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types of koi understanding koi nomenclature

types of koi understanding koi nomenclature koi fish meaning


Distinguishing between koi varieties can be extremely confusing at first,partly because they are referred to in the West by traditional Japanese

descriptions, even if they have been bred in other countries.

Knowledge of a few basic terms, such as the words to describe the various colors (right) and the main varieties (below), is a useful introduction to the complex world of koi nomenclature.

 

KOI VARIETIES
The illustrations below give examples of the main koi varieties, highlighting their individual characteristics.

The most popular varieties, known collectively as “Go Sanke,” are the Showa, Kohaku, and Sanke.

Varieties prefixed with thet erm “Hikari” are metallic koi, which have an overall reflective luster, while all others are known as nonmetallics.

In addition to the color differences described here, the appearance of a koi is influenced by its pattern of scalation.

“Doitsu” koi, for example, may have large mirror scales on either side of the dorsal fin, but are scaleless elsewhere, while the scale type known as “Kin Gin Rin,” or simply “Gin Rin,” is characterized by the sparkling appearance of the scales.

KOI COLORS
Japanese descriptions of color are important in koi nomenclature.

Some have multiple names depending on the form in which that color appears.

types of koi color meanings chart

 

types of koi infographic chart guide

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kohaku koi different types of kohaku you need to know 2018

kohaku koi different types of kohaku you need to know 2018

kohaku koi definition

A koi fish variety that has a white skin and a red pattern is defined as a Kohaku koi.kohaku koi

The kohaku koi is a representative class of the Nishikigoi.

Though its color is plain only white and red.

It reminds all the Japanese of their national flag of Japan.

In the koi world, there is a saying, “Keeping the Nishikigoi begins with the Kohaku and ends with the Kohaku.

First people are attracted by the beauty of the Kohaku koi and charmed by the Showa or the Ogon.

But finally, they go back to the Kohaku koi again.

That means that Kohaku koi is the prototype of the Nishikigoi.

 

Kohaku koi Origin

It was around 1800 that a red and white koi appeared for the first time.

red and white koi fish

By mutation, a koi with red cheeks called “Hookazuki” was born from a black carp.

Hookazuki koi fish
Hookazuki

Then a white koi was born from “Hookazuki”

white koi
white koi

The white koi being mated with a Higoi, a white koi with Hi markings was breed and called “Hara-aka” (red Belly)”.

white koi higoi or red koi hara aka red belly

Later kois with Hi markings on the gill covers “Era-Hi (Red gills)” were breed.

Era-Hi (Red gills)
Era-Hi (Red gills)

Later than 1830 a “Zu-kinkaburi” whose head is partly red, a “Menkaburi” whose whole head is red.

Zu-kinkaburi
Zu-kinkaburi
Menkaburi
Menkaburi

A “Menkaburi” whose whole head is red, a “Kuchi-beni of which lips are red

Kuchi-beni koi fish
Kuchi-beni

An a “Sarasa” which has red and white markings on the back were breed.

Sarasa kohaku koi fish
Sarasa

In the Meiji era Kohakus spread all over Yamakoshi and were improved.

It was by Gosuke of Utogi that so-called modern Kohaku was breed.

Utogi is a part of Ojiya City now. His real name was Kunizo Hiroi.

He mated a male koi of the cherry blossom pattern with a female which had a redhead.

A Tomouemon inherited Gosuke’s excellent Kohaku and Yagozen and Buheita followed him.

Kohaku Pattern

Good white texture is the most important element in the case of the Kohaku.

It must not be yellowish or brownish but should be snow white.

Dark but bright Hi is Preferable.

There are two kinds of Hi one’s base is purple and the other base is yellowish brown.

The former Hi is darker and does not fade away easily but unrefined.