how to use metronidazole for fish (for treating anaerobic bacteria) and anti-protozoal medication
where to buy metronidazole for fish you can buy metronidazole for koi fish at petstore near you or drug stores.
metronidazole for fish dosage Directions from SeaChem Metronidazole; use 100 mg. for every 10 gallons (40 L).
Repeat every 2 days until symptoms disappear.
If there are no available SeaChem Metronidazole at pet stores near your place. You can purchase Metronidazole for humans.
You can buy Metronidazole for humans at any drugs stores near you.
Make sure any UV Sterilizer (if used) is turned off and any carbon, Purigen,
Chemipure or similar chemical filter media is also removed during treatment.
To feed (use as for a medicated food), use 100 mg. with approximately i tablespoon of frozen or dried food (fried food would need to be placed in just enough water to cover and make wet/moist).
Feed until symptoms disappear. Introduction of Metronidazole to the aquarium water when feeding is OK.
Metronidazole can also be used in a fish bath. This is generally performed at double the “in tank” dose as per amount of water used in this bath.
I recommend the use of Methylene Blue and maybe salt during this bath treatment too (once or twice per day for 7-10 days).
metronidazole for fish bloat, metronidazole for fish parasites, metronidazole for fish cures ich, metronidazole for koi fish and humans
you can use metronidazole for human if there are no available metronidazole for fish in the pet stores near you
here is a good article from www.aquarium-medications.com
Metronidazole is an antibiotic (for anaerobic bacteria) and anti-protozoal medication used to treat various conditions internally and externally in fish.
As for Anaerobic bacteria, these are bacterium that thrive in environments in which there is little oxygen (anaerobic environments) and can cause disease in such environments as the intestinal tract and liver.
Metronidazole belongs to a class of antibiotics known as nitroimidazoles which work by ceasing the growth of bacteria and protozoa.
Metronidazole works by selectively blocking some of the functions within the bacterial cells and some parasites resulting in their death.
Metronidazole is metabolized in the liver (whether a fish or a human).
Metronidazoles primary use is for the treatment of ANAEROBIC gram positive & SOME negative bacteria including those that produce beta-lactamase.
However, it is not effective against aerobic bacterium. This means Metronidazole is a poor choice for suspected
bacterial diseases in open heavily oxygenated aquariums/ponds such as Columnaris,
while it is an excellent choice for diseases of the low/no oxygen environment of the intestinal tract or other internal
suspected bacterial pathogens (generally used ina fish food soak for best results).
Metronidazole may be a good choice for any bacterial disease present in low oxygen, high bio-load aquariums or ponds.
As well Metronidazole is effective for some protozoa.
It was originally found effective for the management of infection caused by Trichomonas vaginalis.
For fish applications Metronidazole has been shown to be in particular more effective for internal and external flagellates.
Metronidazole is also sometimes effective for other protozoan parasite infections, especially for
Cryptocaryon in marine aquaria as well as Hexamita & Ichthyophthirius.
Metronidazole is often recommended for disease in Cichlids which is often thought to be caused by Hexamita,
HOWEVER there is considerable evidence that the cause of “Hole in the Head” is simply the lack of Calcium and even positive calcium ions.
This is especially common in aquariums utilizing water softened using sodium chloride or potassium chloride to drive out hard water minerals.
Use of such water should be ceased prior to using Metronidazole and as well, the use of products such as Wonder
Shells mineral blocks should also be used first before treating with Metronidazole (or combined).
Due to Metronidazoles effectiveness against anaerobic bacteria by selectively blocking some of the cell functions of
anaerobic bacteria, Metronidazole along with Neomycin is a good choice for bloating of the digestive tract (common in goldfish).
Metronidazole selectively blocks some of the cell functions in anaerobic bacteria, resulting in their demise.
Metronidazole is also effective used in combination (such as with Praziquantel) or by itself for internal parasites such as Nematodes or Trematodes.
In marine aquarium infections is where Metronidazole really shines as it is very effective internally and since Marine
fish are always drinking the water around them, medication is easily transported to the infected area.
In Freshwater, treatment can be improved by soaking food as well and this is still an effective freshwater treatment as well.
7 days is a minimum treatment time indicated by the author. Instructions for treating with Metro for Hexamita
typically suggest 7-10 days, and if you read National Fish Pharmacy instructions for their Metro, they indicate 10 days period, nothing less.
Instructions vary and most instructions for treating with Metro indicate repeating dose every 24 hours with a 25% water change before treatment.
Part of the reason for the water change is to help reduce the flagellites that are expelled in the feces into the water.
A study at the University of Florida on Hexamita in Angelfish and treatment methods showed daily 25% water changes were almost as effective at reducing the amount of Hexamita in the intestines of affected fish as the metro.
Here is the link from the study. https://www.vin.com/apputil/content/defaultadv1.aspx?id=3981436&pid=11108&print=1 In addition, for Hexamita,
Metro should be combined with Nitrofuracin Green powder for 14 days to be truly effective.
Metro for 10, Nitro in combination with the Metro but for 14 days.