Table of Contents
Oranda Goldfish Care Guide & Species Profile
The Oranda goldfish, belonging to the Cyprinidae family, is a freshwater fish. It is the result of selective breeding and shares a close relationship with the common goldfish.
Distinguished by its fleshy cap on the head, the Oranda goldfish exhibits a wide array of colors, which adds to its popularity among aquarists. These fish are known for their peaceful nature and can comfortably coexist with other temperate species of similar size.
Oranda Goldfish Facts & Over
|Scientific name||Carassius auratus auratus|
|Common names||Red cap goldfish, bullhead oranda goldfish|
|Life expectancy||15 years|
|Color||Orange, red, red-and-white, red-and-black, black, blue, chocolate, bronze, white or silver, black-and-white, red-black-and-white, and calico|
|Minimum tank size||20 gallons|
The oranda goldfish (Carassius auratus auratus) is a product of selective breeding and represents one of the more ancient fancy goldfish varieties cultivated by breeders in Asia. While the exact origin of this goldfish species remains unknown, orandas, along with all other goldfish, can trace their lineage back to wild carp, specifically the Prussian carp.
Oranda goldfish have gained global distribution and are commonly kept in both aquariums and ponds. However, due to the absence of wild populations resulting from captive breeding, the oranda is not currently listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN).
Adult Size & Lifespan
The oranda goldfish typically reaches a length of approximately 8 to 9 inches. However, the size of goldfish can vary significantly depending on their genetic composition and the conditions provided in their tanks.
It is worth noting that some individual oranda goldfish can grow to much larger sizes. For instance, the largest recorded oranda goldfish, which was bred in Hong Kong, measured an impressive 14 inches in length.
The average lifespan of oranda goldfish is 15 years. When raised in a large and well-maintained tank, these fish are known to live up to 20 years
Appearance & Behavior
The oranda goldfish is notable for its prominent feature—a fleshy overgrowth on the upper part of its head. Similar to other types of goldfish, orandas are peaceful fish that coexist harmoniously with other placid tank mates.
Colors, Patterns, Fins, and Sex Difference
The oranda goldfish stands apart from its conventional counterparts with its distinctive raspberry-shaped cap on the head, known as the wen or crown. This cap can be situated on the top of the head or extend to cover the entire face, except for the mouth.
The development of the cap is not evident until the oranda reaches three to four months of age, and it takes another one to two years for it to fully form. Throughout this period, the cap continues to grow until the oranda goldfish reaches the age of two to three years.
This species exhibits an egg-shaped body with a sizeable belly that is nearly as wide as the oranda is long. The body is adorned with shimmering metallic or matte scales that come in a variety of colors. Orandas can be found in red, black, calico, chocolate, red-and-white, blue, and red-black-and-white color combinations.
Although most oranda goldfish display orange or yellow hues, there are several popular color variations. Black oranda goldfish possess the same physical traits but feature a completely black body. Blue oranda goldfish are known for their vibrant colors, ranging from light bluish-gray to deep blue. The red cap oranda represents the most sought-after color variation, characterized by nearly white bodies and bright-red head caps. The red cap oranda’s wen is typically smaller and does not cover the fish’s face as extensively as that of other oranda goldfish.
With the exception of the dorsal fin, all of the oranda’s fins are paired, lending the fish a symmetrical appearance. The long and flowing caudal fin fans out whenever the fish is not in motion.
During the spawning season, male orandas develop bumps on their heads and pectoral fins known as tubercles. Simultaneously, the bellies of females swell as they carry eggs.
Oranda goldfish are known for their tranquil nature, making them ideal for peaceful community aquariums alongside other temperate fish of comparable size. Despite their moderate swimming speed, these goldfish exhibit a remarkable vitality, providing a delightful visual experience for observers. Notably, orandas are frequently observed swimming actively and occasionally disturbing aquatic plants.
This particular species of goldfish showcases extensive mobility throughout the tank, frequently occupying both the upper and lower regions. Unlike many other fish species, orandas exhibit minimal inclination towards hiding, preferring to spend the majority of their time in the open.
Oranda Goldfish Care & Tank Requirements
The oranda goldfish is one of the more delicate species of goldfish and is recommended for intermediate fish enthusiasts. These fish aren’t suitable for outdoor ponds or beginner aquarists.
Orandas are a product of selective breeding and don’t have a natural habitat. Unlike flat-bodied types of goldfish, this species doesn’t tolerate poor water quality and low temperatures. A large tank with clean, oxygen-rich water and a sandy bottom will make an oranda goldfish feel at home.
These goldfish are omnivores and eat flakes, and frozen or fresh foods including brine shrimp, blood worms, and tubifex worms.
Habitat and Tank Requirements
Orandas are a particularly sensitive variety of goldfish and require a well-maintained tank to ensure their health and well-being.
The size and shape of the aquarium play a vital role in the overall health and happiness of orandas. It is crucial to select an elongated tank to maximize surface area and minimize the risk of oxygen deficiency and stunted growth.
Since orandas are the result of selective breeding, there is no natural habitat to serve as a reference when setting up their tank. Nonetheless, most fundamental parameters resemble those of their wild carp ancestors.
Maintaining clean water is absolutely essential, and it is recommended to perform weekly water changes of 25-35%. Orandas tend to produce more waste compared to other freshwater fish, so a reliable filtration system and regular water changes are highly beneficial. It’s important to note that orandas are diggers, and using sharp gravel or rough substrates can lead to injury. To prevent this, it is advisable to utilize rounded gravel or fine sand as a substrate. Additionally, it is recommended to decorate the oranda’s tank with smooth rocks or ornaments that do not possess sharp edges or protruding points.
When it comes to aquarium décor, plants are the most suitable option for this species. However, it is crucial to choose small and sturdy plant varieties that do not impede the fish’s movement since orandas require ample space to swim freely.
It is worth mentioning that orandas have a tendency to nibble on plant leaves and dig in the substrate, which can result in uprooted plants. In light of this, artificial silk plants serve as an excellent alternative to live plants.
A suitable tank size for a single oranda goldfish is a minimum of 20 gallons, although a 30-gallon tank is preferred. To accommodate additional oranda goldfish, it is advisable to increase the tank size by 10 gallons for each additional fish.
Adult orandas typically grow to around 9 inches in length and require a spacious tank to support their growth. Keeping an oranda goldfish in a small tank can result in stunted growth. Limited swimming space can cause stress and illness in these fish.
Oranda goldfish are particularly sensitive to low water temperatures and cannot tolerate temperatures below 60°F. To ensure their well-being, it is recommended to invest in a reliable water thermometer and regularly monitor the water temperature. The ideal temperature range for oranda goldfish is between 65–72°F.
In addition to a quality filtration system, it is essential to have a robust aeration system in place to maintain optimal oxygen levels in the water. Despite their striking size and flowing fins, oranda goldfish are not strong swimmers and do not handle strong water currents well. To mitigate this, you can reduce the water flow from the aquarium filter by strategically placing rocks, caves, and plants, or by restricting the flow at the filter’s intake.
I hope this revised version is easier to read and provides the information you are looking for. If you have any further questions, feel free to ask!
|Water type||Normal freshwater|
|Tank size||20-gallons minimum, 30-gallons preferred|
|Water temperature||65–72°F (17–22°C)|
|Substrate||Sand, rounded, medium-sized gravel|
|Tank setup||Plants, smooth rocks, decorations without sharp points or edges|
|Water hardness||5–19 dGH|
|Filter||Yes, oranda goldfish create a lot of waste and need a powerful filtration system|
|Pump||Yes, these fish prefer living in highly-oxygenated water|
Oranda goldfish require a well-maintained tank to remain happy and thrive. It is important to provide a spacious aquarium, a powerful filtration system, and an air pump to maintain water quality and high oxygen levels that support the health of this fish species
Like any other freshwater fish, oranda goldfish are susceptible to common fish diseases. However, these fish are hardy, and if treated promptly, most orandas will recover fully.
Oranda goldfish may be affected by the following diseases:
- Ich: A common protozoan disease that affects various species of freshwater fish. It is characterized by the presence of white spots on the fish’s body, gills, and fins. Ich is highly contagious, and affected fish should be quarantined to prevent the spread of the disease. Treatment options include the use of non-iodized sea salt or antiparasitic medication.
- External Parasites: Parasites such as flatworms or argulus (fish lice) are often introduced into a tank through food and live plants. Flatworms attach to the fish’s body and gills using their mouth hooks, while fish lice are flattened, mite-like parasites that attach to the oranda’s body. Natural treatment for fish lice involves the use of non-iodized sea salt, although chemicals like diflubenzuron are also effective.
- Swim Bladder Disease: This condition commonly affects round-bodied fancy goldfish, including orandas. Fish with swim bladder disease struggle to maintain their position in the water. Constipation is a frequent cause of this condition. Treatment involves feeding the fish frozen or defrosted peas or withholding food for 24 hours.
- Overgrown Head Cap: A condition specific to oranda goldfish, where the head cap grows excessively and obstructs the fish’s vision and ability to eat. In severe cases, surgical removal of the overgrown portion is necessary.
The Oranda goldfish, known for its social and peaceful nature, thrives in a community setting. Due to their slower swimming speed, they are unable to compete for food with faster-swimming goldfish varieties such as shubunkins, common goldfish, and comet goldfish. It is advisable to avoid keeping Orandas together with these faster goldfish species.
Oranda goldfish are best suited to be housed in a community tank with their own kind or other fancy goldfish.
Ideal tank mates for Oranda goldfish include:
- Peppered cory catfish
- Sailfin pleco
- Pearlscale goldfish
- Black moors
- Ryukin goldfish
Non-fish species, like snails, are not recommended as tank mates for Oranda goldfish as they may be at risk of being consumed by the Orandas.
Diet and Feeding
The omnivorous oranda goldfish has a diverse diet, consuming various types of fresh, frozen, and flake foods. These fish exhibit a voracious appetite and readily consume any meal offered to them.
To ensure optimal health for oranda goldfish, it is recommended to provide them with high-quality flake food on a daily basis. As an occasional treat, frozen or live brine shrimp, tubifex worms, blood worms, or Daphnia can be offered every other day. Freeze-dried foods are preferable due to the potential contamination of live foods with parasites and bacteria.
Being prone to overeating, it is important to be vigilant for signs such as swimming upside down and constipation. In case an oranda goldfish flips over and swims on its side, it is advisable to withhold food for 24 hours and then resume feeding smaller portions.
Adult orandas should be fed once a day, while young fish require two meals daily. Orandas with overgrown caps may require additional time to feed as the wen can affect their visual and feeding abilities.
Oranda goldfish can be easily bred under suitable conditions. These fish have the capability to breed in small groups of up to five individuals, although they tend to breed more successfully in larger groups. Typically, goldfish engage in spawning during the late spring or early summer, necessitating the replication of natural conditions by breeders.
To initiate breeding, it is advisable to keep male and female orandas separated for a few weeks before introducing them to the breeding tank simultaneously. The breeding tank should be set up with solid surfaces, bushy plants, or fibrous spawning mops, which provide suitable surfaces for the eggs to adhere to.
The temperature in the breeding tank should be gradually reduced to 60°F, followed by a gradual increase at a rate of 3°F per day until spawning occurs. Oranda goldfish typically commence spawning when temperatures range between 68 and 74°F. To induce spawning, it is recommended to feed the fish small amounts of high-protein food, such as live brine shrimp or worms, three times a day.
Prior to spawning, the male oranda goldfish will engage in non-aggressive pursuit of the female. During the actual spawning process, the fish exhibit a gyration motion from side to side. The male gently guides the female into plants, where she releases the eggs for the male to fertilize. Female orandas can lay a substantial number of eggs, often exceeding 10,000, within a two to three-hour period. Once spawning is complete, it is essential to promptly remove both parents from the tank to prevent them from consuming the eggs. The hatching period for fertilized eggs typically ranges from four to seven days, depending on the water temperature.
The newly hatched fry should be nourished with infusoria or specialized fry foods until they reach a size suitable for consuming brine shrimp or flakes. learn more about how to breed goldfish
Should You Get an Oranda Goldfish for Your Aquarium?
The oranda goldfish is a sociable and peaceful community fish that harmonizes well with other peaceful species of similar size. Orandas, being more sensitive than other fancy goldfish types, are particularly suitable for intermediate aquarists.
These fascinating freshwater fish, known as oranda goldfish, possess a remarkable ability to infuse vibrant colors and unparalleled beauty into any aquarium.
More informations about Oranda Goldfish
Oranda goldfish, also known as “wen” or “flower-head” goldfish, are a popular variety of goldfish that are highly prized by hobbyists and aquarists alike. These beautiful fish have a unique appearance, characterized by a prominent hood or wen on their head and a distinctive coloration that sets them apart from other types of goldfish.
Originating in China during the late 1500s, Oranda goldfish are believed to be a hybrid of various goldfish species, including the lionhead and the red cap. Over time, the Oranda goldfish became a popular breed among Chinese fish breeders and eventually made their way to Japan, where they were further refined and developed into the breed we know today.
One of the most striking features of the Oranda goldfish is its wen, a fleshy growth on the top of its head that resembles a flower or hood. The wen is believed to have originated as a protective measure against predators, but it is now bred for aesthetic purposes. The size and shape of the wen can vary greatly, ranging from small and round to large and elongated, and can be found in a variety of colors, including red, orange, white, and black.
In addition to their unique appearance, Oranda goldfish are also known for their friendly and outgoing personalities. They are social fish that thrive in groups and are known to interact with their owners, often swimming up to the surface of the water to greet them or eagerly following their movements around the tank.
When it comes to caring for Oranda goldfish, it is important to provide them with a suitable environment that mimics their natural habitat. They are freshwater fish that require a large, spacious tank with plenty of room to swim and explore. A well-filtered tank is also essential, as Oranda goldfish produce a lot of waste and are susceptible to poor water quality.
In terms of diet, Oranda goldfish are omnivores and require a balanced diet of both plant and animal matter. They can be fed a variety of commercial fish foods, as well as fresh vegetables like lettuce and peas. It is important to avoid overfeeding, as Oranda goldfish have a tendency to overeat and can suffer from digestive issues if they consume too much food.
Overall, Oranda goldfish are a stunning and fascinating breed of fish that make wonderful pets for both experienced and novice aquarists. With proper care and attention, these fish can live for up to 10 years or more, providing their owners with many years of enjoyment and companionship.
A Few Facts About The Oranda Goldfish
The Oranda goldfish is at or near the top of any list of most popular types of goldfish. Others popular types include the Comet goldfish, the Fantail goldfish, the Celestial goldfish, and one which resembles the Oranda somewhat, the Lionhead goldfish. Goldfish are generally easy keepers, requiring for the most part sufficient food and clean water in order to thrive.
The Oranda goldfish is no exception although there are a few noteworthy differences in the kinds of care it needs.
The Distinctive Wen – Call it a cap, a helmet, or a raspberry, the most striking feature of the Oranda goldfish, and one reason for its great popularity, is the growth which appears on the top and sides of its head, easily distinguishing the Oranda from other goldfish types or species.
This cap, more properly referred to as a wen, begins to form when the goldfish is a little more than a year old, and is usually more or less fully formed by the time the fish has reached the age of two.
The wen will sometimes tend to grow larger with time. It may eventually totally cover the Oranda’s head, except for the eyes and the mouth, and in some case will even grow over one or both eyes.
While the wen at its most extreme could be considered disfiguring, in most cases it is very attractive, and even if it grows large enough to affect the Oranda’s vision, the fish seems to not be terribly bothered by the situation and is still able to swim and find food. One other type of goldfish, the Lionhead, also features this distinctive raspberry car.
Aside from the wen, the Oranda looks like a typical goldfish with a somewhat egg-shaped body, and an attractive split-fin tail.
The Oranda comes in a variety of colors, though the pure white variety (with the red cap) appears to be the most popular. Some Oranda goldfish have shiny metallic scales, while others feature scales having more of a matte surface.
The Oranda is aptly described as either a fancy goldfish or an exotic goldfish. This might suggest that it’s, therefore, an expensive goldfish, but that isn’t true.
It is quite abundant and relatively inexpensive, though due to its popularity, the white Oranda can sometimes be difficult to locate, and therefore can be a bit more pricey.
Special Considerations –
The Oranda goldfish can be kept in the same aquarium with other goldfish types, but when introducing the Oranda with other types, there is sometimes the possibility that other fish may take an interest in the Oranda’s bright red wen.
This usually doesn’t result in any problem for an Oranda, but there is always the exception, so it’s wise to check occasionally.
When feeding a collection of goldfish, it’s wise to remember that the Oranda is strictly a bottom feeder, so fish flakes that float on the surface and are gobbled up by other goldfish types can leave the Oranda a little short-changed.
The Oranda will need to be given food that can sink to the bottom so it can find it.
Warm And Clean Water Important –
Two other considerations have to do with water temperature and water quality. The Oranda goldfish cannot tolerate cold water to the extent many other types of goldfish can, and the water temperature in the aquarium should not fall below 60 degrees.
As far as water quality is concerned, the Oranda needs cleaner water than other goldfish types as its wen, when fully developed, has creases and crevices which can be a breeding ground for bacteria.
Any goldfish type will benefit from a clean environment, but as far as the Oranda goldfish is concerned, clean water is more or less mandatory.
black oranda goldfish
The Black Oranda is one of many varieties of what is collectively known as ornamental or fancy goldfish; Carassius auratus auratus. Originally from parts of Asia
black thai oranda goldfish
there is no books and pieces of information yet about black thai oranda goldfish the thai breeders did not put it on writing. I will just share you my black thai oranda actual video here its physical appearance it has nice upright caudal fins, short bodies and a nice wen formation. I will try to take new video and post it here too in the meantime check out the video below
Do black oranda goldfish have eyes?
The oranda is a metallic or matte scaled goldfish that is similar in appearance to the veiltail. It has a large, long and deep body accompanied by a long quadruple tail. … Sometimes the wen grows enormously covering the eyes of the goldfish. Due to this, the eyesight may become limited or even blind
blue oranda goldfish
The Blue Oranda is one of many varieties of what is collectively known as ornamental or fancy goldfish; Carassius auratus auratus. Originally from parts of Asia
oranda goldfish lifespan
On average they live for 15 years but under good aquarium conditions they can live longer.
oranda goldfish size
8 to 12 inches
The oranda goldfish grows to a length of 8 to 12 inches.
oranda goldfish care
Since they are omnivorous, the Oranda Goldfish will generally eat all kinds of fresh, frozen, and flake foods. To keep a good balance give them a high quality flake food everyday. To care for your Oranda Goldfish, feed brine shrimp (either live or frozen), blood worms, Daphnia, or tubifex worms as a treat.
red cap oranda goldfish
The Redcap Oranda is totally white except for a cherry red hood, which looks just like a cap. Red Cap Oranda – developing its wen. Their fleshy growth or hood is known as the wen. The wen starts to show at about 3 – 4 months or age, but only really begins to form at about 1 – 2 years.
panda oranda goldfish for sale
Panda Oranda Goldfish. Oranda is selected at random from dealer inventory. This is to ensure the well-being and health of the fish.
calico oranda goldfish
This coloration gives the Calico Oranda wonderful character and adds instant visual interest. The Calico Oranda closely resembles Veil Tail goldfish varieties
oranda goldfish tank size
What Size Aquarium Do They Need? Each oranda goldfish will need a minimum of 20 gallons. Ideally, try going a little bigger than that if possible.
oranda goldfish facts
Orandas are freshwater fish and have a lot in common with many other goldfish in terms of care. As mentioned earlier, they are sensitive to water parameters so weekly water changes of 25% are needed. When orandas are kept with smaller active fish, you will find their fins are nipped and even possibly bitten off.
Oranda Goldfish People also ask
Are oranda goldfish easy to keep?
Oranda Goldfish aren’t fussy and don’t need much to keep them happy, so their tank setup is relatively easy. They need plenty of space when swimming around, and they have the wen on their head that may compromise their eyesight. With this in mind, you should not over-decorate the tank.
Can oranda goldfish live with other fish?
Oranda goldfish are peaceful, social fish that thrive when kept in groups of their own kind, with other Fancy goldfish and some tropical fish species that tolerate cooler water conditions. Orandas are large fish when fully grown, so small shrimp and fish might be considered as food sources.
Are oranda goldfish good pets?
Image result for oranda goldfish
The oranda goldfish is a social and peaceful community fish that gets along with other peaceful species of similar size. Orandas are more sensitive than other types of fancy goldfish and are best suited for intermediate aquarists.
Can you touch oranda goldfish?
Yes, it’s ok to touch goldfish. Despite the myth that goldfish will die after being touched, this is simply not true. As long as you clean your hands before and handle the goldfish gently, your goldfish won’t suddenly die afterward.
Do oranda goldfish get lonely?
You might be surprised to learn that, no, they don’t. At least, not as far as we know. Based on everything we know about goldfish, it is very unlikely that goldfish feel loneliness. learn more about goldfish
black thai oranda goldfish
black thai oranda goldfish price philippines Thai Bronze Oranda 3.95″ goldfish for 1500 php only- actual pic / imported … Koi — Goldfish WHOLESALE price Koi – 5″ P45pes Golfish 2 to 2.5″ — P12pes
how big do oranda goldfish get
about 6 – 7 inches
Size of fish – inches: 7.0 inches (17.78 cm) – Oranda Goldfish generally reach about 6 – 7 inches (5-18 cm), but have been reported to grow twice that size in exceedingly well-maintained tanks or ponds.
How much space do oranda goldfish need?
What Size Aquarium Do They Need? Each oranda goldfish will need a minimum of 20 gallons. Ideally, try going a little bigger than that if possible
Learn more other types of goldfish
The Beauty and Diversity of Oranda Goldfish: A Comprehensive Guide
Oranda goldfish, known for their exquisite beauty and unique features, have become increasingly popular among fish enthusiasts. With their distinct wen, vibrant colors, and graceful swimming, oranda goldfish captivate the hearts of hobbyists around the world. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of oranda goldfish, including their different types, care requirements, tank setup, lifespan, and more. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced aquarist, this comprehensive guide will provide you with valuable insights into the fascinating world of oranda goldfish.
Types and Colors of Oranda Goldfish:
Oranda goldfish come in a wide range of colors, each displaying its own charm. From the vibrant redcap oranda and the striking panda oranda to the elegant blue and black oranda, these fish showcase an array of mesmerizing hues. Other color variations include white, chocolate, orange, and calico oranda goldfish, all adding a touch of diversity to any aquarium. Whether you prefer a single color or an assorted collection, there is an oranda goldfish to suit every taste.
Distinctive Features: Wen and Body Size:
One of the most notable characteristics of oranda goldfish is their wen, which is the fleshy growth on their heads. The size and shape of the wen can vary among individuals, ranging from small and compact to large and flowing. The redcap oranda is particularly recognized for its impressive wen development. Additionally, oranda goldfish are known for their rounded bodies, which can grow to a substantial size. As adults, these fish can reach impressive dimensions, making them an eye-catching addition to any aquarium.
Care and Tank Requirements:
Providing proper care for oranda goldfish is crucial to ensure their health and well-being. As they grow larger than other goldfish breeds, they require spacious tanks. A general rule of thumb is to allocate a minimum of 20 gallons of water per adult oranda goldfish. The tank should be equipped with efficient filtration to maintain water quality and should also include hiding spots and aquatic plants for their comfort.
Feeding and Nutrition:
Oranda goldfish are omnivorous and have a hearty appetite. They enjoy a varied diet consisting of high-quality pellet or flake food, supplemented with fresh vegetables, bloodworms, and brine shrimp. It is important to feed them in controlled portions to prevent overfeeding and related health issues. A balanced diet will contribute to their vibrant colors, healthy growth, and overall vitality.
Lifespan and Health:
With proper care and a suitable environment, oranda goldfish can live for an extended period. On average, they have a lifespan of 10 to 15 years, although some individuals have been known to live even longer. Regular water changes, maintaining optimal water parameters, and monitoring for signs of illness are essential for ensuring their longevity. If any health concerns arise, consulting a knowledgeable veterinarian or experienced fish breeder is recommended.
Breeding and Availability:
Breeding oranda goldfish can be a rewarding experience for enthusiasts. The process involves providing a suitable breeding environment, monitoring water conditions, and selecting compatible pairs. While it is possible to breed oranda goldfish in a home aquarium, it requires careful planning and expertise. If you’re interested in acquiring oranda goldfish, they can be found at reputable pet stores, online retailers, and specialized breeders who offer a wide selection of colors and patterns.
Oranda goldfish are truly a treasure in the world of aquatic pets. Their majestic appearance, combined with their unique features and vibrant colors, makes them a captivating addition to any aquarium. By understanding their specific care requirements, providing a suitable tank setup, and maintaining a balanced diet,