I am a koi fish keeper and breeder a husband of beautiful wife Maybel and beautiful daughter May Carl
I have been in fish keeping hobby for over 35 years. Like many kids in the 80's We catch fish in the rivers and canals and kept it in the "pasong" local visayan name for pond. or a large mayo bottle since We don't have aquariums yet on that time. decades later their is a small petshop open in my place and that starts me from buying aquarium and fishes that are sold in the pet store decades later start growing goldfish and koi fish until today.
The pair of golden koi fish, koi (carp), represents abundance and wealth. It can also be used as a fertility symbol since carp procreate very rapidly.
Pairs used in feng shui are considered very auspicious symbols for
marriage. Traditionally, a pair of koi represents the sexual unity
and fidelity of a married couple and are often given as a wedding gift.
The southwest sector of the home governs marriage or love
relationships and is an ideal location for a pair of golden koi fish.
Place a figurine or painting of two golden koi fish in the southwest
corner of the master bedroom, but avoid depictions of water.
As a symbol of wealth and abundance, use the double golden koi fish in
any afflicted sector or sector you wish enhanced, such as southeast
(wealth) or north (career).
You can place this symbol in the center of your home to attract wealth and abundance in all life endeavors.
The two golden fish (Sanskrit: gaurmatsya; Tibetan: གསེར་ཉ་, THL:
sernya) symbolise the auspiciousness of all sentient beings in a
state of fearlessness without danger of drowning in saṃsāra. The two golden fishes are linked with the Ganges and Yamuna nadi, prana and carp:
The two fishes originally represented the two main sacred rivers of India – the Ganges and Yamuna.
These rivers are associated with the lunar and solar channels,
which originate in the nostrils and carry the alternating rhythms of breath or prana.
They have religious significance in Hindu, Jain and Buddhist
traditions but also in Christianity (the sign of the fish, the feeding of the five thousand).
In Buddhism, the fish symbolize happiness as they have complete
freedom of movement in the water. They represent fertility and abundance.
Often drawn in the form of carp, which are regarded in the Orient
as sacred on account of their elegant beauty, size, and life-span.
In Islam the (alive) fish has a significant role in the meeting between Moses and Khidr.
Koi Diseases How to diagnose and treat common koi fish diseases
Koi fish are very hardy, robust fish and don’t often once become sick once they have settled into the koi pond.
koi disease occurs in ponds as fish fall prey to parasitic,
bacterial or fungal attacks.
The causes of koi fish diseases varied and can range from a sudden
drop in water temperature, predator attacks and spawning to name a few.
No matter what the cause of the koi diseases, one thing remains
constant – the sooner you recognize and begin to treat the problem
…the more likely you will be successful treating the koi diseases.
Regular pond maintenance and water-quality checks
help keep diseases away from fish, but illnesses still
occur, even in the best-kept ponds.
The first sign of a problem may be a fish floating at the surface, by
which time it is probably too late for effective treatment.
For this reason, it is vital to set up a routine for examining
fish; feeding time provides an ideal opportunity to
check their appearance and behavior.
So how do you know if you have a sick koi fish? Sometimes the signs
that a fish is sick are very subtle, such as one fish segregating itself
away from other fish, or not eating very much.
As time passes and the koi disease gets worse, the symptoms become more obvious and may spread to other fish.
The health of pond fish influenced by environmental
During spells of hot weather, for example, evaporation can lower
water levels, which has the effect of concentrating dissolved nitrogenous waste.
Atthe same time, elevated temperatures drive oxygen out of the
water; the combination of nitrate and oxygen stress can be
fatal, especially for larger fish.
Many of these problems can avoided by topping off
water levels during the summer, and incorporating a
pump and filter; these improve water quality, break down waste,
and increase oxygen content by creating water movement.
Overstocking a pond, especially if it is not well established, places
great stress on its occupants, and fish may succumb to usually
benign bacteria that are present in the water.
Overfeeding is another common environmental problem,
especially in temperate areas in the spring and fall; uneaten food
decomposes in the water, encouraging populations of pathogens.
It turns out that Koi is quite hardy for ornamental fish. But, on
several occasions when there is irregularity in water quality, things
may become quite rough for them.
Among the most major disease for Koi is Ich parasite or white spot disease.
This disease will make the fish look like they have been
sprinkled with white salt all over their body.
This parasite will attach to the skin, and eat them alive for several
weeks before they detach themselves and move to other host.
There are several disease affecting them as other fish, but there is
one virus, which affected Koi and common carp but not other species.
That viral disease called Koi herpesvirus (KHV) or cyprinid herpesvirus 3. Most of the fish infected with this virus will die but some may survive.
Those who survive will be the carrier and may send the viral
infection to other non-infected fish.
In this case, most of the breeders that have Koi diagnosed with KHV
in their farm will need to take harsh action to cut all the population to avoid the spreading.
fish diseases pictures
Gill rot fish diseases pictures
This disease occurs the most of all the koi diseases.
Irrespective of conditions of breeding or sizes of koi, it occurs.
It often does at high temperature above 20 degrees centigrade, but
sometimes below the temperature, too
The disease advances . before the diseased koi fish loses its weight, it dies, that is before the fish shows any symptom, it dies.
In such a case if you open the gill, you will find red gill filaments turn grey or muddy, or some of them broken.
The germ is columnaris. Its treatment is oral administration of sulfa drugs or antibiotic substances or a medicated bath of furan drugs.
Aquatic terramycin is very useful
fish diseases pictures Anchor worm disease
Red swellings appear under the scales.
When the tip of a swelling pulled, a worm with an anchor-shaped top comes out.
The worms stick to fins, mouths and the hypoderm.
Sometimes fifty or sixty worms live on a fish and weaken it to death.
Koi art Some of the most famous and recognizable Chinese and Japanese koi art artwork is that of the carp.
Most Asian art enthusiasts are familiar with koi fish paintings and
ukiyo-e woodblock prints, as well as the koi art artwork it has inspired around the world.
And most people have seen the famous nishikigoi (錦鯉), or koi fish in many kinds of pictures and koi art!
But did you know the history behind this koi art artwork?
Do you know that koi fish is important to the Chinese and Japanese people?
NOTE: The word ‘koi’ used in the West to describe the variety of carp the Japanese call ‘nishikigoi’.
In Japan, the word ‘koi’ means ‘carp’ in general and used for all the
different species of koi fish, particularly wild carp.
In this hub, I’ll use the term ‘koi’ to describe the koi fish and koi art
about it and carp for everything else under the sun.
Information about the Asian Carp
A carp is a type of freshwater fish that can found in most areas of the world (except the Middle East, the poles, and eastern Europe.
There are some carp species around the world, and there are both
wild and domesticated versions of every species.
The common carp seen in the Chinese and Japanese
paintingsbelieved to have originated in China and brought to Japan
at some point.
There are some carp species and subspecies, and many of these can found in both China and Japan.
The nishikigoi carp, which is what most Westerners call ‘koi’ or ‘koi
fish’, is an ornamental variety of domesticated carp which was first bred in Ojiya,
Niigata Prefecture, Japan, in the 1820s. There are now many varieties of koi which have exported and bred around the world.
Chinese koi fish art
China is the ancestral home of carp art, and where koi and
traditional Japanese carp art (especially the early paintings) draws much of its inspiration.
To the Chinese people, the carp is a symbol of perseverance, strength, and endurance.
In many Chinese folktales, the carp considered an incarnation of
the dragon that brings happiness and wealth to those whose path it crosses.
Also, with its long whiskers and scales, the carp said to resemble a dragon.
In fact, one of the most popular Chinese carp motifs is a carp(s)
swimming toward a waterfall and transforming into a dragon.
This motif based on an ancient Chinese legend about carp who
swim upstream in the Yellow River toward the mythical Dragon’s
Gate at the top of a giant legendary mountain.
Those few carp who swim up the waterfall and through the gate changed into dragons.
To this day there exists a saying in China: “lǐ yú tiào lóng mén” (“鲤鱼跳龙门”), or “The carp has leaped through the dragon’s gate.
” This saying is often used for students who pass their university
exams, or people in general who work hard at a task and succeed beyond their wildest expectations.
Some other common carp motifs in Chinese art include yin yang
carp (with a black and red carp forming the two sides of the yin
yang symbol), carp swimming among lotus flowers (a sacred
Buddhist symbol that represents mental harmony), and a group of
nine carp (with nine considered a lucky number by the Chinese) swimming together.
The carp can found in many kinds of Chinese artwork, including
scroll paintings, ink paintings, ceramics, and more.
Japanese Koi Art koi fish painting
Japan is the one country from where koi art has spread around the world.
Paintings and pictures of carp – in particular the koi carp – have
been made by artists and photographers in Japan and around the world.
In Japan, the carp represents good luck and good fortune. Also, the word ‘koi’ (鯉) pronounced the same as another word (‘恋’) meaning love and affection.
The Chinese legend of the Dragon’s Gate is also well-known in
Japan and the same motif of carp swimming up a waterfall is also common in Japan.
This motif can found in many the famous ukiyo-e woodblock prints.
Also to the carp swimming upstream, a carp swimming downstream can also found in Japanese art.
This carp said to have achieved its life goals while the one
swimming upstream and toward the Dragon’s Gate is still trying to make its dream come true.
Carp paintings made before the advent of ukiyo-e in the Edo
period showed a carp swimming in its natural environment in full color.
Many of these paintings were no doubt inspired by the Chinese carp paintings.
When ukiyo-e became popular, the carp became a popular subject
for the artists to depict in their prints.
Many of the ukiyo-e masters such as Katsushika Hokusai, Utagawa
Kuniyoshi, and Kitao Masayoshi depicted the carp in its gracefulness and glory.
Many Japanese carp paintings also have a strong Buddhist connotation.
Some carp swimming in the ocean are symbolic of people
swimming through the “ocean of suffering” as a fish swims in the sea. Others reflect the Zen quality of finding peace in the moment by observing the carp.
Shop for koi art from the world’s greatest living artists. All koi artwork ships within 2 to 3 days
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Koi, fish, Japanese art, design, linear art | See more ideas about Pisces, Japanese koi and Koi carp.
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Explore Giobelkoicenter board “Koi Art” on Pinterest.paintings, great style of painting with great use of colour, creative use of canvas to placement fish
The Koi fish in Japanese Mythology
The koi has appeared in some Japanese folktales and legends, and some of these legends have depicted in koi fish painting.
Two ancient Japanese legends about koi fish that depicted in ukiyo-
e are the stories of the “golden boy” Kintarō wrestling the giant koi
fish and Oniwakamaru (the future Musashibo Benkei) finding and
killing at Bishimon Waterfall the giant carp that ate his mother.
Both depicted by ukiyo-e artists such as Utagawa Kuniyoshi and Tsukioka Yoshitoshi.
Gyotaku Fish Prints
One of the most unique forms of art to come out of Japan is the gyotaku fish print.
Gyotaku is a form of art where a live fish rubbed in ink and stamped on paper to make an art print.
It is one that has spread beyond Japan and across the world.
Gyotaku created by Japanese fishermen during the 1800s as a way to record their catches and display them for the world to see.
After a while, regular people and artists began to catch on to this art form and it became popular.
Koi are one of the most popular species of fish used for this form of
art, but rubber fish are becoming more and more popular nowadays.
The movements of the fish captured on paper are what makes this art form so unique.
Modern-Day Koi Art digital painting
The popularity of koi art has exploded across the world in recent decades.
The orange and white koi that most Westerners know has depicted
in pictures, paintings, posters, computer screensavers, mousepads, and more.
Many of the designs of the koi paintings based on the ancient
Chinese and Japanese koi fish paintings, and others have created
using modern-day technology such as computer vector graphics
and digital photography or digital painting
Koi paintings and pictures are also very popular feng shui décor, and all-around nice pictures to look at! Since the koi is a very
beautiful, relaxing fish to look at and has much symbolism attached
to it, it’s only natural that it would be perfect for a feng shui-
oriented home environment or someone who wants a good picture to help them relax.
In China and Japan, koi fish and koi art are as common and popular
as in the West nowadays, but there are still artists who paint carp
paintings (both regular and koi carp paintings) in the classical way.
Digital koi fish painting koi art feng shui
digitall paint replica of original oil painting, printed on premium artist canvas.
Framed/stretched ready to hang. Gallery wrapped, sides painted.
Feng Shui koi fish painting koi art work used to bring Feng Shui
luck and fortune by harnessing the life energy of “Chi”, or the “Dragon’s Cosmic Breath”.
Chi brings good fortune to those who surrounded by it.
The koi fish brings luck and wealth.
Koi fish paintings represent harmony and balance. Feng Shui fish paintings are the element of Water and bring Feng Shui fortune. Koi paintings are for home and office Feng Shui décor.
koi fish tattoo koi art
Besides to koi art, koi (and regular carp) tattoo designs have become popular all around the world.
Many people get very elaborate and beautiful koi tattoo designs
that have all the traditional attributes of the carp, as well as personal
meaning for the person tattooed.
Some of the traditional designs of koi swimming amidst lotuses,
bleeding koi, koi swimming in water, and koi swimming upstream
or up a waterfall are some of the designs many people have chosen for their koi fish tattoo.
The goal of this new editor is to make adding rich content to WordPress simple and enjoyable. This whole post is composed of pieces of content—somewhat similar to LEGO bricks—that you can move around and interact with. Move your cursor around and you’ll notice the different blocks light up with outlines and arrows. Press the arrows to reposition blocks quickly, without fearing about losing things in the process of copying and pasting.
What you are reading now is a text block, the most basic block of all. The text block has its own controls to be moved freely around the post…
… like this one, which is right aligned.
Headings are separate blocks as well, which helps with the outline and organization of your content.
A Picture is worth a Thousand Words
Handling images and media with the utmost care is a primary focus of the new editor. Hopefully, you’ll find aspects of adding captions or going full-width with your pictures much easier and robust than before.
Try selecting and removing or editing the caption, now you don’t have to be careful about selecting the image or other text by mistake and ruining the presentation.
The Inserter Tool
Imagine everything that WordPress can do is available to you quickly and in the same place on the interface. No need to figure out HTML tags, classes, or remember complicated shortcode syntax. That’s the spirit behind the inserter—the (+) button you’ll see around the editor—which allows you to browse all available content blocks and add them into your post. Plugins and themes are able to register their own, opening up all sort of possibilities for rich editing and publishing.
Go give it a try, you may discover things WordPress can already add into your posts that you didn’t know about. Here’s a short list of what you can currently find there:
Text & Headings
Images & Videos
Embeds, like YouTube, Tweets, or other WordPress posts.
Layout blocks, like Buttons, Hero Images, Separators, etc.
And Lists like this one of course 🙂
A huge benefit of blocks is that you can edit them in place and manipulate your content directly. Instead of having fields for editing things like the source of a quote, or the text of a button, you can directly change the content. Try editing the following quote:
The editor will endeavour to create a new page and post building experience that makes writing rich posts effortless, and has “blocks” to make it easy what today might take shortcodes, custom HTML, or “mystery meat” embed discovery.
Matt Mullenweg, 2017
The information corresponding to the source of the quote is a separate text field, similar to captions under images, so the structure of the quote is protected even if you select, modify, or remove the source. It’s always easy to add it back.
Blocks can be anything you need. For instance, you may want to add a subdued quote as part of the composition of your text, or you may prefer to display a giant stylized one. All of these options are available in the inserter.
You can change the amount of columns in your galleries by dragging a slider in the block inspector in the sidebar.
If you combine the new wide and full-wide alignments with galleries, you can create a very media rich layout, very quickly:
Sure, the full-wide image can be pretty big. But sometimes the image is worth it.
The above is a gallery with just two images. It’s an easier way to create visually appealing layouts, without having to deal with floats. You can also easily convert the gallery back to individual images again, by using the block switcher.
Any block can opt into these alignments. The embed block has them also, and is responsive out of the box:
You can build any block you like, static or dynamic, decorative or plain. Here’s a pullquote block:
Code is Poetry
The WordPress community
If you want to learn more about how to build additional blocks, or if you are interested in helping with the project, head over to the GitHub repository.
Reason Whey We choose to Koi fish feng shui digital painting are as follows
koi painting koi fish feng shui digital print on canvas can bring luck to your home too.
Koi is the next prized fish in the feng shui world. A decorative variety of carp, koi come in several bright colors such as red, yellow, blue, white and sometimes black.
The typical number for Koi fish in a feng shui aquarium is 9 (8 brightly colored koi and 1 black koi fish).
The black fish is there to neutralize bad luck. You can also find feng shui cures with 2 koi fish, this being a feng shui cure to attract love and fidelity.
There are also paintings with any number of koi fish in a stream, which is used to represent a fresh flow of abundance. Still, best numbers are considered either 9 or multiples of 9.
Koi carps: the feng shui lucky fish
All over the world fish and especially koi carps are regarded as lucky fish that brings prosperity.
Koi carps are also famous for their longevity (one famous scarlet koi, named “Hanako,” was reported to be 225 years).
The fish symbol has long been associated with abundance and wealth in feng shui, thus there are many cures that depict fish for prosperity.
However, there are different types of fish used in feng shui for wealth cures – there is Arowana, Koi fish (carp) and of course, the Goldfish.
There are also specific requirements as to using a feng shui aquarium for wealth and prosperity.
And, what is the difference between various types of fish in terms of feng shui applications?
The symbology of fish, in general, is closely associated with the energy of water.
The mysterious, the unknown, the bringer of life — all these (and more) are associations with the power of the water element.
Feng shui adds the dimension of prosperity and abundance to the meaning of water. However, while widely used in many feng shui cures for wealth, water as a symbol of abundance is not unique to feng shui, but rather common to any culture, especially an agriculture-based society.
So, to put it in very simple terms, water is a life giver, thus a symbol of continuous abundance. The fish would be a giver of sustenance or nourishment, this is why it is associated with health, wealth, and prosperity. The symbol of fish was celebrated as sacred in many cultures and in many stages of human history — from Greek and Roman mythology to the worlds of Celts, Hindu, Buddhism, and Christianity.
In Chinese culture, the symbol of fish is generally attributed two qualities. The first one is the aspect of abundance (because of the above-mentioned qualities, as well as the ability of fish to quickly reproduce in quite big quantities). Then, of course, the Chinese word for fish (yu) is pronounced the same way as abundance.
The other, less-known aspect of Chinese fish symbology, is the fidelity and good companionship association because many fish swim in pairs. So now when you see a Chinese feng shui image with two fishes swimming — which will most probably be Koi fish and definitely not Arowana — you know that you can use this image as a feng shui cure for love and successful marriage (which does include the abundance component, of course!).
In choosing the best feng shui cure for your home, its potency will depend on how well the cure works for your home, as well as how much you actually like the cure. For example, if you love a specific image of fish, and find a place for it in the right feng shui bagua area that really compliments your decor, this will work as an excellent feng shui cure!
On the other hand, if you choose an aquarium because you think it is the best feng shui fish cure, but neither you nor your home actually like it, then its energy will not work as a good feng shui cure for you.
How about the images with many fish, does the number matter? And, as we asked before, which fish is better for attracting wealth and prosperity? Is an image of fish as potent, feng shui-wise, as an aquarium with live fish?
What does Koi Fish feng shui Digital Painting Canvas Painting represent in Fengshui?
Going by the saying, Koi fish are very brave by nature and therefore they represent courage and determination. They fight their way upstream to achieve their target. It is said that this action of the Koi is analogous to human suffering and the toil which human’s see in their lives. These attributes of the Koi fish are seen in many humans who are extremely driven by nature and want to make something of their lives or achieve certain goals.
Another very important thing that Koi fish stand for is status and wealth. In Chinese culture Koi fish represent ‘abundance .Koi fish paintings can attract flow of wealth and luck if placed at appropriate places in the home or business.
Apart from the fact that they beautify the house, a lot of people believe in the Koi’s abilities to ward off bad omen and attract wealth and happiness. The Japanese and the Chinese strongly believe that a Koi fish Painting at home can bring good fortune and good health to the owner.
What kind of Koi Fish Painting is Ideal?
If you wish to have luck and wealth on your side, then a painting of eight red and white Koi Fish is ideal. The number eight stands for prosperity in feng shui practices. Red koi symbolizes true love while white on the other hand is a symbol of progress in career. So, a painting with red and white color koi fish will result in perfect balance and harmony in your family as well as professional life.
I have 3 other types of koi painting if you choose the other 3 koi painting design message me first before you order thanks
Digital painting is an emerging art form in which traditional painting techniques (such as watercolor, oils, impasto, etc.) are applied by means of a computer, a digitizing tablet and stylus, and software. I work with a Wacom tablet, Corel Painter, Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop.
Digital painting is a type of digital art but it is not computer-generated art, in that it does not involve the computer automatically generating an image from mathematical models created by the artist. In digital painting, the artist uses painting techniques to create the image directly on the computer.
Digital painting is also distinct from digital manipulation of photographs, in that it is an original construction from scratch. While photographic elements may be incorporated into digital paintings, they are not the primary basis or source for them. In some of my images, I use no photographic elements at all.
indian almond leaf 5 Amazing proven health benefits list
indian almond leaf locally known here in my place as “Talisay leaf” is commonly used as betta fish breeding stimulant by local betta fish breeders but the breeders here did not really know what are the reason and properties that the indian almond leaf has that can stimulate the betta fish to breed.
They used it also to treat sick betta fish and groom betta fish coloration but not knowing the background of the indian almond leaf ingredients that has the antifungal or antibacterial properties.
Let’s dive into what are the benefits of Indian almond leaf that can give your betta fish
can stimulate the betta fish to breed because of its tannin. The Indian almond leaf tannin can change the water chemistry of your breeding tank turning it similar to the betta fish natural habitat in the wild and for this reason, the betta fish will be triggered to breed.
can be used as betta fish conditioner for battle preparation and helps cure the wound after battle
can be used as water conditioner for newly bought betta fish this will help the newly betta fish adjust faster to its new home.
can also be used as betta fry food when added to the betta fry tanks since it can introduce an infusoria culter
also can be used as a color enhancer to betta fish
indian almond leaf extract for betta fish
If you’re an Betta fish keeper, you are a fan of using Indian almond leaves (also known as Catappa leaves). for your Betta
These leaves of the Terminalia catappa tree are especially popular in the betta and shrimp hobby as a natural medicine and water conditioner.
It can be used as a combat fungus and bacterial problems like finrot, and prevent stress by mimicking the natural habitat.
But how, when and why should you use them?
What are Indian almond leaves?
As mentioned before, Indian almond leaves are the leaves of the Terminalia catappa tree, which grows in large parts of Asia.
The leaves are usually harvested by simply picking them off the ground. After drying them, they are ready for use in the aquarium.
You can import Indian almond leaves directly, but nowadays they are also available in some pet-/aquarium stores and online!
What do Indian almond leaves do?
When placed in an aquarium, Indian almond leaves slowly start to decompose.
While this happens they turn the water a yellow or brown color by releasing tannins.
These tannins lower the pH and are said to have antifungal and antibacterial properties, which comes in very handy when you have a fish suffering from finrot or when you’re raising vulnerable fry.
The dark color of the water is considered unsightly by some aquarists, but it actually mimics the natural habitat of many fish species! This definitely makes it something to consider embracing.
Based on my personal experience I will testify that adding Indian Almond leaves in your betta tank will make your betta fish healthier and spawn faster.
Evenly newly bought betta fish when you add Indian Almond leaves to its tank it can recover immediately from transportation stress and even shown spawning behavior immediately by building bubble nest immediately.
I personally testify it.
If I missed something about talisay leaf other uses please feel free to leave it in the comment section below or to my youtube video your comment and suggestion is highly appreciated.
What are Indian almond leaves used for?
Indian Almond Leaves are commonly used for conditioning and care of Bettas. …
Simply adding Indian Almond Leaves to your aquarium will release compounds from the leaves which alter the chemistry of the water,
making the aquarium more similar to the habitat from which the fish hails.
What is the common name of Terminalia Catappa?
Terminalia catappa is a large tropical tree in the leadwood tree family, Combretaceae, that grows mainly in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia.
It is known by the English common names country-almond, Indian-almond, Malabar-almond, sea-almond, tropical-almond and false kamani.
Using Indian almond leaves in aquariums
Indian almond leaves (IAL) have traditionally been used by Betta (Siamese Fighting Fish) breeders in South East Asia to mimic the natural Betta habitat.
They are believed to aid the fish in a number of ways, such as helping fighting fish heal after a battle and inducing spawning in breeding tanks.
Unfortunately, the affect of Indian almond leaves on aquarium fish has not been scientifically studied yet so it is difficult to separate the truth from the myth.
I can only speak from personal experience and my own good track record using Indian almond leaves, and base my conclusions on reports gathered from other fish keepers.
Why do aquarists use Indian almond leaves?
The poor man’s water conditioner
Indian almond leaves are often described as ”the poor man’s water conditioner” due to their capacity of altering the water chemistry in an aquarium.
In the wild, fish evolve to fit into their particular habitat and having to live in another type of environment in captivity is often difficult for them. Even if your fish manages to survive in less than ideal conditions, there is a great difference between thriving and merely staying alive. If your fish hails from a habitat where leaves and other plant debris regularly falls into the water and decompose, your fish will be used to that kind of environment and trying to mimic it in the aquariums is strongly recommended. Leaves that fall into the water release a myriad of different compounds, from trace minerals to dyes, and animals living in the water adapt to having all these different compounds readily available. When we place fish in our “clean” and rather unnatural aquariums, we in avertedly deprive them of access to a long row of different compounds present in their native habitat. If your fish hails from the type of environment described above, Indian almond leaves are one way of making life in captivity a little more natural for your pet.
Just like driftwood and peat, Indian almond leaves release ample amounts of tannins into the water. The tannins affect the pH-value (how much will depend on the buffer capacity of your water) and you will also see how the water turns dark – just like a blackwater river. Needless to say, water rich in tannins is appreciated by fish species that hail from such environments in the wild. So called blackwater habitats are formed when rivers flow slowly through heavily forested areas where falling leaves and other plant debris end up decomposing in the water.
You can find more detailed information about the chemistry of Indian almond leaves in on the Indian almond leaves chemistry page. That page also includes a section on blackwater habitats.
N.B! Using almond leaves will give the water in your aquarium a yellow to reddish tea-coloured shade. Exactly how dark the water gets depends on the concentration of tannins in the water. Some aquarists dislike this tint which they find unsightly, but try to keep in mind that for fish hailing from blackwater habitats this dark water is actually the normal state of things and the crispy “clean” 100% transparent water without any hint of colour favoured by many aquarists is quite unnatural for them.
Is it true that Indian almond leaves prevent and cure diseases in aquariums?
Indian almond leaves are rich in compounds produces by the tree to protect itself against bacteria, fungi and similar organisms. Because of this, it has been speculated that adding Indian almond leaves to an aquarium will decrease the risk of disease in the tank or even help fish. As far as I know, no one has yet carried out any scientific study to verify this claim. Compounds found in Indian almond leaves have however been researched for their potential health benefits for the human body. Quercetin, a type of flavonoid found in Indian almond leaves, is for instance considered anti-inflammatory and has antioxidant properties1 , while several other flavonoids present in these leaves – such as kaempferol – decrease the risk of developing certain types of cancer.[2 ][3 ]
Fish kept in an environment that mimic its natural habitat tend to grow stronger and heartier, i.e. more apt at fending off malicious microorganisms. As an aquarists, it is therefore difficult to determine if Indian almond leaves actually cures and prevent disease by killing of bacteria and fungi, or if it is simply a question of the leaves boosting the fish’s own immune system by providing it with an ideal water quality when it comes to pH-value, tannins, etc.
Natural hiding spots and infusoria supply
Using Indian almond leaves is not just about chemistry. You may think leaf litter looks ugly, but for a long row of fishes it feels just like home. Leaves and leaf litter makes the environment more natural. Bottom dwelling fish love to hide among sunken leaves, while surface and mid-water dwellers like the sense of security offered by floating leaves. Indian almond leaves are also nice for fish and invertebrates to nibble on between meals, and the leaves serve as home and food for infusoria.
Can Indian almond leaves be used to change the sex ratio of Betta fish?
A lot of rumours circulate about South-East Asian Betta breeders using Indian almond leaves to increase the male-to-female ratio in the batches. Personally, I’ve noticed no difference in sex ratio when using Indian almond leaves.
When do aquarists use Indian almond leaves?
Indian almond leave
Indian Almonf leaf
What fish will like Indian almond leaves and what won’t?
Indian almond leaves are ideal for fish that hails from environments where the water is rich in leaf debris. A few examples of such fishes are bettas and other gouramis, blackwater tetras, discus, rasboras and many dwarf cichlids. You need to research your particular species to see if it hails from this type of water.
Indian almond leaves are not recommended for fish that like hard and alkaline water, such as African cichlids from the Great Rift Valley lakes.
Examples of situations when Indian almond leaves are commonly used
Some aquarists use Indian leaves all the time, while others use them only for special purposes, i.e. when the feel that their fish needs some extra pampering. It is especially common to use IAL…
When setting up a new aquarium
When a new fish is introduced to an aquarium
To induce breeding, especially in Bettas
When setting up and maintaining a fry aquarium
When a fish is sick, especially if the sickness affects the skin
In the plastic transport bag when a fish is moved to a new home
When keeping delicate fish species that are considered difficult to keep and breed in captivity
If you use Indian almond leaves all the time, remember that you may have to “wean” your fish off them if you plan on selling your fish to an aquarist that won’t use Indian almond leaves. A fish that has been raised among Indian almond leaves or spent a long time in an IAL-tank may not handle a rapid move to a different environment well.
How do aquarists use Indian almond leaves?
Keep your Indian almond leaves in a dry place at room temperature until you wish to use them. Dry leaves can be stored for at least 6 months in a suitable environment (preferably a container that is airtight, watertight and prevents light from entering).
If the tree may have been sprayed with pesticides or grows in a big city with lots of pollution, rinse the Indian almond leaves well in tap water before placing it in your tank.
Do not use Indian almond leaves that are mouldy.
Remove active carbon, purigen and similar from the aquarium before adding your Indian almond leaves.
If you’re in a hurry, you can cut the leaves into smaller pieces since this will make them leach their content into the water more rapidly.
Dosages below are based on 15-25 cm (6-10 in) leaves. If your leaf is smaller or bigger, you need to adjust the figures accordingly.
Using 2 leaves per 50 L (13 us gallons) of water is a good rule of thumb, but be prepared to adjust the dosage to suit your particular fish. Some Betta keepers routinely use up to 2 leaves per 15 L (4 us gallons) of water in their everyday tanks.
Betta breeders normally use 1 leaf per 20 L (5 us gallons) of water in breeding tanks.
In fry rearing tanks, use 1 leaf per 40 L (10 us gallons) of water.
For how long?
Unless you anchor the leaves using a rock or similar, they will normally float for 2-3 days before sinking. Sinking is natural and it doesn’t mean that your have to change the leaves.
The leaves will normally disintegrate after a month or two, depending on how actively your fish tries to destroy them. Aquarists that dislike the sight of torn leaves normally replace the leaves every 2-3 week, but this is purely for aesthetical reasons. There is usually no need to change the leaves more often than every second month.
Indian almond leaves in fry tanks
In a fry tank, Indian almond leaves are beneficial in several different ways. In addition to all the positive effects described above, the leaves serve as home and food for infusoria; minute aquatic creatures like ciliates, euglenoids, and protozoa. Due to its size and nutritional content, infusoria is an excellent food source for newly hatched fry from a long row of species.
In addition to this, many species of fry are naturally inclined to hide among leaves and leaf litter and will feel safer and less stressed in a fry tank that isn’t completely barren.
Indian almond leaf for hospital tank
Instead of routinely adding Indian almond leaves to the aquarium, some aquarists prefer to set up a separate IAL-tank and let their fish spend some time in it when the fish seem to be a bit under the weather, e.g. due to skin abrasions. This is not a quick fix – you should be prepared to let your fish stay in the hospital tank for at least 2-3 weeks. (Having a separate hospital tank will also prevent spreading of infectious disease and keep other more healthy fish in the main aquarium from taking advantage of a weakened tank mate.) As always, the hospital tank must naturally be very similar to the ordinary aquarium when it comes to temperature etc, otherwise your will shock your fish.
Traditional conditioning for Siamese Fighting fish
According to professional breeders of Siamese Fighting fish in South East Asia, Indian almond leaves will harden and coat the skin of the fish, thus making it more apt for fighting. The idea is that Siamese fighers living without Indian almond leaves have softer skin and scales that aren’t smooth and slippery enough to handle being bitten by other fighters. The fish is therefore conditioned using Indian almond leaves for at least seven days prior to a fight. A clay pot is filled with clean, aged water, the leaves are added, and the fish will live in the pot and be fed live food once a day. The pot is placed in a dark and quite place to help the fish prepare.
After a fight, a similar treatment is given to help the fish recover from its injuries.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is it true that Indian almond leaves remove heavy metals from the aquarium?
I come across this claim now and then, but I have seen no explanation for exactly how it would work or any scientific studies regarding IAL and heavy metals. Bogwood is commonly used among aquarists to reduce the toxicity of metals; perhaps decaying leaf matter works in a similar way.
When organic matter (i.e. not just Indian almond leaves) are turned into humus by bacteria and fungi, toxic substances such as heavy metals can be chelated, i.e. bound to the complex organic molecules of humus. This can prevent the metals from entering the wider ecosystem, but will not remove them. For us aquarists, it means that the heavy metals will still be present in our tanks – only bonded to humus.
I have never used copper based medication in an aquarium together with Indian almond leaves so I can’t tell if the leaves decrease the effectiveness of the medicine or not.
Can I use Indian almond leaves in my planted tank?
Yes, Indian almond leaves can safely be used in planted aquariums. Of course, plants that like alkaline waters won’t appreciate the drop in pH-value, but why would you keep such plants with acidic loving fish in the first place?
Can I combine Indian almond leaves with activated carbon or purigen?
Activated carbon, purigen and similar will decrease the effect of Indian almond leaves and should therefore be removed from the aquarium prior to IAL use.
Is there any way of getting rid of the colour?
If you for some reason wish to get the tannins out of the water, you can use activated carbon or simply do a lot of water changes. Just remember that the positive properties of the Indian almond leaf will vanish as well.
Alternatives to using whole leaves
Indian almond leaves in a tea bag
If you hate the look of Indian almond leaves in your aquarium, there are vendors that sell IAL tea bags to soak in the water. Of course, using teabags will not give your fish any leaf litter to hide among or nibble on.
Making your own Indian almond leaf concentrate
Another alternative for those who dislike having leaves in the tank is to boil the leaves and make a concentrated Indian almond tea to pour directly into the aquarium water. Simply place the leaves in a pot filled with water and bring to a boil. Boil until the water darkens. The tea can be stored in an airtight bottle in the fridge.
Recipe for a 375 L or 100 us gallon aquarium:
15 to 20 leaves (15-25 cm / 6-10 in)
10 L or 2.5 us gallons of water
N.B! The tea must naturally have roughly the same temperature as the aquarium water when you add it, i.e. not to warm or too cold.
1: ClinicalTrials.gov. A service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?intr=%22quercetin%22
2: Baek Nam-In; Kennelly E.J.; Kardono L.B.S.; Tsauri S.; Padmawinata K.; Soejarto D.D.; Kinghorn A.D., “Flavonoids and a proanthrocyanidin from rhizomes of Selliguea feei”. Phytochemistry, 1994, vol. 36, no2, pp. 513-518 (19 ref.)
3: Ute Nöthlings, Suzanne P. Murphy, Lynne R. Wilkens, Brian E. Henderson & Laurence N. Kolone. 2007. “Flavonols and Pancreatic Cancer Risk”. American Journal of Epidemiology 166 (8): 924–931.
“ Koi pond construction guide.This Koi pond construction guide
will cover the absolute essentials of setting up your first Koi pond
for a few hundred dollars and some honest elbow grease.
In the future, you may become a very successful Koi breeder,
but for now, let’s focus on setting up a functional pond that do well
enough to keep your koi fish healthy and happy.
After you get the pond in place, functioning, and stable enough to support the Koi you buy—then,
and only then, would you be ready to sink into the investment of purchasing the Koi fish themselves.
Video Below is Philippine most common raised koi pond used by Poor Man Koi keepers
Whatever your reason for wanting to start a Koi pond; you may find the range of options to be quite overwhelming.
It is workable to spend thousands and thousands of dollars on your
Koi pond before even purchasing any fish!
If you’re starting, but, you may want to start with something a little
more budget friendly to determine if Koi ponds are right for you.
Steps for Building a Koi Pond
how to build a koi pond (koi pond construction guide)
Below is my video building a cheap koi pond called trapal pond.
how to dig a pond and install fish pond liners
Thorough planning is the key to a successful result
when building a pond, whether using a preformed
pond unit or flexible liner.
Think through all aspects of the project before you start; draw up
detailed plans of the design and planting, and consider
practical matters, such as which materials and tools
will required, and even how to dispose of the large
volumes of excavated earth that will generate
Excavation of a pond site can be demanding.
Although small ponds can be excavating, it may be
worthwhile to rent a small excavator for more extensive
works. Or, some pond suppliers may build the pond
Soil conditions can have a considerable effect on the
ease of construction.
In sandy areas, for example, the soil is loose and easy to dig, but it
can be difficult to cut clean boundaries; clay soils, by contrast,
are shaping but present much more strenuous digging conditions.
how to build a koi pond using FLEXIBLE-LINER PONDS
Flexible liners are an versatile material for pond construction,
and are ideal for informal ponds and unusual shapes.
Detailed planning of the exact dimensions of the koi pond built is crucial,
to avoid costly miscalculations of the amount of liner and underlay required
how to build a koi pond using (PREFORMED POND UNITS)
Creating a pond using a preformed unit is straightforward.
For a successful and lasting result, but, make sure the site is
well prepared and free from stones or debris,and that the unit is level when installed
koi pond construction guide Koi pond Pumps and filters
Garden ponds are often stocked with many more fish than would found in a natural pond,
and so enjoy the addition of a filtration system to improve water quality.
This is especially true for koi ponds, where crystal-clear water is desirable
to give the best view of the colors and patterns of the fish.
Filtration systems are drive by electric pumps,
which powers pond waterfall, fountain and other water features.
Pond pumps fall into two main categories: submersible units that function underwater,
and powerful surface pumps for use only in a dry location.
Submersible pumps are generally smaller and often run on a low voltage,
so are most suitable for smaller koi ponds, while external pumps for larger koi ponds
and extensive water features usually run off household electricity.
To work , a pump must have enough capacity to cycle all the water in the pond in two hours,
so calculate the volume of water in the pond before choosing a pump.
Preformed pond units often have their volume marked on the base; or,
when filling the pond, measure the volume by attaching a flow meter to the hose.
The choice of pump also depends on its intended function.
For example, when operating a fountain, the water needs to pumped under high pressure but at a low output,
whereas for the operation of a waterfall— where the water needs to
pumped uphill—a high output from the pump required.
Refer to the manufacturer’s instructions and get advice from reputable retailers
to be sure that the pump you choose is suitable for your intended use.
koi pond construction guide Maintaining water quality
Most filtration systems use separate pumps to draw water from the pond
and through the filter, although pumps with an integral filter are also available.
There are two main types of pond filter: internal units, which sit underwater in the pond,
and external filters, which sited outside the pond.
All filtration systems function in a similar manner (see box, opposite),
but the filtration media they house varies.
When installing an internal filter, locate the pump as close as
possible to the filter unit, to maintain the flow rate.
By contrast, if the system uses an external filter chamber,
locate the pump as far as possible from the filter outflow,
to ensure that clean water is not pumped straight back through the system.
Ultraviolet systems, located between the pump and filter,
are a further refinement that can used to achieve very high water quality.
Ultraviolet radiation emitted by the unit causes algae
in suspension to form into clumps,
which are then strained out of solution by the filter.
koi pond construction guide how to build a pond To begin, you will need the following five items:
koi pond kits
1.)koi pond liner – put, a koi pond liner will hold the water in your pond.
If you dig a hole in the ground and put water in it, it will absorb into the soil (unless you’re talking about a LOT of water).
Furthermore, you want to separate you Koi’s environment
from outside contaminants as much as possible.
Consider either uPVC or Butyl; both are available
from your local home improvement store.
If your hole has lots of sharp rocks in it, you may want to buy some extra layers or padding to protect the liner.
Since the padding will not come in contact with the Koi,
anything resistant to shredding will work, even an old rug.
2.)koi pond filter system – You cannot have a Koi pond without a filter.
Your filtration needs will depend on the volume of your pond,
which means that if you want to save you should start will a smaller pond.
Unless your skilled in fabricating your own diy pond filter,
you would be best served by purchasing a koi pond filter system in the store.
You need a koi pond filter system to remove debris, bacteria, and toxins from the water.
If you’re working on a budget, take a good look at the filter prices
and their recommended replacement intervals making sure to
factor that cost into your calculations.
diy pond filter watch my video below
3.)Pond Pump – This will work in conjunction with the filter to clean your pond water. Must to your Koi’s survival to have a working pump at all times.
If you can afford it, you should always keep a backup pump on hand in case of a failure. Make sure to check with your aquarium supply dealer on Pond pump efficiency.
A general rule of thumb is that your pump should be able to circulate the entire pond’s volume within a couple of hours.
4.)uv pond filter– This is a special piece of equipment that fits between the pump and the filter.
It uses UV rays to help the filter remove algae from the pond water.
Algae are a special concern in Koi ponds since it is often too small to caught by most filtration systems.
The UV rays will cause algae particles to bond together so that they are large enough to filtered out of the water.
It is workable to remove algae from the pond by chemical methods,
but this considered hazardous to the Koi.
5.)A Test Kit – Even experts need test kits. The quality of your Koi’s water must check.
One of the most dangerous chemicals to your Koi is ammonia, which can detect by neither sight nor smell.
You will need two different types of test kits, one for pH,
and one for nitrate (which will or show filter performance).
Ensuring the quality of your Koi’s water is a major factor in how long they will survive.
Further information about how to build a pond below
koi pond construction guide how to build a koi pond step by step
If you had seen any water garden, ratios are, you had seen koi fish.
The debate is how to create the perfect biological system or
the ecosystem for your little friends.
Modern koi pond design made so that it might consider
the most appropriate living demand for koi fishes.
You might find them in the yard behind the house often;
whatever, they can also place in front yards if there is a lot of available space there.
to construct koi ponds, the water & oxygen are the greatest consideration. This will resolute by the size of the fishes.
Landscape gardening plays an important role in Koi ponds. There is an efficient amount of koi pond layouts out there for you to select from.
While you might already have some pre-imagine koi pond design ideas plan on how it might design,
you have to make certain that it set the whole water garden objects completely in a faultless way.
Some of the general points of how to construct a koi pond based on koi pond design and construction
the type of landscape that you have given below.
1. Particular Place.
During you might be an incitement to put your Koi pond at the far limit of your yard,
it is very significant to remember that you must have to uninterrupted check its demand.
You will have to make sure the fishes daily. As well as, you also have to see if the plants are still flourishing or if the fish have already sensual on them.
The position of the ponds should be suitable for the changing weather condition. It would not expose during the hot and cold seasons.
You could always add some more defense for the pond in case you
aren’t confident about how it would prosper in that location. Knowing your yard would help you find out where you could place your Koi pond.
Trying to find out the size of a koi pond isn’t like figuring out any customary ponds. This is because of the fishes would get bigger over time.
You would get be astonishing at how much they could grow
especially if you are captivating adequate care of them.
The length of the pond is significant & would, of course, depend on the size of your yard,
backyard koi pond designs direction in your yard & overhanging
trees, which would lower down the amount of available space.
That is why I won’t recommend small koi pond ideas
the small koi pond only works on goldfish and other small fishes, not koi fish
3. Plan of revenue
You required having a budget set apart for explaining a pond for your koi. Take note that some of the fishes & other things for decorations for it don’t come cheap.
You may want to limit your expenses and make sure you are not overspending for it.
Other not-so-important parts and materials adding it later on
when you have supplementary resources.
Remember, room wasn’t built in a day, and neither should your pond.
4. Preliminary koi pond design plans
above ground koi pond design
backyard koi pond designs
There are several designs of koi ponds obtainable to seen online.
There should be a considerable range of fishes, styles & plants,
with many of them varying from the traditional to the unique & good, depending on the prior the right owner.
The biggest thing about constructing a koi pond is that you could
use a preliminary plan or design it so that act likes praise not only the rest of your yard but your home.
You could have a square, curving or round & as a part of the whole landscape garden.
When you have looked at these things, it would be the time to create your koi pond. You have your choice of doing it all by yourself if you have the capability for it.
If not, there are specialists koi pond builders near me out there that
might construct the pond as stated to your personal preferences & tastes.
Professionals pond contractor services recommended that koi ponds
should installed first before the rest of the landscape.
Problems would be hinder especially if the pond required be extending or expanding.
Once you finished, you would understand that the building,
planning, and expenses are worth it all. Your koi fish would agree.
how to build a koi pond above ground
This is the easy and less work koi pond since you will no longer dig the earth to build it.
You build a frame right away, some made up of woods others are bricks and hollow blocks,
Add aquatic plants as soon as possible after constructing the pond or water garden.
Many aquatic plants are great at using up the nutrients that would otherwise feed the algae.
Some of the most effective plants include Anacharis, Water
Hyacinth, Parrot’s Feather, and Bacopa.
Water lilies and other plants with surface leaves can added to
provide shade to approximately 66% of the surface area if in full sun. If less than full sun then less coverage is acceptable
As well as enhancing the look of a pond, plants help to maintain
waterquality, providing a healthy environment for the fish.
The choice of plants will partly depend on the style of pond—a
naturalistic pond looks best when planted around the edges so that
it blends into its environment, while a contemporary look may be
best achieved with more minimalist planting
A well-balanced, healthy pond must contain two types of
plant: oxygenators which release oxygen into the water, and floating
plants which provide shelter from sunlight.
Without these, or an efficient filtration system, the water in the
pond can become overgrown with algae, which not only turns the
water green, but can also affect the health of some fish species,
such as Sterlets
Plants in the body of the pond also absorb nitrate—the product of
the breakdown of fish waste—which lessens the burden on the filtration system.
Incorporating plants into a koi pond is not straightforward,
partly because of the depth of water, and also because koi
have a habit of digging up plants and browsing on the growing
Most koi ponds, so, incorporate a few tall marginals, and some
water lilies, whose leaves help to protect the fish from sunburn in the clear water.
In a new pond, wait several days after filling before putting
the plants in place, to allow the water temperature to rise
to that of the environment.
Pot plants as necessary having first inspected them for any signs of disease or pests.
In temperate areas, spring is the best time to introduce new plants
into an existing pond, because aquatic plants start to grow now.
If the pond is large, you may need waders to put plants in place,
and special pond gloves should always worn.
These reach up to your shoulders and provide protection against
waterborne diseases, such as Weil’s disease a serious condition,
spread by rodents, which causes jaundice.
Types of koi fish pond plants
Plants for the pond can divided into four categories, based
on their growing habits and where in the pond they are to found.
Oxygenating plants,water lilies, and floating plants are aquatic,
growing in or under the water.
Marginal plants are a useful addition to the pond, not only as a
decorative element, but also to provide an excellent habitat for insects.
grow underwater, releasing oxygen during daylight hours.
Water lilies have
attractive flowers and large leaves, which provide shade and protection for the fish.
can spread across a pond, and their growth may need to restricted
Marginal plants can
be cultivated in shallow water or boggy conditions around a pond’s edge.
koi fish color meaning chart in this Infographic will make you discover and learn 12 Koi Fish Color meaning in English to help you identify koi fish names easily.
It is difficult to identify and memorize koi fish names because their names are Japanese words.
In addition to that, they have different color variations so it’s tougher to recognize them all, so with this infographic guide, it will help you recognize and memorize their names easily.
kio fish pictures here are some of the koi fishes pictures
koi fish colors
One of the world’s most sought-after and recognizable fish is the koi.
Because of their huge array of bright and vibrant colors
koi fish make any koi pond come alive.
Their colors and patterns, while beautiful, can also signify their variety.
According to the Zen Nippon Airinkai, an international koi-keeping foundation,
there are currently 15 recognized varieties of koi.
koi fish colors history
The colored koi fish we know and love today did not always look the way they do now.
Koi fish cultivated by Japanese koi breeders in the 1800s.
By tracking hues in carp and breeding over the generations.
The Japanese introduced its cousin – the koi fish– to the world.
The much-loved koi fish of today are now recognized in 15 groupings,
though these groupings encompass multitudes of koi in each one.
There are many ways of grouping koi. These fish organized by their single varieties
their color variations, and a combination of both as well.
koi fish colors classification
Out of the 15 groups of koi, the Kawarimono is the largest
because it umbrellas so many varieties and variations of koi.
Some serious koi keepers believe that Gosanke,
a collective of Kohaku, Sanke, and Showa, are the only koi of real value.
These koi have red and white markings.
A Kohaku and a Showa koi side by side.
Kohaku is another koi under the Gosanke branch. These koi were first mutated from black carp in the early 1800s.
This variety known for its ideal skin quality and red and white pattern.
Sanke koi, which are oftentimes seen as a favorite amongst koi breeders,
boast three colors – red, white, and black. This variety began in Tokyo in the early 1900s.
Sanke and Kohaku koi can oftentimes confused
in their early years as coloring and patterns develop and change.
Out of the Gosanke koi, Showa developed most recently in the 1920s.
At a glance, Showa looks similar like Sanke koi in their tricolor pigmentation.
But, Showa koi have a black base with red and white markings,
as opposed to the Sanke koi, which is a white background with red and black markings.
here’s my video explanation of Showa vs Sanke koi fish
What is the symbolism of koi fish?
Koi fish symbolize courage, overcoming adversity, the ability to attain the highest goals, and strong character.
It is said in the legend that a Koi swims up rivers and climbs waterfalls with bravery and overcome all the obstacles to reach the summit and turns into a beautiful dragon.
it is said that if a Koi is caught, it will lie still beneath the knife, facing its death bravely like a Samurai facing a sword.
What do the colors on a koi fish symbolize?
According to tattoo-journal.com
It is a bit like the black koi because there is a relation to adversity but it is also used to symbolize strength, courage, bravery to challenge the odds in order to create one’s own destiny and get reborn.
It can serve as a symbol of rebirth.
What is the meaning behind koi fish?
Koi fish symbolism has gained strength over the centuries to encompass numerous positive qualities related to courage, overcoming adversity, the ability to attain the highest goals, and strong character.
What does a koi fish stand for?
It is a bit like the black koi because there is a relation to adversity but it is also used to symbolize strength, courage, bravery to challenge the odds in order to create one’s own destiny and get reborn.
Hajiro are sumi (black bodied) koi with shiroji (white) tips to the tail and fins.
Hageshiro are similar to Hajiro, but have a shiro head and face.
Kumonryu (‘Dragon Fish’) is a sumi doitsu koi with swirling shiro markings on its head and body, a pattern which changes shape seasonally.
What is the symbolism of a coy fish?
Koi fish symbolism has gained strength over the centuries to encompass numerous positive qualities related to courage, overcoming adversity, the ability to attain the highest goals, and strong character.
What color do koi fish come in?
Koi varieties are distinguished by coloration, patterning, and scalation.
Some of the major colors are white, black, red, orange, yellow, blue, and cream.
The most popular category of koi is the Gosanke, which is made up of the Kohaku, Taisho Sanshoku, and Showa Sanshoku varieties.
What is the meaning of a koi fish swimming upstream?
Koi tattoo meanings. The symbolism in a Koi tattoo includes not only what the fish represents in itself, but also whether it’s swimming up or downstream, and of course, its color.
The Koi fish has a powerful and energetic life force, demonstrated by its ability to swim against currents and travel upstream.
THE ORIGINS OF KOI fish colors koi fish color meaning chart
Today’s modern koi fish varieties are descendants of black carp, known as Magoi, which were introduced to Japan from China around 1000 AD. By the 1600s,
these plain-looking fish were thriving in the waterways around the paddy fields of Niigata prefecture on Honshu Island, and the local rice farmers caught them for food.
Around the early 1800s, individual fish displaying patches of color and patterning on their bodies started to appear, and some of the farmers began to selectively breed for these characteristics. Known as “Nishikigoi,” or “brocaded carp,”
these colorful koi fish attained public recognition when a group was shown at the 1914 Taisho Exhibition in Tokyo, and a number were then transferred to the moat surrounding the Emperor’s Imperial Palace.
Their descendants can still be found there today. Koi-keeping and breeding subsequently became extremely popular in Japan, signaling the birth of the lucrative Japanese koi industry of today.
Koi were first introduced to the US in the early 1940s. It took longer for them to gain recognition in Europe; koi were not seen in Great Britain until the 1960s.
Since then, they have gained a huge international following, and are now bred not only in Japan but in other countries, including the US, Israel, China, Korea, Thailand, and South Africa.
Kohaku The earliest forerunners of modern koi displayed simple red-and-white markings. Known as Kohaku, these koi rank today as one of the most popular varieties.
Kohaku is characterized by their white body color and red (or “hi”) patterning. In the highest-quality Kohaku,
it is particularly important that the white areas show no trace of yellowing (a fault known as “shimis”), while the red areas should be dense.
The border, or “kiwa,” at the back of each red patch must be well defined; at the front, however, the white scales
overlay the red so the definition is not as sharp.
Assessing the potential of young Kohaku can be difficult because their scales have a translucent nature—a feature
described as “kokesuke.”
All Kohaku stem from six basic breeding lines, which are named after the Japanese breeders who developed them
Hiroshima Sakai This Kohaku, of the famous Sakai breeding line, was bred on the Sakai family’s farms in Hiroshima.
What are the meanings of different Koi fish tattoo colors?
The Red Koi Tattoo. Red is taken as an energetic color so the tattoo is typically an expression of masculine love.
It can be used to represent love for a woman by a man or a woman can have one as a reminder of the strong love she has for someone or commitment to something – It is passionate.
The Black Koi Tattoo. Black symbolizes great adversity, the black koi fish is used to represent adverse struggle to succeed.
It can be a story of rags to riches, a symbol of surviving a battle and coming out alive.
Whatever hardships one has to go through to get to the point they are now can be represented by this tattoo.
Dragon Koi Tattoo. This is inspired by the Chinese Legend.
The Dragon koi is usually yellow and is swimming upstream in the yellow river to transform into a dragon. T
his signifies a person striving to fulfil their destiny amidst the different obstacles.
Blue Koi Tattoo. Blue is usually associated with men but it can also be used as a symbol of reproduction.
The blue fish design is associated, however, with a stage in dealing with adversity.
If the blue Koi is swimming upstream in the tattoo, then it symbolizes a person who is currently going through some trials in their life and they are facing them boldly.
If, however, the Fish is swimming down the stream, then the person has already dealt with the trials and is moving on with their life.
What does a Koi fish represent?
Here is your answer in short form: They are living works of art.
Here is your answer in long form: Peace, beauty, art, symmetry, skill, hard work, perfection (or the strive for perfection), nature, tranquility, grace, power, presence.
So why all of that? It’s because raising a koi to 30″ over 5–6 years of careful work after – as one person wrote – a major accomplishment of selective breeding but far more important – careful culling of the right fish is the art of what a few Japanese families do so well.
For me I see and care for my fish every day. I track them with cameras and continuous water testing, I feed them on set times with machines. Its simply an art that many of us love.
Watch one of these amazing large animals swim in good size pond and you will see why I wrote those words above and I am sure 99.9% of all koi collectors will agree with me.
rare koi fish colors
Pearl ginrin is indeed a rare thing.
A gin-u-wine kanoko
kohaku with crimson hi and good tsuya (glossy finish)
koi fish tanks What size tank do you need for a koi fish?
So, if our 125-gallon tank will hold 1.25 12-inch koi, then it will hold 11 6-inch koi (1.25 X 9 = 11).
It is essential to realize that as the koi fish grow, you will have to remove koi fish from the koi fish tank to maintain the proper load balance.
Can you put a koi fish in a tank?
Keep koi fish in large aquariums for a few months at a time. If you live in an apartments, you may have to keep koi in aquariums for their entire life.
That is possible, as long as you do not overcrowd the aquarium with too many koi. … Your tank should have 1 cubic foot per 1 inch of koi fish length
Obtain an aquarium that is large enough to contain the number of koi you have.
Koi need a large volume tank to thrive. Your tank should have 1 cubic foot per 1 inch of koi fish length.
Multiple the tank’s height by width by length to determine the tank’s cubic footage.
Put the aquarium on a stand that can support the weight of the tank, and find a location in your home that can accommodate the weight of the tank safely, such as near a support wall or on a concrete basement floor.
Place a substrate layer at the bottom of the tank at least 2 inches deep. Use a mixture of small gravel and larger gravel or rock pieces. Koi are bottom-feeders, and will enjoy sifting through the substrate.
Install an external filter to the aquarium that is made for the number of gallons in your tank. You may choose to use a carbon filter, as well, to remove toxins and impurities in the water.
Install an aquarium heater to regulate the temperature. Although koi fish can withstand water below 40 degrees and above 80 degrees, koi kept indoors should have a heater regulating the temperature to 68 to 77 degrees. That will maintain the metabolism at a good level.
Keep an koi aquarium cover on top of the tank at all times to prevent koi fish from jumping out. Use a cover with a light inside since koi fish also need 12 hours of light a day.
Test the water’s pH regularly. Koi like a neutral pH between 7 and 9. Add pH stabilizer to the tank water if the pH gets too low.
Perform partial water changes weekly. Remove 10 to 20 percent of the tank water and then top off the tank with tap water, adding dechlorinator to the new water before pouring it into the tank.
Well water not been treated with chlorine may not need a dechlorinator.
However, let the well water sit out for several hours, and then test the pH. Treat the water with pH stabilizer if it is below 7.
Feed the koi fish only what they can eat in five minutes. Overfeeding will pollute the water.
How many gallons of water does a koi fish need?
We generally offer two rules of thumb regarding the number of koi in a pond or koi fish tank . First, average water conditions will allow 1 inch of fish per 10 gallons of water (or 100 inches for a 1,000-gallon pond).
Do koi fish grow to the size of their koi fish tank?
There is an element of truth to this, but it is not as innocent as it sounds and is related more to water quality than koi fish tank size.
When properly cared for, koi fish will not stop growing. Most fishes are in fact what are known as indeterminate growers. This means that, unlike humans, they grow until they die.
Though their growth rate when they are about 3 years old up will be slower compared to their 0 to 1 years age.
How much space does a koi fish need?
Koi fish should be stocked based on a reasonable estimate of their full growth, not on their size at purchase.
Most well-maintained koi ponds will support 1″ of fish per ten gallons of water.
Though some koi in the largest ponds will grow to 36″, we recommend using an average of 21″.
How long does it take for a koi fish to grow to full size?
The oldest koi was 226 when it died in the 1970s indeed one of the longest living vertebrate ever recorded) was a beautiful scarlet coloured female Koi called ‘Hanako’ (pronunced hah-nah-koh; translated as ‘Flower Maid’).
it can take more than 10 years to get to full size.
Basically if you raise them the cheap American way, in a backyard pond or a mini pool at a Chinese restaurant, you can expect to keep them for about 30 years and get foot long fish.
There are fourteen different varieties of Koi, with a fifteenth variety that is used as a sort of a catchall variety for all of the different types of koi that do not quite fit into one of the other fourteen slots.
This last variety is known as the Kawarimono, and a large percentage of Koi are placed in this category.
Inclusion in this variety has no bearing on the quality of the Koi.
Placement in the fifteenth variety simply means that there is something not quite right about the fish.
It may be attractive and healthy, but it does not fit the “breed standard” for any of the individual varieties.
All Koi have a unique beauty, but those who are entered in shows must resemble this standard.
Crossbreeding For Different Varieties
The many different color varieties that you will see were brought to fruition by crossbreeding fish that are closely related to each other.
Crossbreeding tends to make a genetic line more stable, bringing out the good qualities while pushing back the bad.
Those who are preparing to be Koi breeders are advised to learn about the different types of koiv arieties so that they will know which ones they are interested in breeding and raising.
The Asagi Koi is one of the initial varieties of Koi. The body of the Asagi is a blue color, with the lighter shades of blue most preferred. The scales on the skin of the Asagi are given high importance. The edges of these scales must all be equal in length, and must be on the entire body of the koi from its tail to its head. The red (Hi) color that appears on the sides of the Asagi, on the head, and on the fins sometimes looks more orange than red. The Hi needs to be symmetrical on both sides of the Koi’s cheeks all the way to its eyes.
Three varieties of the Utsurimono have been painstakingly developed. These are the –
Ki, which is a yellow and black Koi
Hi, a red and black Koi
Shiro, a white and black koi
The Utsurimono should be heavily marked with black (Sumi) in order to display a prominent contrast with the yellow, red, or white. All colored need to be somewhat balanced, as this helps to call attention to the pattern on the Koi.
The Utsurimono is sometimes mistaken for the Bekko koi. There are two differences to look for that will allow the observer to tell the two varieties of Koi apart. The main variation is that the Utsurimono is a black Koi with red, white, or yellow markings, while the Bekko Koi are either white, yellow, or red Koi that have black markings. The Utsurimono also feature black markings on their heads that run all the way down to their noses. The Bekko Koi do not have black markings in this area.
The word “Hikari” translates from the Japanese to mean “metallic”. “Mono” means one particular single color. This means that the Ogon is classified as a highly metallic-colored variety of Koi. There are –
Metallic silver, or Platinum Ogon,
Metallic yellow, or Yamabuki Ogon.
These two colors are the most common, and the easiest shades of Ogon to purchase.
There is also the –
Fuji Ogon, where only the head of the Koi is metallic
Orenji Ogon, which is all orange like a common goldfish, with a red splotch on its back. Goldfish lovers are usually quite fond og the Orenji.
With the exception of the Fuji, the metallic color of the Ogon must be the same from the head to the tail, and even flow down to the ends of each fin in order to be considered “correct”. The size of the fins also matters a great deal. Everyone wants to see long fins on the Ogon, as they help to counterbalance the plain Koi body.
The Bekko variety is a white, yellow or red Koi that can be identified by the unique black markings. This assortment has small and very simple black markings that are not included on the head of the Koi.
The Shiro Bekko is white with black markings.
The Aka Bekko is red with black markings
The Ki Bekko is yellow with black markings, and is considered to be rare.
The Shusui is the result of a crossbreeding that took place in 1910. One Yoshigoro Akiyama crossed an Asagi Koi with a Doitsu Mirror carp. He ended up with a fish he called the Shusui. The color of this Koi is comparable to that of the Asagi.
The Shusui has a head that is a bluish gray color, with red on the jaws of the Koi. The skin is a lovely sky blue, with darker fish scales outlining the lateral and dorsal lines. Lines of red run down the back from the gills to the tail. There are several types of Shusui, including –
The Koromo koi is a relatively new type of Koi that appeared around 1950. The Koromo came into existence by crossing the Kohaku with the Naruni Asagi. The Koromo has a lovely pattern of deep red edged with black on a white background/body. The red is described as being in a lace pattern, and the markings of the Koromo are prone to variations, depending on which variety you are looking at. The most commonly seen varieties include –
In Japan, the word “goshiki” means five colors, which are red, white, black, dark blue and blue. All of these colors can be mixed on the body of one fish. The result of this is a Koi that has a rather purplish tint. Originally created by crossing the Asgai Koi with the Sanke Koi, the Goshiki has patterns that are quite striking. These surprisingly lovely fish are very popular with those who keep Koi as a hobby.
Any Koi that are metallic and have several colors, but do not come from Utsuri lineage are in this group. The Hikarimoyo-mono was created by crossing a Platinum Ogon with several other varieties, none of which had any Utsuri genes at all. This cross resulted in the –
There is another group in this classification, which has fish of two colors, either gold, orange, or platinum. These Koi are called Hariwake. The Orenji Hariwake and the Hariwake Matsuba are two examples of this variety.
The Kawarimono classification is given to many non-metallic fish who do not seem to fit in any other variety of Koi. This classification should in no way be considered as a variety in which to dump the oddly marked Koi! Many gorgeous crossbred Koi come from the Kawarimono variety. Often, these are not bred on purpose, but appear in a spawning as a “sport” koi.
Generally, the Kawarimono are divided into three groups –
Other colors of Koi
Ochiba-Shigure is an interesting name for a Koi. The words translate to mean “dead leaves on the water”. These fish are clothed in the basic colors of gray and green with a network of brown lines, rather like the stems of a dead leaf.
The Kohaku is a White koi with red, or Hi markings. The color white should look as if it is freshly fallen snow,
and there should be no superfluous marks on the white to distract the eye from the pristine color.
The clarity between the Hi color and the white is called the Kiwa.
The pattern on the Kohaku should have depth and should be as well balanced as possible.
There are several different pattern types, including the –
Inazuma, which means lightning strike in Japanese.
Nidan is the name for two red or Hi markings on the white background of the fish.
Sandan is the name for three red or Hi markings on the white fish.
Yondan is the name for four red or Hi markings on the Kohaku.
Chagoi Koi – Mr. Personality (Chah’-goy) … You’ll discover this pet is probably more intelligent than other koi in your pond too.
It is almost universally agreed to be the friendliest of the koi
classifications because it is the most aggressive at feeding time and
almost always the first fish to become hand-tame
The Cha-goi is a part of the catchall class known as Kawarimono. “Cha” is the word for a tea-colored Koi that is a very fast grower.
The Cha-goi is very easy to tame, and most people thoroughly enjoy having this variety in their pond.
How many types of koi are there?
Types of Koi Varieties. There are over a 100 different types of koi (Nishikigoi).
To find the proper koi classification you will need to look at their
colors, patterns, and body confirmation.
Each type of koi fish variety has it’s own specific details for
identification and can described based off another classification of Japanese Koi type.
For example, a Showa Sanke is a koi with calligraphic Sumi pattern
on Kohaku and the Goshiki created by breeding Asagi with Kohaku. View popular koi varieties below and click to learn about each type of koi.
What type of fish is a butterfly koi?
Butterfly koi, longfin koi, or dragon carp are a type of ornamental
fish notable for their elongated finnage.
The fish are a breed of the common carp, Cyprinus carpio, which
includes many wild carp races as well as domesticated koi (“Nishikigoi”). … They are also sometimes referred to as Dragon Koi.
Also known as American koi, Butterfly koi, Longfin koi, and Dragon
koi, the Onagaoi has beautiful long fins reminiscent of a butterfly’s wings.
The Japanese bred these koi, hoping to improve the hardiness of all koi by doing so.
A type of wild fish called Indonesian Longfin river carp were
captured by these breeders to use in breeding experiments.
These carp were bred with koi that were more traditional in appearance.
The fish that resulted from this breeding had the long fins and the resiliency that hoped for.
Koi Purists Dislike the Butterfly
Other breeding experiments carried out in the hopes of
setting the different patterns of traditional koi onto the long finned.
This attempt at crossbreeding was mostly successful. Many koi purists are adamantly against the Onagaoi.
This is the reason why many of the people who sell koi do not offer this variety.
Famous breeders in Japan would not think of breeding the Onagaoi.
These koi are not popular anywhere in the world except for the United States.
What is a ghost koi?
Ghost Koi. … The Ghost Koi that surfaced in the early ’80s are a hybrid mix of wild carp and single-colored metallic Ogon koi.
They are also referred to as Ghost Carp—one of the reasons that
koi purists don’t recognize them as true Nishikigoi at all.