10 Quick Tips About Fresh Water Clam

freshwater clams
  1. how often do fresh water clam reproduce -Freshwater clams, or mollusks, have a very unique way of reproducing. Freshwater clams can be miles away from their mate at the time of fertilization. All clams set their eggs and sperm free in the water, but freshwater clams depend on the current to successfully create new life. read further at http://animals.mom.me/reproduction-freshwater-clams-9682.html
  2. how to care for a fresh water clam-As these supplements dissolve, a Freshwater Clamwill begin filter feeding them out. Keep in mind it’s important to avoid overfeeding as access organic matter in aquarium water will lead to water quality issues. Use common sense and test tank water for ammonia levels often. learn more at https://www.aquariumcarebasics.com/freshwater-clams/
  3. how often does fresh water clam reproduce-Freshwater mussels have an unusual and complex mode of reproduction, which includes a brief, obligatory stage as a parasite on a fish. … While attempting to eat the lure, the marsupial gills of the female mussel are ruptured, and the fertilized eggs come loose and attach themselves to the fish – the host fish is infected- learn more https://molluskconservation.org/MUSSELS/Reproduction.html
  4. how does a fresh water clam breath-In the summer when mussels are ready to reproduce, the males merely release sperm into the water, and the females catch what they can. The sperm is siphoned by the female and used to fertilize her eggs internally. Obviously, if they aren’t grouped fairly closely, reproduction is hard to achieve. learn more at https://www.kingcounty.gov/services/environment/animals-and-plants/freshwater-mussels/life-history.aspx
  5. life cycle chart a fresh water clam-
    http://www.fishwild.vt.edu/mussel/research/life_history.html
  6. Freshwater Clams for Natural Filtration-Native to temperate freshwater rivers and lakes around the world, the freshwater clam is a bivalve mollusk that acts like a living filter to help keep aquarium water clean and clear. Freshwater clams such as the Corbicual sp., which originate in Asia and have a brown shell banded in black, help filter your aquarium water by removing detritus and uneaten food from the water column; in doing so, they remove the organic material that would otherwise break down in your system. The end result is reduced nitrite levels and improved water quality. learn more at https://www.drsfostersmith.com/pic/article.cfm?aid=2947
  7. is a fresh water clam bite a problem-The aquarium store called it a “shark tooth clam.” I was wondering if I could place it in my freshwater 20-gallon tank. learn more at https://www.petcha.com/freshwater-clam-problems/
  8. minnesota fresh water clam mussel with pearl-The pearls came from freshwater mussels or clams found in the Mississippi and other rivers and streams. They were most likely found while using the mussels for food and the shells for tempering pottery. Today, pearls are available in several types, natural or cultured and freshwater or marine. learn more http://www.greatriver.com/pearls.htm
  9. fresh water clam predators-Predators. Primary predators of freshwater mussels are muskrats, otters, raccoon, geese, ducks, flatworms (on juvenile mussels), fish, and humans.https://www.dnr.state.mn.us/minnaqua/speciesprofile/freshwater_mussels.html
  10. do fresh water clam eat cattails-What clams do remove quite efficiently are various forms of suspended algae. A grouping of a few small heavily feeding clams can clear the water in a 5-gallon aquarium within hours. They also filter out tiny creatures from the water. In a sense, they are filterers, just not the kind many pet stores market them -learn more at https://pethelpful.com/fish-aquariums/Introduction-Keeping-Clams-In-Aquariums

The pros and cons of adding fresh water clams in your filter media.

These are the response of my post at http://www.koiforum.uk/koi-carp-chat/20643-fresh-water-clam-living-filter-media.html

  • I’ve heard if you keep them in your pond and they die they become toxic and kill your fish?
  • They need cloudy green water as a food source, and hard water. They alse need a mud or sand substrate in the bottom to burrow into. They dont live long in a koi pond with clear water, and as Laura says die and rot in the water causing big problems.
    As filters they are pretty useless as they excrete ammonia just like your fish.

     

     

    Would not even consider them in a koi pond myself.

  • Below is a link to my thoughts on using swan mussels as pond filters. It is easy to jump to the conclusion that, as swan mussels are filter feeders, they are useful in a koi pond because they filter water to obtain nutrients. But those who advocate that idea clearly haven’t thought the situation through and have ignored the parasitic larval stage where the mussel larvae (glochidia) that are released into the water attach themselves to fish gills to grow and develop. The injury they cause doing this makes them very unsuitable in any pond, let alone a koi pond.There are differences between clams and mussels and I don’t have time to look into the laval stages of clams but my gut feeling is that, in such closely related species, the life cycle will be the same.

    Freshwater clams are edible so when you remove them from your pond they will, at least, have some use. 
    Swan mussels

  • It’s my understanding that clams don’t have a parasitic larval stage, so don’t directly damage fish in the same way mussels can.
    But their other disadvantages and lack of efficacy at biological filtration would make it a pointless exercise anyway in my book
  • I don’t want to become sidetracked by the distribution of the swan mussel but, if you check, you will find that the Unionidae family of freshwater mussels have worldwide distribution.However, on the subject of clams, I fail to see the purpose of adding clams to a pond. Their natural behaviour is to bury themselves in mud or silt so, unless you intend to allow the pond to become dirty, with all the associated parasite problems that would bring; the environment would be unsuitable leading to their early death.

    I also did a quick Google for the life cycle of freshwater clams and, as I suspected, I found references to a parasitic larval stage. Click this for a description:

    https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=xcsACAAAQBAJ&pg=PA187&lpg=PA187&dq=freshw ater+clam+life+cycle+parasitic+larvae+-mussel&source=bl&ots=e261yx1lL4&sig=CFx1F2eykgtsUo w_P3oPCGS9SuY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjF1efOi47XAhXD tRoKHcgUCvIQ6AEIODAG#v=onepage&q=freshwater%20clam %20life%20cycle%20parasitic%20larvae%20-mussel&f=false

  • Also an illustration from:
    Elizabeth Newhall (Buchsbaum) ? D.B. Dowd / Studio Notes: Writing on Illustration
  • fresh water clams life cycle

freshwater clams for sale

Buy at liveaquaponics.com

freshwater clams

Corbicula fluminea is a species of freshwater clam, also known as
Asian clam, Asiatic clam, golden clam, golden freshwater clam,
prosperity clam, and good luck clam.

This clam species is native to Asia, and has been introduced into
many parts of the world, including South America, North America and Europe.

Asian golden clams are the more popular species of freshwater
clams today, as they offer a great choice for hobbyists seeking the “unusual”.

This ornamental species introduces a delightful golden coloration
to the aquarium and the opportunity to observe unusual and entertaining behavior.

They have the typical oval-triangular clam shape, with a dorsal “beak” or umbo at the peak of the shell.

The outside of the shell is olive, or yellowish to black-brown in
color, with 1-3 brown/purple colored radial bands and white erosion rings near the umbo. As they age the periostracum becomes darker in color. Buy here

how often do freshwater clams reproduce

resources from animals.mom.me

Freshwater clams, or mollusks, have a very unique way of reproducing. Freshwater clams can be miles away from their mate at the time of fertilization.

All clams set their eggs and sperm free in the water, but freshwater
clams depend on the current to successfully create new life.

Fertilization
A male clam releases his sperm upstream. The current moves his
sperm downstream, until it’s drawn into a female clam’s incurrent
siphon and used to fertilize hundreds, sometimes thousands, of eggs.

Glochidia
Inside the female clam’s gills, the fertilized eggs develop into
glochidia, or larvae capable of attaching themselves to fish’s gills. Once the glochidia are fully formed, the female clam releases them
into the water through her exhalent siphon.

From there, the glochidia attach themselves to a fish, where they
live as a parasite until they’re fully formed.

Life on the Bottom
Once the freshwater mussel is fully formed, he detaches from the fish and drops to the lake or river’s bottom.

He begins to grow his armor, or shell. If he’s lucky, he will live a full life. Depending on the species of freshwater clam, this lifespan could be anywhere from 20 to 100 years.

freshwater clams edible

Although most species are edible, freshwater mussels are not as
tasty as their saltwater relatives.

Besides, since they are long-lived filter feeders, pollutants can

settle and build up inside them, making them distasteful and
unhealthy for human consumption.

Are freshwater clams poisonous?

The real problem with eating freshwater clams is that they are
“filter feeders,” constantly ingesting the water around them, filtering
out whatever is in it, and accumulating a variety of substances,
including pollutants and toxins, in their own tissues.

Do freshwater clams produce pearls?

freshwater clams

greatriver.com

 

A cultured pearl is mainly a mussel shell bead with a very thin pearl coating.

Although most natural pearls are found in oysters, they also are
found in many different species of freshwater mussels or clams all over the world. … Big washboard mussels usually have pink pearls, as do the wartybacks.

freshwater clams aquarium

Freshwater Clams are sometimes available in pet stores. Under the
right conditions, they can be an interesting conversation piece in an established tank. learn more

what do freshwater clams eat

Live aquarium plants continuously shed edible plant matter into the water column.

In most cases, feeding a Freshwater Clam naturally occurring edible
material is not enough.

It may be necessary to supplement a clam’s diet with very finely
ground Calcium enriched pellets or tablets, fish flakes or algae wafers.

how often do freshwater clams reproduce

Reproduction of Freshwater Clams. Freshwater clams, or mollusks, have a very unique way of reproducing. Freshwater clams can be miles away from their mate at the time of fertilization. All clams set their eggs and sperm free in the water, but freshwater clams depend on the current to successfully create new life.

How do freshwater clams reproduce?

Freshwater mussels reproduce sexually. Sperm is released by the male directly into the water and enters the female via the incurrent siphon. … They grow, break free from the host, and drop to the bottom of the water to begin an independent life.

How long do freshwater clams live?

Freshwater Clam Lifespan. With a little luck, a Freshwater Clam can live 6 months or more

Can freshwater clams be eaten?

Although most species are edible, freshwater mussels are not as tasty as their saltwater relatives. In addition, since they are long-lived filter feeders, pollutants can easily settle and build up inside them, making them distasteful and potentially unhealthy for human consumption.

Are freshwater clams good for aquariums?

The Freshwater Clam is a living filter that helps keep aquarium water clear and clean. By removing uneaten food and detritus from the water column, the Freshwater Clam helps maintain water quality and lower nitrate levels. Like many freshwater bivalves, Corbicual sp. typically buries itself in the substrate.

Do freshwater clams make pearls?

A cultured pearl is mainly a mussel shell bead with a very thin pearl coating. Although most natural pearls are found in oysters, they also are found in many different species of freshwater mussels or clams all over the world. … Muckets produce fine pink pearls, and sand shells have salmon-pink pearls.

Can freshwater mussels survive in an aquarium?

A dead mussel will foul the water, killing other animals in the tank. Remember that the mussels may not survive well at room temperatures. They live in the substrate of streams, ponds, and lakes on all continents except Antarctica. Most live in shallow water, but some live on the bottom of deep lakes.

types of guppies

types of guppies german yellow guppy

While most guppies have dark eyes, some actually have red eyes, There are two types of red-eyed guppies. Real Red Eye (RRE) – These are normal-colored guppies that have red eyes.

Real Red Eye Albinos (RREA) – These guppies have slightly paler red eyes, and they lack melanin, which makes them true albinos.

This trait shows red eyes and the absence of black melanin. This type of guppy can appear in many colors.

There is a Red Albino Delta and Tank class and any other colored Albino delta would be entered in the AOC(Any Other Color) class. Albinos with veils are entered in the Body/eye color class.

Type of guppies – I’m sure you were very familiar with this ornamental fish.

Widely distribute worldwide, Guppies can be easily found in any ornamental fish store

Names can vary depending on the region they are found in, but generic labels include Fan, Delta, and Veil tails, flared, triangular- shaped, swordtails (including double sword and top or bottom sword), Lyretail, which is a combination between the double sword and Delta tails, Pin/Needletail, Spear tail, recognized by

What are fancy guppies?

Guppy Fish, Fancy Guppy. … A great tropical fish for freshwater aquarium fish beginners, the Guppy is a very hardy tropical fish that is also a very prolific breeder.

The male guppy is easy to distinguish from the female guppy because the male is usually more colorful with extremely colorful and large caudal fins (tails)

What kind of fish are guppies?

The guppy (Poecilia reticulata), also known as millionfish and rainbow fish, is one of the world’s most widely distributed tropical fish, and one of the most popular freshwater aquarium fish species. It is a member of the family Poeciliidae and, like almost all American members of the family is live-bearing.

How big do cobra guppies get?

Female guppies grow to 2 inches and the males are a bit smaller at around 1.5 inches.

Their full size will vary depending on the genes, food, nutrition and more.

They are known to be small fish and get pushed around in community tanks for that reason. Be careful of larger fish trying to eat guppies.

Can you cross breed guppies?

The only time I’ve heard about different species like guppies and mollies cross breeding is then they didn’t have their own kind in the tank.

It’s rare and has to be perfect timing for it to happen. The only ones that would very readily cross breed are Endlers and Guppies because they are so closely related.

How big do fancy guppies get?

But to answer the initial question of how big or how large in size Guppy fish grow to is 1 to 2 inches.

The males are a little bit smaller than the females and they only get to about 1 1/2 inches long while the females are A bit larger and grow to around 2 inches.

How many guppies can you have in a 10-gallon tank?

If this is the case, and a 10 gallon tank can comfortably accommodate species measuring 10” long altogether, then you can fit two male guppies and four female guppies in it.

Do guppies eat their babies?

Guppies are known for being the easiest aquarium fish to spawn. Females give live birth frequently, to well-developed offspring.

The only hitch in guppy breeding is that guppies, like most fish, have no reservations about eating their young.

guppy fish

ORIGINS South America, occurring in the Caribbean and in South America north of the Amazon. SIZE 2 in (5 cm). DIET Prepared foods and small livefoods. WATER Temperature 70–77°F (21–25°C); hard (100–150 mg/l) and alkaline (pH 7.5). TEMPERAMENT Placid and social. types of guppy fish golden snakeskin delta guppy Golden Snakeskin Delta Guppy This is one of a number of guppy varieties that have become very popular in Russia. It is thought that the famous Moscow Blue strain may have evolved from the Snakeskin line.

The snakeskin patterning can be combined with other colors, but it is usually associated with varieties displaying a broad caudal fin   One of the best known of all tropical fish, the Guppy is named after Rev.Thomas Guppy, who identified it on the Caribbean island of Trinidad.

The several thousand varieties available to aquarists today are far removed from their wild ancestors, and can be found in a wide range of colors and with many different body patterns and fin types.

The different color variations are displayed most impressively in male fish, which are naturally more colorful as well as smaller than females. (All the fish illustrated here are male.)

Guppies show well as a group in a single-species tank, but they can also be kept with other nonaggressive fish as part of a community aquarium.

The female Guppy gives birth to live offspring, but unfortunately, these are likely to be cannibalized soon after birth, even in a breeding tank setup, unless the young can escape out of reach.

Various breeding traps are available for this purpose .When buying these fish, it is worth remembering that the largest females give birth to correspondingly bigger broods.

One of the most significant factors to consider when breeding guppies is that a female only needs to mate once in order to continue producing young throughout her life—potentially giving birth to seven or more broods using spermstored in her body.

This is why even if you choose a well-marked male and female from the same tank in a pet store, the likelihood will be that at least some of the young will not be the offspring of that particular male (although the majority of offspring are likely to be the result of the most recent mating).

This also explains how females kept on their own can give birth to young. The only way to be sure of the parentage of guppies is to separate the sexes as early as possible.

As soon as the young males can be recognized by their gonopodium—usually when they are about three weeks old—they should be transferred to a separate tank.

The females will be noticeably larger than the males from three months onward, by which time some of the males will already be sexually mature.

A female guppy will have her first brood approximately a month after mating. The number of offspring produced is likely to be small at first, sometimes no more than 10, but it increases to between 50 and 100 per brood as the female grows bigger.

Some strains are more prolific breeders than others. guppy breeding Selective breeding of guppies began during the 1950s, but unfortunately, a number of strains—even some that are carefully maintained—are not stable.

This means that many of the resulting offspring may not display the most desirable characteristics of their parents.

Cobra patterning is one of the most stable characteristics in terms of markings. This is a dominant genetic characteristic, so well- marked individuals are always likely to pass their cobra patterning on to the next generation.

However, recessive characteristics, such as tuxedo patterning, may disappear for several generations of a particular bloodline, and then reemerge unexpectedly at a later stage. The tuxedo types of guppies tuxedo multi colored guppy fish Tuxedo Multicolored Delta characteristic (the black area toward the rear of the body) can be combined with different colors to striking effect. This variety also has the broad delta-tail. Blue Tuxedo Guppy This particular variety is also types of guppies guppy fish tuxedo

described as the Blue Delta-Tail Half Black, based on its body coloration. The broad caudal fin is predominantly blue, with variable black markings.

hb blue guppy for sale philippines

Buy this beautiful hb blue guppy here https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/product/hb-blue-guppy/

types of guppies wild guppy Wild Guppy These fish may be found in brackish water, and the addition of salt to their aquarium is recommended. Wild Guppies are not readily available today, and domestic strains will prove far more adaptable. types of guppies german yellow guppy German Yellow Guppy Named after its country of origin, this is a particularly striking variety in which the enlarged caudal fin and the dorsal fin are both yellow. Fin shape, as well as color, is important in fancy guppies. types of guppies Blonde Guppy Blonde Guppy The red caudal fin and rear part of the body contrast with the lighter blonde coloration seen on the underparts near the head. The use of color food is often recommended for red strains of guppies. types of guppies red tail half black guppy Red Tail Half-Black Guppy As with other strains created by selective breeding, fertility may be impaired if these fish are heavily inbred. Not all such strains are commercial products; some are bred by enthusiasts only. types of guppies silver backed tuxedo guppy Silver-Backed Tuxedo Guppy The distinctive black area on the flank varies in size and density between individuals. types of guppies golden snakeskin delta guppy Golden Snakeskin Delta Guppy This is one of a number of guppy varieties that have become very popular in Russia. It is thought that the famous Moscow Blue strain may have evolved from the Snakeskin line. types of guppies red varitail guppy Red Varitail Guppy (above) Broad-tailed guppies like the Red Varitail tend to be more popular than those with narrow tails, because the wide caudal fin allows for some striking tail patterns to be developed. types of guppies gold cobra delta guppy Gold Cobra Delta Guppy Of American origin, Cobra Guppies are now popular internationally. The male (seen above) is always more colorful than the female, although she may display a patterned caudal fin in some strains.

dumbo mosaic guppy

This is the Red Mosaic Dumbo Ear strain guppy that has a beautiful red tail with the mosaic pattern on it.

dumbo mosaic guppy for sale

Buy this beautiful dumbo mosaic guppy here https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/product/dumbo-mosaic-guppy/

What are fancy guppies?

Guppy Fish, Fancy Guppy. … A great tropical fish for freshwater aquarium fish beginners, the Guppy is a very hardy tropical fish that is also a very prolific breeder.

The male guppy is easy to distinguish from the female guppy because the male is usually more colorful with extremely colorful and large caudal fins (tails)

How big do cobra guppies get?

Female guppies grow to 2 inches and the males are a bit smaller at around 1.5 inches. Their full size will vary depending on the genes, food, nutrition and more.

They are known to be small fish and get pushed around in community tanks for that reason. Be careful of larger fish trying to eat guppies.

What color are guppies?

The bodies and tales of male guppies in the wild are covered with spots and stripes of many different colors: orange, yellow, blue, violet, green, black, and white.

Do guppies eat their own babies?

Guppies are known for being the easiest aquarium fish to spawn. Females give live birth frequently, to well-developed offspring.

The only hitch in guppy breeding is that guppies, like most fish, have no reservations about eating their young.

How big do fancy guppies get?

But to answer the initial question of how big or how large in size Guppy fish grow to is 1 to 2 inches. The males are a little bit smaller than the females and they only get to about 1 1/2 inches long while the females are A bit larger and grow to around 2 inches.

Do guppies need a filter?

A filter is not compulsory as guppies don’t produce as much waste as other fish such as goldfish do. Nevertheless, many guppy owners swear by filters, saying that they help to maintain water quality and keep the guppies healthy. At Swell, we do recommend keeping a small filter in the tank. Resources from Encyclopedia of Aquarium and Pond Fish D. Alderton DK 2008

indian almond leaves for betta 5 health benefits for your betta fish

indian almond leaf for betta

indian almond leaf 5 Amazing proven health benefits list

indian almond leaf locally known here in my place as  “Talisay leaf” is commonly used as betta fish breeding stimulant by local betta fish breeders but the breeders here did not really know what are the reason and properties that the indian almond leaf has that can stimulate the betta fish to breed.

 

They used it also to treat sick betta fish and groom betta fish coloration but not knowing the background of the indian almond leaf ingredients that has the antifungal or antibacterial properties.

 

Let’s dive into what are the benefits of Indian almond leaf that can give your betta fish

  1. can stimulate the betta fish to breed because of its tannin. The Indian almond leaf tannin can change the water chemistry of your breeding tank turning it similar to the betta fish natural habitat in the wild and for this reason, the betta fish will be triggered to breed.
  2.  can be used as betta fish conditioner for battle preparation and helps cure the wound after battle
  3. can be used as water conditioner for newly bought betta fish this will help the newly betta fish adjust faster to its new home.
  4. can also be used as betta fry food when added to the betta fry tanks since it can introduce an infusoria culter 
  5. also can be used as a color enhancer to betta fish

indian almond leaf extract for betta fish

If you’re an Betta fish keeper, you are a fan of using  Indian almond leaves (also known as Catappa leaves). for your Betta

These leaves of the Terminalia catappa tree are especially popular in the betta and shrimp hobby as a natural medicine and water conditioner.

It can be used as a combat fungus and bacterial problems like finrot, and prevent stress by mimicking the natural habitat.

But how, when and why should you use them?

What are Indian almond leaves?

As mentioned before, Indian almond leaves are the leaves of the Terminalia catappa tree, which grows in large parts of Asia.

The leaves are usually harvested by simply picking them off the ground. After drying them, they are ready for use in the aquarium.

You can import Indian almond leaves directly, but nowadays they are also available in some pet-/aquarium stores and online!

What do Indian almond leaves do?

When placed in an aquarium, Indian almond leaves slowly start to decompose.

While this happens they turn the water a yellow or brown color by releasing tannins.

These tannins lower the pH and are said to have antifungal and antibacterial properties, which comes in very handy when you have a fish suffering from finrot or when you’re raising vulnerable fry.

The dark color of the water is considered unsightly by some aquarists, but it actually mimics the natural habitat of many fish species! This definitely makes it something to consider embracing.

Based on my personal experience  I will testify that adding Indian Almond leaves in your betta tank will make your betta fish healthier and spawn faster.

Evenly newly bought betta fish when you add Indian Almond leaves to its tank it can recover immediately from transportation stress and even shown spawning behavior immediately by building bubble nest immediately.

I personally testify it.

If I missed something about talisay leaf other uses please feel free to leave it in the comment section below or to my youtube video your comment and suggestion is highly appreciated.

What are Indian almond leaves used for?

Indian Almond Leaves are commonly used for conditioning and care of Bettas. …

Simply adding Indian Almond Leaves to your aquarium will release compounds from the leaves which alter the chemistry of the water,

making the aquarium more similar to the habitat from which the fish hails.

What is the common name of Terminalia Catappa?

Terminalia catappa is a large tropical tree in the leadwood tree family, Combretaceae, that grows mainly in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia.

It is known by the English common names country-almond, Indian-almond, Malabar-almond, sea-almond, tropical-almond and false kamani.

indian almond leaves this is a good article from indianalmondleaves.com

Using Indian almond leaves in aquariums
Indian almond leaves (IAL) have traditionally been used by Betta (Siamese Fighting Fish) breeders in South East Asia to mimic the natural Betta habitat.

They are believed to aid the fish in a number of ways, such as helping fighting fish heal after a battle and inducing spawning in breeding tanks.

 

Unfortunately, the affect of Indian almond leaves on aquarium fish has not been scientifically studied yet so it is difficult to separate the truth from the myth.

I can only speak from personal experience and my own good track record using Indian almond leaves, and base my conclusions on reports gathered from other fish keepers.

 

Why do aquarists use Indian almond leaves?
The poor man’s water conditioner
Indian almond leaves are often described as ”the poor man’s water conditioner” due to their capacity of altering the water chemistry in an aquarium.

In the wild, fish evolve to fit into their particular habitat and having to live in another type of environment in captivity is often difficult for them.

Even if your fish manages to survive in less than ideal conditions, there is a great difference between thriving and merely staying alive.

If your fish hails from a habitat where leaves and other plant debris regularly falls into the water and decompose, your fish will be used to that kind of environment and trying to mimic it in the aquariums is strongly recommended.

Leaves that fall into the water release a myriad of different compounds, from trace minerals to dyes, and animals living in the water adapt to having all these different compounds readily available.

When we place fish in our “clean” and rather unnatural aquariums, we in avertedly deprive them of access to a long row of different compounds present in their native habitat.

If your fish hails from the type of environment described above, Indian almond leaves are one way of making life in captivity a little more natural for your pet.

Just like driftwood and peat, Indian almond leaves release ample amounts of tannins into the water. The tannins affect the pH-value (how much will depend on the buffer capacity of your water) and you will also see how the water turns dark – just like a blackwater river.

Needless to say, water rich in tannins is appreciated by fish species that hail from such environments in the wild. So called blackwater habitats are formed when rivers flow slowly through heavily forested areas where falling leaves and other plant debris end up decomposing in the water.

You can find more detailed information about the chemistry of Indian almond leaves in on the Indian almond leaves chemistry page. That page also includes a section on blackwater habitats.

N.B! Using almond leaves will give the water in your aquarium a yellow to reddish tea-coloured shade. Exactly how dark the water gets depends on the concentration of tannins in the water.

Some aquarists dislike this tint which they find unsightly, but try to keep in mind that for fish hailing from blackwater habitats this dark water is actually the normal state of things and the crispy “clean” 100% transparent water without any hint of colour favoured by many aquarists is quite unnatural for them.

Is it true that Indian almond leaves prevent and cure diseases in aquariums?
Indian almond leaves are rich in compounds produces by the tree to protect itself against bacteria, fungi and similar organisms.

Because of this, it has been speculated that adding Indian almond leaves to an aquarium will decrease the risk of disease in the tank or even help fish. As far as I know, no one has yet carried out any scientific study to verify this claim.

Compounds found in Indian almond leaves have however been researched for their potential health benefits for the human body.

Quercetin, a type of flavonoid found in Indian almond leaves, is for instance considered anti-inflammatory and has antioxidant properties1 , while several other flavonoids present in these leaves – such as kaempferol – decrease the risk of developing certain types of cancer.[2 ][3 ]

Fish kept in an environment that mimic its natural habitat tend to grow stronger and heartier, i.e. more apt at fending off malicious microorganisms.

As an aquarists, it is therefore difficult to determine if Indian almond leaves actually cures and prevent disease by killing of bacteria and fungi, or if it is simply a question of the leaves boosting the fish’s own immune system by providing it with an ideal water quality when it comes to pH-value, tannins, etc.

Natural hiding spots and infusoria supply
Using Indian almond leaves is not just about chemistry. You may think leaf litter looks ugly, but for a long row of fishes it feels just like home. Leaves and leaf litter makes the environment more natural.

Bottom dwelling fish love to hide among sunken leaves, while surface and mid-water dwellers like the sense of security offered by floating leaves.

Indian almond leaves are also nice for fish and invertebrates to nibble on between meals, and the leaves serve as home and food for infusoria.

Can Indian almond leaves be used to change the sex ratio of Betta fish?
A lot of rumors circulate about South-East Asian Betta breeders using Indian almond leaves to increase the male-to-female ratio in the batches. Personally, I’ve noticed no difference in sex ratio when using Indian almond leaves.

When do aquarists use Indian almond leaves?
Indian almond leave
Indian Almonf leaf
What fish will like Indian almond leaves and what won’t?
Indian almond leaves are ideal for fish that hails from environments where the water is rich in leaf debris. A few examples of such fishes are bettas and other gouramis, blackwater tetras, discus, rasboras and many dwarf cichlids. You need to research your particular species to see if it hails from this type of water.

Indian almond leaves are not recommended for fish that like hard and alkaline water, such as African cichlids from the Great Rift Valley lakes.

Examples of situations when Indian almond leaves are commonly used
Some aquarists use Indian leaves all the time, while others use them only for special purposes, i.e. when the feel that their fish needs some extra pampering. It is especially common to use IAL…

  • When setting up a new aquarium
  • When a new fish is introduced to an aquarium
  • To induce breeding, especially in Bettas
  • When setting up and maintaining a fry aquarium
  • When a fish is sick, especially if the sickness affects the skin
    In the plastic transport bag when a fish is moved to a new home
  • When keeping delicate fish species that are considered difficult to keep and breed in captivity
    If you use Indian almond leaves all the time, remember that you may have to “wean” your fish off them if you plan on selling your fish to an aquarist that won’t use Indian almond leaves. A fish that has been raised among Indian almond leaves or spent a long time in an IAL-tank may not handle a rapid move to a different environment well.

How do aquarists use Indian almond leaves?
Preparations

Keep your Indian almond leaves in a dry place at room temperature until you wish to use them. Dry leaves can be stored for at least 6 months in a suitable environment (preferably a container that is airtight, watertight and prevents light from entering).
If the tree may have been sprayed with pesticides or grows in a big city with lots of pollution, rinse the Indian almond leaves well in tap water before placing it in your tank.
Do not use Indian almond leaves that are mouldy.
Remove active carbon, purigen and similar from the aquarium before adding your Indian almond leaves.
If you’re in a hurry, you can cut the leaves into smaller pieces since this will make them leach their content into the water more rapidly.
Dosage
Dosages below are based on 15-25 cm (6-10 in) leaves. If your leaf is smaller or bigger, you need to adjust the figures accordingly.

Using 2 leaves per 50 L (13 us gallons) of water is a good rule of thumb, but be prepared to adjust the dosage to suit your particular fish. Some Betta keepers routinely use up to 2 leaves per 15 L (4 us gallons) of water in their everyday tanks.
Betta breeders normally use 1 leaf per 20 L (5 us gallons) of water in breeding tanks.
In fry rearing tanks, use 1 leaf per 40 L (10 us gallons) of water.
For how long?

Unless you anchor the leaves using a rock or similar, they will normally float for 2-3 days before sinking. Sinking is natural and it doesn’t mean that your have to change the leaves.

The leaves will normally disintegrate after a month or two, depending on how actively your fish tries to destroy them.

Aquarists that dislike the sight of torn leaves normally replace the leaves every 2-3 week, but this is purely for aesthetical reasons.

There is usually no need to change the leaves more often than every second month.
Indian almond leaves in fry tanks

In a fry tank, Indian almond leaves are beneficial in several different ways. In addition to all the positive effects described above, the leaves serve as home and food for infusoria; minute aquatic creatures like ciliates, euglenoids, and protozoa.

Due to its size and nutritional content, infusoria is an excellent food source for newly hatched fry from a long row of species.

In addition to this, many species of fry are naturally inclined to hide among leaves and leaf litter and will feel safer and less stressed in a fry tank that isn’t completely barren.

Indian almond leaf for hospital tank
Instead of routinely adding Indian almond leaves to the aquarium, some aquarists prefer to set up a separate IAL-tank and let their fish spend some time in it when the fish seem to be a bit under the weather, e.g. due to skin abrasions.

This is not a quick fix – you should be prepared to let your fish stay in the hospital tank for at least 2-3 weeks. (Having a separate hospital tank will also prevent spreading of infectious disease and keep other more healthy fish in the main aquarium from taking advantage of a weakened tank mate.)

As always, the hospital tank must naturally be very similar to the ordinary aquarium when it comes to temperature etc, otherwise your will shock your fish.

Traditional conditioning for Siamese Fighting fish
According to professional breeders of Siamese Fighting fish in South East Asia, Indian almond leaves will harden and coat the skin of the fish, thus making it more apt for fighting.

The idea is that Siamese fighers living without Indian almond leaves have softer skin and scales that aren’t smooth and slippery enough to handle being bitten by other fighters.

The fish is therefore conditioned using Indian almond leaves for at least seven days prior to a fight. A clay pot is filled with clean, aged water, the leaves are added, and the fish will live in the pot and be fed live food once a day.

The pot is placed in a dark and quite place to help the fish prepare.
After a fight, a similar treatment is given to help the fish recover from its injuries.

Frequently Asked Questions
Is it true that Indian almond leaves remove heavy metals from the aquarium?
I come across this claim now and then, but I have seen no explanation for exactly how it would work or any scientific studies regarding IAL and heavy metals.

Bogwood is commonly used among aquarists to reduce the toxicity of metals; perhaps decaying leaf matter works in a similar way.

When organic matter (i.e. not just Indian almond leaves) are turned into humus by bacteria and fungi, toxic substances such as heavy metals can be chelated, i.e. bound to the complex organic molecules of humus.

This can prevent the metals from entering the wider ecosystem, but will not remove them. For us aquarists, it means that the heavy metals will still be present in our tanks – only bonded to humus.

I have never used copper based medication in an aquarium together with Indian almond leaves so I can’t tell if the leaves decrease the effectiveness of the medicine or not.

Can I use Indian almond leaves in my planted tank?
Yes, Indian almond leaves can safely be used in planted aquariums. Of course, plants that like alkaline waters won’t appreciate the drop in pH-value, but why would you keep such plants with acidic loving fish in the first place?

Can I combine Indian almond leaves with activated carbon or purigen?
Activated carbon, purigen and similar will decrease the effect of Indian almond leaves and should therefore be removed from the aquarium prior to IAL use.

Is there any way of getting rid of the colour?
If you for some reason wish to get the tannins out of the water, you can use activated carbon or simply do a lot of water changes. Just remember that the positive properties of the Indian almond leaf will vanish as well.
Alternatives to using whole leaves

Indian almond leaves in a tea bag
If you hate the look of Indian almond leaves in your aquarium, there are vendors that sell IAL tea bags to soak in the water. Of course, using teabags will not give your fish any leaf litter to hide among or nibble on.

Making your own Indian almond leaf concentrate
Another alternative for those who dislike having leaves in the tank is to boil the leaves and make a concentrated Indian almond tea to pour directly into the aquarium water. Simply place the leaves in a pot filled with water and bring to a boil. Boil until the water darkens. The tea can be stored in an airtight bottle in the fridge.
Recipe for a 375 L or 100 us gallon aquarium:
15 to 20 leaves (15-25 cm / 6-10 in)
10 L or 2.5 us gallons of water
N.B! The tea must naturally have roughly the same temperature as the aquarium water when you add it, i.e. not to warm or too cold.

What do Almond leaves do for bettas?

The tannins released by the leaves help create water conditions that are similar to those in the natural habitat of the fish, which means ideal breeding conditions.

If you’re trying to get your bettas or Crystal Red shrimp to breed, adding a few Indian almond leaves to the breeding tank can speed up the process!

What do Indian almond leaves do?

Indian Almond Leaves are commonly used for conditioning and care of Bettas. They are believed to aid the fish in a number of ways, they increase fertility, health, and vigour.

Reduce Ph in water, aid in the recovery of diseased or damaged fish and the tannin quickly colours the water.

What are almond leaves used for?

Indian almond leaves (IAL) have traditionally been used by Betta (Siamese Fighting Fish) breeders in South East Asia to mimic the natural Betta habitat.

They are believed to aid the fish in a number of ways, such as helping fighting fish heal after a battle and inducing spawning in breeding tanks.

Do Indian almond leaves lower PH?

When Indian Almond leaves are immersed in water, the tannins and humic substances are released, which can lower the pH of the water.

 

References:

1: ClinicalTrials.gov. A service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?intr=%22quercetin%22
2: Baek Nam-In; Kennelly E.J.; Kardono L.B.S.; Tsauri S.; Padmawinata K.; Soejarto D.D.; Kinghorn A.D., “Flavonoids and a proanthrocyanidin from rhizomes of Selliguea feei”. Phytochemistry, 1994, vol. 36, no2, pp. 513-518 (19 ref.)

3: Ute Nöthlings, Suzanne P. Murphy, Lynne R. Wilkens, Brian E. Henderson & Laurence N. Kolone. 2007. “Flavonols and Pancreatic Cancer Risk”. American Journal of Epidemiology 166 (8): 924–931.

wild betta fish How to Catch Wild Betta Fish

Wine-red wild betta

Wild Betta Fish. The betta fishes are uniquely beautiful fish, and
they are found in unique environments, where other fish species
are unlikely to survive.

They are very colorful and beautiful fish, and you can find them on pet tanks at home.

Betta fish care is usually easy, which is why people prefer them as pets especially for their kids.

They are very territorial especially with their species as they prefer to be on their own.

The betta fish is unique fish, and they can breathe on water and out
of the water with a unique organ called the labyrinth.

This particular organ has enabled them to survive harsh conditions
as they can come to the surface and take in oxygen that will be enough for them.

Most fish species cannot survive in the harsh environment you will
find the betta fish, due to the reduced oxygen content, especially in the muddy water.

The betta fish is very beautiful with radiant color that makes them
stands out and looks attractive.

They are carnivores in nature and eat small animals like plankton,
mosquitoes, worms and other smaller species of animal.

The wide betta fishes are much more different than the regular betta.

Betta fish are mostly found in a warm climate, and they are predominantly found in the Asian region.

You can find betta fish in rice paddle, streams and water channels.

These environments are warm and not too big for the betta fish as
they are small and cannot easily compete with big species of fish in bigger water space.

The wild betta fish is usually much duller in color than most betta fish species.

The wild betta fish are typically brownish, and this can be attributed
to their ability to camouflage in muddy environments away from bigger prey.

This is one of their protective abilities that make it harder for them
to be sorted out in these muddy environments.

This does make it a little difficult in trying to catch them in the wild.

The wild betta fish also have smaller fins than the regular betta fish
which also enable them to stay safe in the wild.

With the smaller fins, they cannot easily be detected, and they can
swim easily through the rough water and don’t get trapped.

For a smaller animal, they can take care of themselves very well.

The male and female are very different, and you can easily distinguish them from one another.

The female wild betta fish is smaller in size and have smaller fins than the male betta fish.

The male betta fish are very protective of their territory that they
often chase away their female after laying eggs.

This is why two pet betta fishes in a tank usually fight each other often.

It is important to feed the betta fish regularly and keep them from eating their fins.

When they are hungry, they usually eat their fins, which is not healthy for the fish.

Eating their fins can lead to diseases as the betta fish becomes prone to infection.

 

Emerald-Green Betta

Betta smaragdina

Emerald green wild betta

ORIGINS Southeast Asia, present in Cambodia
(Kampuchea), Laos, and eastern parts of Thailand.
SIZE 21⁄4 in (7 cm).
DIET Prepared foods and livefoods.
WATER Temperature 75–82°F (24–28°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0–6.5).
TEMPERAMENT Males may quarrel.

The body of the male Emerald-Green Betta displays areas of red,
blue, and green.

The female is plainer, but will develop stripes as the time for spawning approaches.

Males can be mixed with unrelated fish, but if they are housed
together, they will fight, with potentially fatal consequences.

In the wild, Emerald-Green Bettas inhabit shallow areas of water
that flood during the wet season,and this flooding marks the onset of the breeding period.

A significant partial water change in their tank may thus trigger
spawning.The male builds a bubble-nest among vegetation.

After spawning, remove the female in case the male becomes
aggressive toward her, and leave the male to guard the nest, which contains up to 100 eggs.

Give the young fry food at first and then brine shrimp.

Mouth-Brooding Betta

Betta pugnax

Mouth-Brooding wild betta

ORIGINS Southeast Asia; occurs widely on the Malay
Peninsula.
SIZE 4 in (10 cm).
DIET Prepared foods and livefoods.
WATER Temperature 73–77°F (23–25°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0–6.5).
TEMPERAMENT Males likely to be pugnacious.

The appearance of these fish is highly variable, depending partly on
their origins and partly on their overall condition.

They tend to have a reddish-brown background color, with green
spots evident on the individual scales.

Cooler water conditions suit this mouth-brooder, which often
occurs in flowing waters.

The young are sexually mature by about six months.

Slim Betta

Betta bellica

slim betta wild betta

ORIGINS Southeast Asia, where its distribution is
centered on the Malay Peninsula.
SIZE 41⁄2 in (11 cm).
DIET Prepared foods and livefoods.
WATER Temperature 75–82°F (24–28°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0–6.5).
TEMPERAMENT Males only aggressive when breeding.

JAW SHAPE AND BREEDING

jaw shape and breeding

Head structure is a good guide to breeding habits in Betta species. The jaws of mouthbrooders are modified to provide more space in
the oral cavity for the developing brood.

As a result, the head is taller and the jawline less rounded, as seen in
this Krabi Mouth-Brooder (Betta simplex).

Bubble-nesting species have smaller heads, since they simply have
to pick up the eggs and transfer them to the nest.

The enlargement of the oral cavity in mouthbrooders only
develops when the fish become sexually mature, and it is only seen
in the sex that is responsible for brooding the young.

Wine-Red Betta

Betta coccina

Wine-red wild betta

ORIGINS Southeast Asia, present on Sumatra and the
southern tip of the Malay Peninsula.
SIZE 21⁄2 in (6 cm).
DIET Prepared foods and livefoods.
WATER Temperature 75–82°F (24–28°C); soft (50 mg/l)
and acidic (pH 5.0–6.0).
TEMPERAMENT Males are aggressive toward each other.

The Wine-Red Betta first became available to hobbyists in the 1980s.

The body color that gives the fish its name is restricted to the male; the female is decidedly brownish. Males must be kept individually, to prevent fighting.

Water quality is especially important for the health of this rather
delicate species, and peat filtration is advisable.

Up to 60 eggs form the typical brood, and both parents can be safely left with their young.

 

Crescent Betta

Betta imbellis

crescent wild betta

ORIGINS Southeast Asia, on the Malay Peninsula and
nearby islands, notably Phuket and Pinang.
SIZE 2 in (5 cm).
DIET Prepared foods and livefoods.
WATER Temperature 75–82°F (24–28°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0–6.5).
TEMPERAMENT Males may fight each other.

Male Crescent Bettas are more colorful than females, their brownish bodies displaying bluehues.

There are distinct regional variations, withfish from Pinang Island being yellowish in
color.

Male Crescent Bettas are far from docile,especially when in
breeding condition.

If well-fed,a pair of these bubble-nesting fish
will spawnseveral times in quick succession,producing as many as 150 eggs per batch.

How Does Wild Betta Fish Survive

For those that are not usually familiar with the betta fish, you may
be wondering how the betta fish survive in a warmer climate and their habitat such as the rice paddle.

The rice paddles usually go dry seasonally, so how does this betta fish survive these changes.

The betta fish developed the ability to breathe underwater and in the air. And we said this is made possible through the special organ they call labyrinth.

They can breathe the oxygen present in water or will swim to the
air to breath whenever the oxygen in the water reduces.

This gives them an advantage in the normal habitat where you can find them as the water is usually muddy.

The betta fish can also survive for a while in a dried up area.

This is because of the organ they possess to breathe oxygen in the air.

The small fins of the wild betta fish do make it difficult to be seen or noticed along with its muddy color brown.

This character does make it also difficult for us to capture these wild betta fish.

So why do people catch betta fish?

Betta fishes are usually captured for their beauty and are mostly kept as a pet. In the earlier years, the king of Thailand usually uses them as a sport.

They are used to stage fight because of their fighting abilities
especially when two males are kept in a tank.

And though they are not mostly kept for sports purposes nowadays, they are more being kept as a pet.

Catching a Wild Betta Fish beta fishing

If you want to catch a wild betta fish, you have to understand more about the fish.

You have to understand its habitat to know where you are going to go fishing for them.

You will also have to know about their body structure, so you do not
harm them in any way when you capture the or during transporting them.

You will need a kind of hand net or basket to catch a wild betta fish
and probably a small container filled with water to store them before you transport them.

You will not go to a freshwater environment if you are looking for a wild beta fish.

That is why you will need to understand more about the environment. As we said earlier, you can find these kinds of fish in the Asian regions or warm water environments.

So let’s look at the ways you can catch a wild betta fish!!!

The wild betta fishes are very defensive and evasive more than the normal betta fish.

You cannot easily spot them in the muddy water due to their brownish color.

This gives them a camouflage sense of security. And you cannot easily catch them with a line because of their sizes.

One of the ways you can catch a wild betta fish is to use a small hand net.

The wild betta fish are very small so that the hand net will be very tiny, so the betta fish does not escape out of the net.

Also, a smaller net will ensure that you do not hurt the fish especially when their fragile fun gets stuck.

Using Hand net to Catch Betta Fish

The wild betta fish are not easy to see in the muddy water as they
can easily camouflage with their brownish or muddy color.

So what you should do with the hand netball to comb the area in a tangent.

Since they are located in shallow water, you can move over the
water body with your boot as you use your hand net to comb the area.

Now, when you insert your net in the water, you raise it up and
watch as the water sips out and if they are wild beta fish, they will be stuck in the net.

So what you will do is to inspect the net and picked out any wild betta fish you found caught on the net.

You will have to transfer the betta fish you find from the net to a water container you carry along with you.

Wild betta fish can stay away from water for some time as they can take oxygen from the air.

But you will have to put them in the water as you may have to transport them for a long distance.

You should be careful when you picked the wild betta fish from the net and transported them to the water jar.

They are very fragile and can easily slip for your hand back to the water.

You should be very observant when searching the hand fishing net
as these fishes might be hiding behind leaves or small muddy
stones and you will have to throw them back to the water.

You have to do this in tangent to be able to comb the entire water body. It can be a long and enduring task as you go around the water body.

Catching Wild Betta Fish in Dried Land

You can find wild betta fish in dried up warm environment as they
can still breathe outside water with their labyrinth organ.

They can easily jump back to the water body. Thus you have to be fast if you want to catch them.

You can look out for wild beta fish as the rice puddle begins to dry
up and they stick around for awhile before moving on to the water body.

You can grab them with your hands easily since they cannot swim fast when in the drier environment.

You can still miss because they usually not as obvious when they camouflage like the mud.

They can be very obvious except when they jump.

So they are more difficult to catch on dry land than when they are in the water.

You can still carry your hand net along to help you trapped them especially when they are jumping around.

You can throw your net to cover the area you saw them jumped into and try and sort them out with your hands.

You should be very careful in picking out the wild betta fish from
dry land as they are very vulnerable when they are on dry land.

Spreading Net over a Considerable Length

You can spread a large net over a considerable length over a rice paddle farm and leave it for awhile.

When you come back, you can start picking out the wild betta fish caught in the net. T

hey usually got caught in the net as they move around the water body looking for food.

You should also understand that the wild betta fish usually comes to
the surface to take in oxygen as the muddy water usually lacks enough oxygen.

As they move up and down, they will get caught in the net, and
since the water body is not much deep, it will be easy to trap these wild betta fish.

This is a much easier way to catch the wild betta fish, and you can do this best when the water body is high and not dried up.

With casting the net over a larger area, you can catch more wild
betta fishes than using any other method to catch this fish.

Why Do We Catch Wild Betta Fishes

Wild betta fish have become more popular in recent times than
before, and they have also become scarcer.

You will find most homes with colorful betta fishes on their fish tanks as they are easy to feed and take care of as a pet.

Most parents usually give out betta fish as the first pet to their
young ones as a way of getting them to learn how to take care of an animal.

And because of the destruction of their habitation by man action
and other factors, the breeding of wild betta fishes are being
encouraged to keep the species from going extinct.

Most preservationists are worried that if we leave them in their
natural habitat, they may be destroyed along with their habitat environment being destroyed.

So what is being done is that they are being caught and breed in fish
tanks and this will help to keep the species non-extinct.

It has become a business for some as they catch these wild betta fish
and breed them in a tank and sell them when they start reproducing.

So it has become a bigger business selling these exotic fishes to those who want them in their homes.

The wild betta fish does thrive in particular environmental
conditions; they dwell better in a warm water environment

. They do not thrive at all in cold environment, and you should try
as much as possible to keep them warm especially when you have them in tanks.

One of the most advantageous things of having a wild betta fish as a
pet is that they can survive alone in the tank and as well as with other species of animal.

They usually have a problem with their specie and will fight with
another wild betta fish when placed in the same tank.

 

wild betta
Photo from reef2rainforest.com

Can you find betta fish in the wild?

Wild bettas live in shallow, freshwater areas. They prefer ponds, streams, canals and rice paddies, but they are also found in rivers.

They feed upon plankton, mosquitoes and insect larvae. Bettas are
known as fighting fish because two males in close proximity will
fight with one another for dominance.

What do betta fish eat in the wild?

Wild Betta fish are hardy and can eat almost anything in their
environments, including worms, larvae of mosquitoes or other
insects, and even smaller fish.

Their natural environment is often resource-limited, so many
Betta species have little choice of food.

Where are betta fish naturally found?

The betta comes from parts of Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand and
Cambodia in the river basins of the Mekong and Chao Phraya rivers.

They are found in rice paddies and drainage ditches, river basins and small streams.

Do betta fish exist in the wild?

Wild bettas live in shallow, freshwater areas. They prefer ponds, streams, canals and rice paddies, but they are also found in rivers.

They feed upon plankton, mosquitoes and insect larvae. Bettas are
known as fighting fish because two males in close proximity will
fight with one another for dominance.

How long do betta fish live in the wild?

Also called Siamese Fighting Fish, bettas are very popular pets.

They can be easy to care for, and, under the right circumstances, they can live for several years.

Wild betta live, on average, two years. However, in captivity, with the right care, a betta can live four years or more.

wild betta species
Betta splendens, the species usually sold at big box pet stores, does
not exist naturally in the wild, and it is very popular in the aquarium hobby so it’s unlikely to go extinct.

Wild-type bettas of different species, however, are much more at risk.

Their habitat I’d shrinking and becoming polluted, and although
many people keep these other species of betta in aquariums as well
, they don’ have the domestic popularity to assure their survival.

Wild bettas outside of the betta splendens species are considered threatened.

wild betta fish natural habitat

Why are we discouraged from using rainwater for our aquariums
when the natural habitat of bettas experience rain throughout the year?

Very simple, because fish do not live in rain water!

Logically speaking – Yes lakes and ponds and river take rainwater…. but never rain water replace 100% of the original water body.

(Well maybe in some rare exceptional case but then even the
minerals in the ground would leech into the rain water).
So no fish live in rain water

Additionally

All fish depending on the specie, requires a certain degree of
minerals to live depending on the specie.

And rain water is somewhat just pure H20 with some
contamination from the air and completely lacking in minerals like calcicum, iron,….

In Amazon area where it rains really heavy + some area water just
stand there then you get a big body of water consist of mostly rain water.

In this case the water would be very soft but it still has some
minerals from the ground and tannis from decaying organics
matters, not pure rain water -> Which results in fish like Discus,
Angelfish prefer softer water with less minerals but MINERALS ARE STILL A MUCH AT A VERY LOW LEVEL.

Then we got place like malawi lake -> Less rain. lots of rocks and minerals => very hard water.

These fish will die for sure if they live in an environment with rain water.

So yes. Rain water can be used to substitute the practice of mixing
RO water with minerals/tap water to achieve softer water.

However be very careful with rainwater too because if the air is
polluted, the water will be contaminated with all sort of things you won’t know. So still its best to use RO water instead of rain water

Where do betta fish come from?

They come from Thailand! At least, that’s where it’s most commonly cited.

More broadly they come from Southeast Asia, so anywhere in the
area of Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam–you’ll find wild Bettas in any
part of the world that used to be called “Siam” (which is where we get the name “Siamese Fighting Fish”).

Wild Bettas live in the connected streams between rice paddies and
flood plains, and people started harvesting them in the 1800s to use in fish fights.

Pretty cruel, and unfortunately still a practice that probably exists
in some places, but eventually the bigger and more colorful ones
started being bred for aesthetic purposes, which led to the Bettas you find in pet stores today.

Domestic Bettas look very different now from wild ones, but they
didn’t manage or care to breed out the aggression, which is why we still have feisty little friends. 🙂

Where do you find betta fish in the wild?

The betta comes from parts of Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand and Cambodia in the river basins of the Mekong and Chao Phraya rivers. They are found in rice paddies and drainage ditches, river basins and small streams.

What is a wild betta?

Betta, /ˈbɛtə/ is a large genus of small, often colorful, freshwater ray-finned fishes, known as “bettas”, in the gourami family (Osphronemidae). The best known Betta species is B. splendens, commonly known as the Siamese fighting fish.

Do betta fish recognize their owners?

You’ve probably seen betta fish at your local pet stores or even grocery store. … Betta are quite intelligent as fish go, and they can even be trained to recognize their owners and do tricks.

They require stimulation and space to live well, and, as you might suspect, a tiny plastic cup doesn’t provide that.

Do betta fish get lonely?

It’s not that bettas have poor manners, but rather that they simply do not like nor need the company of other fish. Their lack of friends does not cause them to become bored, but you may include certain species in the same tank as your betta. … Although they’re not fish, snails generally work well together with bettas.

betta fish in the wild

In the wild, bettas live in Asia, where their homes are the shallow waters of rice paddies, ponds, or slow-moving streams. Since those waters aren’t deep, they stay warm, which is why bettas who live in human homes need at least 10 gallons of water in an aquarium that can be kept heated to at least 75 degrees.

Betta splendens are native to Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam, where they live in ditches, rice paddies, shallow pools and slow moving streams. … Bettas are carnivores, feeding primarily on insects and insect larvae in the wild. They thrive on protein-based frozen, pellet and flake foods in aquariums.

1 question people ask about bettas is, “How do bettas mate in the wild without killing each other?” In fish keeping, betta owners are told that if they want to breed

betta fish care how to care for a betta fish you need to know

betta fish care

betta fish care how to care for a betta fish you need to know

betta fish care learn how to grow betta fish and breed them successfully

 

ORIGINS Southeast Asia, occurring in Thailand, althoughbetta fish care
its exact range is uncertain.

SIZE 21⁄4 in (6 cm).

DIET Prepared foods and live foods.

WATER Temperature 75–82°F (24–28°C); soft

(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0–6.5).

 

TEMPERAMENT Males are aggressive toward each other.
Siamese Fighting Fish
Betta splendens

 

The Siamese Fighting Fish is also referred to as the Betta, particularly in North America.This species was widely kept in Thailand for more than 200 years before it became known in the West in the late 1800s.

In their homeland, where they frequent the canals, or klongs, that flow through many Thai cities,

Siamese Fighting Fish were selectively bred not only for their color but also for their fighting ability, with significant amounts of money being bet on the outcome of contests between the more aggressive males.

Different strains evolved from cross-breeding fish obtained from various parts of Thailand.

As a result, it is now practically impossible to be certain of the original distribution of these fish, or of their natural coloration, even though alleged “wild type” specimens are occasionally offered for sale.

Current thinking is that wild forms were originally dark red, probably with bluish streaking on their fins and a pair of vertical lines on the side of the head behind the eyes.

Certainly, the wild ancestors of today’s Siamese Fighting Fish had simpler fins than those seen in modern strains.

It is likely that interest in keeping these fish for fighting purposes began not in Thailand, but in neighboring Cambodia (Kampuchea).

In fact, the Thai name for these fish is pla kat khmer, which translates as “fin-biter in Khmer” (Khmer is a former name of Cambodia). Since being introduced to the West,

however, breeders have concentrated on establishing a wide range of color forms, ranging from white through yellow to purple.

Selective breeding has also been used to modify the fins, which are always more elaborate in the males.

With the exception of the female Half-Moon Betta, pictured below left, all the specimens shown here are male.

In Thailand, it is traditional to house Siamese Fighting Fish in small jars, but these provide little swimming space and make it difficult to maintain the water quality.

The natural grace and elegance of the fish will be more apparent in an aquarium.

A single male can be kept in a tank with several females, or even as part of a community aquarium.

However, avoid mixing these fish with fin-nipping species, which will attack the flowing fins, or with fish of a similar coloration, which may themselves be attacked by the Siamese Fighting Fish.

These fish are easy to care for, but they are not especially long-lived, with an average lifespan of about two years. Pairs of seven or eight months old are best for breeding

.They need a relatively shallow spawning tank, about 8 in (20 cm) deep.

It must be covered and include floating plants, among which the male will build a bubble-nest.

Thai breeders often add the leaves of the Ketapang or Indian almond tree (Terminalia catappa) to assist with the conditioning of the water.

These leaves are available in the West through specialist suppliers.

Raising the water temperature can trigger spawning, as can increasing the amount of livefood in the diet.

Check that the female is in breeding condition, because otherwise, the male may harass her.

Aside from her slightly swollen belly, one of the surest indicators of the female’s readiness to spawn is when she develops yellowish stripes on her body.

She will actively seek out the male at this stage, rather than trying to avoid him

 

breeding betta fish

These are  the videos below of the step by step process in breeding betta fish

Step 1. place the male and female betta fish container near each other for them to see each other and be acquainted and feed them plenty of live foods like mosquito larvae, brine shrimp or daphnia.

observe if the male will build a bubble nest and look for the female egg spot by looking its vent there is a whitish color in the ventral area of the female that is an egg that is an indicator that the female is full of eggs and ready to spawn

 

Part 2 in breeding betta fish Video

Part 3 in breeding betta fish

It is the responsibility of the male Siamese Fighting Fish to construct a bubble-nest. Spawning occurs nearby, with the pair wrapping around one another.

The female will then float upside down, as though stunned, while the male collects the 15 or so eggs in its mouth and carries them to the bubble-nest.

Mating resumes once he has gathered all the eggs.

This sequence is repeated until some 500 eggs have been produced, with the entire process lasting about two hours. It is the best to remove the female while the male guards the nest, otherwise he may attack her.

If the tank is very large and well planted, however, it may be safe for her to stay put. Hatching occurs 48 hours after mating, and the young fry is free-swimming within a further four days.

Rear them on fry foods at first, and gently circulate the water with an airstone to convey food particles to them.

Powdered flake and brine shrimp can be provided as they grow.A large number of fry means that gentle filtration is needed to maintain water quality, and partial water changes are required every three days.

Once the males in the brood can be identified, usually, at about two months of age, they should be moved to individual accommodation to prevent fighting.

Prior to this, keep the aquarium covered to keep the young fish from becoming chilled, since this will impair the development of their labyrinth organs

betta fish names

 

My collection of betta Videos

Orange buttefrly crowntail betta

Dumbo ears juvy betta

How do you know if your betta fish is happy?

  • The signs of a happy, healthy, and relaxed betta include:
  • Strong, vibrant colors.
  • Fins are held open, but not taut, allowing their fins to billow and fold in the water.
  • Feeds readily.
  • Active, smooth swimming movements.
  • On the other hand, a stressed or sick betta may show the following signs:
  • Faded, muted color.

How do you make a betta fish happy?

  • The aquarium can be either glass or acrylic.
  • Plants can be either live or plastic.
  • Use waste-absorbing gravel.
  • Don’t forget a heater — bettas like to stay warm.
  • Betta food and treats (bloodworms are a nice treat)
  • Water and fish treatments.