indian almond leaves for betta 5 health benefits for your betta fish

indian almond leaf for betta

indian almond leaf 5 Amazing proven health benefits list

 

indian almond leaves

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indian almond leaf locally known here in my place as  “Talisay leaf” is commonly used as betta fish breeding stimulant by local betta fish breeders but the breeders here did not really know what are the reason and properties that the indian almond leaf has that can stimulate the betta fish to breed.

 

They used it also to treat sick betta fish and groom betta fish coloration but not knowing the background of the indian almond leaf ingredients that has the antifungal or antibacterial properties.

 

Let’s dive into what are the benefits of Indian almond leaf that can give your betta fish

  1. can stimulate the betta fish to breed because of its tannin. The Indian almond leaf tannin can change the water chemistry of your breeding tank turning it similar to the betta fish natural habitat in the wild and for this reason, the betta fish will be triggered to breed.
  2.  can be used as betta fish conditioner for battle preparation and helps cure the wound after battle
  3. can be used as water conditioner for newly bought betta fish this will help the newly betta fish adjust faster to its new home.
  4. can also be used as betta fry food when added to the betta fry tanks since it can introduce an infusoria culter 
  5. also can be used as a color enhancer to betta fish

indian almond leaf extract for betta fish

If you’re an Betta fish keeper, you are a fan of using  Indian almond leaves (also known as Catappa leaves). for your Betta

These leaves of the Terminalia catappa tree are especially popular in the betta and shrimp hobby as a natural medicine and water conditioner.

It can be used as a combat fungus and bacterial problems like finrot, and prevent stress by mimicking the natural habitat.

But how, when and why should you use them?

What are Indian almond leaves?

As mentioned before, Indian almond leaves are the leaves of the Terminalia catappa tree, which grows in large parts of Asia.

The leaves are usually harvested by simply picking them off the ground. After drying them, they are ready for use in the aquarium.

You can import Indian almond leaves directly, but nowadays they are also available in some pet-/aquarium stores and online!

What do Indian almond leaves do?

When placed in an aquarium, Indian almond leaves slowly start to decompose.

While this happens they turn the water a yellow or brown color by releasing tannins.

These tannins lower the pH and are said to have antifungal and antibacterial properties, which comes in very handy when you have a fish suffering from finrot or when you’re raising vulnerable fry.

The dark color of the water is considered unsightly by some aquarists, but it actually mimics the natural habitat of many fish species! This definitely makes it something to consider embracing.

Based on my personal experience  I will testify that adding Indian Almond leaves in your betta tank will make your betta fish healthier and spawn faster.

Evenly newly bought betta fish when you add Indian Almond leaves to its tank it can recover immediately from transportation stress and even shown spawning behavior immediately by building bubble nest immediately.

I personally testify it.

If I missed something about talisay leaf other uses please feel free to leave it in the comment section below or to my youtube video your comment and suggestion is highly appreciated.

What are Indian almond leaves used for?

Indian Almond Leaves are commonly used for conditioning and care of Bettas. …

Simply adding Indian Almond Leaves to your aquarium will release compounds from the leaves which alter the chemistry of the water,

making the aquarium more similar to the habitat from which the fish hails.

What is the common name of Terminalia Catappa?

Terminalia catappa is a large tropical tree in the leadwood tree family, Combretaceae, that grows mainly in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia.

It is known by the English common names country-almond, Indian-almond, Malabar-almond, sea-almond, tropical-almond and false kamani.

indian almond leaves this is a good article from indianalmondleaves.com

Using Indian almond leaves in aquariums
Indian almond leaves (IAL) have traditionally been used by Betta (Siamese Fighting Fish) breeders in South East Asia to mimic the natural Betta habitat.

They are believed to aid the fish in a number of ways, such as helping fighting fish heal after a battle and inducing spawning in breeding tanks.

 

Unfortunately, the affect of Indian almond leaves on aquarium fish has not been scientifically studied yet so it is difficult to separate the truth from the myth.

I can only speak from personal experience and my own good track record using Indian almond leaves, and base my conclusions on reports gathered from other fish keepers.

 

Why do aquarists use Indian almond leaves?
The poor man’s water conditioner
Indian almond leaves are often described as ”the poor man’s water conditioner” due to their capacity of altering the water chemistry in an aquarium.

In the wild, fish evolve to fit into their particular habitat and having to live in another type of environment in captivity is often difficult for them.

Even if your fish manages to survive in less than ideal conditions, there is a great difference between thriving and merely staying alive.

If your fish hails from a habitat where leaves and other plant debris regularly falls into the water and decompose, your fish will be used to that kind of environment and trying to mimic it in the aquariums is strongly recommended.

Leaves that fall into the water release a myriad of different compounds, from trace minerals to dyes, and animals living in the water adapt to having all these different compounds readily available.

When we place fish in our “clean” and rather unnatural aquariums, we in avertedly deprive them of access to a long row of different compounds present in their native habitat.

If your fish hails from the type of environment described above, Indian almond leaves are one way of making life in captivity a little more natural for your pet.

Just like driftwood and peat, Indian almond leaves release ample amounts of tannins into the water. The tannins affect the pH-value (how much will depend on the buffer capacity of your water) and you will also see how the water turns dark – just like a blackwater river.

Needless to say, water rich in tannins is appreciated by fish species that hail from such environments in the wild. So called blackwater habitats are formed when rivers flow slowly through heavily forested areas where falling leaves and other plant debris end up decomposing in the water.

You can find more detailed information about the chemistry of Indian almond leaves in on the Indian almond leaves chemistry page. That page also includes a section on blackwater habitats.

N.B! Using almond leaves will give the water in your aquarium a yellow to reddish tea-coloured shade. Exactly how dark the water gets depends on the concentration of tannins in the water.

Some aquarists dislike this tint which they find unsightly, but try to keep in mind that for fish hailing from blackwater habitats this dark water is actually the normal state of things and the crispy “clean” 100% transparent water without any hint of colour favoured by many aquarists is quite unnatural for them.

Is it true that Indian almond leaves prevent and cure diseases in aquariums?
Indian almond leaves are rich in compounds produces by the tree to protect itself against bacteria, fungi and similar organisms.

Because of this, it has been speculated that adding Indian almond leaves to an aquarium will decrease the risk of disease in the tank or even help fish. As far as I know, no one has yet carried out any scientific study to verify this claim.

Compounds found in Indian almond leaves have however been researched for their potential health benefits for the human body.

Quercetin, a type of flavonoid found in Indian almond leaves, is for instance considered anti-inflammatory and has antioxidant properties1 , while several other flavonoids present in these leaves – such as kaempferol – decrease the risk of developing certain types of cancer.[2 ][3 ]

Fish kept in an environment that mimic its natural habitat tend to grow stronger and heartier, i.e. more apt at fending off malicious microorganisms.

As an aquarists, it is therefore difficult to determine if Indian almond leaves actually cures and prevent disease by killing of bacteria and fungi, or if it is simply a question of the leaves boosting the fish’s own immune system by providing it with an ideal water quality when it comes to pH-value, tannins, etc.

Natural hiding spots and infusoria supply
Using Indian almond leaves is not just about chemistry. You may think leaf litter looks ugly, but for a long row of fishes it feels just like home. Leaves and leaf litter makes the environment more natural.

Bottom dwelling fish love to hide among sunken leaves, while surface and mid-water dwellers like the sense of security offered by floating leaves.

Indian almond leaves are also nice for fish and invertebrates to nibble on between meals, and the leaves serve as home and food for infusoria.

Can Indian almond leaves be used to change the sex ratio of Betta fish?
A lot of rumors circulate about South-East Asian Betta breeders using Indian almond leaves to increase the male-to-female ratio in the batches. Personally, I’ve noticed no difference in sex ratio when using Indian almond leaves.

When do aquarists use Indian almond leaves?
Indian almond leave
Indian Almonf leaf
What fish will like Indian almond leaves and what won’t?
Indian almond leaves are ideal for fish that hails from environments where the water is rich in leaf debris. A few examples of such fishes are bettas and other gouramis, blackwater tetras, discus, rasboras and many dwarf cichlids. You need to research your particular species to see if it hails from this type of water.

Indian almond leaves are not recommended for fish that like hard and alkaline water, such as African cichlids from the Great Rift Valley lakes.

Examples of situations when Indian almond leaves are commonly used
Some aquarists use Indian leaves all the time, while others use them only for special purposes, i.e. when the feel that their fish needs some extra pampering. It is especially common to use IAL…

  • When setting up a new aquarium
  • When a new fish is introduced to an aquarium
  • To induce breeding, especially in Bettas
  • When setting up and maintaining a fry aquarium
  • When a fish is sick, especially if the sickness affects the skin
    In the plastic transport bag when a fish is moved to a new home
  • When keeping delicate fish species that are considered difficult to keep and breed in captivity
    If you use Indian almond leaves all the time, remember that you may have to “wean” your fish off them if you plan on selling your fish to an aquarist that won’t use Indian almond leaves. A fish that has been raised among Indian almond leaves or spent a long time in an IAL-tank may not handle a rapid move to a different environment well.

How do aquarists use Indian almond leaves?
Preparations

Keep your Indian almond leaves in a dry place at room temperature until you wish to use them. Dry leaves can be stored for at least 6 months in a suitable environment (preferably a container that is airtight, watertight and prevents light from entering).
If the tree may have been sprayed with pesticides or grows in a big city with lots of pollution, rinse the Indian almond leaves well in tap water before placing it in your tank.
Do not use Indian almond leaves that are mouldy.
Remove active carbon, purigen and similar from the aquarium before adding your Indian almond leaves.
If you’re in a hurry, you can cut the leaves into smaller pieces since this will make them leach their content into the water more rapidly.
Dosage
Dosages below are based on 15-25 cm (6-10 in) leaves. If your leaf is smaller or bigger, you need to adjust the figures accordingly.

Using 2 leaves per 50 L (13 us gallons) of water is a good rule of thumb, but be prepared to adjust the dosage to suit your particular fish. Some Betta keepers routinely use up to 2 leaves per 15 L (4 us gallons) of water in their everyday tanks.
Betta breeders normally use 1 leaf per 20 L (5 us gallons) of water in breeding tanks.
In fry rearing tanks, use 1 leaf per 40 L (10 us gallons) of water.
For how long?

Unless you anchor the leaves using a rock or similar, they will normally float for 2-3 days before sinking. Sinking is natural and it doesn’t mean that your have to change the leaves.

The leaves will normally disintegrate after a month or two, depending on how actively your fish tries to destroy them.

Aquarists that dislike the sight of torn leaves normally replace the leaves every 2-3 week, but this is purely for aesthetical reasons.

There is usually no need to change the leaves more often than every second month.
Indian almond leaves in fry tanks

In a fry tank, Indian almond leaves are beneficial in several different ways. In addition to all the positive effects described above, the leaves serve as home and food for infusoria; minute aquatic creatures like ciliates, euglenoids, and protozoa.

Due to its size and nutritional content, infusoria is an excellent food source for newly hatched fry from a long row of species.

In addition to this, many species of fry are naturally inclined to hide among leaves and leaf litter and will feel safer and less stressed in a fry tank that isn’t completely barren.

Indian almond leaf for hospital tank
Instead of routinely adding Indian almond leaves to the aquarium, some aquarists prefer to set up a separate IAL-tank and let their fish spend some time in it when the fish seem to be a bit under the weather, e.g. due to skin abrasions.

This is not a quick fix – you should be prepared to let your fish stay in the hospital tank for at least 2-3 weeks. (Having a separate hospital tank will also prevent spreading of infectious disease and keep other more healthy fish in the main aquarium from taking advantage of a weakened tank mate.)

As always, the hospital tank must naturally be very similar to the ordinary aquarium when it comes to temperature etc, otherwise your will shock your fish.

Traditional conditioning for Siamese Fighting fish
According to professional breeders of Siamese Fighting fish in South East Asia, Indian almond leaves will harden and coat the skin of the fish, thus making it more apt for fighting.

The idea is that Siamese fighers living without Indian almond leaves have softer skin and scales that aren’t smooth and slippery enough to handle being bitten by other fighters.

The fish is therefore conditioned using Indian almond leaves for at least seven days prior to a fight. A clay pot is filled with clean, aged water, the leaves are added, and the fish will live in the pot and be fed live food once a day.

The pot is placed in a dark and quite place to help the fish prepare.
After a fight, a similar treatment is given to help the fish recover from its injuries.

Frequently Asked Questions
Is it true that Indian almond leaves remove heavy metals from the aquarium?
I come across this claim now and then, but I have seen no explanation for exactly how it would work or any scientific studies regarding IAL and heavy metals.

Bogwood is commonly used among aquarists to reduce the toxicity of metals; perhaps decaying leaf matter works in a similar way.

When organic matter (i.e. not just Indian almond leaves) are turned into humus by bacteria and fungi, toxic substances such as heavy metals can be chelated, i.e. bound to the complex organic molecules of humus.

This can prevent the metals from entering the wider ecosystem, but will not remove them. For us aquarists, it means that the heavy metals will still be present in our tanks – only bonded to humus.

I have never used copper based medication in an aquarium together with Indian almond leaves so I can’t tell if the leaves decrease the effectiveness of the medicine or not.

Can I use Indian almond leaves in my planted tank?
Yes, Indian almond leaves can safely be used in planted aquariums. Of course, plants that like alkaline waters won’t appreciate the drop in pH-value, but why would you keep such plants with acidic loving fish in the first place?

Can I combine Indian almond leaves with activated carbon or purigen?
Activated carbon, purigen and similar will decrease the effect of Indian almond leaves and should therefore be removed from the aquarium prior to IAL use.

Is there any way of getting rid of the colour?
If you for some reason wish to get the tannins out of the water, you can use activated carbon or simply do a lot of water changes. Just remember that the positive properties of the Indian almond leaf will vanish as well.
Alternatives to using whole leaves

Indian almond leaves in a tea bag
If you hate the look of Indian almond leaves in your aquarium, there are vendors that sell IAL tea bags to soak in the water. Of course, using teabags will not give your fish any leaf litter to hide among or nibble on.

Making your own Indian almond leaf concentrate
Another alternative for those who dislike having leaves in the tank is to boil the leaves and make a concentrated Indian almond tea to pour directly into the aquarium water. Simply place the leaves in a pot filled with water and bring to a boil. Boil until the water darkens. The tea can be stored in an airtight bottle in the fridge.
Recipe for a 375 L or 100 us gallon aquarium:
15 to 20 leaves (15-25 cm / 6-10 in)
10 L or 2.5 us gallons of water
N.B! The tea must naturally have roughly the same temperature as the aquarium water when you add it, i.e. not to warm or too cold.

What do Almond leaves do for bettas?

The tannins released by the leaves help create water conditions that are similar to those in the natural habitat of the fish, which means ideal breeding conditions.

If you’re trying to get your bettas or Crystal Red shrimp to breed, adding a few Indian almond leaves to the breeding tank can speed up the process!

What do Indian almond leaves do?

Indian Almond Leaves are commonly used for conditioning and care of Bettas. They are believed to aid the fish in a number of ways, they increase fertility, health, and vigour.

Reduce Ph in water, aid in the recovery of diseased or damaged fish and the tannin quickly colours the water.

What are almond leaves used for?

Indian almond leaves (IAL) have traditionally been used by Betta (Siamese Fighting Fish) breeders in South East Asia to mimic the natural Betta habitat.

They are believed to aid the fish in a number of ways, such as helping fighting fish heal after a battle and inducing spawning in breeding tanks.

Do Indian almond leaves lower PH?

When Indian Almond leaves are immersed in water, the tannins and humic substances are released, which can lower the pH of the water.

indian almond leaves

indian almond leaves

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Do Indian almond leaves lower PH?

If you want a natural solution to reduce the pH levels in your aquarium, Indian almond leaf helps to achieve just that. A study has also found that Indian almond leaves can significantly decrease water hardness (GH), which can benefit those who use hard water in their aquariums.

Is Talisay fruit edible?

The seed within the fruit is edible when fully ripe, tasting almost like almond. As the tree gets older, its crown becomes more flattened to form a spreading, vase shape.

I remember the old Visayan saying about sharing foods which says

Mabahin gani ang liso sa talisay na gamay kaayo ang pan pa kaha na sobra kadako

In English If the fruit of the talisay tree can be shared even it is too tiny how much more the size of the bread

 

What are Catappa leaves?

If you’re an aquarist, you’ve probably heard of Indian almond leaves (also known as Catappa leaves). These leaves of the Terminalia catappa tree are especially popular in the betta and shrimp hobby as a natural medicine and water conditioner.

indian almond leaves betta

What do Indian almond leaves do?
Indian Almond Leaves are commonly used for conditioning and care of Bettas. They are believed to aid the fish in a number of ways, they increase fertility, health, and vigour. Reduce Ph in water, aid in the recovery of diseased or damaged fish and the tannin quickly colours the water.

indian almond leaves aquarium

How do aquarists use Indian almond leaves?
Keep your Indian almond leaves in a dry place at room temperature until you wish to use them. …
If the tree may have been sprayed with pesticides or grows in a big city with lots of pollution, rinse the Indian almond leaves well in tap water before placing it in your tank.

indian almond leaves dried

In aquarium use, Indian almond leaves refer to the dried leaves of the Terminalia catappa tree – a tree that is native to Southeast Asia

Indian almond leaves are said to help combat fish diseases and prevent stress by … After drying them, they are ready for use in the aquarium.

Inducing Spawning If you want to breed some fries out of your betta couple, ketapang are a great tool for inducing spawning. Just like human beings, they work

1000 indian almond leaves

In case you didn’t know, we do not source dry catappa leaves from any supplier. … Every single leaf is inspected before they are ready for packing.

100 catappa indian almond leaves

aquatic arts indian almond leaves

Indian Almond Leaves are a popular treat for dwarf shrimp and aquatic snails. As a leaf decays in the water, it produces a large amount of biofilm

Aquarium Use – For Live Freshwater Shrimp, Snails, Fish (Betta, Otocinclus) Tank Health. Provides a great grazing spot for dwarf shrimp, snails, fish, and other surface-feeding animals.

using indian almond leaves after boiling

When you first add an Indian almond leaf to your tank, it will float on the surface. … Pre-soaking Indian almond leaves in fresh water (use a water conditioner!) will release some of the tannins, resulting in a weaker effect when you place it in your aquarium. The trick is to soak, not boil, your Indian almond leaf.

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tantora premium grade catappa indian almond leaves size medium

 

References:

1: ClinicalTrials.gov. A service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?intr=%22quercetin%22
2: Baek Nam-In; Kennelly E.J.; Kardono L.B.S.; Tsauri S.; Padmawinata K.; Soejarto D.D.; Kinghorn A.D., “Flavonoids and a proanthrocyanidin from rhizomes of Selliguea feei”. Phytochemistry, 1994, vol. 36, no2, pp. 513-518 (19 ref.)

3: Ute Nöthlings, Suzanne P. Murphy, Lynne R. Wilkens, Brian E. Henderson & Laurence N. Kolone. 2007. “Flavonols and Pancreatic Cancer Risk”. American Journal of Epidemiology 166 (8): 924–931.

how to care for guppy you need to know

how to care for guppy
how to care for guppy fry
how to care for guppy Guppies are perhaps the most popular type of freshwater fish to keep in an aquarium. Luckily, they are fairly easy to keep as well. Guppies are hardy fish that can adjust easily to minor fluctuations in water quality.
 
However, don’t allow these fluctuations to become common
practice, as they do cause some stress to the fish. The water temperature in an aquarium for guppies should be kept between
seventy two and eighty two degrees.
 
The P.H. level should be kept between 7.0 and 8.2. As you can see
these specifications are much more forgiving than those for certain
tropical or marine fish.
 
Guppies mature quickly and usually only grow to be about one and a half to two inches long. There small bodies and feathery fan like tails add a lot of interest to the tank. They are just fun to watch.
 
As with any type of aquarium, there are three basic components to caring for the fish. Diet is very important.
 
Guppies should be fed very small amounts as often as three times a day. Guppies will eat just about anything, but their main diet should consist of frozen or flake foods.
 
This should be especially regarded when there are baby guppies in
the tank, because guppies will eat their young. The next most
important feature to caring for any fish is appropriate water regulation.
 
The specific temperatures are listed above, but it is also important
to make frequent water changes. Usually every one to two weeks, depending on need.
 
If the water starts to smell or become cloudy, this is a good indication that it is time to change the water.
 
If water changes are made gradually, meaning change
approximately one third of the tank at a time, then there is little disruption made to the fish.
 
Last on the list for keeping fish healthy, is to keep them happy. Try to recreate their natural environment.
 
It is recommended to keep a variety of plants in the aquarium for guppies to seek refuge.
 
There should be about one to two inches of substrate in the bottom of the tank.
 
Colored rock or dead crushed coral make a nice addition to the aquarium, and may help to make the fish feel more at home.
 
A few varieties of guppies are the Fantail, Flagtail, Spadetail,
Deltatail and the Roundtail.
 
The names of all of these different types of guppies focus on the
tails because they are so remarkable and unique.
 
The tail itself is usually about one third of the size of the whole fish. It is possible to mix guppies with other varieties of fish.
 
However be careful when mixing because, guppies are targeted as
easy prey due to those fancy tails.
 
Guppies breed very quickly, usually about every three to four weeks. T
hey will interbreed amongst themselves, so the aquarium could
very quickly become filled with many different varieties of color.
 
It is very feasible to have an attractive aquarium without having any other fish at all.
If you don’t want the species to interbreed, simply keep them in separate tanks.
learn different types of guppies
how to care for guppy fry
It’s also important to keep the tank light on for 8-12 hours each day so the guppies’ spines will grow properly.
Feed the fry every 2-3 hours for the first 6 weeks, then decrease the feedings to every 4-5 hours.
Give them a mixture of high quality dry food and fresh food like brine shrimp, daphnia magna
How long does it take for guppy fry to grow?
about three months
Guppy fry are easy to keep, but their growth to maturity takes about three months and that can sound like a lot! They’re not hard to keep, but you need to make sure you provide good nutrition and conditions so they grow well.
how long are guppy fish in care for pregnant
22 to 26 days
Pregnant Guppy Stages and Gestation
Gestation may last from 21 to 30 days, although 22 to 26 days is average for most guppy pregnancies. A warmer tank – between 72 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit – is best for gestation and will keep the female from being pregnant too long.
how to care for early born guppy
It’s also important to keep the tank light on for 8-12 hours each day so the guppies’ spines will grow properly. Feed the fry every 2-3 hours for the first 6 weeks, then decrease the feedings to every 4-5 hours. Give them a mixture of high quality dry food and fresh food like brine shrimp.
Do guppies like light or dark?
Actually guppies sleep at night, when it’s dark. Their sleep cycle is not known, but it is obvious that they rest when lights are off. If you have a planted guppy tank, most likely you have lights on your aquarium, which have to be turned on and off every day.
how much money is it to take care of a guppy fish for one month
The fish themselves cost as little as $0.10 each at pet stores (or as much as $25 for fancy guppies), the flaked food they require is inexpensive, and if you pick up a used tank and filter, you’ll have your aquarium set up for hardly any cost at all. Guppies are incredibly easy to keep alive.
how to care for guppy grass
Does Guppy grass need light?
Najas Grass is commonly known as guppy grass for freshwater aquariums. It is easy to grow but likes light; the more light the brighter green it will be. … Guppy grass does not need Co2 to grow.
how to care for new guppy fry
It’s also important to keep the tank light on for 8-12 hours each day so the guppies’ spines will grow properly. Feed the fry every 2-3 hours for the first 6 weeks, then decrease the feedings to every 4-5 hours. Give them a mixture of high quality dry food and fresh food like brine shrimp.
what do i need to take care of a guppy fish
Part 1 Setting Up a Habitat
Choose an aquarium tank. Ideally, your tank will be 10 gallons (37.9 L) in volume. …
Dechlorinate the water in the tank. …
Keep the water between 75 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. …
Use a filtration system in your tank. …
Add plants and decorations to your tank. …
Light your tank.
What do you need to take care of guppies?
You can buy a dechlorinating chemical from your fish store to remove harmful chlorine from the tap water. Your Guppies will do best if you keep the water temperature between 24 and 30 degrees Celsius in the aquarium, and the pH between 6.8 and 7.6. Guppies should be fed once or twice a day.
What do guppies need in their tank?
To keep your guppies healthy, provide at least 1 gallon of water for each guppy so the tank is not overcrowded. … Then, feed your guppies high-quality tropical fish flakes 1-2 times a day, and feed them live food, like earthworms, once a week instead of fish flakes to supplement their diet.
kid brought a guppy home from school how to care for it
How do you keep guppies from dying?
The lack of oxygen in the water can also cause guppies to die. Putting too cold or too warm water in your aquarium will cause death to your guppy fish. Tap water contains chlorine, which is deadly to guppy fish. Though using tap water for your fish tank is find, but need to be treated before adding it to your aquarium.
how to take care of a blonde delta guppy
Steps
Choose an aquarium tank. Ideally, your tank will be 10 gallons (37.9 L) in volume. …
Dechlorinate the water in the tank. …
Keep the water between 75 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. …
Use a filtration system in your tank. …
Add plants and decorations to your tank. …
Light your tank.
how long do fancy fancy guppy care
How long do fancy guppies live?
2 to 5 years
A disease-free guppy can live anywhere between 2 to 5 years. A number of factors may contribute to a guppy living beyond two years. Not having guppies of opposite sex in the same tank is the most important one. It is seen that reproducing reduces the life span of not only female but also male guppies
how to take care of pregnant guppy
How long is a guppy fish pregnant?
Gestation may last from 21 to 30 days, although 22 to 26 days is average for most guppy pregnancies. A warmer tank – between 72 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit – is best for gestation and will keep the female from being pregnant too long.
halfmoon dragon guppy basic care
Are guppy fish easy to care for?
Keep two or three female guppies for every one male guppy.
You will want to keep multiple guppies in your tank, because they are social fish who enjoy being in groups. … Guppies give birth to live fry rather than laying eggs, so if your guppies breed, you will see their babies right as they are born.

how to clean acrylic aquarium

how to clean acrylic aquarium

how to clean acrylic aquarium

how to clean acrylic aquarium


The practice of keeping aquariums came about in the late 1800’s. They were fairly crude.

Usually these ancient aquariums only had one side that was made
of glass, with the other three sides being made of metal or wood.

Most aquariums consisted of fish that were native to the region of
its owner simply because of availability.

Also most old school fish tanks contained only fresh water fish. The reason being

The practice of keeping aquariums came about in the late 1800’s. They were fairly crude.

Usually these ancient aquariums only had one side that was made
of glass, with the other three sides being made of metal or wood.

Most aquariums consisted of fish that were native to the region of
its owner simply because of availability.

Also most old school fish tanks contained only fresh water fish.

The reason being that salt water would corrode the metal frame
that held the aquarium together.

Aquariums drastically changed in the 1960’s with the invention of silicone adhesive.

Metal frames became obsolete and more people started to keep
salt water fish and invertebrates.

More recently glass tanks have become less frequently used due to
the flexibility of acrylic.

Literally flexibility! Acrylic aquariums are far more for forgiving than there glass counterparts.

If a heavy object strikes a glass tank, it will almost certainly break. The flexibility of an acrylic tank will prevent this catastrophe from happening.

In addition, acrylic offers more flexibility in design than glass.

Acrylic aquariums have been made into everything from coffee
tables to gum ball machines.

That being said, there is a short downfall to owning an acrylic aquarium.

They do scratch more easily than glass. When cleaning your
aquarium, be careful not to use paper towels, and harsh or abrasive
chemicals, as they can scratch the acrylic surface of the aquarium.

Always use a cleaner specifically labeled safe for acrylic. Use plastic or rubber scrubbers, rather than metal to clean the sides of an acrylic tank.

Be careful not to accidentally pick up a piece of substrate or gravel while cleaning the inside of the tank. However, if you do happen to scratch an acrylic aquarium, all is not lost.

The tank can be repaired, unlike glass. There are acrylic repair kits
available at specialty pet stores, your local hardware store and of course online.

When purchasing an acrylic aquarium kit, there will be many
different options to choose from, at many different price points.

Aquarium kits can be purchased at places such as specialty aquatic
pet stores, from huge retail chains, or again online.

A fish lover can choose from small cylinder shaped tanks that can
double as a coffee table lamp to wall huge wall sized aquariums.

While, there are some basic things that will be included in most
kits, such as, a filter, some substrate or coral and sometimes
lighting, the kits themselves can vary greatly.

It really doesn’t matter where you buy your starter kit, but keep in
mind that it is extremely important to buy your fish from a reputable dealer.

Don’t buy fish that are hovering near the surface, or that are located in a tank with other dead fish.

Fish diseases are extremely communicable. Be weary of a fish dealer that refuses to catch a specific fish out of the tank for you. After all this is going to be your fish and you have a right to choose.

here are some ways on how to clean acrylic aquarium

how to remove scratches from acrylic aquarium

  1. Empty the tank of fish and water.
  2. Sand in one direction only with 120 or 220 grit wet/dry sandpaper for deep grooves, 320 grit for scratches that can be felt with a fingernail, 1800 or 400 grit for fine scratches, 2400 or 3200 for light scuff marks, or 4000 or 6000 grit for very fine scratches.

 

how to clean acrylic aquarium without scratching

Use plastic scraper as mentioned before. I also would be very careful with acrylic specific magnet scrubbers, one piece of sand in between the magnets is all it takes to get a scratch.

The Magic Erasers are amazing and I’ve switched to using them in all my freshwater and saltwater tanks, either acrylic or glass. It does an amazing job and doesn’t cost very much. They last quite awhile and you can even slice them into smaller, thinner pieces to stretch it out longer. You usually have to slice them up to get a good hold on the magnet if used that way anyways. Depends on the strength of your magnet. I just use my hands and manually scrub in my nano tanks.

how to repair cracked acrylic aquarium

Aquarium cracks, chips or leaks happen more often to glass aquariums rather than acrylic aquariums. Acrylic aquariums are often advertised as lightweight and crack and leak resistant. They cost more than glass aquariums as they offer benefits that glass aquariums can’t offer. Acrylic aquariums have more clarity than glass, are lightweight and are stronger. If you do experience a leak or crack in an acrylic aquarium, there are ways it can be fixed.

Choose which type of acrylic glue you need. There are two different kinds of acrylic glue, one being a thin liquid glue and the other a thick glue. A popular brand for acrylic tank repair is WeldOn. You can find this at a pet store and at some hardware stores.

Empty your tank of all fish, water and gravel so that is is completely empty. Move the tank outside so you can use a water hose to remove any sand, gravel or buildup that remains in your tank so it can be as clean as possible.

Use a towel to dry your tank thoroughly and allow it to air dry so all seams and areas can dry completely. Bring the tank back inside and prepare an area to work in. Protect your table by covering it with newspaper or plastic.

continue reading here https://animals.mom.me/how-to-repair-an-acrylic-aquarium-leak-12327811.html

What is the best way to clean acrylic?

Blow dirt or dust off the window.
Use clear water to clean lightly soiled acrylic.
Use a non-abrasive cleaner on dirtier windows.
Blot the surface dry.
Remove scratches using car wax.
Scrape the surface.
Sand the surface.

Can you use vinegar to clean a fish tank?

Vinegar is excellent for removing hard water stains, and salt will clean out a tank nicely. Use lots of salt, don’t be shy, and scrub it around there vigorously. Rinse very thoroughly and there you have it, a clean tank

Can you use baking soda to clean a fish tank?

Baking soda works two ways to clean an aquarium. If you soak a dirty aquarium with a baking soda solution, it will break down dirt and greasy substances clinging to the surfaces. On a damp sponge, baking soda is abrasive enough to remove grime and stubborn algae clinging to glass but is gentle enough not to scratch.

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aquarium aeration essential factor to aquarium fish

aquarium aeration

aquarium aeration Properly aerating your aquarium allows your fish to breathe
properly, which is essential for good health.

The devices most commonly used to increase aeration in fish tanks
are filters, power heads, air stones, and aerating decorations.

Use whatever combination you like to provide your fish with the oxygen they require.

As we all know rivers and lakes are the natural habits for fish and other marines.

Rivers and lakes have large surface area which makes maximum
provision of oxygen for fish survival possible.

On the other hand aquarium is not like river or lake, it has a smaller
surface area and there is limited movement of habitats.

As we all know rivers and lakes are the natural habits for fish and other marines.

Rivers and lakes have large surface area which makes maximum
provision of oxygen for fish survival possible.

On the other hand aquarium is not like river or lake, it has a smaller
surface area and there is limited movement of habitats.

This makes provision of alternative means of oxygen for fish to breathe important.

This artificial process of providing oxygen is called aeration. It’s a simple process of re-oxygenating the water in aquarium tank.

The Aerating System:

This is the series of material that increases the supply of air
(thereby increasing oxygen concentration) they are:
the air pump
t-pieces
rubber tubing
clamp or regulator
diffusers or airstone

Air pumps come in different shapes and sizes but the most popular
ones are tecax air pump from Taiwan together with ‘dyna free, and
the dragon’ another popular one is super 555 from India though cheaper, but not as rugged.

Occasionally available are the more expensive whisper and rens air
pumps from Uk and rance respectively.

Always place air pumps above the water level hooked to a non-vibrating material.

You can accomplish aeration in your aquarium tank by using the
above listed aeration materials.

This materials form aquarium aeration system. For small tanks all you need is to attach simple aquarium air pump to airstone by means of rubber air tube.

The system will be blowing air into the water which cause motion
in aquarium tank and thus provide necessary oxygen your fish
needs to breathe in aquarium.

Are bubbles necessary in an aquarium?

Dissolved oxygen is very, very important to fish, to bacteria, and even to plants at night.

Plants and algae need oxygen at night. So air pumps are relatively inexpensive.

Depending on the needs of the aquarium fine bubbles will give you
a little bit more surface area, and that’s going to give you more oxygen.

Can you aerate an aquarium too much?

And in aquariums, certain types of filters help aerate the water as well.

These include hang-on-back filters and trickle filters. … Too much
oxygen in water can lead to the potentially lethal gas bubble
disease, in which gas comes out of solution inside the fish, creating bubbles in its skin and around its eyes.

How do aquarium air stones work?

The air stone will increase the water circulation more than an
undiffused air feed into the tank from an air pump, and the
bubbles themselves will also increase the surface area of the water
more, but the real benefit from an air stone as far as oxygenation goes is just the increase in circulation.

Do aquarium filters aerate water?

The surface tension of the water must be broken for sufficient gas exchange.

Fortunately, creating surface agitation is easily done with aeration,
or pumping air into the water so that it forms bubbles.

These air-lift filters use this technique to pull water through their
filter media and thus clean the entire tank.

Do fishes need oxygen?

Fish need oxygen too, but since they don t have lungs, they take oxygen from the water in which they live.

The oxygen in the water available to fish is called dissolved oxygen
(oxygen that is dissolved in the water).

Fish use gills to take oxygen from water just as we use our lungs to take oxygen from the air.

Does goldfish need air pump?

Do goldfish need an air pump? New goldfish keepers often see air
pumps in goldfish tanks and assume that they are strictly required
and that the fish will suffocate without one.

You may be surprised to hear that all of those bubbles from the air
pump don’t actually add much oxygen to the water at all.

Are air stones good for aquariums?

Because they use such a high temperature when sintering, these
stones are really durable and dissolve oxygen at a high rate.

Plus, they put out a lot of tiny bubbles instead of a small number of large ones which most fish and plants prefer.

They’re great for fish aquariums as well as hydroponics.

Is an air stone necessary in an aquarium?

One of the most common misconceptions in the aquarium hobby,
possibly second only to “fish will not outgrow their aquarium”, is
that you need an air pump and air stones to provide sufficiently
oxygenation to that tank to keep the fish healthy, and that the air pump provides oxygen to the water.

How do you know if your fish is getting enough oxygen?

That is perfectly normal behavior, and the fish will not remain on
the surface taking breath after breath.

When fish go to the surface of the water for oxygen, they will gasp repeatedly, often with a wide open mouth. If all of the fish are gasping at the top, the problem is critical and swift action should be taken

Why are my fish at the top of the tank gasping for air?

What should I do if my fish are gasping? The water surface contains
the highest levels of dissolved oxygen, so when fish can’t get enough they’ll rise to the top and gasp.

However, the cause of that gasping could be due to several factors. The warmer the water gets, the less oxygen it holds

Do I need an air pump in a planted aquarium?

Do You Need Air Pumps in Planted Aquariums? All that an air
pump does is create a surface current and add oxygen to your
aquarium near the top where the water gets disturbed from the breaking bubbles.

This can also be achieved by using power heads at each end of your aquarium or just on one side.

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aquarium surface agitation

At the surface level of an aquarium, water and air undergo a natural exchange of gases.  Fortunately, creating surface agitation is easily done with aeration, or pumping air into the water so that it forms bubbles. The bubbles rise to the surface and burst, thus breaking the surface tension.

What does agitated water mean?
agitation. … The verb agitation comes from the Latin word agitare, meaning “move to and fro.” Agitation can happen whenever something is physically moved around, like stirring flour, eggs and milk to make pancake batter.

Can you over aerate fish tank?
And in aquariums, certain types of filters help aerate the water as well. These include hang-on-back filters and trickle filters. Too much oxygen in water can lead to the potentially lethal gas bubble disease, in which gas comes out of solution inside the fish, creating bubbles in its skin and around its eyes.

Can you turn off a fish tank pump at night?
The filter is separate from the air pump, so is it okay to turn off overnight? Thanks! If you do they it’s best not to turn off the pump at night. The plants start to consume the oxygen in a tank at night, and without the agitation at the surface then the plants may starve the water of oxygen.

how to aerate a fish tank without a pump

One of the easiest ways to aerate the water in your aquarium without a pump is to use a pitcher or cup. Simply fill a pitcher or cup with the aquarium water, lift it up nice and high, and pour the water back in. The water will pick up oxygen on the way down to the tank, thus inserting oxygen right into the water.

aquarium air stone benefits

The benefits of added oxygen
As an aquarium air stone releases bubbles, it helps keep the water from becoming stagnant or even toxic. Waste matter in a fish tank easily gets out of control in some situations, such as overfeeding or keeping too many fish in a small aquarium.

do fish need air bubbles

An air pump simply bubbles air through your tank. Air pumps serve two purposes. First, they insure that your tank maintains an adequate concentration of oxygen. An air pump is NOT required for this purpose, as long as your tank maintains adequate water movement together with surface agitation.

10 Amazing fish that can live in a bowl

fish that can live in a bowl

Here is a list of best fish that can live in a bowl without a filter.

But personally, for me, I don’t recommend this bowl and small aquariums are troublesome to maintain you will need to frequently clean it since it can only hold small water and easily get dirty.

fish that can live in bowl

The proper ratio of a fish and space is 1 inch is to 10 gallons. so you need to just keep small species of fish for them to survive in a small space like a fishbowl.

Bettas are excellent also for this type of environment since bettas can breathe in the atmosphere.

How does the labyrinth organ work?

This organ allows labyrinth fish to take in oxygen directly from the air, instead of taking it from the water in which they reside through the use of gills. The labyrinth organ helps the inhaled oxygen to be absorbed into the bloodstream.

Anabantoidei – Wikipedia

 

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anabantoidei
Why choose hardy fish to keep in a fishbowl?
Fishbowl water deteriorate quickly since it’s small only and the fish can consume the dissolved oxygen in the water fast, so you need to choose hardy fish to keep in a fishbowl
You need frequent water changes for fishbowl that is why its troublesome you need to prepare water that is already stuck in a container for water replacement to lessen fish stress in sudden water changes and chemistry

Why choose Small fish? fish that can live in a bowl

I think this is pretty self-explanatory but small fish require less space and water since as what I said the proper ration is 1 inch of fish equivalent to 10 gallons of water.

Some nano species of fish like Scarlet Badis may be good options for bowls.

Scarlet Badis Overview
The Scarlet Badis (Dario dario) is a colorful, peaceful, fish from the Badidae family. It is also known as the Scarlet Gem Badis, and is one of the most underrated species of freshwater fish.

It was previously known as Badis bengalensis or Badis bengalensis. However these two names were the result of a wrong description which appeared in a fishkeeping magazine in 1999.

Even though this fish is becoming increasingly popular in the aquarium trade, there is still lots we don’t know about this fish. It remains one of the least studied Percoid fish.

The circle of life for this fish is quite brutal. You might find them dead without any apparent cause. Often, at the end of their life they will likely show bright coloration as the male tries to reproduce before it dies.

However with proper care and a good balanced diet, the Scarlet Badis will add bright colors to your aquarium for at least 3-4 years.

Remember, they don’t like polluted waters, so keeping the aquarium clean is an absolute must.

Here is the 10 list of fish that can live in a bowl

  1. Betta fish rosetail bettaThe Siamese fighting fish, or betta, is a vibrantly-colored fish often seen swimming solo in brandy sniffers and ornamental vases in both the office and home. learn betta fish care

  2. Guppies Full Red MoscowThe guppy, also known as millionfish and rainbow fish, is one of the world’s most widely distributed tropical fish, and one of the most popular freshwater aquarium fish species. It is a member of the family Poeciliidae and, like almost all American members of the family, is live-bearing. learn more about different types of guppies 
  3. White Cloud MinnowsWhite Cloud Mountain Minnows are small, colorful fish, once termed the working man’s Neon because they compared to Neon Tetras in color
  4. Blind Cave Tetras The Blind Cave Tetra is a very interesting fish from the physical point of view. It gets its name from its lack of eyes, a feature that makes it special.

  5. Salt and Pepper Corydoras.-The salt and pepper catfish is a tropical freshwater fish belonging to the Corydoradinae sub-family of the family Callichthyidae. It originates in inland waters in South America, and is found in the Upper Orinoco River basin in Venezuela and Colombia
  6. Zebra Danios- The zebrafish is a freshwater fish belonging to the minnow family of the order Cypriniformes. Native to South Asia, it is a popular aquarium fish, frequently sold under the trade name zebra danio.
  7.  Ember Tetra- The ember tetra is a freshwater fish of the characin family of order Characiformes. It is native to the Araguaia River basin of Brazil and was discovered in 1987 and named in honor of the fish explorer Heiko Bleher’s mother

  8. Pea Pufferfish- The dwarf pufferfish, also known as the Malabar pufferfish, pea pufferfish or pygmy pufferfish, is a small, freshwater pufferfish endemic to Kerala and southern Karnataka in Southwest India. It is threatened by overfishing for the aquarium trade, and by habitat loss.
  9. Six-ray Corydoras- The sixray corydoras or false corydoras is a tropical freshwater fish belonging to the Corydoradinae sub-family of the family Callichthyidae. It originates in inland waters in South America, and is found in the upper Araguaia River basin in Brazil. The fish will grow in length up to 2.9 centimetres.
  10. Scarlet Badis –The scarlet badis is a tropical freshwater fish and one of the smallest known percoid fish species. It is a micropredator, feeding on small aquatic crustaceans, worms, insect larvae and other zooplankton. It is sold under a variety of names in the aquarium trade.

Here is a list of fish that can live in a bowl-related questions People also ask

Which fish can survive in a bowl?

Betta. Bettas, sometimes called Siamese fighting fish, are one of the most common tropical fish kept in bowls. Although they can survive in them, a bowl is not ideal for their health. They get their nickname because males will fight to the death if they are left in a tank together

What is the easiest fish to take care of?

Neon Tetra. Swarm of Neon Tetras. …
Guppies. This colorful and lively fish is able to adapt to a variety of water conditions which is one of the reasons they are so popular. …
Oscar. …
Mollies. …
Zebra Danios. …
Platies. …
Cherry Barb. …
Pearl Gourami.

Is it bad to keep fish in a bowl?

Ironically, fish bowls are not suitable homes for aquarium fish, whether they’re goldfish or bettas or any other animal. … The higher the ratio, the more oxygen will dissolve into the water, allowing the fish to breathe more easily.

What fish can live without a filter?

None. You may be able to keep the fish alive, but they won’t thrive. Without a filter, the ammonia produced by fish waste stays in the water, and it toxic to fish. It’s true that bettas breath from air, but they are still burned by ammonia.

Is keeping fish cruel?

So, no. They aren’t cruel, unless the keeper is cruel, by society’s definition. Just Like has been said many times as long as you take care of your fishes water, fish compatibility, proper tank size and don’t starve them i dont think its cruel at all.

3 gallon glass bowl

3 gallon glass bowl

3 Gallon Plastic Fish Bowl. If you’re looking for an inexpensive goldfish bowl that is large enough to hold a good bit of water

fish cat bowl

fish that can live in a bowl

small decorative fish bowls

glass fish bowl decoration ideas, decorative fish bowl plants – Pinterest


glass fish bowl decoration ideas, decorative fish bowl plants Do you have a small glass fish bowls? browse our Cool tips and gallery of decorative fish bowl

What fish can live in a small fish bowl?
Betta. Bettas, sometimes called Siamese fighting fish, are one of the most common tropical fish kept in bowls. Although they can survive in them, a bowl is not ideal for their health. They get their nickname because males will fight to the death if they are left in a tank together.

How do I start a small fish bowl?
How to Set up a Fish Bowl
By Josh Day.
Obtain your bowl or vase. …
Try to gather some cultured gravel. …
Plant your base with some forgiving, easy aquatic plants. …
Fill with dechlorinated water. …
Add fish. …
Feed fish a small amount of food every day. …
Change out a cup of water every day, or every other day.

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simple guide to aquarium filtration

simple guide to aquarium filtration filtration methods

simple guide to aquarium filtration

To have poison free aquarium water, filtration process is a
very important to aquarist.

Since most aquarists are aware of the fact that their aquarium water
accumulates harmful substances, which poison their fishes.

To prevent this from happening there is need for filtration here’s the simple guide to aquarium filtration thus, for our purpose I would define filtration as the removal of unwanted substances from water.

To have poison free aquarium water, the filtration process is a
very important to aquarist.

Since most aquarists are aware of the fact that their aquarium water
accumulates harmful substances, which poison their fishes.

To prevent this from happening there is need for filtration
thus, for our purpose I would define filtration as the removal
of unwanted substances from water.

Most aquarist uses three types: Biological, mechanical, and
chemical amongst which the biological is the most important.

Biological filtration is also referred to as undergravel filtration,
because the major equipment used (a flat plate of perforated
plastic) is placed under the gravel bed hence it is invisible.

Unless you are properly equipped, you can’t see the process
happening and cannot measure its effect.

Yet this process is the major difference between success and failure,
and the aquarist who does not take the time to understand it
workings is doomed to watch an endless procession of dying fishes
passing through his tank.

Biological filtration is solely the work of bacteria attached to the
surfaces of the gravel, the grave and the under grave filter together
constitute the filter bed.

Bacteria normally reach the filter bed through the food you give the fishes.

The waste product of the fishes, the air, and even through your hands as you works in the tank.

As the water ages, their numbers increase until the gravel is loaded with millions of them.

It is only then that the aquarium can function very well, because
the wastes of the fishes and unwanted substances mainly ammonia
are immediately broken down by those bacteria into harmless
substances while at the same time the filtration action drags organic
matter downwards into the spaces between the gravel’s where the
roots of plants can then extract essential growth substances hence
the undergravel filter promotes healthy plants growth.

Mechanical filtration is the physical removal of debris, waste
products, uneaten food, dead fish or plants.

They use a filter medium such as foam, filter wool or sand/gravel
to trap particles which are removed by later cleaning of the medium.

Chemical filtration changes the composition of some substances in the aquarium.

Ammonia absorbers, such as Ammogon tm help prevent problems
when water aging is done chemically (treatment with chloramines releases free ammonia).

Other “chemical” filtration includes ion exchangers which reduce either carbonate or sulphur hardness.

simple guide to aquarium filtration An effective aquarium filtration system not only removes waste products from the water by physical or chemical means, but also mirrors the process of biological filtration—the nitrogen
cycle—that occurs in the wild. Filtration goes hand in hand
with aeration, in which water is circulated so that it can absorb
oxygen from the air and lose unwanted carbon dioxide.

In the confines of an aquarium, thewaste produced by the fish can
quicklybuild up to harmful levels without aneffective filtration system.

Filtration involves passing the water in the aquarium through one
or several filtration media, which purify the water by biological,
chemical, or mechanical means (see box, below).

There are two basic methods of driving water through the media:
using an electric pump, or using an airlift system, in which air
bubbled into the tank through an airstone draws water up an airlift tube.

FILTRATION TIPS

  • Add zeolite sachets to remove ammonia from the water, and a
    starter seed culture of bacteria for the biological filter.
  • Be careful not to overfeed the fish and burden the filter with decomposing food.
  • Test the water quality regularly to check the filter’s efficiency;
    frequent partial water changes will ease the pressure on the filtration system.

simple guide to aquarium filtration

simple guide to aquarium filtration filtration methods

The most common type of system for freshwater aquariums—
the undergravel filter—is a simple airlift system.

A perforated corrugated or ridged plate is placed on the base of the
tank, and then covered by a substrate of gravel.

The plate allows water to flow under the gravel, while the gravel
particles— which should be at least 1⁄8 in (3 mm) in diameter to
ensure good water movement—form the biological filter medium.

Power filters use an electric pump to drive water through the filtration media.

There are two basic types: internal power filters, which sit inside
the tank, and external filters, which are housed outside the
aquarium and are generally used for larger aquariums.

A range of different media are available for power filters: biological
media, such as foam sponge and ceramic granules; mechanical
media, such as filter wool; and chemical filtration media, such as carbon.

The most efficient filters use layers of different media in combination. It is often

possible to add extra materials—for example, peat or
coral sand—to this type of filter to alter the water chemistry.

Efficient aeration is vital for the maintenance of a healthy
tank, providing a source of oxygen not only for the fish, but
also for the beneficial bacteria within the biological filter.

Using an air pump to pump air through an airstone can help to
aerate the tank: the bubbles produced cause surface ripples that
increase the area exposed to the air where oxygen exchange can take place.

But, if there is enough surface movement generated by the
outflow of the filtration system, an extra air pump may not be needed.

external filter system

 

External power filters work on the same principle as other systems:
water is pumped out of the aquarium and passes through the filter
unit, which contains one or several types of media, before being returned to the tank.

simple guide to aquarium filtration power head filter

A powerhead, shown above, is a pump that can be added
to the airlift tube of an under gravel filter to draw water more strongly through the system.

Installing a powerhead also improves the aeration provided by an
under gravel filter.

simple guide to aquarium filtration

airlift pump filter

What are the 3 types of filtration?

There are three types of filtration that are necessary for the health of any aquarium:

  1. Mechanical.
  2. Chemical.
  3. Biological.

What are the best filters for fish tanks?

  • Penn Plax Cascade Canister Aquarium Filter. …
  • Fluval External Fish Tank Filter. …
  • Marineland Magniflow Canister. …
  • EHEIM Classic External Canister Fish Tank Filter Media. …
  • Penn Plax Cascade Canister Aquarium Filter Cascade® 1000. …
  • AquaClear Power Filter – 110 V. …
  • Fluval Fx6 Aquarium Canister Filter.

Can I use 2 filters in my aquarium?

However, if you were to use these same two aquarium filters on a 180 gallon fish tank, you should be able to provide enough biological filtration for that 180 gallon aquarium. The filtration capacity increases with multiple filters, but only if the water volume also increases

How does filter work in aquarium?

The purpose of the filter on your aquarium is to remove excess food, decaying organic matter, free-floating particulate, dangerous chemicals, and the fish’s waste products from the water. The fish excrete waste constantly as they swim around in the water.

Is chemical filtration necessary?

A healthy tank DOES NOT require the use of chemical filters as activated carbon. One point about filtration cannot me made enough. ALL FISH TANKS MUST HAVE BIOLOGICAL FILTRATION. Although chemical filtration can remove ammonia under limited circumstances, they are NOT a general solution.

How is filtration useful?

Filtration, the process in which solid particles in a liquid or gaseous fluid are removed by the use of a filter medium that permits the fluid to pass through but retains the solid particles. … In some processes used in the production of chemicals, both the fluid filtrate and the solid filter cake are recovered.

Why do we use filtration?

Filtration is extremely important to keep things like water, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals clean, pure and free of contaminants. If it wasn’t for filtration, we might not have safe drinking water, because it plays a crucial role in eliminating sediment, sand, gravel, carbon and other suspended particles. Safety.

Does a fish tank filter always need to be on?

An aquarium filter should filter all the water in the tank through it at least three times per hour. If it does not, it is too small. … You cannot over-filter, but you can definitely under-filter, and the results can be harmful to your fish.

Which filter is best for planted aquarium?

Some Of The Best Filters For A Planted Tank
Fluval C4 Power Filter. The Fluval C4 Power Filter is an HOB filter that will work well on planted tanks up to 50 gallons in size. …
Eheim Classic Canister Filter. …
AquaClear Power Filter. …
Hydor Professional External Canister Filter. …
Penn Plax Cascade Canister Aquarium Filter.

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How often should you change fish tank filter?
The cartridge should be changed at least once a month. Or when you see a noticeable decrease in water flow.

Do aquarium filters need to be on all the time?
An aquarium filter should filter all the water in the tank through it at least three times per hour. If it does not, it is too small. … You cannot over-filter, but you can definitely under-filter, and the results can be harmful to your fish.

Why is my fish tank filter not pumping water? How do I fix it?

If there are no bubbles, the filter may not be working. Therefore, repair or replace the filter. The most likely cause is that the air pipes of the filter are disconnected or blocked or the air pump has broken down (See Q1). … If the filter and pump is working and the tank is still cloudy, then the water is contaminated.

What are the pros and cons of undergravel aquarium filters?

Power filters easily clip onto the back of your aquarium, whereas undergravel filters require you to take out

And Undergravel Filter Downsides:

1.UGFs are Hard to Maintain, Especially Long-Term

‘They’re like sweeping your dog/cat poo under the rug’, bad visual, but accurate to some extent. Unless you’re careful about regularly vacuuming your substrate, moving the decor about, and the occasional complete or nearly complete tear down, ‘gunk’ (a polite term) does tend to accumulate in the gravel and particularly under the plates of UG filters.

In fairness, all types of filtration have their respective maintenance and up-keep issues’¦ and if folks are careful enough to not overfeed, overcrowd, ignore their regular maintenance, undergravel filters can be run safely for years and years.

2. UGFs Can’t Be Used With Diggers

Eartheating Juraparoids and many other Neotropical cichlids, ‘engineering’ gobies of many sorts in marine systems, and many other animals that burrow extensively can create ‘channeling’ problems with undergravel filters, digging out the substrate, allowing water to easily pass though their tunnels, while dropping circulation through the rest of the filter ‘bed’ (the substrate) to dangerous anaerobic levels’¦ with these choices in livestock, you’re well-advised to at least use other types of filtration IN ADDITION to your undergravel plates.

3. UGFs Can Produce Noxious Gases–Creating Dead Zones

Most everyone who’s been in the hobby long enough can relate an incident of ‘rotten egg’ smell (Hydrogen Sulfide) wipe-out in an aquarium serviced with undergravel filtration. These instances are almost all matters of inadequate maintenance, where the aquarist neglected regular maintenance, fed too much of inappropriate foods, had too much bio-load’¦ reminds me of folks getting defibrillated for myocardial infarctions (heart attacks), ‘If you would have stuck with your 12 point maintenance program we wouldn’t have to jump start you.’ Honestly, if you’re marginally diligent in gravel vacuuming/water changing, stirring your gravel’¦ and other simple aspects of proper aquarium husbandry, stinky UGF wipe-out/dead zones are highly unlikely.

4. With UGF Use Fishes Can Get Trapped Under The Plates

‘Where’d my Clown, Kuhli Loaches, Gobies, Blennies’¦. go?’ ‘Let’s see, there not carpet jerky’¦ I bet it’s that darned cat!’ There are a host of fish species (and some invertebrates) that delight in hiding out under UG filter plates’¦ the good news is that most all of them are just as facile at coming back out’¦ If you’re missing some livestock and suspect that it’s ensconced under your UGF don’t panic, don’t tear the tank apart’¦ very likely your aquatic charges will re-emerge on their own’¦ when they’re hungry.

At least with undergravel use you have less chance of your livestock ‘jumping out’ through extra and larger openings made to fit hoses and attachments, necessary with other types of filter use.

5.Undergravel Filters May Present A Problem With Plants

Many rooted plants (as opposed to floating or surface types) have difficulties with too much water circulation as produced with undergravel filter use’¦ growing slowly or not at all due to the aerobic changes that such gear induces. Is this a big problem? Not at all! Swordplants, Crypts, Vallisnerias, Sagittarias et al. can be easily ‘blind potted’ in trays, clay pots and such or an area left open (sans an undergravel plate) for their planting’¦ or a section/plate of impervious (likely plastic) sheet inserted over the undergravel plate where you want to put them. So there!

Cloze:

Okay, so I’m an old timer who still likes, can see applications for undergravel filters in modern aquarium keeping’¦ Though they do have their attendant downsides, given regular upkeep, a practical understanding of their potential troubles, mis-applications UGFs can be at least useful adjuncts to other types of filtration. They do work!

Further Reading: http://www.wetwebmedia.com/FWSubWebIndex/ug5proscons.htm

common pleco Complete Guide: Species, Care, Tank Requirements

Black Hi-Fin Pleco L108

Plecostomus, or Plecos, are a group of armored catfish that belong to the Loricariidae family.

They are by far the most popular catfish amongst fish keepers and in total there are well over 150 species.

The most in demand member of this family is called the Common Pleco and can grow up to 24 inches long.

The common pleco (Hypostomus plecostomus), also known as the sucker fish, is a staple of the aquarium hobby, and is easily one of the most popular fish available.

Tiger Clown Pleco
Tiger Clown Pleco L066

Tiger Clown Pleco L066

ORIGINS South America, where it is found in Brazil’s
Rio Xingu.
SIZE 8 in (20 cm).
DIET Omnivorous.
WATER Temperature 73–82°F (23–28°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0).
TEMPERAMENT Territorial when mature.

 

A delicate patterning of white stripes on a black background distinguishes the Tiger Clown Pleco.

These markings are highly variable, allowing individuals to be recognized easily.

Females lack the spines on the pectoral and dorsal fins, and have a broader body shape.

Tiger Clown Plecos are most active after dark, and eat a wide variety of foods.
Shelled peas, either fresh or thawed, are a valuable source of vegetable matter, as are cucumber slices.

Butterfly Peckoltia L052
Butterfly Peckoltia L052

Butterfly Peckoltia L052

ORIGINS South America, occurring in parts of the
Orinoco basin.
SIZE 5 in (12.5 cm).
DIET Omnivorous.
WATER Temperature 73–82°F (23–28°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0).
TEMPERAMENT Territorial.

The coloration of these catfish, which can vary widely, is partly dependent on their background.

Their patterning of alternating light and dark patches (seen in the example below) disappears rapidly if the fish are transferred to a tank with a dark substrate, and may also be affected by the lighting.

Pairs spawn in the relative safety of a cave, with the female laying up to 120 eggs.

These may take ten days to hatch, by which time the fry have used up virtually all of their yolk sacs.

The young of this species can be reared on brine shrimp

Zebra Pleco L106

Hypancistrus zebra

Zebra Pleco L106

ORIGINS South America, where it is confined to the Rio
Xingu in Brazil.
SIZE 31⁄4 in (8 cm).
DIET Relatively carnivorous.
WATER Temperature 79–86°F (26–30°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and neutral (pH 7.0).
TEMPERAMENT Placid.

The straight black bands across its body separate this catfish from the wavy-lined form, known as L098.

Males have wider heads than females, when seen from above, and the first ray of the pectoral fin is broader.

Include sand, rocks, and bogwood in the tank to mimic this pleco’s natural habitat.

The water must be well-filtered and well-oxygenated to encourage spawning, which occurs in a cave.

The eggs are laid in batches, and hatch in about a week.

Gold-Spotted Pleco L014
Gold-Spotted Pleco L014

Gold-Spotted Pleco L014

ORIGINS South America, where it appears to occur only
in Brazil’s Rio Xingu.
SIZE 12 in (30 cm).
DIET Catfish pellets and livefoods.
WATER Temperature 77–84°F (25–29°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic to neutral (pH 6.0–7.0).
TEMPERAMENT Territorial when mature.

The coloration of burnished gold on the fins and contrasting yellower spots on the body is much brighter in young Gold-Spotted Plecos than in adults.

Males have a broader first ray on the pectoral fin, and a slightly bristly appearance on their heads.

At present, no breeding records exist for these catfish, which were only officially described in 1994.

They require well-filtered, moving water in their tank, with rocks and a sandy base to mimic their natural habitat.

Gold-Spotted Plecos are not particularly difficult to keep, despite their large size, but they do become more aggressive as they grow larger.

They feed near the substrate, and can be persuaded to take catfish pellets and livefoods.

If there are retreats in the tank, it is important that uneaten food does not accumulate in them, since it will decrease the water quality and harm the fish.

RASPING SUCKERMOUTHS
RASPING SUCKERMOUTHS

RASPING SUCKERMOUTHS

Loricariids are sometimes called suckermouth catfish because of their powerful mouthparts, which allow them to anchor onto rockwork and submerged wood even when faced with a strong current.

Many species also appear to need bogwood, which they eat, rasping off fragments with their teeth.

If kept without bogwood, these catfish are unlikely to thrive. Aside from keeping their teeth in check, the bogwood may also aid the digestive process, perhaps by providing additional nutrients for the beneficial microbes in the fish’s digestive tract, which help to break down plant matter

Hypostomus cf. emarginatus

Black Hi-Fin Pleco L108

 

Black Hi-Fin Pleco L108
Black Hi-Fin Pleco L108

ORIGINS South America, being common throughout
much of the Amazon region.
SIZE 7 in (18 cm).
DIET Mainly vegetarian.
WATER Temperature 73–82°F (23–28°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0).
TEMPERAMENT Territorial when mature.

The difficulty in naming plecos with certainty, even with the L-number system, is well illustrated by the Black Hi-Fin.

Although it is often described as L108, this fish is assigned a variety of other L-numbers in different parts of its range.

Exact coloration may vary, but all forms display a dense pattern of black spots on a darkish background.

More than 600 loricariids are now known, making it a large and diverse family, and others still await discovery.

Longtail Pleco L131
Longtail Pleco L131

Hypostomus cf. emarginatus

Longtail Pleco L131

ORIGINS South America, being common throughout
much of the Amazon region.
SIZE 7 in (18 cm).
DIET Mainly vegetarian.
WATER Temperature 73–82°F (23–28°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0).
TEMPERAMENT Territorial when mature.

The elongated body of this fish, which narrows toward the caudal fin, displays a dense pattern of dark spots.

Although the Longtail Pleco has been assigned the number L131, it is actually regarded as effectively being the same fish as L108 (see top right), but from a different area within their overall range.

It has also been suggested that the loricariids assigned numbers L11, L035, L116, L153, L166, and L195 are, aside from minor variations in coloration and patterning, examples of this same species that have been described differently.

Panaque nigrolineatus

Royal Panaque L191

Royal Panaque L191
Royal Panaque L191

ORIGINS South America, ranging from Colombia and
Venezuela through central parts of the Amazon basin.
SIZE 131⁄2 in (34 cm).
DIET Mainly vegetable matter.
WATER Temperature 72–86°F (22–30°C); soft(50–100 mg/l) and neutral (pH 7.0).
TEMPERAMENT Territorial.

The greenish background color of these catfish is marked with black lines, which appear straight on the face but are often more wavy elsewhere on the body.

In common with other plecos, these fish need bogwood in their tank, on which they can rasp.

Their diet can include shelled peas, but try experimenting with a range of plant foods, since these fish can be picky eaters.

Parancistrus tocantins

Peppermint Pleco L030

Peppermint Pleco L030
Peppermint Pleco L030

ORIGINS South America, in the lower Rio Tocantins and
the Rio Xingu in Para state, Brazil.
SIZE 6 in (15 cm).
DIET Mainly vegetarian.
WATER Temperature 73–82°F (23–28°C); soft
(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0).
TEMPERAMENT Territorial when mature.

A black background decorated with white spots helps to identify this particular loricariid.

It now seems that the Peppermint Pleco ascribed the number L030 is merely the juvenile form of the variety recognized as L031, which has a finer
spotted pattern.

L030 may appear more common simply because juveniles are caught more often than adults.

Peppermint Plecos need to be kept in well-oxygenated water with a low nitrate reading.

common pleco size

Plecostomus Size
In the wild a common Pleco will grow to around 24 inches, and in an aquarium it will typically grow to around 15 inches.

How big do common Plecos grow?
Before you purchase a Pleco, it is a good idea to find out how large that particular species can grow. A small 8 centimetre (3 inches) Pleco from the fish store can eventually turn into a 60 centimetre long (2 feet) fish that needs a very large aquarium to do well.

common pleco lifespan

10 – 15 years
Size of fish – inches: 24.0 inches (60.96 cm) – These fish seldom exceed 12 – 15″ (30.5 – 38 cm) in the aquarium. Lifespan: 15 years – In the wild they can live more than 15 years, but have an average lifespan of 10 – 15 years in captivity.

How many years do Plecos live?
Plecos who live in captivity tend to have slightly briefer lifespans than those out in the wild. Pet plecos often survive from 10 to 15 years, according to Rosamund Gifford Zoo. Those that live on their own in natural settings, however, often exceed 15 years in age.

common pleco tank size

The common Pleco, it requires a huge tank. Once they reach an adult they need at least a 150 gallon tank. As for other popular species here are their minimum tank sizes: Bristlenose Plecostomus (Ancistrus sp.): 25 gallons.

Common plecos can easily grow 12 inches long and up! If you need a minimum tanksize though.. I would say a 55 gallon would work but the fish will be on the brink of constantly out growing it.

common pleco max size

Plecostomus Size
In the wild a common Pleco will grow to around 24 inches, and in an aquarium it will typically grow to around 15 inches

common pleco care

One of the best algae wafers to feed them is Hikari Algae Wafers and I use them for all of my plecos. It is also important to regularly feed them a variety of fruits and vegetables. Their favorite foods are blanched zucchini medallions, shelled peas, cucumber and any soft melons.

common pleco diet

A well-balanced Pleco diet consists of:
Algae and sinking algae wafers.
Supplement with raw zucchini or cucumbers as a treat once or twice a week. Raw vegetables should be anchored near the bottom of the aquarium.

What do common Plecos eat?
They are actually omnivores, and eat plant material, algae, insects and small crustaceans in the wild. This diet should be reproduced as closely as possible in the home aquarium, and they should ideally be fed algae wafers and a high quality flake food.

albino common pleco

common albino pleco

How big do albino Plecos get?
Unlike the widely-seen Common Pleco (Hypostomus plecostomus) and Trinidad Pleco (Hypostomus punctatus), which easily reach a monstrous size of 18 to 20+ inches (45 to 51+ cm), the Albino Bristlenose Pleco grows to a size of only 4 to 5 inches (10 to 13 cm).

common pleco growth rate

How big do common Plecos grow?
Before you purchase a Pleco, it is a good idea to find out how large that particular species can grow. A small 8 centimetre (3 inches) Pleco from the fish store can eventually turn into a 60 centimetre long (2 feet) fish that needs a very large aquarium to do well.

how to breed plecos

how to breed them.

Firstly, it’s highly unlikely the eggs or fry will survive in a community tank so you will need a specific breeding tank. If they do breed in a community tank, you can move the eggs (along with whatever they are attached to), to another tank.
Secondly, breeding of this species usually occurs in the cooler winter months during the Amazon’s rainy season. To replicate this you may want to make your tank slightly cooler than normal.
Thirdly, you should provide plenty of caves and driftwood for the males to select the best possible spawn site.
Let’s take a look now, at how to breed them. The first thing you’ll need to be able to determine is which are male and females. This is really easy to do with Bristlenose Plecos.

The males tend to have larger bristles, which grow out to the middle of its head. The females have much smaller bristles which only grow around their mouths. You should always try and have more females than males, as the males are extremely territorial, especially during breeding.

The male will claim a cave, and prepare and clean its surfaces ready for the eggs. If you have more than one male, they will fight for control of the cave, and will eat their rival’s eggs given the opportunity.

You should therefore provide as many caves as possible if you have more than one male.

He’ll then wait for a female. The female will inspect the cave, and if she is impressed, she’ll deposit some bright orange adhesive eggs.

The male will then fertilize them, and push the female out to guard the eggs. More than one female can lay eggs in a males cave.

The male will clean the eggs and the nest, and aerate them with his fins during the 4-10 days that they take to hatch.

Once hatched, the fry will attach themselves onto the sides of the cave until they have completely absorbed their egg sacks; this normally takes a further 2-4 days. By now, if they are free swimming, they’ll be able to feed on algae and you can supplement them with mashed vegetables such as peas.

They grow very quickly, and by around 6 months old, they’ll be almost as big as their parents.

sucker fish babies

Sucker fish the most importing fish for tank that he’s job to clean and remove all the dirty staff in the thank

how long do plecostomus live

15 years
Size of fish – inches: 24.0 inches (60.96 cm) – These fish seldom exceed 12 – 15″ (30.5 – 38 cm) in the aquarium. Lifespan: 15 years – In the wild they can live more than 15 years, but have an average lifespan of 10 – 15 years in captivity.

common pleco need heater?

Does Pleco need heater?
Plecos like waters that are in the mid-seventies. Although they can survive water temperatures that are lower or higher than this, they do best in moderate temperature. Attach an aquarium thermometer to the outside of the tank and check the temperature every few days to ensure your temperature is correct.

common pleco 60 gallon

What size tank do you need for a Pleco?
The common Pleco, it requires a huge tank. Once they reach an adult they need at least a 150 gallon tank. As for other popular species here are their minimum tank sizes: Bristlenose Plecostomus (Ancistrus sp.): 25 gallons.

common pleco and otto in same tank

Mr. Pleco does a great job of eating the algae in the tank, too. And two … The fish in question is called the common pleco, and is known scientifically as Hypostomus plecostomus. About a … They all look basically the same, and can be pretty hard to tell apart. … Try a small group of Otocinclus (or “Otto”) cats.

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Why Is aquarium substrate Such An Important Part Of Your Aquarium?

add course substrate

aquarium substrate

Some people who keep aquariums do think that making a sand bed
for the aquarium is a bit of a nuisance and in fact also harmful for the fish.

These sands would not do well for your live plants in the aquarium too, and would be difficult to maintain.

Because sand contains fine particles, people do prefer using gravel
instead as it is easier to clean and take care of.

But the truth of the matter is that a sand bed in an aquarium can be very beneficial. First and foremost, sand provides fish with a more natural habitat, since that is what is actually present in the beds of their seas and oceans. You will find your fish happier in the sand and even spawning in them, which could be a delight to watch. Sand is not very difficult to clean too, if one does it in the right way. In fact, using sand in an aquarium makes it look more real and the fish enjoy is more than a gravel bed.

Live sand is especially beneficial to the organisms in your tank. Live sand is biological sand. It is pre-seeded with certain microscopic organisms such as bacteria and algae. These organisms help to clean the water in the tank and also produce the chemicals that are present in natural habitat. Live sand can be very expensive, such as live aragonite sand, but it is a very good option to have at the bottom of your tank, since it will not require maintenance. Not only does live sand clean itself due to the organisms present in it, but it will also contribute a major share in the internal cleaning of your tank.

There are many different types of sands available that can make good choices to your aquarium. The following is a list of some of the sand types that are used:-

  1. Aragonite sand – Aragonite sand is the most expensive variety of sand available, and so it will not be a good choice for larger aquariums. However it helps in the buffering of the water and is fantastic for keeping the tank at an optimal chemical condition.
  2. Silica sand – Silica sand is common beach sand, and it is very cheaply available. It is mainly composed of silicon dioxide, SiO­­2, which is a natural ingredient in sand. The plus points of this sand are that it is smooth and sifts easily. It is very easy to clean during setup and maintenance, and it is available very cheaply.
  3. Coral sand – As the name suggests, coral sand is suitable for tanks that have corals as their inhabitants. Since corals can change internal levels of the tank, such as the nitrate levels and the pH values, drastically, it is wise to use this sand. Coral sand has a natural buffering action that can maintain the chemical composition of tank water at optimal values.
  4. Black beauty – Though this is not actually sand, it is sold as such. Black beauty is actually solidified and powdered iron slag. It adds a contrast to the tank and is good for aesthetic reasons. But the sand particles are sharp, so do not use this sand if you have fish that sift too much on the bed.

Cleaning of sand is a very important process and must be done in the right way. These are the steps you must follow while cleaning sand:-

  1. Take about two gallons of the sand in a capacious bucket.
  2. With the help of a pipe, run water on the sand till half the bucket is full.
  3. Then drain out the supernatant water. This will contain many floating dust particles.
  4. Put water again, and this time, sift through the sand.
  5. Again pour out the water.
  6. Continue this process till the water you pour out is quite clear.

Thus, it is very easy to clean the sand in the tank, and that should not be a problem in deciding to use it as a bed product for your aquarium. Sand does add quite a bit of grace and naturalness to the tank, and fishes find it closer to their own natural surroundings.

What type of substrate is best for aquarium plants?
Best Substrates for Planted Tanks Reviewed
ADA Aquasoil Amazonia. ADA Aquasoil is an excellent option if you want to keep many different plants. …
Seachem Flourite. …
CaribSea Eco-Complete. …
Mr Aqua Aquarium Soil Substrate. …
Hermit Habitat Terrarium Substrate.

Do you need substrate for aquarium plants?
You also have to provide substrate at the proper depth for your aquarium plants. … Plants that don’t need sand but attach their roots to rocks or wood such as Anubias, Microsorium, and Bolbitis.

Is sand a good substrate for aquariums?
Sand as a substrate has many advantages over gravel. Sand is more natural, easier to clean, and looks much better. Sand is Much More Natural than Gravel: … Most will have a substrate of sand, some even silt or mud (which we can’t have in an aquarium).

How much substrate do I need for my aquarium?
You need to use the tank’s dimensions and size to determine the exact amount. For example, a tank of 55 gallons that is 49 by 12 inches will need around 30 pounds of gravel for a 1 inch bed. After you have figured this out, you can then multiply the depth in inches by the amount of gravel you calculated for 1 inch.

Is sand or gravel better for planted aquarium?
Gravel is the better choice for most freshwater aquariums. … Gravel also comes in a variety of colors so you can customize your tank and make it complement your fish. The Case for Sand Substrate. Sand doesn’t allow water to flow through it as well as gravel does

Can you plant aquarium plants in gravel?
Sand and gravel substrates are fine for fish-only tanks but a planted tank will require a complete substrate that provides nutrients. … If you have soil substrate, most plants are likely to do well but you should keep in mind that it may cloud the water in your tank if you disturb it to root your plants.

What is the best substrate for a planted tank?
Best Substrate for Planted Tanks
CaribSea Eco-Complete.
ADA Aqua Soil Amazonia.
Fluval Plant & Shrimp Stratum.
Seachem Fluorite.
UP Aqua Sand for Aquatic Plants.

How many lbs of gravel should I get for a 10 gallon aquarium?

The rule of thumb to follow is that you need 1.5 pounds of gravel substrate for each gallon of water in the tank. Therefore, for a 10 gallon tank, you will need 15 pounds of gravel

 

aquarium substrate,

planted aquarium substrate

What’s the best substrate for a planted aquarium?
Best Substrates for Planted Tanks Reviewed
ADA Aquasoil Amazonia. ADA Aquasoil is an excellent option if you want to keep many different plants. …
Seachem Flourite. …
CaribSea Eco-Complete. …
Mr Aqua Aquarium Soil Substrate. …
Hermit Habitat Terrarium Substrate.

eco complete planted black aquarium substrate

What is eco complete substrate?
Eco-Complete Planted Aquarium Substrate is mineralogically and biologically complete, giving you luxuriant aquatic plant growth without nuisance algae. … It establishes a natural biological balance which makes cycling a new aquarium faster and safer.

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If you want to buy koi fish for sale 

what to feed saltwater fish

what to feed saltwater fish
what to feed saltwater fish
Anyone who has ever had a pet knows that one of the first things a
responsible pet owner does is make sure their pet has a balanced diet.
 
They know that the healthy their pets eat, the more likely they are to lead long and healthy lives. Fish kept in saltwater fish aquariums are exactly the same.
 
The responsible saltwater aquarium owner knows exactly what
types of food his fish needs to survive and makes sure they keep a ready supply of it on hand.
 
The first thing you need to know about feeding tropical fish is how much food they should be getting and what to feed saltwater fish
 
The general rule of thumb is that when you feed your fish use a stopwatch and time how long it takes them to eat.
 
It should take approximently two minutes for the fish to finish eating. If the fish in your tank finish their food in less then two minutes they probably aren’t getting enough to eat.
 
If after two minutes there is still food left over then they are
probably getting over fed and you’ll have to cut back.
 
A more accurate way of measuring how much food that fifty adult
tropical fish should eat approximately ten grams of food in one
month, but that can carry with variety and growth.
 
A balanced fish food typically consists of ten percent fat, thirty to
thirty-six percent protein. There should also be amino acids.
 
The first step in feeding your fish responsibly is knowing what type of food they eat.
 
Some fish can not be kept in a tank that has coral because they like
to eat the little invertebrates that make the coral their home.
 
Predatory fish typically need to have frozen or live food. Bottom
dwelling fish should be fed a type of food that is heavy enough to
sink to the bottom of the tank, these fish do not do well with fish foods that float on the tanks surface.
 
Aquarium owners who are interested in breeding their tropical fish
often feed their fish brine shrimp, which they raise in their own brine shrimp hatchery.
 
Many saltwater fish aquariums caretakers like using automatic fish food feeders. Automatic fish food feeders are feeders that can be clamped to the side of the aquarium.
 
Once the fish owner has loaded the hopper with food, the feeder
will automatically dispense the food at regular intervals, this allows
the fish owner to have more flexibility and not be forced to arrange
their schedules around feeding their fish.
 
The average automatic fish food feeder is not capable of dispensing
frozen or live food, which does make them convenient for predatory fish. Some absentee fish owners place food blocks in their aquariums.
 
Tropical fish owners should store their extra fish food in a cool dry
place in containers that won’t allow moisture to seep in. Frozen fish food should be disposed of after three months.
 
One of the dangers in overfeeding fish is that the wasted food can
wreck havoc on the pH levels of your aquariums water.
 
If to much discarded food is contaminating the water it can contribute to the death of your fish.
What do saltwater fish like to eat?
In a saltwater aquarium, many fish (even carnivores) can be weaned off of their usual fare in the wild and coaxed into taking hand fed foods such as pellets and flakes with their protein requirements being supplemented with frozen foods such as mysid shrimp, fish, squid, or krill.
What is the best food for saltwater fish?
For example, clownfish will often be fed various shrimp and small sea foods, fish flakes and pellets, and seaweed. A balanced diet between meat and herbs will keep omnivores colorful, healthy, and active. Fish pellets and flakes are best for omnivores as they contain both vegetables, algae, and meaty foods.
If you only feed your herbivore fish once every 2 or 3 days, it is not the way most fish eat in the wild, which is what we should try to duplicate as closely as possible. In my experience, feeding twice per day, only what is consumed in about 2 minutes has been the best.
Can I feed saltwater fish with freshwater food?
One of the most important aspects of maintaining an aquarium is Saltwater Tropical Fish Feeding. … It’s always a good idea to vary the diet of your fish and to introduce live foods occasionally. Flakes foods, freeze dried shrimp and freeze dried bloodworms can usually be used for either freshwater or saltwater fish.
How long can saltwater fish go without eating?
about two weeks
Beyond that, you’ll definitely want to make some accommodation to have the fish fed—even if just every two or three days. With respect to persuading a finicky new specimen to start eating, which often takes several days, I usually don’t start to get nervous until the fish is approaching about two weeks without food.
Clownfish require a rich diet consisting of meat and a small proportion of plant matter. Sometimes live food should be given to clownfish. That way, the predatory instinct of clownfish is satisfied.

The diet of a clownfish
  • Cooked mussels.
  • White fish.
  • Squid.
  • Peeled shrimp.
  • Cockles.
  • Octopus.
  • Chicken livers.
  • Small crustaceans.

Can you feed bloodworms to saltwater fish?
Tetra BloodWorms Freeze-dried Freshwater & Saltwater Fish Food are rich in protein and make an excellent supplement to flake and staple diets.

How often should I feed clownfish?
Mixing in some frozen foods or even live foods will keep your clownfish happy and healthy for years. It is best to feed at least once per day. However, depending on the size of the tank and the other inhabitants, clownfish will do just fine being fed every other day.

However, nightcrawlers and other earthworms can be used for smaller sea fish, like panfish, flounder, sea bass, school-sized stripers, and fluke. In fact, some larger species of earthworms do well in saltwater, as they tolerate near-freezing water.

betta fish care how to care for a betta fish you need to know

rosetail betta betta fish care

betta fish care how to care for a betta fish you need to know

betta fish care

betta fish care learn how to grow betta fish and breed them successfully

 

ORIGINS Southeast Asia, occurring in Thailand, althoughbetta fish care
its exact range is uncertain.

SIZE 21⁄4 in (6 cm).

DIET Prepared foods and live foods.

WATER Temperature 75–82°F (24–28°C); soft

(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0–6.5).

 

TEMPERAMENT Males are aggressive toward each other.
Siamese Fighting Fish
Betta splendens

 

The Siamese Fighting Fish is also referred to as the Betta, particularly in North America.This species was widely kept in Thailand for more than 200 years before it became known in the West in the late 1800s.

In their homeland, where they frequent the canals, or klongs, that flow through many Thai cities,

Siamese Fighting Fish were selectively bred not only for their color but also for their fighting ability, with significant amounts of money being bet on the outcome of contests between the more aggressive males.

Different strains evolved from cross-breeding fish obtained from various parts of Thailand.

As a result, it is now practically impossible to be certain of the original distribution of these fish, or of their natural coloration, even though alleged “wild type” specimens are occasionally offered for sale.

Current thinking is that wild forms were originally dark red, probably with bluish streaking on their fins and a pair of vertical lines on the side of the head behind the eyes.

Certainly, the wild ancestors of today’s Siamese Fighting Fish had simpler fins than those seen in modern strains.

It is likely that interest in keeping these fish for fighting purposes began not in Thailand, but in neighboring Cambodia (Kampuchea).

In fact, the Thai name for these fish is pla kat khmer, which translates as “fin-biter in Khmer” (Khmer is a former name of Cambodia). Since being introduced to the West,

however, breeders have concentrated on establishing a wide range of color forms, ranging from white through yellow to purple.

Selective breeding has also been used to modify the fins, which are always more elaborate in the males.

With the exception of the female Half-Moon Betta, pictured below left, all the specimens shown here are male.

In Thailand, it is traditional to house Siamese Fighting Fish in small jars, but these provide little swimming space and make it difficult to maintain the water quality.

The natural grace and elegance of the fish will be more apparent in an aquarium.

A single male can be kept in a tank with several females, or even as part of a community aquarium.

However, avoid mixing these fish with fin-nipping species, which will attack the flowing fins, or with fish of a similar coloration, which may themselves be attacked by the Siamese Fighting Fish.

These fish are easy to care for, but they are not especially long-lived, with an average lifespan of about two years. Pairs of seven or eight months old are best for breeding

.They need a relatively shallow spawning tank, about 8 in (20 cm) deep.

It must be covered and include floating plants, among which the male will build a bubble-nest.

Thai breeders often add the leaves of the Ketapang or Indian almond tree (Terminalia catappa) to assist with the conditioning of the water.

These leaves are available in the West through specialist suppliers.

Raising the water temperature can trigger spawning, as can increasing the amount of livefood in the diet.

Check that the female is in breeding condition, because otherwise, the male may harass her.

Aside from her slightly swollen belly, one of the surest indicators of the female’s readiness to spawn is when she develops yellowish stripes on her body.

She will actively seek out the male at this stage, rather than trying to avoid him

 

breeding betta fish

These are  the videos below of the step by step process in breeding betta fish

Step 1. place the male and female betta fish container near each other for them to see each other and be acquainted and feed them plenty of live foods like mosquito larvae, brine shrimp or daphnia.

observe if the male will build a bubble nest and look for the female egg spot by looking its vent there is a whitish color in the ventral area of the female that is an egg that is an indicator that the female is full of eggs and ready to spawn

 

Part 2 in breeding betta fish Video

Part 3 in breeding betta fish

It is the responsibility of the male Siamese Fighting Fish to construct a bubble-nest. Spawning occurs nearby, with the pair wrapping around one another.

The female will then float upside down, as though stunned, while the male collects the 15 or so eggs in its mouth and carries them to the bubble-nest.

Mating resumes once he has gathered all the eggs.

This sequence is repeated until some 500 eggs have been produced, with the entire process lasting about two hours. It is the best to remove the female while the male guards the nest, otherwise he may attack her.

If the tank is very large and well planted, however, it may be safe for her to stay put. Hatching occurs 48 hours after mating, and the young fry is free-swimming within a further four days.

Rear them on fry foods at first, and gently circulate the water with an airstone to convey food particles to them.

Powdered flake and brine shrimp can be provided as they grow.A large number of fry means that gentle filtration is needed to maintain water quality, and partial water changes are required every three days.

Once the males in the brood can be identified, usually, at about two months of age, they should be moved to individual accommodation to prevent fighting.

Prior to this, keep the aquarium covered to keep the young fish from becoming chilled, since this will impair the development of their labyrinth organs

betta fish names

 

My collection of betta Videos

Orange buttefrly crowntail betta

Dumbo ears juvy betta

How do you know if your betta fish is happy?

  • The signs of a happy, healthy, and relaxed betta include:
  • Strong, vibrant colors.
  • Fins are held open, but not taut, allowing their fins to billow and fold in the water.
  • Feeds readily.
  • Active, smooth swimming movements.
  • On the other hand, a stressed or sick betta may show the following signs:
  • Faded, muted color.

How do you make a betta fish happy?

  • The aquarium can be either glass or acrylic.
  • Plants can be either live or plastic.
  • Use waste-absorbing gravel.
  • Don’t forget a heater — bettas like to stay warm.
  • Betta food and treats (bloodworms are a nice treat)
  • Water and fish treatments.

Do betta fish recognize their owners?
Betta are quite intelligent as fish go, and they can even be trained to recognize their owners and do tricks.

They require stimulation and space to live well, and, as you might suspect, a tiny plastic cup doesn’t provide that.

Do betta fish get lonely?
It’s not that bettas have poor manners, but rather that they simply do not like nor need the company of other fish.

Their lack of friends does not cause them to become bored, but you may include certain species in the same tank as your betta. … Although they’re not fish, snails generally work well together with bettas.

How long can a betta fish live in a fishbowl?
Some Bettas may live for a year or more but on an average a Betta will live only for about 100 days in a bowl.

They need at least a 5 gallon tank. Please read the book Betta Bible. However if water changes are meticulous-50% every week and they are given sufficient stimulation, they can live longer.

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