

how to breed guppy fish

male and female guppy fish breeders

how to breed guppy fish guide steps by steps to follow

 

how to breed guppy fish Breeding Guppies Is Easy And Here You Will Find All The Information You Will Need Breeding Guppies Couldn’t be easier, it really is a good fish to start with.

Sexual Characteristics

Female guppy fish

female guppy fish gravid spot

THE GRAVID SPOT
Breeders of popular livebearers have relied on the appearance of the dark gravid spot to indicate that a female is about to give birth.

This spot is formed by the dark lining of the abdomen, known as the peritoneum, which bulges against the sides of the female’s body just before she gives birth, pushed out by the increasing size of her brood.

The gravid spot is less apparent in swordtails, simply because the female’s abdominal wall is more muscular.

Once the gravid spot has appeared, the female should not be moved, otherwise she is likely to abort her brood.

what does guppies gravid spot look like just before birth

When it does darken, this will prove that your guppy is pregnant. It may be orange or dark in the beginning, but through the pregnancy it can change between these two.

You can tell that your guppy is very close to having the babies when you can see little dots (the baby guppies’ eyes) in the gravid spot.

pregnant guppy fish

How long is a guppy fish pregnant?
Gestation may last from 21 to 30 days, although 22 to 26 days is average for most guppy pregnancies.

A warmer tank – between 72 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit – is best for gestation and will keep the female from being pregnant too long.

How can you tell if a guppy is pregnant?
When it does darken, this will prove that your guppy is pregnant. It may be orange or dark in the beginning, but through the pregnancy it can change between these two.

You can tell that your guppy is very close to having the babies when you can see little dots (the baby guppies’ eyes) in the gravid spot.

  • less colorful fins and body
  • round body
  • gravid spot

Male guppy fish:

male guppy fish gonopodium how to breed guppy fish

  • more colorful fins and body
  • well-developed, long fins
  • gonopodium

how to breed guppy fish Breeding Culture Method

breeding tank and breeding cage

A. Materials needed:

  • Breeding tank I used trapal pond madeup of bamboo frame for this
  • Breeding cage
  • Rearing/grow-out tank
  • Aerator, basin, pail, scoop net, hose

B. Breeding procedure:

  1. Prepare breeding tank and fill up with water (at least 30 cm)12 inches or 1 ft deep
  2. Select good and sexually matured guppy fish breeders.
  3. Set breeders in a breeding cage inside the breeding tank.
  4. Stocking density in the breeding cage is 100 pcs/sqm. Sex ratio is 1:4 (1 male guppy fish : 4 female guppy fish)

C. Grow-out culture:

  1. Collect guppy fry using a soft and fine-meshed scoop net and transfer to a rearing tank. Stocking density is 100 pcs fry/sqm.
  2. Cover the canvass tank to prevent predation by insects, birds, frogs, and cats.
  3. Feed the guppy fry with natural or commercial fish food feeds 3-4 times daily until marketable size.
  4. Change the water once a week at 20-33% exchange rate. Siphon fecal matter and uneaten feeds daily.
  5. After 2 months, separate male guppy fish from female guppy fish.
  6. Select good quality fishes. Cull out undesirable fishes (dull colored, rotten fins, deformed).
  7. Market size of 5 cm length is attained after 4-5 months. Select good quality and marketable fishes.
  8. Condition and quarantine marketable fishes in a conditioning tank 3-5 days prior to transport. Provide flow-through water and feed minimally during the conditioning period.
  9. Pack the fishes in oxygenated bags. Transport the fishes early in the morning or late in the afternoon.

Disease Treatment

Use commercially available treatment chemicals.

  • For white spot disease/”ich” – 5 drops anti-itch (malachite green)/gal
  • For Anchor worm – 5 drops anti-anchor worm (trichlorfon)/gal
  • For bacterial infection – 5 ppm oxytetracycline or tetracycline HCL
  • For fungus – 5 drops methylene blue/gal

Procedure

  1. Add 1 teaspoon salt/gal water
  2. Permanent (24 hrs) bath
  3. Change water everyday
  4. For 5-7 consecutive days

Note: During treatment, provide vigorous aeration and avoid feeding.

Cost and Returns (25 sqm area, in Php based on 2010 prices)

a. Variable Cost – P7,337.00

  • Breeder (160 female, 40 male) – 2,000.00
  • Feeds (breeder and fry) – 388.00
  • Electricity and water – 1,200.00
  • Medicines – 1,000.00
  • Labor – 2,400.00
  • Miscellaneous – 349.00

b. Fixed Cost – P7,402.50

  • Depreciation cost of materials (investment of P23,490) – 5,178.00
  • Repairs and maintenance – 1,000.00
  • Miscellaneous – 1,224.50

c. Gross Revenue – 47,760.00

Sales (597 fishes/mo x 8 mos = 4,776 @ P10/pc)

d. Total Cost (A+B) – 14,739.50

e. Net Revenue Profit (C-D) – 33,020.50

f. Return of Investment (ROI) – 107.1%

g. Payback Period – 0.93 year

Do guppies breed fast?
A female guppy under optimal conditions can give birth every 30 days — and each batch of fry can range from 20 to 50 baby guppies.

This combination of maturing rapidly, birthing live young and almost constant reproduction means guppies reproduce very rapidly.

Will guppies breed on their own?
How Do Guppies Breed? Guppies are livebearers, which means that their babies are born live, not from eggs like many other types of fish, including goldfish.

Guppies breed rather freely, so you can quickly go from a single pair or a trio to dozens of pet guppies if you choose to keep males and females together.

How long do guppies stay pregnant?
22 to 26 days
Gestation may last from 21 to 30 days, although 22 to 26 days is average for most guppy pregnancies.

A warmer tank – between 72 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit – is best for gestation and will keep the female from being pregnant too long.

How long does it take for guppies to give birth?
When a guppy gives birth, the females will “drop” 2 to 200 baby guppies, called fry, typically in four to six hours.

If she is stressed, however, the process to give birth to all the fry can take up to 12 hours.

How can you tell if guppies are mating?
To tell if your female guppies are pregnant, look for dark spots on the females’ abdomens.

Then, once you see these dark spots, wait 26-31 days for them to give birth. When the babies, or fry, are born, move the adult fish out of the tank so you can raise the fry on their own.

pregnant guppy fish giving birth

Guppies are highly prolific livebearers giving birth to between five and 30 fry, though under extreme circumstances, she may give birth to only one or two or over 100.

The gestation period of a guppy is typically 21–30 days, but can vary considerably.

pregnant guppy fish stages

Pregnant Guppy Stages and Gestation … period and the best way to care for a pregnant guppy, fish hobbyists can enjoy raising these fish for years to come.

pregnant guppy fish stages

see more photos at http://thecraftwytch.blogspot.com

how to breed guppy fish pregnant guppy fish behavior

This is one of the most common behavioral characteristics of a guppy that is about to go into labor.

Your pregnant guppy will look like it is swimming, while remaining in the same spot in the tank. A guppy in labor may also try to hide from view or display certain aggressive behaviors like fin nipping.

how do guppy fish mate

Image result for how do guppy fish mate
The gonopodium contains a tube that actually delivers packets of sperm to the female. Guppy mating takes less than a second, and it looks just like he is stinging her at her vent where her gravid spot is located. This is the dark spot just behind the female’s abdomen.

How do you tell if your guppies are mating?
To tell if your female guppies are pregnant, look for dark spots on the females’ abdomens. Then, once you see these dark spots, wait 26-31 days for them to give birth. When the babies, or fry, are born, move the adult fish out of the tank so you can raise the fry on their own.

Can guppy fish change gender?
Most of the livebearers can change sex if required. Swordtails, platties, mollies, guppies. Females changing to males although I havent seen males change to females. A fertilised female can retain milt for a few generations too so you dont necessarily need males in your tank to have babies

How often do guppies breed?
Number of Offspring. Once a female guppy is 2 or 3 months old, she tends to start giving birth. A female guppy under optimal conditions can give birth every 30 days — and each batch of fry can range from 20 to 50 baby guppies.

do guppy fish lay eggs

pregnant guppy fish behavior

guppy fish giving birth

how to breed kohaku koi guppies

Keeping and breeding moscows (and in generally moscow blue) has been going on in an “on … Albino koi guppy (Kohaku) .

The albino koi guppy which I’m keeping and breeding concerns a kohako version (bicolor) and is blonde based.

Learn more about different types of guppies

Want to buy guppies click here https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/product-category/guppies-for-sale-philippines/

 

You Must Afford Aquarium Supplies

aquarium supplies at walmart

aquarium supplies at walmart

If you are considering buying an aquarium full of fish or if you
already own one, then you cannot afford to stop there.

Just like any other pets, fish in aquariums require a lot of care and attention.

You cannot just throw fish into an aquarium and expect them to survive and thrive.

You must purchase the proper aquarium supplies for your fish.

I’m pretty passionate about this subject because owning a pet
supplies store I have seen far too many people choose to own fish
because “they are easier and require less than other pets.”

While this is true on many levels, it is no excuse for people to not
buy the proper kinds of aquarium supplies for their pets.

If you are unsure of what kinds of aquarium supplies you might
need for the fish you have purchased or are hoping to purchase, then look no further than to a pet supply store for help.

Go to a store near you and talk to someone that is knowledgable about aquarium supplies. like aquarium supplies at walmart

Ask all of your questions and allow them to lead to aquarium
supplies that are reasonable and necessary for the livelihood of your fish.

Make sure that you have a full understanding of the needs of your fish before you purchase them.

You need to realize that fish take work just like any other pet and
that something will be required of you in taking care of them.

If you aren’t quite ready to visit a pet supply store, then go to your
local library and find some resources on starting an aquarium and
filling it with the right aquarium supplies.

There are many great resources out there, you just need to find them and learn what you can.

You can also benefit greatly in learning about the proper aquarium
supplies by doing an internet search based on the kinds of fish you have or are thinking of purchasing.

When it comes time to actually purchase aquarium supplies, you’ll
want to make your way back to the pet supplies store.

No where else will you find as great of help from people who really know what they are talking about.

So get to your local petshop and find all the aquarium supplies you need.

And don’t worry, most aquarium supplies come in a wide variety of
price ranges, so don’t feel obligated to run off and buy the most expensive ones.

Instead, go for what fits your budget.

Having fish can be a great and fun thing. Just be sure to fill your aquarium with the right supplies and your fish will live long and stay happy.

What supplies do I need for a fish tank?
10 Essential Pet Supplies for Your Fish Tank
Filtration system.

This is possibly the most important of pet supplies.

  • Air pump. Aeration through air pumps is essential to the proper functioning of
  • a fish tank.
  • Test kit.
  • Salt water mix.
  • Water heater.
  • Live rock.
  • Lighting.
  • Plants.

What is the best online aquarium store?
Where are the best places online to shop for freshwater aquarium supplies?
Pet Smart. Check them out here: http://www.petsmart.com.
Champion Lighting & Supply. Check them out here: http://www.championlighting.com/home.php.
Live Aquaria.
Kens Fish.
That Pet Place.
Pet Solutions.
Amazon.

Do you need a heater for a fish tank?
Heaters. If you are keeping tropical fish, you will need a heater. A heater ensures that a tank doesn’t get too cool, and that the temperature stays steady during the course of the day, even when the room cools off (e.g., at night). For many tropical fish, a temperature of 78F is ideal.

Can I put my fish in the tank right away?
Most pet stores put fish in a clear plastic bag filled with water. Try to get him home right away as he will need to be introduced to the tank soon after being placed in the plastic bag.

This will reduce his levels of stress and help him acclimate faster to the tank water.

Beginners Guide on how to clean a fish tank

how to clean a fish tank

how to clean a fish tank

Maintaining an aquarium is a process that entails a series of regular tasks.

Weekly or by weekly tasks like cleaning must be performed to
ensure your aquariums ecosystems lengthy lifespan.

This article is about things a beginner must know to ensure a long lasting aquarium.

 

A clean aquarium is the best habitat for all kinds of fish or other living organisms like crabs for example.

A clean aquarium means your fish and plants will live for a longer
time saving you time and allowing you to enjoy watching them grow.

The best way how to clean a fish tank is to have all the proper equipment and use it often to clean with. It is also a mater of know how.

There are a few things that every aquarium owner must know to
clean an aquarium and maintain it in the best possible way.

People who don’t know much about aquariums might use harsh
household cleaners to clean their aquariums.

This would have detrimental for the small ecosystem you ought to be striving to create.

Good tips for keeping your aquarium clean is to keep the water supply clean by cleaning the water pump.

To do so one should always keep the filtration system in mind. A good clean filter is what the life of your aquariums ecosystem depend on.

Cleaning the filter too often might also have a negative impact on your aquariums life.

It is therefore important to maintain a balance, and to clean your
aquariums filter only when needed or specified by the filters manufacturer.

Many aquariums experts recommend that the ornaments as well as
the glass ought to be cleaned at least once every two weeks.

Cleaning the aquarium ornaments and glass prevents algae from building up inside.

If the aquarium is made from plastic materials then cleaning
should be performed on smaller time intervals, perhaps once a week.

When performing maintenance operations to your aquarium, you
should always keep in mind a few things to ensure that things are
going smoothly inside your aquarium.

Check the air pump and see if it is running ok. It is imperative that there is enough oxygen for the fish but also to allow for proper flow of the water.

Another thing that will ensure longer life for your aquarium is
ensuring that the water is changed often.

This way your fish and plants will live longer and your aquarium will definitely look better.

One more thing that you should do to maintain a clean aquarium is
to clean, or at least rinse the gravel that sit on the bottom of your aquarium.

This process entails that you remove all contents of the aquarium including the fish.

Therefore, its viability depends highly on how many as well as what kind of fish you have. Keeping a clean aquarium does not only entail cleaning it every week or two weeks.

You should also consider acquiring a water purifier. There are many kinds of purifiers out there for different types of aquariums as well as sizes.

When you use a water purifier to clean the water contents of your
fish tank you should always let it sit and mix with the water to allow it to dissolve.

If you are new to aquariums, always remember to read

how to clean a fish tank PARTIAL WATER CHANGE

Cleaning the gravel while siphoning water from the tank improves
the filter’s efficiency and ensures that the gravel bed does not become compacted.

Save the tank water that you siphon into the bucket; you will need this to rinse the filter sponge.

 

Cleaning the filter sponge Rinse out the sponge in water
taken from the tank, to remove any debris that has collected.

how to clean a fish tank

  1. Siphon out the water
    Place the bucket below the tank to ensure a good flow. Never suck water through the tube to start the flow—you could swallow harmful microbes.
  2. Clean the gravelhow to clean a fish tank
    Take care not to uproot any substrate plants when using a gravel cleaner.
    The water flow will not be strong enough to suck gravel up the tube.

Here are some people ask on how to clean a fish tank

How do you clean a dirty fish tank?

Now let’s see how to clean the gravel in your fish tank.
Fill a bucket half way with dirty fish tank water. …
Place the fish in the bucket.
Unplug all electrical aquarium equipment.
Drain the tank completely.
Take two cupfuls of dirty gravel and put it aside. …
Take out the rest of the gravel and put it into two buckets.

Do you take the fish out of the tank when cleaning?

Every once in a while, you may need to take your fish out of their tank while you clean things up.

Removing fish from their habitat can be pretty stressful for them,
so regularly change out the water, clean the gravel, and check the
filters so that you don’t need to remove the fish very often.

Can you use vinegar to clean your fish tank?

Vinegar is excellent for removing hard water stains, and salt will clean out a tank nicely.

Use lots of salt, don’t be shy, and scrub it around there vigorously. Rinse very thoroughly and there you have it, a clean tank.

How often should I clean my fish tank?

Depending on how many fish you have, and how messy they are,
most tanks require cleaning about once every two weeks.

Cleaning should involve: ✔ Siphoning the gravel to remove any
debris and uneaten food, and changing about 10-15% of the water. ✔ Check the filter is working correctly.

How do you clean a fish tank without killing the fish?

Do not use soaps or detergents of any kind; they’ll kill your fish. Step two: thoroughly rinse off any gravel, aquarium rocks and any
other tank decorations with warm water before placing them into the empty tank.

Use a colander to rinse the gravel and rocks until the water runs through clear and free of debris.

What is safe to use to clean a fish tank?

Once the inside of the aquarium is cleaned, clean the hood, light, tank top, and outside glass. Regular glass cleaners contain ammonia, which is toxic to fish.

Standard lime cleaners are even more toxic. It is strongly
recommended that you use vinegar or cleaners designated as
aquarium safe, and rinse rinse rinse!