different types of goldfish How to take care 15 different goldfish breeds you need to know
types of goldfish
Types of Goldfish (goldfish breeds)
Undoubtedly the most widely kept of all fish, goldfish exist in a far wider range of colors than their name implies.
Goldfish are suitable for both home aquariums and ponds, although the different color forms vary in terms of
their hardiness and not all are suited to be kept outdoors all year in temperate areas.
Goldfish are members of the carp family, but unlike most fish in this group, they lack any barbels around the mouth.
This characteristic allows them to be distinguished at a glance from koi. you can check out this blog post about the difference between a koi vs goldfish
Hardy Goldfish Types goldfish breeds
A body shape that has an elongated flattened football shape include: the Common, the Comet, Shubunkin. (good breeds for an outdoor goldfish pond).
The common, comet and shubunkin look very similar in shape and colors.
The comet has longer fins and most notably its tail fin is much longer.
The common doesn’t come in calico but the comet and shubunkin do.
The shubunkin is only calico so if it’s calico with short fins, it can’t be a common.
common goldfish (Carassius auratus) can become tame in both pond and aquarium surroundings.
They may live for more than 40 years—far longer than most other pond and aquarium fish.
Common Goldfish This is not only the most popular goldfish variety, but also the hardest and potentially the largest.
It occurs in a range of colors, but solid (“self-colored”) fish are usually preferred.
Good specimens display body symmetry, with even curves on the upper and lower body.
A short, broad caudal peduncle and a wide, slightly forked caudal fin make common goldfish strong swimmers.
These fish can survive in frozen ponds for short periods provided the water is deep enough for them to avoid becoming trapped in the ice itself.
Red-and-White Common Goldfish The white areas of these variably patterned fish have a silvery sheen.
White Common Goldfish This variety, sometimes called the Pearl, is less popular than its colored cousin, but it
proves to be equally hardy.
Common Goldfish These fish vary from yellow through bright orange to a deep blood-red.
In exceptional circumstances, they may reach over 24 in (60 cm) long.
This elegant variety originated in the United States during the late 1800s. It is distinguished by its slim, streamlined body and its deeply forked caudal fin, which should be longer than the body when fully extended.
Comets are usually variegated in color; the most popular variety is the Sarasa, which is easily recognizable by the
deep red-and-white patterning extending over the body and fins.
Comets are active by nature,and require a spacious aquarium if kept indoors.
They will thrive in pond surroundings, although they may prove vulnerable to fin congestion during periods of severe cold weather.
Comet The Comet’s caudal and dorsal fins are greatly enlarged. This individual displays some chocolate body patterning.
Sarasa Orange may replace the more common red color of these fish. The variegated patterning
differs widely among individuals.
PIGMENTATION AND SHEEN
The protective scles on a goldfish form part of the outer layer of the body known as the epidermis.
Beneath this is a layer called the dermis, which itself overlies layers of fat and muscle.
Distributed among these layers are the pigments that give goldfish their vibrant skin colors.
These include reddish-orange and yellow pigments known as lipochromes, and melanin, a black pigment.
Lipochromes usually occur in the upper layers, but the location of the black pigment is more variable.
If melanin is present just below the scales, the goldfish looks jet black; if located in the lower layers, the fish looks blue (for example, the Blue Pom-Pon, bottom right).
When both types of pigment are present in different layers, this creates chocolate or coppery shades.
A goldfish that completely lacks pigmentation is silvery in color.
Another factor influencing the appearance of goldfish is the presence in the dermis of cells known as iridocytes.
These cells are normally distributed over the entire body, giving goldfish, such as the Blue Pom-Pom, a
However, the upper iridocytes are missing in some goldfish varieties. In such cases, the lower level of cells has a direct effect
ORIGINS AND ANCESTRY
Goldfish are descended from carp that were kept in China about 1,700 years ago.
The first records of orange-marked carp date back to AD 300, but it was only from around AD 800, during the Sung Dynasty, that people started to breed these colorful cyprinids for ornamental purposes.
prominently in oriental literature and many other forms of art, including ceramics, and it is possible to track their early development from such sources.
Ancestral lines displaying many of the features seen in today’s varieties, including telescope-eyes, were well-established by 1600, as were numerous color variants, including some with variegated coloring.
The different body shapes and fin types that characterize many of the modern varieties were also beginning to emerge by the early 17th century.
Goldfish were imported to Japan in the 16th century, where still more varieties were bred, but it was to be another 200 years before they became available in the West.
They soon became highly sought-after, as the pond fish of first choice for the estates of the European aristocracy, and were kept in decorative bowls in grand houses.
Rather surprisingly, they did not reach North America until 1874. Nevertheless, their popularity grew so rapidly there that the first commercial goldfish breeding farm was established in the United States just 15 years later.
This popular variety is very close in appearance to the Common Goldfish.
This is especially so in the case of the London Shubunkin, which has an identical body, and differs only in terms of the arrangement of its iridocytes.
This particular variety was developed by London breeders during the 1920s, by which time enthusiasts in the U.S. had already created the long-tailed American Shubunkin.
In due course, the two varieties were crossed by breeders of the Bristol Aquarist Society in western England, creating the Bristol Shubunkin—a very distinctive and different form with large, flowing lobes on its caudal fin, which must not be allowed to droop.
Shubunkin coloration is generally very variable, but the orange areas tend to be paler than those of Common Goldfish.
They may also display dark speckling, as well as bluish shades that range from pale-whitish through to violet.
Darkly marked Shubunkins are highly attractive when seen at close range, but they are less conspicuous in ponds unless the water is particularly clear.
American Shubunkin The caudal fin lobes of this variety are much narrower than those of the Bristol Shubunkin;
they are tapering rather than rounded in shape.
Fancy Types of Goldfish goldfish breeds
An egg shape body shape are considered the fancy breeds and can include: Fantail, Ryukin, Veiltail, Oranda, Telescope,Black Moor, Panda Butterfly, Ranchu, lionhead, Pompon, Pearlscale, Hama Nishki, Celestial and Bubble-Eye.
The mature oranda, ranchu and lionhead has a wart like wen hood cover over its face and head
The oranda has a dorsal fin and the lionhead and most ranchu don’t.
The ranchu has a prominent arch in its back and downward pointed tail fins.
The lionhead and oranda have a straighter back line.
A goldfish with a hood cover with a straight back and no dorsal fin is a lionhead.
The fantail, ryukin and veiltail have similar egg shaped bodies with no distinct features like a hood cover or globe eyes
The fantail and ryukin have sturdy upright fins and tails.
The ryukin has a more prominent hump that the dorsal fin sits on than the fantail.
The veiltail has long flowing fins and tail.
The telescope, black moor and panda butterfly have their eyes on the sides of ball like protuberances
A black moor is a telescope/globe-eye but is only black or faded black in color.
The panda butterfly resembles the colors of a panda bear, clear sections of black and white.
The pearlscale and hama nishiki have a golf ball body shape with scales that stand out like little white domes
the hama nishiki has a slight hood cover on top of its head while the pearlscale does not.
The celestial has bulging eyes that point upward and no dorsal fin.
The bubble eye has two bubble shaped check pouches
This ancient Chinese variety can be identified by its rotund body, double caudal fins, and pearl-like markings on the sides of its body.
Each scale has a raised whitish center, making it look as if a pearl is embedded in it.
The variegated red-and-white form is the most common Pearlscale goldfish, but there is a also nacreous variety that resembles the Shubunkin in coloration.
Pearlscales goldfish are not strong swimmers, and are usually kept in aquariums rather than ponds, where their distinctive appearance is easier to appreciate.
The most obvious feature of this goldfish is the hump between the dorsal fin and the head.
The body is relatively short and deep, the dorsal fin is tall, and the elongated caudal fin is divided to form a double tail.
Ryukins are generally brightly colored, with a deep-red and white coloration being the preferred form.
The markings on these goldfish should be symmetrical as far as possible.
Chocolate (coppery) individuals are often recognized as a separate form, the Tetsuonaga, especially in Japan.
Tetsuonagas have a reputation for both hardiness and the quality of their fin shape, so they are useful in Ryukin breeding.
The Ryukin is named after Japan’s Ryukyu Islands, where the ancestors of this goldfish were first introduced from China.
Orange-and-White Ryukin Ryukins have either normal eyes, as shown in this largely orange form, or, occasionally, telescope-eyes.
Calico Ryukin Nacreous patterning is not common in double-tailed goldfish but is seen in the Ryukin.
Calico Ryukins often have bold, contrasting markings.
This form displays a variegated pattern of orange and white body markings.
The vibrantly colored areas, which can vary from yellow through to reddish-orange, should extend around the body
so that the white areas do not predominate.
Purewhite wakin goldfish, which occasionally occur, are not favored by breeders.
Although the reflective metallic form is the most common, a nacreous variety also exists.
The wakin goldfish has a body shape similar to the Common Goldfish, but it can be instantly distinguished by its double caudal fin.wakin goldfish are lively by nature, and grow rapidly; fish reared in ponds can reach 8 in (20 cm) in
length by three years of age.
Descended from Japanese Wakin stock, the Jikin is often known in the West as the Peacock Tail.
The raised upper lobes of its double caudal fin form an X-shape when viewed from behind.
The Jikin’s body should be mainly silvery, with red areas restricted to the fins and around the lips.
However, breeding Jikins with this desired arrangement of markings and a well-balanced caudal fin shape always proves difficult, even when the parent fish are both well-marked and from a long-established line.
The matt-black color of the Black Moor is highly distinctive, as is its corpulent body shape.
This goldfish is a telescope-eye variety, with eyes extending out from the sides of the head.
The Black Moor is a selective color form of the Veiltail Although developed in the UK, it is now kept worldwide.
These fish are not very hardy, and are better suited to an aquarium than an outdoor pond, especially through the winter (in temperate areas).
Their coloration makes for an attractive contrast with brightly colored goldfish.
The absence of a dorsal fin is a key feature of the Lionhead.
The result is a smooth back that curves gently to the double caudal fin, the curvature accentuated by the fish’s relatively long body.
As Lionheads grow older, they develop a distinctive hood that covers the entire head area.
The headgrowth or hood (also known as wen or crown) may be a prominent growth on the top of the head (cranial region) or may encase the whole head except for the eyes and mouth
This usually starts to become evident at the very top of the head, and takes several years to develop to its full extent, when it has a raspberry-like appearance.
The hood is more developed in this variety than in any other.
Lionheads exist in a wide range of colors, although solid colors such as orange are most commonly seen.
They do not thrive at high temperatures, nor are they hardy in temperate areas.
Blue Lionhead When fully grown, the hood should cover the entire head, encircling the eyes.
The head has a wide appearance when viewed from above.
The dorsal fin on the back of an Oranda allows it to be distinguished at a glance from other types of hooded goldfish.
The Oranda also has a longer body shape and is a more powerful swimmer.
The hood, or wen as it is called in Japan, is normally restricted to the top of the head, extending back over the eyes. In mature individuals, the area between the folds of the hood may appear whitish.
Although this can look like a sign of disease, it is actually an accumulation of the protective mucus produced by the fish’s body.
The coloration of these goldfish is sometimes unstable, just as it can be in other hooded varieties.
This is particularly true of blackand- orange individuals, in which the orange areas often become more
prominent over time.
Blue Oranda In this increasingly popular color variety, the underparts are usually a lighter shade.
Sporting a hood similar to the Lionhead’s, the Ranchu is the Japanese counterpart of that ancient Chinese breed.
The Ranchu can be differentiated from the Lionhead by its shorter, more steeply curved body.
As with Lionheads, not all Ranchus display smooth body curvature from head to tail, and an individual with slight humps along its back is considered to be seriously flawed.
The double caudal fin may be only partially divided. In Ranchus of the highest quality, the top edge of the caudal
fin should ideally form an angle of 90 degrees with the caudal peduncle.
Ranchus, which are also known as Buffaloheads, are the most popular Japanese goldfish.
Four principal founding lines are recognized, each of which is named after its creator.
The dominant variety is the Ishikawa lineage; the others are Sakuri, Uno, and Takahashi.
All these forms display a hood, but some less-common varieties lack this feature.
They include the Osaka Ranchu, named after its city of origin, which also has a more rounded body. Another hoodless variety is the Nankin Ranchu, from the Shimane area of Japan, a silvery-white fish with red gill covers, lips, and fins.
In addition, there is the rare Nacreous Ranchu, also called the Edonishiki, in which the hood is poorly developed.
Red-and-White Ranchu A mature individual with hood growth on the side of the face is described as okame (the
name of a Japanese theatrical mask indicating a fat girl).
Red Ranchu All the Ranchu’s fins are relatively short; the caudal fin is carried high. The hood has yet to develop in
the young specimen shown above.
The elegant fins of the Veiltail are easily damaged,so this goldfish should be housed in a spacious aquarium—free from obstructions such as large rocks—rather than in a pond.
The long caudal fin of the Veiltail is fully divided, so that it hangs down in folds.
The dorsal fin is tall, and in a well-proportioned Veiltail it should match the height of the body.
The overall body shape of this variety is rounded rather than elongated.
The anal fin is paired and relatively long, and tends to flow vertically when the fish is swimming.
In addition to individuals with normal eyes, telescope-eye examples of this variety are not uncommon.
The breed was developed from Ryukin stock by American breeders around
Philadelphia in the late 1800s
Celestial goldfish names
Actual video of celestial eye golfish
Selective breeding of the goldfish has brought into being numerous variations in eye shape.
The Celestial has eyes that protrude very obviously.
They are not on the sides of the head, as in most goldfish, but rather in a semihorizontal plane so that they point upward, as if toward the stars (hence the name).
The fry hatch with a normal eye arrangement, but the eyes rotate and shift position soon afterward.
The bodies of these goldfish are relatively elongated, and they have slightly curved backs, with no dorsal fins.
Both metallic and nacreous forms of the Celestial exist.
bubble eye goldfish
This unmistakable variety is characterized by the presence of large, bubblelike sacs under its eyes.
As in the case of Celestials, Bubble-Eyes have a long body shape, lack a dorsal fin, and have a double caudal fin.
Symmetry is a very important feature of this variety, with the sacs ideally being equal in size and shape.
These fluid-filled sacs wobble when the fish swims, and become compressed when it searches for food on the floor of the aquarium.
In a good specimen, the combined width of the bubbles and head should match that of the body. Bubble-Eyes
are only suitable for aquarium surroundings.
The tank setup needs to minimize the risk that the fish will damage their bubbles and provide them with plenty of swimming space.
Rockwork should not be included, and plants should be restricted to the back and sides of the tank. If a sac is accidentally punctured, it is likely to deflate.
can guppies live with goldfish
No Once the goldfish get large enough, they’ll eat (most of) the guppies, unless there are sufficient places for the guppies to hide from the goldfish.
(This rule generalizes to “When one fish fits inside the mouth of another fish, the first fish gets eaten.”)
There are many tanks that contain plastic dividers to keep your fish separate. Most goldfish are kind of herbivores. Usually goldies are the things eaten by other things when they are small.
But if your goldfish gets big enough I’m not promising it won’t eat other fish, it just might… Goldfish will eat insect larva and occasionally other fish if they are big enough and the prey is small enough.
They eat crustaceans some small invertebrates and plant material frequently. Small fish fry are likely to be eaten if the Goldie is hungry.
Gold fish are a pretty peaceful tank fish. They have different dietary needs than many other fish, so make sure all fish in your tank have their dietary needs met.
types of goldfish that can live together
Goldfish are easy to care for and fun to watch. But it’s essential that you understand which types can live together.
Although goldfish are more social than tropical fish, you could have compatibility issues if you place different types of goldfish together.
The types of goldfish include flat-body and egg-shaped, such as fancy goldfish. Egg-shaped goldfish cannot live with flat-body goldfish.
Egg-shaped goldfish are slow swimmers, and many fancies have trouble seeing. Flat-body goldfish will consume all the food before the egg-shaped ones realize you dropped food in the aquarium.
Egg-shaped or fancy goldfish look round like eggs and have decorative, long fins. Some fancies have bulbous heads or eyes, like the celestial bubble-eye and the black moor. Flat-body goldfish have slim, streamlined bodies and swim quickly. They include the common goldfish and comets.
All types of goldfish can survive in an unheated, indoor aquarium.
All goldfish are social. However, flat-body goldfish may bully the egg-shaped fancies if the aquarium is too small and the fish are competing for space and food. learn more
goldfish types for ponds
The outdoor pond in your yard will let you observe your goldfish in a natural setting. In establishing and maintaining a goldfish pond, be aware that the aquatic habitat needs of goldfish species vary. Some are tolerant of temperature changes, others are not. Also, not all species make good pond mates: Some species do not swim well with others.
This slender-bodied fish featuring bright red and crisp white colors is not the most popular selection for outdoor ponds. This native of China grows up to 18 inches — pretty large for a pond goldfish. Today’s pet-store version of the wakin is a descendent of the Chinese gibel carp. He is a friendly fish who quickly begins to surface once he learns regular feeding times. He will overwinter provided you keep a hole allowing for the exchange of oxygen drilled through the ice. This is necessary because the fish does not hibernate. He is a fast swimmer: Best pond mates are shubunkin or comet goldfish.
Comet goldfish feature yellow, orange, red or white solid-colored bodies. They are highly hardy: They can survive for 10 to 15 years in outdoor ponds with water temperatures kept between 65 and 78 degrees Fahrenheit. They are a single-tail fish who grow 6 to 10 inches in length.
The shubunkin goldfish is a favorite with outdoor pond enthusiasts due to a flexible yet hearty appetite that readily accepts most food sources, with vegetable-based selections being more nutritious choices. This fish features attractive calico-style patterns with mixtures of red, brown, orange and yellow colors combined with black spots. A native of Japan, this fish is an excellent match for most goldfish species other than the telescope and the bubble-eye, who swim at much slower speeds.
As indicated by his namesake, the black moor sports black as his only coloring. But that does not mean his appearance is dull. Instead, his scales have a velvety look that glistens in the water — particularly when sunlight penetrates. His protruding eyes don’t offer the best vision. He is best off with other visually challenged species such as the telescope and the bubble-eye. Don’t place any sharp-edged decoration in the pond, as these can cut his eyes.
The fantail species is an acceptable yet slightly challenging choice for beginners. He is hardy and will tolerate a few missed feedings but not being left for extended periods in cold water. He needs to come inside during the winter in northern climates. This fish grows to 6 to 8 inches and lives up to 10 years.
The ryunkin was developed from the fantail and carries over many of his ancestor’s tolerant qualities: He isn’t a picky eater. He will consume nearly anything offered to him and even things such as aquarium plants that were not intended to be on the menu. These fish will live 10 to 15 years and grow 6 to 8 inches in length. His best pond mates are oranda, fantail or black moor goldfish. He should not be paired with single-tail varieties such as shubunkin or comet goldfish.
The oranda offers outdoor pond enthusiasts the best of both worlds: Color variety and a visually appealing body style. His coloration is a plethora of color options from red, black, calico, chocolate, deep blue and a red/white combination on either metallic or matte scales. His body features a hood or fleshy growth at the top of his head. This growth is not fully developed until he reaches 2 years of age. But once matured, the hood is his defining feature. He does not tolerate cold or dirty water conditions, making him a more challenging keeper. read further here https://animals.mom.me/varieties-goldfish-suitable-outdoor-ponds-4693.html
best goldfish food
There are so many different brands of goldfish food on the market, ranging from cans of dry food to packages of freeze-dried blood worms.
But be careful! Some brands use tons of cheap fillers in their goldfish food – fillers that don’t actually add real nutritional value. In the end, your goldfish is getting less nutrition with every bite!
While most commercial brands do strive to provide a balanced diet your goldfish need to stay healthy, the level of nutrients actually in goldfish food will vary. By simply looking at the ingredients on the back of the can, you can get a feel of how one brand compares with the next. And later, your goldfish will thank you with vibrant colors and years of entertainment.
To start with, there are several different types of food you can buy. Dry food (including flakes, pellets, sticks, and wafers) are the most used and marketed goldfish food available.
Dry Goldfish Food
Simply browse through the fish aisle at your local pet store, and you’ll see dozens of commercial goldfish food cans on display, most of which are dry food. Some are specially formulated to sink in the water, while others naturally float at the top of the aquarium.
Flakes are known to float at the water surface, while pellets often sink to the gravel below (though not always – you can buy pellets that float as well).
So which should you buy – floating flakes or sinking pellets?
Goldfish graze at both the top and bottom of the aquarium. Though, they do spend most of their time energetically sifting through the substrate for any tasty tidbits they might have missed. Unless your goldfish are sick or sensitive to buoyancy problems, both floating and sinking food will do just fine.
If you have sensitive fancy goldfish, I highly recommend soaking dry food before feeding. Dry food expands as it absorbs water. If your goldfish eats a pellet before it expands, intestines may get clogged. To make goldfish food easier to digest, simply fill a cup with aquarium water and soak the dry food for 5 to 10 seconds before feeding. Green veggies can also help digestion (we’ll talk more about these later).
Sick goldfish will usually only touch food that sinks to the bottom.
It’s always good to have sinking pellets on hand to make sure all of your fishy friends get a bite. Since floating dry food can cause goldfish to suck in packets of air, some fish hobbyists only offer their goldfish sinking pellets to avoid problems – like buoyancy and swim bladder issues (which fancy goldfish are especially prone to).
Floating dry food has its advantages though. Flakes and floating pellets are easier to manage. Since they can be quickly removed after the feeding period, they won’t accidentally get caught under rocks and pollute the water.
Ultimately the brand of goldfish food you choose is up to you. If you have trouble making up your mind, you can always feed your goldfish both floating flakes and sinking pellets (variety is always a good way to go). full article here
Reference from Encyclopedia of Aquarium and Pond fish D Alderton DK 208