Koi fish and DIY koi pond https://www.giobelkoicenter.com Lets keep koi fish, breed and build cheap DIY koi pond Wed, 13 Dec 2017 13:48:22 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.9.1 135421373 7 Quick Guide to Koi Breeding 2017 https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/7-quick-guide-to-koi-breeding-2017/ https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/7-quick-guide-to-koi-breeding-2017/#respond Wed, 13 Dec 2017 13:22:35 +0000 https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/?p=658 7 Quick Guide to Koi Breeding that you need to know 2017
  1. Like most fish, Koi fish lay eggs instead of bearing live offspring. In fact, Koi are known to lay thousands of eggs at a time. This process may sound easy and promising if you’re considering breeding Koi for fun or profit, but many factors must be exactly right for even a small percentage of these eggs to survive so don’t get your hopes up just yet. This article will explain the process of Koi spawning.
  2. The first component of Koi breeding is a pair of healthy, mature Koi. The actual art and science of raising healthy Koi is outside the scope of this article, but there are many resources available. If you can raise healthy Koi, however, they will reach sexual maturity as early as three years of age. Sometimes they will not start breeding until they are almost four. It depends more upon their physical growth rate than age. A pregnant female koi fish  will be relatively easy to notice among other Koi. They will, of course, appear larger, mostly in the abdomen. Pregnancy, however, does not equate to fertility in the fish world. The eggs must be fertilized by a male, and determining when a male is ready to breed is not as easy.
  3. The next most important factor is an appropriate breeding setup. Generally, it is preferable to conduct Koi spawning in a controlled environment, separate from the other Koi that you may have. Since the water parameters most appropriate to encourage breeding are somewhat stressful on the Koi, it is best not to place the entire flock under this type of strain unnecessarily. Also, when keeping the spawning pair separate from the rest of the flock, you can better ascertain the type of Koi you will produce if you are trying to cross-breed. Furthermore, you will have much more control over the fate of the eggs, which will improve the overall survivability of your Koi babies.
  4. The ideal setup will have plenty of room for both fish. Expert opinions vary, but temperature should be somewhere around 2-5°C higher. Always remember to give the female an area to lay the eggs; they will need something to attach to. Plant matter tends to work best, but even experienced breeders have been known to use a solution as simple as a mop head to save costs.
  5. Always keep the koi eggs separate from the rest of the flock. If left open to the adult Koi fish, they will likely be eaten. Additionally, it is best if there are some “private” areas within the breeding enclosure, basically anything that gives the impression of a nest. Again, some plant matter or even fish netting will work well for this effect.
  6. Koi will naturally breed in the spring. They can sense the time of year through changes in the water temperature. It would be considered extremely difficult to simulate this, so it is best to allow this to occur naturally. If the pair will breed, they will very likely do it in the morning. All of the conditions must be just right. If they do not breed, try adjusting the water temperature; it may be too cold or too warm. Make sure they are well fed. You can keep trying, but it is only recommended to keep the Koi in the breeding enclosure for a few days at a time. They may perish if exposed to the high temperatures for too long.
  7. The koi fish eggs, if fertilized, will hatch in seven to ten days after the koi fish spawning. While it was said that Koi will lay thousands of eggs at a time, do not raise your expectations that each one will survive. Not all of the eggs are going to make it and you should not expect thousands


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Cute little girl baby Carly feeds koi fish that you need to know https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/cute-little-girl-baby-carly-feeds-koi-fish-that-you-need-to-know/ https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/cute-little-girl-baby-carly-feeds-koi-fish-that-you-need-to-know/#respond Mon, 11 Dec 2017 14:41:26 +0000 https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/?p=655

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10 easy tips that you need to know about koi breeding https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/10-tips-koi-breeding/ https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/10-tips-koi-breeding/#respond Sat, 09 Dec 2017 07:23:56 +0000 https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/?p=637 10 easy tips that you need to know about koi breeding

I list 10 easy steps that you should follow in koi breeding. I listed the most important preparation that you need to do if your planning to breed koi

koi breeding

  1. Prepare live food culture for your baby koi fish This is the most important preparing live foods for the baby koi fish. My recommendation is culture daphnia magna this type of daphnia is easy to culture and maintain just feed it with green water or dry bakers yeast. you can learn more about how to culture daphnia magna here https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/daphnia-magna/
  2. Separate Female koi fish that you want to breed from the community pond this will ensure the female koi fish will not be mate by male koi fish in the community pond and She can store and produce enough eggs when you will breed her.  Look at this video female koi fish remove from the community pond the body is still slender and the tummy is thin yet watch here    and the video after a month look at the difference of its body  with this video the female koi fish is ready to be breed  watch here 
  3. Feed the koi fish breeders with high protein koi food or live foods like daphnia, earthworms, snails, duckweed etc
  4. Prepare the koi breeding tank  so that the water will be condition already when you place the koi fish breeders
  5. Prepare aerator and methylene blue
  6. Prepare spawning media you can make DIY like yarn
  7. Koi fish net to catch the koi fish breeders
  8. Run the filter on the koi breeding tank
  9. Net to cover the koi breeding tank
  10. Quarantine tank for the female koi fish to rest after spawning female koi fish should not be mix immediately to the community tank after spawning it needs to rest for her to recover from stress during spawning.

Left to their own devices, a number of coldwater fish will
breed readily in a pond environment. However, in a densely
planted pond, a successful spawning may go unnoticed
until later in the year, when the fry are larger and can
be seen feeding alongside the adults. Breeders who
like to have more control over the reproductive
habits of their fish often spawn them artificially

When egg-scatterers, such as goldfish and koi, are kept in a
group, they may come into breeding condition simultaneously
and spawn together. In such cases, having more males in the
group than females will ensure that a higher proportion of the
eggs are fertilized. If you want to breed particular fish together
and be sure of the parentage of the fry, you should keep your
chosen breeding stock on their own. It is also a good idea to
set up a special spawning pond for them, so that you can move
the adults back to the main pond after the eggs have been laid,
and rear the young on their own. After spawning, the adults
may be exhausted and float on their sides at the surface.They
will soon recover, but make sure they have not sustained any
fin damage during spawning, which could lead to infection.
If you choose to hatch and rear the fry in a tank, either
outside or indoors, use a mature sponge filter to provide gentle
filtration. Feed the fry on infusoria (see pp.67–8) at first, or a
commercial substitute, and then wean them onto powdered
flake.Add them to the pond when they are about 1 in (2.5 cm)
long and too large to be eaten. Fish reared indoors should no

be introduced to the pond in cold weather—the shock of the
cooler pond water may kill them. If necessary, keep them inside
until the following spring, when conditions will be warmer.
Some breeders of goldfish and koi prefer not to allow their fish
to spawn naturally. Instead, a male and female fish are given an
injection of pituitary gland extract to bring them into breeding
condition. Hand-stripping (massaging the underparts of the
fish) is then used to expel eggs from the female and semen from
the male.The eggs and sperm are placed together in a mixture
of urea and iodine-free table salt called Woynárovich’s solution,
which aids fertilization by removing the eggs’ sticky coating.
Finally, the eggs are washed in a tannic-acid solution to protect
them against fungus, and left in an indoor tank to hatch.With
hand-stripping, up to 90 percent of the eggs are fertilized,
compared with 50 percent when the fish spawn naturally.

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(koi fish) transforming into a dragon 2017 https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/koi-fish-transforming-into-a-dragon-2017/ https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/koi-fish-transforming-into-a-dragon-2017/#respond Sun, 26 Nov 2017 07:23:41 +0000 https://giobelkoicenter.com/?p=553 The legend of the koi fish transforming into a dragon

This is my diorama video telling the story of the legend of the koi fish transforming into a dragon

Once upon a time, there was a little Kohaku koi fish who lives in a beautiful small pond.  One day He decided to go in the dragon’s gate because he wanted to become a dragon as what he heard his grandfather told him that whenever you will succeed in reaching the dragon’s gate you will turn into a beautiful dragon,  so the little kohaku koi fish jump out of his pond and swim towards the dragons gate when He was about to reach the summit of the water fall the Gods test him they make large waves to prevent the koi fish from reaching

the dragon’s gate but the little koi fish is determined to reach the top He keeps on swimming even if he was already tired and exausted and then the Gods throw him ball of fires and even lighting but this did not stop the little kohaku koi fish he continues to swim upward the water fall and then successfully reach the dragon’s gate. The Gods were very pleased with the little koi fish that they turn the little koi fish into a beautiful dragon.

My story is based on Fish in Chinese mythology

Here is also a story from this site http://www.egreenway.com/dragonsrealms/DT3.htm

The Threshold of the Dragon’s Gate

“Beneath the serene quiet of the water lilies
a young carp senses a calling . . . swelling up in her heart
like the swirling waters at the base of a great waterfall,
Somehow summoned to go beyond the barrier
of crashing water and veiled mist
The churning waters of the waterfall’s bottom
matches that of the young carp’s desires

Finally with a burst of enthusiasm the carp has launched herself
up the wall of rushing water
cresting the first fall with a surge of effort
only to be met with relentless rushing water.
Persevering from one cataract to the next
the carp make it to the summit’s last falls.
Regrouping her energies in a pocket of scouring effervescence
every essence of strength, courage, and spirit is consumed
in the launching over the fall’s summit.

And the dragon’s gate accepts her efforts a transforming gate of fire
Revealing the birth of a new Dragon
born of the seed of desire planted in the heart of a small carp
that once hid in the shallows.”
– Howard Schroeder, Threshold of the Dragon’s Gate

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This is why benefits of having (koi fish)2017 https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/benefits-of-having-koi-fish2017/ https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/benefits-of-having-koi-fish2017/#respond Fri, 24 Nov 2017 08:38:02 +0000 https://giobelkoicenter.com/?p=542 Benefits of a Koi fish koi pond

It’s no secret that having a koi pond can help reduce daily stress and promote relaxation. But did you know that it also provides wonderful health and lifestyle benefits as well?

  • Reduce Stress -Many of these koi fish keepers  Koi pond owners share that they feel “rejuvenated” after spending quiet time near their Koi pond watching the koi fish swims gracefully and hand feeding their koi fish They report a sense of “centeredness” and feel they are more capable of handling the stresses of everyday life head-on.
  • Decrease Anxiety
  • Lower Blood Pressure-Some doctors have begun to voice their opinions about the benefits of having a personal Koi pond. They have gained these opinions by witnessing improvements in such medical conditions as high blood pressure, anxiety disorders, and some heart conditions in patients known to have their own personal Koi pond. Stress can exasperate these conditions and doctors are always looking for ways they can recommend to their patients for reducing the amount of stress in their lives for better health. Doctors have even found that many stroke and heart attack sufferers recover sooner when they have an area they can access frequently for relaxation, such as with a Koi pond.
  • Promote Faster Recover for Stroke Patients
  • Stimulate Imagination and Creativity
  • Create Aesthetic appeal
  • Get Rid of Negativity
  • Bring Good luck
  • Rejuvenate You After a Stressful Day
  • Entertainment for the whole Family

koi fish benefits

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How To Raise ( Koi fish) In Your Backyard koi Pond 2017 https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/how-to-raise-koi-fish-in-your-backyard-koi-pond-2017/ https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/how-to-raise-koi-fish-in-your-backyard-koi-pond-2017/#respond Sun, 19 Nov 2017 06:15:11 +0000 https://giobelkoicenter.com/?p=503 raise koi in your backyard

Formal ponds are frequently seen in the grounds of European koi pond
stately homes, reflecting a gardening trend that began in North Africa. Such ponds generally have
few plants present, other than water lilies.

invariably kept in a larger formal design of pond. Such ponds
are costly to construct, however, not just because they need
to be large, but also because they require an effective filtration
system to maintain water quality and clarity.

Naturalistic ponds are simple and inexpensive to create
using flexible pond liner . At certain times of year,
however, the fish may not be particularly conspicuous in this
type of pond; during early summer, for example, the water
may be green with algae and the pond partially covered with profuse plant growth. A filtration system is less essential in a pond of this type, but regular maintenance is required to remove dead plant material and clean out silt
Depth is an important consideration, especially in temperate areas. Fish instinctively retreat to the bottom of a koi pond as the temperature drops toward freezing. Ponds should, therefore, include an area that is at least 4 ft (1.2 m) deep, to ensure that it will not freeze to the bottom in even the most severe winters

Construction choices
The availability of modern pond construction materials provides a wide choice for the hobbyist. raise koi in your backyardCreating a pond using flexible pond liner or installing a preformed pond unit does not require advanced construction skills and can be relatively inexpensive. Large concrete ponds, by contrast, are considerably more expensive, and may even require the services of a professional installer.

A wide range of flexible liners and preformed pond units mare available to suit most budgets, but it can be a false
economy to purchase the cheapest option. Less expensive liners, such as polyethene, may not last as long as higherquality flexible liners, such as PVC and butyl rubber, which are more resistant to attack by the ultraviolet component of sunlight. Butyl rubber is probably the best material to choose, partly because it is very elastic and so will not crease as much during installation as other materials. A PVC pond liner is a somewhat cheaper option, with a correspondingly shorter life-span; if choosing PVC, select a thicker grade, typically 1 mm, with a reinforcing nylon weave providing extra strength and durability. Preformed pond units are also available in a range of materials, of which rubberized versions are generally the most durable. Flexible pond liner is sold by the square foot, in rolls
of various widths, so careful planning is required to be sure you purchase sheeting of the correct dimensions.The amount of liner required is easily determined for any shape of pond using the following method. First, determine the length of the pond at its longest point and the width at its widest point. Next, adjust these dimensions to allow for sufficient liner to fit into the deepest part of the pond: to do this, multiply the maximum depth of the pond by two, and add this to both the length and width figures respectively. Finally, add a further 18 in (45 cm) to each dimension to provide extra liner to overlap the edge of the pond; the final figures give you the overall width and length of liner required.


  • Ponds should only be
    constructed in areas where
    the ground is relatively level
  • Choose a location that
    allows you to view the pond
    from inside the house.
  • Consider the availability of
    a power supply for running
    filters and fountains.
  • Avoid building a pond
    close to trees, because the
    growth of their roots may
    damage the foundations or
    puncture the pond liner
  • Avoid areas that are
    naturally prone to becoming
    waterlogged, because excess
    water can collect under the
    pond liner.
  • Site the pond in a
    sheltered spot, to stop leaves
    from blowing into it.
  • Choose a site that is not
    in direct sunlight during the
    hottest part of the day.

raise koi pond in your backyarad


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guppy fish https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/guppy-fish/ https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/guppy-fish/#respond Thu, 09 Nov 2017 13:18:00 +0000 https://giobelkoicenter.com/?p=470 guppy fish

ORIGINS South America, occurring in the Caribbean and
in South America north of the Amazon.
SIZE 2 in (5 cm).
DIET Prepared foods and small livefoods.
WATER Temperature 70–77°F (21–25°C); hard
(100–150 mg/l) and alkaline (pH 7.5).
TEMPERAMENT Placid and social.

guppy fish golden snakeskin delta guppy
Golden Snakeskin Delta Guppy This is one of a number of guppy varieties that have become very popular in Russia. It is thought that the famous Moscow Blue strain may have evolved from the Snakeskin line. The snakeskin patterning can be combined with other colors, but it is usually associated with varieties displaying a broad caudal fin

One of the best known of all tropical fish, the Guppy is named after Rev.Thomas Guppy, who identified it on the Caribbean island of Trinidad.

The several thousand varieties available to aquarists today are far removed from their wild ancestors, and can be found in a wide range of colors and with many different body patterns and fin types.

The different color variations are displayed most impressively in male fish, which are naturally more colorful as well as smaller than females. (All the fish illustrated here are male.) Guppies show well as a group in a single-species tank, but they can also be kept with other nonaggressive fish as part of a community aquarium.

The female Guppy gives birth to live offspring, but unfortunately, these are likely to be cannibalized soon after birth, even in a breeding tank setup, unless the young can escape out of reach.Various breeding traps are available for this purpose .When buying these fish, it is worth remembering that the largest females give birth to correspondingly bigger broods.

One of the most significant factors to consider when breeding guppies is that a female only needs to mate once in order to continue producing young throughout her life—potentially giving birth to seven or more broods using sperm
stored in her body.

This is why even if you choose a well-marked male and female from the same tank in a pet store, the likelihood will be that at least some of the young will not be the offspring of that particular male (although the majority of offspring are likely to be the result of the most recent mating).This also explains how females kept on their own can give birth to young.

The only way to be sure of the parentage of guppies is to separate the sexes as early as possible. As soon as the young males can be recognized by their gonopodium—usually when they are about three weeks old—they should be transferred to a separate tank.The females will be noticeably larger than the males from three months onward, by which time some of the males will already be sexually mature. A female guppy will have her first brood approximately a month after mating.

The number of offspring produced is likely to be small at first, sometimes no more than 10, but it increases to between 50 and 100 per brood as the female grows bigger. Some strains are more prolific breeders than others.

guppy breeding

Selective breeding of guppies began during the 1950s, but unfortunately, a number of strains—even some
that are carefully maintained—are not stable.This means that many of the resulting offspring may not display the most desirable characteristics of their parents. Cobra patterning is one of the most stable characteristics in terms of
markings.This is a dominant genetic characteristic, so well-marked individuals are always likely to pass their cobra patterning on to the next generation. However, recessive characteristics, such as tuxedo patterning, may disappear for several generations of a particular bloodline, and then reemerge unexpectedly at a later stage.



Tuxedo Multicolored Delta Guppy fish  The tuxedotuxedo multi colored guppy fish
characteristic (the black area toward the rear of the body)
can be combined with different colors to striking effect.
This variety also has the broad delta-tail.






Blue Tuxedo Guppy This particular variety is also
guppy fish tuxedo
described as the Blue Delta-Tail Half Black, based on its
body coloration. The broad caudal fin is predominantly
blue, with variable black markings.




wild guppy
Wild Guppy These fish may be found in brackish water,
and the addition of salt to their aquarium is recommended.
Wild Guppies are not readily available today, and domestic
strains will prove far more adaptable.

german yellow guppy
German Yellow Guppy Named after its country of
origin, this is a particularly striking variety in which the
enlarged caudal fin and the dorsal fin are both yellow.
Fin shape, as well as color, is important in fancy guppies.

Blonde Guppy
Blonde Guppy The red caudal fin and rear part of the
body contrast with the lighter blonde coloration seen on
the underparts near the head. The use of color food is
often recommended for red strains of guppies.

red tail half black guppy
Red Tail Half-Black Guppy As with other strains
created by selective breeding, fertility may be impaired
if these fish are heavily inbred. Not all such strains are
commercial products; some are bred by enthusiasts only.

silver backed tuxedo guppy
Silver-Backed Tuxedo
Guppy The distinctive
black area on the flank
varies in size and density
between individuals.
golden snakeskin delta guppy
Golden Snakeskin Delta Guppy
This is one of a number of guppy
varieties that have become very popular
in Russia. It is thought that the famous
Moscow Blue strain may have evolved
from the Snakeskin line.

red varitail guppy
Red Varitail Guppy (above) Broad-tailed guppies like
the Red Varitail tend to be more popular than those
with narrow tails, because the wide caudal fin allows
for some striking tail patterns to be developed.
gold cobra delta guppy
Gold Cobra Delta Guppy Of American origin, Cobra
Guppies are now popular internationally. The male (seen
above) is always more colorful than the female, although
she may display a patterned caudal fin in some strains.

Resources from Encyclopedia of Aquarium and Pond Fish D. Alderton DK 2008

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How to build DIY trapal or trapond koi pond 2017 https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/trapal-koi-pond/ https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/trapal-koi-pond/#respond Tue, 31 Oct 2017 13:44:41 +0000 https://giobelkoicenter.com/?p=432 trapal koi pond

Favorite choice of poor mans koi fish keeper a trapal koi pond it is easy to setup and cheap although it will not last long

Pro Tip on how to make your Trapal koi pond last long.

  • Make sure it will not have direct sunlight install roofing to your trapal koi pond the best roofing material is plastic cover in order for the sunlight can penetrate but will not damage the trapal koi pond.
  • If possible the koi pond should be dug not above the ground it will protect the trapal koi pond from sun damage and unstable temperature that will make it deteriorate fast
  • Make sure that the water level should be at the topmost level of the pond the water protect it from harmful sunlight rays that will deteriorate it faster.

Here is another video of my trapal koi pond that I built with bamboo frame.


Here below is the photo of trapal that are used as pond liner for most koi keepers and other fish keepers in the Philippines.


trapl koi pond with bamboo frame

How to build trapal koi pond

  1. Build the trapal koi pond frame it is up to you what materials are you going to use bamboo or wood. You can also dig the ground if you prefer not to build trapal koi pond frame. I highly recommend this since it will make your trapal last longer than raised koi pond design.
  2. After you are done with the frame or dug a hole in the ground check the grounds if there are any sharp objects like stones, nails, roots of the trees etc and then add protection like carton or newspaper.
  3. Now layout the trapal in the frame or earthen hole koi pond fold each edge to ensure that there are no sides that are stretching
  4. After they are now in place secure them with u nails to stick them if you are using bamboo or wood frame for the earthen koi pond place stones to each edge to hold the trapal.
  5. add water and then install also your filtration system my suggestion is used airlift filtration system it is cheaper in power consumption, your safe for any electrical shock and does not clog up like the submersible pump.
  6. After your filtration system is installed run it for a week before adding your koi fish.

Here is a video of a simple demonstration how the airlift pump works you can google to find designs in airlift filtration system in the meantime check out my video below


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betta fish care 2017 things that you need to know https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/betta-fish-care/ https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/betta-fish-care/#respond Mon, 30 Oct 2017 05:05:55 +0000 https://giobelkoicenter.com/?p=425 betta fish care

ORIGINS Southeast Asia, occurring in Thailand, althoughbetta fish care
its exact range is uncertain.

SIZE 21⁄4 in (6 cm).

DIET Prepared foods and live foods.

WATER Temperature 75–82°F (24–28°C); soft

(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0–6.5).


TEMPERAMENT Males are aggressive toward each other.
Siamese Fighting Fish
Betta splendens


The Siamese Fighting Fish is also referred to as the Betta, particularly in North America.This species was widely kept in Thailand for more than 200 years before it became known in the West in the late 1800s. In their homeland, where
they frequent the canals, or klongs, that flow through many Thai cities, Siamese Fighting Fish were selectively bred not only for their color but also for their fighting ability, with significant amounts of money being bet on the outcome of contests between the more aggressive males.

Different strains evolved from cross-breeding fish obtained from various parts of Thailand. As a result, it is now practically impossible to be certain of the original distribution of these fish, or of their natural coloration, even though alleged “wild type” specimens are occasionally offered for sale.Current thinking is that wild forms were originally dark red, probably with bluish streaking on their fins and a pair of vertical lines on the side of the
head behind the eyes. Certainly, the wild ancestors of today’s Siamese Fighting Fish had simpler fins than those seen in modern strains. It is likely that interest in keeping these fish for fighting purposes began not in Thailand, but in
neighboring Cambodia (Kampuchea). In fact, the Thai name for these fish is pla kat khmer, which translates as “fin-biter in Khmer” (Khmer is a former name of Cambodia). Since being introduced to the West, however, breeders have concentrated on establishing a wide range of color forms, ranging from white through yellow to purple. Selective breeding has also been used to modify the fins, which are always more elaborate in the males.With the exception
of the female Half-Moon Betta, pictured below left, all the specimens shown here are male. In Thailand, it is traditional to house Siamese Fighting Fish in small jars, but these provide little swimming space and make it difficult to maintain the water quality.The natural grace and elegance of the fish will be more apparent in an aquarium.
A single male can be kept in a tank with several females, or even as part of a community aquarium. However, avoid mixing these fish with fin-nipping species, which will attack the flowing fins, or with fish of a similar coloration, which may themselves be attacked by the Siamese Fighting Fish.

These fish are easy to care for, but they are not especially long-lived, with an average lifespan of about two years. Pairs of seven or eight months old are best for breeding.They need a relatively shallow spawning tank, about 8 in (20 cm) deep. It must be covered and include floating plants, among which the male will build a bubble-nest. Thai breeders often add the leaves of the Ketapang or Indian almond tree (Terminalia catappa) to assist with the conditioning of the water.

These leaves are available in the West through specialist suppliers. Raising the water temperature can trigger spawning, as can increasing the amount of livefood in the diet. Check that the female is in breeding condition, because otherwise, the male may harass her. Aside from her slightly swollen belly, one of the surest indicators of the female’s readiness to spawn is when she develops yellowish stripes on her body. She will actively seek out the male at this stage, rather than trying to avoid him

breeding betta fish

These are  the videos below of the step by step process in breeding betta fish

Step 1. place the male and female betta fish container near each other for them to see each other and be acquainted  and feed them plenty of live foods like mosquito larvae, brine shrimp or daphnia. observe if the male will build bubble nest and look for the female egg spot by looking its vent there is a whitish color in the ventral area of the femal that is an egg that is an indicator that the female is full of eggs and ready to spawn

Part 2 in breeding betta fish Video

Part 3 in breeding betta fish

It is the responsibility of the male Siamese Fighting Fish to construct a bubble-nest. Spawning occurs nearby, with the pair wrapping around one another.The female will then float upside down, as though stunned, while the male collects the 15 or so eggs in its mouth and carries them to the bubble-nest. Mating resumes once he has gathered
all the eggs.

This sequence is repeated until some 500 eggs have been produced, with the entire process lasting about two hours. It is the best to remove the female while the male guards the nest, otherwise he may attack her. If the tank is very
large and well planted, however, it may be safe for her to stay put. Hatching occurs 48 hours after mating, and the
young fry is free-swimming within a further four days. Rear them on fry foods at first, and gently circulate the water with an airstone to convey food particles to them. Powdered flake and brine shrimp can be provided as they grow.A large number of fry means that gentle filtration is needed to maintain water quality, and partial water changes are required every three days. Once the males in the brood can be identified, usually, at about two months of age, they should be moved to individual accommodation to prevent fighting. Prior to this, keep the aquarium covered to keep the young fish from becoming chilled, since this will impair the development of their labyrinth organs

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how to feed (daphnia magna) that you need to know 2017 https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/daphnia-magna/ https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/daphnia-magna/#respond Sun, 29 Oct 2017 11:37:06 +0000 https://giobelkoicenter.com/?p=418 what to feed daphnia magna

Here is the list of my favorite food for my daphnia magna culture.

  • Bakers yeast you can purchase it from grocery store or bake shop store. I just mix it with warm water to dilute it and then sprinkle it to my daphnia magna culture.
  • Green water culture I place gunky and old water from my koi pond and place it in an empty plastic bottle container and place it under the sun this will produce green water and green water is green water or single-celled algae and Daphnia Magna will reproduce faster when eating green water.
  • Spirulina powder you can buy in your local pet store if there is no available spirulina powder in your local pet store you can purchase on the drug store. you can buy spirulina tablet and pond it with a pestle into powder form.
  • I also gave my daphnia Magna culture paprika you can buy paprica

How to create green water

  • mix 1/2 teaspoon urea to your 1 gallon old tank water or koi pond water then place under the sun wait for several days so that the urea will be consume by the planktoon before feeding it to your daphnia culture.



how to culture daphnia magna

Article has given free download at science.ousd
This is the inspiration you need to get started with live food culturing.

daphnia magna life cycle
Photo from Wikipedia

Daphnia are very interesting creatures, but they are also easy and fun to culture under the right condition.

Daphnia (daff-NEE-ah) are small freshwater crustaceans that are found on just about every continent in the world. From the frozen artic to vernal desert pools, daphnia occupy an important niche at the lower rungs of the food web. Most aquatic insects, amphibians, invertebrates, fish and fowl utilize daphnia as a food source. And what an excellent food source they are! Daphnia are high in protein, vitamins A & D, and indigestible chitin (KITE-un) to aid in digestion.

Daphnids have an almost bulletproof reproductive strategy. They have the ability to rapidly clone themselves asexually when conditions are right. When conditions deteriorate, they have the ability to procreate sexually and produce resting cysts that can hatch when conditions improve.

Daphnia are truly hard to beat as a live food culture for tropical fish, mostly because they are so prolific and easy to culture. There are as many ways to culture these little crustaceans, as there are people that culture them. It really is hard to go wrong with these critters. Here are the steps to culturing daphnia:

1) Set up your green water cultures
In a pinch you can feed your Daphnia a very, very small pinch of flour or a single grain of oatmeal. Stir the container and the Daphnia will filter feed the dissolved food in the water. But the best food for rapid growth is green water or single celled algae.

Take some clean plastic storage containers or old used aquariums, and place them in a spot outdoors that gets plenty of sunlight, but not too much direct sun. Fill the containers with some gunky water vacuumed from your fish tanks, and toss in a pinch of natural fertilizer such as blood or bone meal. Some daphnia culturists report having good luck using dissolved Miracle Grow at the rate of 1 teaspoon per gallon of water. An old gallon milk jug is perfect for dissolving the mix. Add in some lettuces and let it rot.

Set up at least two green water containers before you buy your starter culture of daphnia. Allow the green water cultures to become emerald green in color. It’s a very good idea to have duplicate cultures going just in case one of them crashes.

What good is it to take a few weeks storing up a bunch of green water only to have it eaten by the daphnia in a few days? As a rule of thumb, set up at least three times more green water than you need to house your daphnia in. With a couple of containers equaling twelve gallons of green water, you can safely plan on supporting four gallons of daphnia culture. A single gallon container of water can support hundreds of daphnia.

2) Prepare for the arrival of your daphnia culture
Once you have plenty of emerald green water, it is time to transfer some green water culture to the containers that will house your daphnia. To keep a constant supply of green water going, be sure to replace any green water you transfer out of the green water container with tank water or dechlorinated tap water. Try not to use all of your green water up, since it is much more work to start a new culture than it is to keep an existing one going.

For housing daphnia cultures indoors, plastic shoe or sweater boxes work well as does the standard ten-gallon tank. Outdoor cultures do well with 55-gallon drums, plastic tubs or kiddy wading pools. Just about anything that holds water and isn’t toxic can hold daphnia.

It is also a good idea to set up some smaller cultures with a number of different water conditions and different types of containers. Pint-sized drinking water bottles or 2-liter soda pop bottles work well in a pinch. The idea is to hedge your bet by placing your daphnia culture in green water, spring water, treated tap water and whatever else you can think of, to assure that at least some of the daphnia will survive. There is a remote chance that your new arrivals may not take to your green water or your containers may not be daphnia safe. It is better to be cautious by not putting all your eggs in one basket.

3) Acclimate and release the daphnia
Open the shipping box immediately. A few dead daphnia in the shipping bag is normal.

If you notice a marked difference between the temperature of the shipping bag and that of your water containers, you should float the bag for 10 to 15 minutes to equalize the temperature a bit. If both are relatively the same, you can just start divvying up the daphnia amongst the various containers at your disposal. Add a few daphnia at a time, very slowly. Do you see any instant deaths? Don’t put any more daphnia in a container that has them sinking to the bottom to die. Keep divvying them up until they are all spread out among a number of water containers. A dedicated fish room eyedropper works well for transferring the daphnia.

4) Check on your cultures daily
So your new daphnia culture made it through the night in your green water? Good for you! You can start consolidating your mini-cultures into the green water until you have at least two cultures. Again, multiple cultures will help hedge your bet should one of the cultures crash. You will have learned whether daphnia can live in your treated tap water, which is good to know. Daphnia are so sensitive to toxic water that they are used in industry to test for water pollution, sort of like canaries in a coal mine.

Check daily to make sure they have enough green water. Add more as needed, and remember to replenish any outdoor green water containers accordingly if you have them.

5) Care and feeding
If the daphnia eat your green water too fast you may need to set up another green water culture. Daphnia will also eat powdered fish food flakes, bacteria-laden water, and even infusoria from snail droppings. Hikari “First Bites”, “Liquifry”, “Spiralina Powder” and “Cyclop-Eeze” are great foods to supplement your green water as well. Care must be taken not to over feed or pollute the daphnia culture water.

Daphnia populations are known to pulse (rise and fall). A lot depends on water quality, available oxygen, light duration, and available food sources. Some trial and error and experimentation is in order with regard to light duration, added air bubblers and amount of food to offer. By and large, leaving the light on all the time will help promote algae and bacteria in the culture, and an air bubbler (no airstone!) will keep water circulating. The ambient temperature should be kept in a range that is comfortable for people. Outdoor cultures can be pretty much left to their own devices.

If you fear your culture is crashing (you start to see a lot of dead daphnia), remove 10% of your culture water. Then add fresh conditioned water and some food to the container. Also, harvest some of the daphnia to start a new culture, and/or provide a heavy feeding for your fish.

Here is a video of a daphnia moina

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where to buy daphnia?  You can buy at eBay or any online aquarium websites that sells  daphnia eggs starter culture and live daphnia culture or buy from us. currently, our daphnia eggs for sale is only moina eggs for sale  


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