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The best plants for your koi pond

koi pond plants

koi pond plants not only look beautiful but can also serve to keep algae at bay. As a koi pond owner, you will probably also take pride in its appearance and upkeep, and if you have been searching for tips on the right kinds of plants for your koi pond, you have come to the right place! Discover which plants are safe to place in your pond, and how to introduce plants into a koi pond that has previously been plant-free. Here, you will also get some terrific tips about which plants to feature in your pond, and what you need to ensure your chosen plants will thrive.

 

Maintaining the quality of your koi pond

If you are contemplating introducing a koi pond to your garden, you must be aware that the one of the most essential elements of caring for your koi is maintaining the pH levels in the water. Koi require an alkaline environment, with pH levels of 7.5 to 8. Any reading below 7 is dangerous and the levels will need to be raised. You should check the pH levels regularly using a pH testing kit. It is also advisable to test the area around the pond and you can find the Best Soil pH Tester at Backtofarm.Com. Should you find the pH levels to be too low you can remedy this by taking bucket of pond water and dissolving 1 teaspoon of baking soda per 5 to 10 gallons of pond water. Add this solution to the pond. Once the levels are correct, you are ready to introduce plants to your pond.

 

 

Introducing plants to your koi pond

As you may already be aware koi are likely to attempt to eat ay plants they can reach, and so you need to be cunning in the way you introduce plants to the pond. One method is to grow plants on a plant shelf, away from the hungry mouths of koi, however these shelves may provide predators with a handy step which they will use to catch and eat the koi. An alternative is to place plants directly into, or onto the water.

 

Water hyacinth

There are three main types of water plants for ponds you can introduce to your koi pond: floating, submerged, and shallow-water marsh plants. An attractive plant you may consider is the floating Water Hyacinth which provides many benefits including a natural filtration system, removing excess nutrients from the water. A floating plant such as the Water Hyacinth also blocks out light meaning algae will be less likely to grow in your pond. Yet, there are some downsides to selecting a Water Hyacinth, as your koi may decide to nibble on this easily accessible plant.

 

Umbrella Palm

This plant resides in the shallow-water marsh plant category an is an attractive addition to a koi pond border. As you may have guessed from the name, the Umbrella Palm is shaped like an umbrella with several long leaves protruding from an extended stalk. This plant can thrive in warmer climates, but will need to be taken indoors if colder weather ensues.

 

American Waterweed (Elodea)

This wonderful plant is completely submerged but for the white flowers it produces which lie at the surface of the pond. The Elodea can be a great provider of shelter for smaller koi, and is perfect for utilising any excess carbon dioxide in the water. You will need to keep an eye on this plant however, as it can grow excessively, and is dangerous if allowed to infiltrate public waterways.

 

 

 

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koi pond plants How to choose the right pond plants for your koi pond

How to choose Pond plants in your garden ponds landscaping

 

koi pond plants  As well as enhancing the look of a pond, pond plants help to maintain water

 

koi pond plants koi fish and koi pond
quality, providing a healthy environment for the fish.

The choice of plants will partly depend on the style of pond—a naturalistic pond looks best when heavily planted

around the edges so that it blends seamlessly into its environment, while a contemporary look may be best achieved with more minimalist planting.

A well-balanced, healthy koi pond must contain two types of plant: oxygenators , which release oxygen into the water, and floating plants , which provide shelter from sunlight.

Without these, or an efficient filtration system, the water in the koi pond can become overgrown with algae, which not only turns the water green, but can also affect the health of some fish species, such as Sterlets

Plants in the body of the pond also absorb nitrate— the product of the breakdown of fish waste—which lessens the burden on the filtration system.

Incorporating plants into a koi pond is not Incorporating plants into a koi pond is not straightforward,partly because of the depth of water, and also because koi have a habit of digging up plants and browsing on the growing shoots.

Most koi ponds, therefore, simply incorporate a few tall marginals, and perhaps some water lilies, whose leaves help to protect the fish from sunburn in the clear water.

Planting In a new pond, wait several days after filling before putting the plants in place, to allow the water temperature to rise to that of the environment.

Pot plants as necessary (see opposite), having first inspected them closely for any signs of disease or pests.

In temperate areas, spring is the best time to introduce new pond plants into an existing pond, because aquatic
plants start to grow rapidly at this time.

If the pond is large, you may need waders to put plants in place, and special pond gloves should always be worn.

These reach up to your shoulders and provide protection against waterborne diseases, such as Weil’s disease a potentially serious condition, spread by rodents, which causes jaundice.

 

TYPES OF KOI POND PLANTS

Plants for the pond can be divided into four categories, based on their growing habits and where in the pond they are to be found.

Oxygenating pond plants, water lilies,and floating pond plants are truly aquatic, growing in or under the water.

Marginal plants are a useful addition to the pond, not only as a decorative element,but also to provide an excellent habitat for insects.

 

koi pond plants

koi pond plants

 

PLANTING STYLES

The plants in and around a pond have a great effect on the overall impression created.

Traditional, formal ponds often incorporate lowgrowing plants, such as water lilies, which do not mask the crisp, neat edges of the pond.

Small ponds often benefit from the inclusion of taller, more architectural plants, such as reeds and grasses, which lift the eye, making the pond appear larger.

 

koi pond plants planting style

 

Three varieties of water lily (Nymphaea ‘Escarboucle’, ‘William Falconer’, and Marliacea Albida’) adorn this large, formal pond, which is bordered by the tall, elegant spikes of Iris laevigata ‘Variegata’, Canna flaccida, and Schoenoplectus lacustris.

Myriophyllum verticillatum covers one corner of the pond.

The vertical emphasis of the planting in this courtyard pond, achieved through the use of tall marginals, such as irises and rushes, enhances

 

the geometric lines of this modern style, while a single water lily (Nymphaea ‘Gladstoneana’) softens the look and provides cover for the fish.

Creative landscaping Edging around a pond strengthens its perimeter and helps to disguise the edge of the pond liner.

It can also prolong the life of the liner by shielding it from sunlight.

Hard construction materials, such as paving slabs or bricks, laid around the edge of a pond give a more formal look,

while natural stone or sod are ideal for a more informal pond. Another possibility is a wooden deck raised above water level,

but the wood must first be treated with a nontoxic preservative to keep it from warping or rotting.

Consider the access to the pond: if this is across a lawn, regular foot traffic can quickly result in an unsightly muddy
trail.

If you do not want to construct a path, set paving slabs into the grass as an informal solution.

The planting and landscaping around the pond can be used to disguise pond equipment. An external filter, for example,

can be hidden in vegetation in a flowerbed, although it must still be easily accessible for routine maintenance and servicing.

Moving water
A fountain is an attractive addition to any pond, and also creates a healthier environment for the fish by improving
the water’s oxygen content.

Water lilies prefer calm water, however, and will not thrive under the jet of a fountain, so they need to be located at the opposite end of the pond.

Water currents created by the fountain can waft floating plants to one side of the pond; before adding plants, test

the flow by floating a light plastic ball on the surface of the water while the koi pond fountain is operating.

If the ball drifts away from where you want the plants to be, adjust the positioning of the fountain.

 

koi pond and pond plants

 

Oriental-style koi ponds often incorporate bridges and decorative features of Japanese life, such as bonsai trees and

this popular style of bamboo water fountain (left). Japanese maples create a striking backdrop to the pond, and can be grown in pots or in the ground.

koi pond pond plants

Reference from Encyclopedia of Aquarium and Pond Fish D Aldeton DK 2008