Koi pond construction guide How to Build A Water Garden or Fish Pond
Calculators and other OnLine tools to help
plan & build a water garden or pond!
- Pond Volume Calculator
- Pond Liner Size Calculator
- Surface Area Calculator
- Selecting the Proper Pond Filter System
- Selecting the Proper pond Size Pump
- Detailed Information about Rubber Pond Liner
“ Koi pond construction guide.This Koi pond construction guide
will cover the absolute essentials of setting up your first Koi pond
for a few hundred dollars and some honest elbow grease.
In the future, you may become a very successful Koi breeder,
but for now, let’s focus on setting up a functional pond that do well
enough to keep your koi fish healthy and happy.
After you get the pond in place, functioning, and stable enough to support the Koi you buy—then,
and only then, would you be ready to sink into the investment of purchasing the Koi fish themselves.
Video Below is Philippine most common raised koi pond used by Poor Man Koi keepers
Whatever your reason for wanting to start a Koi pond; you may find the range of options to be quite overwhelming.
It is workable to spend thousands and thousands of dollars on your
Koi pond before even purchasing any fish!
If you’re starting, but, you may want to start with something a little
more budget friendly to determine if Koi ponds are right for you.
Steps for Building a Koi Pond
how to build a koi pond (koi pond construction guide)
Below is my video building a cheap koi pond called trapal pond.
how to dig a pond and install fish pond liners
Thorough planning is the key to a successful result
when building a pond, whether using a preformed
pond unit or flexible liner.
Think through all aspects of the project before you start; draw up
detailed plans of the design and planting, and consider
practical matters, such as which materials and tools
will required, and even how to dispose of the large
volumes of excavated earth that will generate
Excavation of a pond site can be demanding.
Although small ponds can be excavating, it may be
worthwhile to rent a small excavator for more extensive
works. Or, some pond suppliers may build the pond
Soil conditions can have a considerable effect on the
ease of construction.
In sandy areas, for example, the soil is loose and easy to dig, but it
can be difficult to cut clean boundaries; clay soils, by contrast,
are shaping but present much more strenuous digging conditions.
how to build a koi pond using FLEXIBLE-LINER PONDS
Flexible liners are an versatile material for pond construction,
and are ideal for informal ponds and unusual shapes.
Detailed planning of the exact dimensions of the koi pond built is crucial,
to avoid costly miscalculations of the amount of liner and underlay required
how to build a koi pond using (PREFORMED POND UNITS)
Creating a pond using a preformed unit is straightforward.
For a successful and lasting result, but, make sure the site is
well prepared and free from stones or debris,and that the unit is level when installed
koi pond construction guide Koi pond Pumps and filters
Garden ponds are often stocked with many more fish than would found in a natural pond,
and so enjoy the addition of a filtration system to improve water quality.
This is especially true for koi ponds, where crystal-clear water is desirable
to give the best view of the colors and patterns of the fish.
Filtration systems are drive by electric pumps,
which powers pond waterfall, fountain and other water features.
Pond pumps fall into two main categories: submersible units that function underwater,
and powerful surface pumps for use only in a dry location.
Submersible pumps are generally smaller and often run on a low voltage,
so are most suitable for smaller koi ponds, while external pumps for larger koi ponds
and extensive water features usually run off household electricity.
To work , a pump must have enough capacity to cycle all the water in the pond in two hours,
so calculate the volume of water in the pond before choosing a pump.
Preformed pond units often have their volume marked on the base; or,
when filling the pond, measure the volume by attaching a flow meter to the hose.
The choice of pump also depends on its intended function.
For example, when operating a fountain, the water needs to pumped under high pressure but at a low output,
whereas for the operation of a waterfall— where the water needs to
pumped uphill—a high output from the pump required.
Refer to the manufacturer’s instructions and get advice from reputable retailers
to be sure that the pump you choose is suitable for your intended use.
koi pond construction guide Maintaining water quality
Most filtration systems use separate pumps to draw water from the pond
and through the filter, although pumps with an integral filter are also available.
There are two main types of pond filter: internal units, which sit underwater in the pond,
and external filters, which sited outside the pond.
All filtration systems function in a similar manner (see box, opposite),
but the filtration media they house varies.
When installing an internal filter, locate the pump as close as
possible to the filter unit, to maintain the flow rate.
By contrast, if the system uses an external filter chamber,
locate the pump as far as possible from the filter outflow,
to ensure that clean water is not pumped straight back through the system.
Ultraviolet systems, located between the pump and filter,
are a further refinement that can used to achieve very high water quality.
Ultraviolet radiation emitted by the unit causes algae
in suspension to form into clumps,
which are then strained out of solution by the filter.
koi pond construction guide how to build a pond To begin, you will need the following five items:
koi pond kits
1.)koi pond liner – put, a koi pond liner will hold the water in your pond.
If you dig a hole in the ground and put water in it, it will absorb into the soil (unless you’re talking about a LOT of water).
Furthermore, you want to separate you Koi’s environment
from outside contaminants as much as possible.
Consider either uPVC or Butyl; both are available
from your local home improvement store.
If your hole has lots of sharp rocks in it, you may want to buy some extra layers or padding to protect the liner.
Since the padding will not come in contact with the Koi,
anything resistant to shredding will work, even an old rug.
2.)koi pond filter system – You cannot have a Koi pond without a filter.
Your filtration needs will depend on the volume of your pond,
which means that if you want to save you should start will a smaller pond.
Unless your skilled in fabricating your own diy pond filter,
you would be best served by purchasing a koi pond filter system in the store.
You need a koi pond filter system to remove debris, bacteria, and toxins from the water.
If you’re working on a budget, take a good look at the filter prices
and their recommended replacement intervals making sure to
factor that cost into your calculations.
diy pond filter watch my video below
3.)Pond Pump – This will work in conjunction with the filter to clean your pond water. Must to your Koi’s survival to have a working pump at all times.
If you can afford it, you should always keep a backup pump on hand in case of a failure. Make sure to check with your aquarium supply dealer on Pond pump efficiency.
A general rule of thumb is that your pump should be able to circulate the entire pond’s volume within a couple of hours.
4.)uv pond filter– This is a special piece of equipment that fits between the pump and the filter.
It uses UV rays to help the filter remove algae from the pond water.
Algae are a special concern in Koi ponds since it is often too small to caught by most filtration systems.
The UV rays will cause algae particles to bond together so that they are large enough to filtered out of the water.
It is workable to remove algae from the pond by chemical methods,
but this considered hazardous to the Koi.
5.)A Test Kit – Even experts need test kits. The quality of your Koi’s water must check.
One of the most dangerous chemicals to your Koi is ammonia, which can detect by neither sight nor smell.
You will need two different types of test kits, one for pH,
and one for nitrate (which will or show filter performance).
Ensuring the quality of your Koi’s water is a major factor in how long they will survive.
Further information about how to build a pond below
koi pond construction guide how to build a koi pond step by step
If you had seen any water garden, ratios are, you had seen koi fish.
The debate is how to create the perfect biological system or
the ecosystem for your little friends.
Modern koi pond design made so that it might consider
the most appropriate living demand for koi fishes.
You might find them in the yard behind the house often;
whatever, they can also place in front yards if there is a lot of available space there.
to construct koi ponds, the water & oxygen are the greatest consideration. This will resolute by the size of the fishes.
Landscape gardening plays an important role in Koi ponds. There is an efficient amount of koi pond layouts out there for you to select from.
While you might already have some pre-imagine koi pond design ideas plan on how it might design,
you have to make certain that it set the whole water garden objects completely in a faultless way.
Some of the general points of how to construct a koi pond based on koi pond design and construction
the type of landscape that you have given below.
1. Particular Place.
During you might be an incitement to put your Koi pond at the far limit of your yard,
it is very significant to remember that you must have to uninterrupted check its demand.
You will have to make sure the fishes daily. As well as, you also have to see if the plants are still flourishing or if the fish have already sensual on them.
The position of the ponds should be suitable for the changing weather condition. It would not expose during the hot and cold seasons.
You could always add some more defense for the pond in case you
aren’t confident about how it would prosper in that location. Knowing your yard would help you find out where you could place your Koi pond.
Trying to find out the size of a koi pond isn’t like figuring out any customary ponds. This is because of the fishes would get bigger over time.
You would get be astonishing at how much they could grow
especially if you are captivating adequate care of them.
The length of the pond is significant & would, of course, depend on the size of your yard,
backyard koi pond designs direction in your yard & overhanging
trees, which would lower down the amount of available space.
That is why I won’t recommend small koi pond ideas
the small koi pond only works on goldfish and other small fishes, not koi fish
3. Plan of revenue
You required having a budget set apart for explaining a pond for your koi. Take note that some of the fishes & other things for decorations for it don’t come cheap.
You may want to limit your expenses and make sure you are not overspending for it.
Other not-so-important parts and materials adding it later on
when you have supplementary resources.
Remember, room wasn’t built in a day, and neither should your pond.
4. Preliminary koi pond design plans
above ground koi pond design
backyard koi pond designs
There are several designs of koi ponds obtainable to seen online.
There should be a considerable range of fishes, styles & plants,
with many of them varying from the traditional to the unique & good, depending on the prior the right owner.
The biggest thing about constructing a koi pond is that you could
use a preliminary plan or design it so that act likes praise not only the rest of your yard but your home.
You could have a square, curving or round & as a part of the whole landscape garden.
When you have looked at these things, it would be the time to create your koi pond. You have your choice of doing it all by yourself if you have the capability for it.
If not, there are specialists koi pond builders near me out there that
might construct the pond as stated to your personal preferences & tastes.
Professionals pond contractor services recommended that koi ponds
should installed first before the rest of the landscape.
Problems would be hinder especially if the pond required be extending or expanding.
Once you finished, you would understand that the building,
planning, and expenses are worth it all. Your koi fish would agree.
how to build a koi pond above ground
This is the easy and less work koi pond since you will no longer dig the earth to build it.
You build a frame right away, some made up of woods others are bricks and hollow blocks,
Add aquatic plants as soon as possible after constructing the pond or water garden.
Many aquatic plants are great at using up the nutrients that would otherwise feed the algae.
Some of the most effective plants include Anacharis, Water
Hyacinth, Parrot’s Feather, and Bacopa.
Water lilies and other plants with surface leaves can added to
provide shade to approximately 66% of the surface area if in full sun. If less than full sun then less coverage is acceptable
As well as enhancing the look of a pond, plants help to maintain
waterquality, providing a healthy environment for the fish.
The choice of plants will partly depend on the style of pond—a
naturalistic pond looks best when planted around the edges so that
it blends into its environment, while a contemporary look may be
best achieved with more minimalist planting
A well-balanced, healthy pond must contain two types of
plant: oxygenators which release oxygen into the water, and floating
plants which provide shelter from sunlight.
Without these, or an efficient filtration system, the water in the
pond can become overgrown with algae, which not only turns the
water green, but can also affect the health of some fish species,
such as Sterlets
Plants in the body of the pond also absorb nitrate—the product of
the breakdown of fish waste—which lessens the burden on the filtration system.
Incorporating plants into a koi pond is not straightforward,
partly because of the depth of water, and also because koi
have a habit of digging up plants and browsing on the growing
Most koi ponds, so, incorporate a few tall marginals, and some
water lilies, whose leaves help to protect the fish from sunburn in the clear water.
In a new pond, wait several days after filling before putting
the plants in place, to allow the water temperature to rise
to that of the environment.
Pot plants as necessary having first inspected them for any signs of disease or pests.
In temperate areas, spring is the best time to introduce new plants
into an existing pond, because aquatic plants start to grow now.
If the pond is large, you may need waders to put plants in place,
and special pond gloves should always worn.
These reach up to your shoulders and provide protection against
waterborne diseases, such as Weil’s disease a serious condition,
spread by rodents, which causes jaundice.
Types of koi fish pond plants
Plants for the pond can divided into four categories, based
on their growing habits and where in the pond they are to found.
Oxygenating plants,water lilies, and floating plants are aquatic,
growing in or under the water.
Marginal plants are a useful addition to the pond, not only as a
decorative element, but also to provide an excellent habitat for insects.
grow underwater, releasing oxygen during daylight hours.
Water lilies have
Marginal plants can
be cultivated in shallow water or boggy conditions around a pond’s edge.
How deep does a koi pond need to be?
A pond for goldfish or water lilies need be only about 2 feet deep for zones 5 or greater.
Ponds built in colder areas may need more depth to keep the pond from freezing solid.
Ponds built for koi should be close to three feet or deeper to allow these larger fish enough space.
What size pond do you need for Koi?
Well, at three feet deep, a six foot by eight foot pond will yield 1077 gallons.
But these are merely the minimum recommended requirements. Also, the more fish you have, the larger your pond should be.
A pond of the aforementioned size will be enough for no more than five average sized Koi.
How deep does a pond need to be for fish to survive the winter?
Koi Pond. Koi ponds should be at least 3 feet deep. The ideal depth
of a pond that supports a population of koi is 48 to 60 inches, although koi can survive with a minimum depth of 36 inches.
Do koi grow to the size of the pond?
Jumbo sized Koi grow up to 34 to 36 inches long. Does the size of the pond hinder a Koi’s growth?
The size of a pond will not stop a Koi from growing.
The size of the pond, along with other factors like health, feeding,
water temperature and water quality affect the speed of their growth.