betta fish care how to care for a betta fish you need to know

betta fish care how to care for a betta fish you need to know

betta fish care

betta fish care learn how to grow betta fish and breed them successfully

betta fish care

ORIGINS Southeast Asia, occurring in Thailand, although
its exact range is uncertain.

SIZE 21⁄4 in (6 cm).

DIET Prepared foods and live foods.

WATER Temperature 75–82°F (24–28°C); soft

(50–100 mg/l) and acidic (pH 6.0–6.5).

TEMPERAMENT Males are aggressive toward each other.
Siamese Fighting Fish
Betta splendens

The Siamese Fighting Fish is also referred to as the Betta, particularly in North America.This species was widely kept in Thailand for more than 200 years before it became known in the West in the late 1800s.

In their homeland, where they frequent the canals, or klongs, that flow through many Thai cities,

Siamese Fighting Fish were selectively bred not only for their color but also for their fighting ability, with significant amounts of money being bet on the outcome of contests between the more aggressive males.

Different strains evolved from cross-breeding fish obtained from various parts of Thailand.

As a result, it is now practically impossible to be certain of the original distribution of these fish, or of their natural coloration, even though alleged “wild type” specimens are occasionally offered for sale.

Current thinking is that wild forms were originally dark red, probably with bluish streaking on their fins and a pair of vertical lines on the side of the head behind the eyes.

Certainly, the wild ancestors of today’s Siamese Fighting Fish had simpler fins than those seen in modern strains.

It is likely that interest in keeping these fish for fighting purposes began not in Thailand, but in neighboring Cambodia (Kampuchea).

In fact, the Thai name for these fish is pla kat khmer, which translates as “fin-biter in Khmer” (Khmer is a former name of Cambodia). Since being introduced to the West,

however, breeders have concentrated on establishing a wide range of color forms, ranging from white through yellow to purple.

Selective breeding has also been used to modify the fins, which are always more elaborate in the males.

With the exception of the female Half-Moon Betta, pictured below left, all the specimens shown here are male.

In Thailand, it is traditional to house Siamese Fighting Fish in small jars, but these provide little swimming space and make it difficult to maintain the water quality.

The natural grace and elegance of the fish will be more apparent in an aquarium.

A single male can be kept in a tank with several females, or even as part of a community aquarium.

However, avoid mixing these fish with fin-nipping species, which will attack the flowing fins, or with fish of a similar coloration, which may themselves be attacked by the Siamese Fighting Fish.

These fish are easy to care for, but they are not especially long-lived, with an average lifespan of about two years. Pairs of seven or eight months old are best for breeding

.They need a relatively shallow spawning tank, about 8 in (20 cm) deep.

It must be covered and include floating plants, among which the male will build a bubble-nest.

Thai breeders often add the leaves of the Ketapang or Indian almond tree (Terminalia catappa) to assist with the conditioning of the water.

These leaves are available in the West through specialist suppliers.

Raising the water temperature can trigger spawning, as can increasing the amount of livefood in the diet.

Check that the female is in breeding condition, because otherwise, the male may harass her.

Aside from her slightly swollen belly, one of the surest indicators of the female’s readiness to spawn is when she develops yellowish stripes on her body.

She will actively seek out the male at this stage, rather than trying to avoid him

breeding betta fish

These are  the videos below of the step by step process in breeding betta fish

Step 1. place the male and female betta fish container near each other for them to see each other and be acquainted and feed them plenty of live foods like mosquito larvae, brine shrimp or daphnia.

observe if the male will build a bubble nest and look for the female egg spot by looking its vent there is a whitish color in the ventral area of the female that is an egg that is an indicator that the female is full of eggs and ready to spawn

Part 2 in breeding betta fish Video

Part 3 in breeding betta fish

It is the responsibility of the male Siamese Fighting Fish to construct a bubble-nest. Spawning occurs nearby, with the pair wrapping around one another.

The female will then float upside down, as though stunned, while the male collects the 15 or so eggs in its mouth and carries them to the bubble-nest.

Mating resumes once he has gathered all the eggs.

This sequence is repeated until some 500 eggs have been produced, with the entire process lasting about two hours. It is the best to remove the female while the male guards the nest, otherwise he may attack her.

If the tank is very large and well planted, however, it may be safe for her to stay put. Hatching occurs 48 hours after mating, and the young fry is free-swimming within a further four days.

Rear them on fry foods at first, and gently circulate the water with an airstone to convey food particles to them.

Powdered flake and brine shrimp can be provided as they grow.A large number of fry means that gentle filtration is needed to maintain water quality, and partial water changes are required every three days.

Once the males in the brood can be identified, usually, at about two months of age, they should be moved to individual accommodation to prevent fighting.

Prior to this, keep the aquarium covered to keep the young fish from becoming chilled, since this will impair the development of their labyrinth organs

betta fish names

My collection of betta Videos

Orange buttefrly crowntail betta

Dumbo ears juvy betta

Betta fish care people ask

How do you know if your betta fish is happy?

  • The signs of a happy, healthy, and relaxed betta include:
  • Strong, vibrant colors.
  • Fins are held open, but not taut, allowing their fins to billow and fold in the water.
  • Feeds readily.
  • Active, smooth swimming movements.
  • On the other hand, a stressed or sick betta may show the following signs:
  • Faded, muted color.

How do you make a betta fish happy?

  • The aquarium can be either glass or acrylic.
  • Plants can be either live or plastic.
  • Use waste-absorbing gravel.
  • Don’t forget a heater — bettas like to stay warm.
  • Betta food and treats (bloodworms are a nice treat)
  • Water and fish treatments.

Do betta fish recognize their owners?
Betta are quite intelligent as fish go, and they can even be trained to recognize their owners and do tricks.

They require stimulation and space to live well, and, as you might suspect, a tiny plastic cup doesn’t provide that.

Do betta fish get lonely?
It’s not that bettas have poor manners, but rather that they simply do not like nor need the company of other fish.

Their lack of friends does not cause them to become bored, but you may include certain species in the same tank as your betta. … Although they’re not fish, snails generally work well together with bettas.

How long can a betta fish live in a fishbowl?
Some Bettas may live for a year or more but on an average a Betta will live only for about 100 days in a bowl.

They need at least a 5 gallon tank. Please read the book Betta Bible. However if water changes are meticulous-50% every week and they are given sufficient stimulation, they can live longer.

General Rules of thumb for how often to change a fish tank
If you keep your Betta in an unfiltered bowl then you should change 30-50% of the water every week – the smaller the bowl the more water you should change.
If your Betta lives in a filtered tank then you only need to change out about 20% of the water each week

You might want to know https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/indian-almond-leaf-for-betta/

what fish can live with betta fish

Ember Tetras.
Guppies (Under Certain Conditions)
Platies.
Harlequin Rasboras.
Lambchop Rasboras.
Dwarf Rasboras.
Pygmy Corys.
Bronze (Common) Corys.

Can betta fish live with guppies?
Ideally, you should introduce only one betta fish into one aquarium, because they can fight each-other.

Usually male betta fish are more aggressive, while females tend to be peaceful. … Keeping multiple guppies with one beta fish is the best way to go. This way the betta fish will not be able to focus on one guppy.

Can I have 2 female bettas together?
Unlike male betta fish, female betta fish can live together comfortably in the same tank. When they live together, the cohort is called a ‘sorority’. Generally, a good number to keep together is 4-6 female betta fish

The way betta fish should be treated is quite different from how common tropical fish should be. One of the special cares that an owner should not forget in taking care of betta fish is maintaining the water temperature in the fish tank. Yes, betta fish need warm water temperatures. If an owner mistaken the right temperature for betta fish, they may increase the possibility of the fish to suffer from many health risks.

So, what is the suggested water temperature for this type of fish then? It is highly suggested to maintain the temperature of the tank water to be in between 76 and 80 degrees of Fahrenheit or 24 – 26 degrees of Celsius. That being said, the suggested water temperature for betta fish is slightly more than the temperature of rooms in common houses.

Reading that, you may develop a question on how the fish usually survives in the wild life. Well, in the wild life, betta fish lives in rice paddies that are warm. Also, the fish tends to live in paddies that have high oxygen, low water circulation, and warm temperatures, and are stable.  Such circumstances are exactly what you need to imitate and reproduce in your fish tanks. You need to make sure that your fish tanks well represent the natural habitat of betta fish.

The water tank that you already have at home may require betta fish care water change in order to produce the right and suggested place of living for the fish. Also, you may need some guides on how to reproduce the right living circumstances of the fish such as adding certain equipment in the tank. Don’t worry if you think you don’t have any idea on this. The next paragraphs will show you how to execute all these suggestions.

Betta Fish in Cold Water

Image Betta Fish in Cold Water and Betta Fish Care Water Temperature
By 

It is said above that cold water can increase the betta fish’s possibility of getting health risk. The reason for this is mainly about how cold water can lessen the strength of betta’s immune system. Cold water in a tank is a great place for parasitic pathogens, fungal, and bacterial to live and develop.

This water condition can even get worse when the cleanness of the water is well maintained. The worst result of this bad water condition starts from fish suffering from popeye pathogens up to a condition that is life threatening for the fish. The life-threatening condition of the fish exists because the eye disease can develop to bulge out of the fish’s head.

In addition to that, keeping betta fish in cold water also influences the betta fish care feeding. No matter how good you think you are feeding the fish, it will be useless if you set the wrong temperature in the tank. Cold water can cause the fish to stop eating. This is surely one of the biggest concerns when petting fish as they may starve to death. Besides, putting your betta fish in cold water can also hinder the fish from the good access to enough oxygen.

Equally important, cold water can causes behavior changes in your fishes. Some of the behavior changes are they are turning lethargic in cold water and thus make them stay near the tank’s bottom because they need to warm themselves or in any parts of the tank just to get warmer temperature. Their need of warm of temperature should be your first priority unless you want your fish to develop any health issues.

Setting the Best Temperature for Betta Fish

Image Setting the Best Temperature for Betta Fish and Betta Fish Care Water Temperature
By 
After knowing the criteria of a perfect circumstance for betta fish to live, we also need to know how to set the right temperature at the first place. An easy way to set right temperature for your fish tank is to install a heater for your aquarium. There are a lot of types of heater you can choose from. The type of heater that you may need really depends on the size of your aquarium.

If you think you are not sure with the size of the right heater for your aquarium, you can take a look at the following guides:

If your tank is larger than 2.5 gallons, you will need to buy an aquarium heater that is submersible.

If your tank is 2.5 up to 5 gallons, you will need to buy an aquarium heater that has 25-watt power rating

If you have tank whose size is smaller than 2.5 gallons, you can use an aquarium heater that has 7.5-watt heater pads. The pads of the heater will not regulate the aquarium temperature though. So, you will need to keep an eye on the temperature of the aquarium.

Meanwhile, if your tank comes with the size of 10 gallons, you will need to buy 50-watt heater.

You may think that lamps can heat the water temperature of the tanks. Yet, lamps will never ever be the best choice to set the best temperature of your betta fish tanks. Besides, your betta fish will not like bright light coming from the lamps you installed in the tank. The best betta fish care water temperature will always be choosing and setting the right heater for the tank.

Maintaining Other Qualities of the Fish Tank


In addition to setting the right temperature for betta fish, you will also need to be able to maintain other aspects of the tank water. If you currently pet betta fish, go through the following check list to make sure your fish tank already reproduces the habitat of betta fish in wild life:

pH level of the fish tank that can be checked with pH strips. Get pH strips in any pet stores selling fish and aquariums. Make sure that the pH level of your fish tank is neutral with the pH of seven.

When you buy a new aquarium, don’t put betta fish straight into it. Let the tank sit for about 24 hours before letting your betta fish swim in it. This is very important to remember as a new tank or aquarium mas release some gases that can possibly harm the betta fish. When letting the tank or aquarium to sit for those hours, the gases will be released.

The tank or the aquarium along with the water should in a clean condition. Clean your fish tank or aquarium at least once in three days if your tank is 1 gallon, once in five days if your tank is 2.5 gallons, and once in seven days if your tank is 5 gallon in size.

The tank or the aquarium along with the water should be free from any chlorine. If you happen to find any chlorine in your fish tank, you will need to purchase dechlorinating tablets from most of pet stores around you.

Other Additional Cares for Betta Fish


Choosing the right size of a heater for your fish tank is not a sole thing you have to do to take care of your betta fish well.
While etting the right warm temperature for the tank already contributes big impact to the betta fish’s health, you are still required to maintain the tank’s temperature to be consistent.

A tank whose temperature rapidly raises and then suddenly drops is not a healthy place of living for your betta fish.

If you want to increase the temperature of your fish tank, you have to raise the temperature slowly by taking a few degrees more every day.

It also works the same way if you think the tank water is too hot for the betta fish. Decrease the heat a few degrees per day until you get the right temperature for the tank.

Another thing to remember in taking care of the betta fish is to house one fish per gallon. Also, you will need to install air stones in your fish tank to provide proper oxygenation.

This oxygenation is very vital for the health of your betta fish. Last but not least, you will also need to regularly change the water in your fish tank and also buy a filtration system so that the water in the tank will not rapidly run.

Remember that betta fish like slow-moving or still water. Make sure you monitor all aspects of the tank water so that the water circumstances will not harm the living of betta fish.


From all the information above, we can conclude that there are a lot of aspects in betta fish care: water temperature and also other additional cares that we as betta fish owners should not forget. Setting any aspect wrongly will harm the health of your betta fish.

Author: Giovanni Carlo

I am a koi fish keeper and breeder a husband of beautiful wife Maybel and beautiful daughter May Carl I have been in fish keeping hobby for over 35 years. Like many kids in the 80's We catch fish in the rivers and canals and kept it in the "pasong" local visayan name for pond. or a large mayo bottle since We don't have aquariums yet on that time. decades later their is a small petshop open in my place and that starts me from buying aquarium and fishes that are sold in the pet store decades later start growing goldfish and koi fish until today.

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