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butterfly koi fish you need to know

butterfly koi fish


butterfly koi fish has a long fin koi fish they are also called dragon carp.

They have elongated finnage the pectoral, caudal and pelvic fins.

They are high breed from the common carp, cyprinus carpio including wide varieties of wild carp races with a domesticated koi (” Nishikigoi”)

 

butterfly koi fish was breed in the mid-20th century as a result of an effort to improve the hardiness of traditional koi fish.

Butterfly koi fish are breed by  Japanese breeders who interbred the wild Indonesian longfin river carp with traditional koi fish.

The resulting fish had longer fins, long barbells, pompom nostrils, and were hardier than koi fish.

These were known in Japan as “onagaoi” or “hire naga goi”, or translated in English “long tail carp”.

It was Randy LeFever, the son of Wyatt LeFever, a noted koi fish breeder was credited with suggesting they looked like butterflies, a trait for which the breed is named.

They are also sometimes referred to as Dragon Koi fish.

For clarification, the word koi is wholly inaccurate for describing these fish;

Koi are, as dictated by the Japanese breeders, Nishikigoi,

butterfly koi fish have long-finned carp are Hirenagagoi.

The word koi has been given to these fish to increase their resale value and popularity in garden centres and the like

 

Conformation – The ideal shape of a koi has been set by tradition to be generously oval.

By contrast, butterfly koi fish are naturally more slender.

This difference is amplified by the fact that traditional koi judging is done from a top-down viewing angle.

Relationship of fin to body – The ratio of fin-to-body is an important scoring criteria in nishikigoi competitions.

By design, longfin embody a ratio that exceeds the standards applied to nishikigoi by 500 to 1000 percent.

butterfly koi types Pattern differences – Great energy has been given to developing butterfly koi versions of

traditional koi patterns, (e.g. kohaku, sanke, showa, utsuri and ogon).

Butterfly koi, however, exhibit these patterns in a slightly different way.

 

How big do butterfly koi grow in a year?

Their barbels (whiskers) even grow long and can fork into elaborate designs.

Butterfly koi seem to lack some of the body size of regular koi,

but the overall fish can run as long as 36 to 40 inches in the right pond with plenty of food.

They are graceful and pleasant to watch swim.

.

How long does a butterfly koi live?

The short answer is they can live over 200 years.

The oldest known Koi was Hanako who lived to be 226 years.

But the reality is most Koi fish do not live anywhere close to that long.

 

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indoor koi pond 101 Quick Tips About Indoor Koi Pond

indoor koi pond

 

Do you want to have a koi pond but don’t have lawn space outside to build your koi pond?

You can still build a koi pond indoors.

There are much cool designs you can choose just search at google image.

Having indoor koi pond is the best choice for koi keepers that live in cold climate areas.

For koi owners in temperamental climates, indoor ponds offer peace of mind, especially for long winters.

Also, indoor koi pond is best for koi keepers that live in an urban area that doesn’t have enough space to build an outdoor koi pond.

indoor koi pond tends to be smaller so it is important that the water levels are correct.

Otherwise, the strong pressure could make your koi fish sick or could even be fatal.

Install a high-quality water pump and koi pond filter to help keep water levels and pressure safely.

I recommend using airlift pump it serves as a protein skimmer too.

The efficient filtration should be able to pump the entire koi pond volume of water through the filter in one hour

The smaller size of indoor koi pond also affects the water and gas exchange.

And koi fish need plenty of dissolved oxygen in the water.

So my advice is to use diy airlift pump it serves a dual purpose.

Airlift pump can lift water and aerate the water at the same time.

Koi fish don’t need to rise to the surface to breathe oxygen.

You need also to install a drain in the koi pond.

You can also buy a cheap add-on bottom drain to the place at the bottom of the indoor koi pond

indoor koi pond will build up humidity inside your home.

This can be a good therapy for those who suffer from cold and dry winter climates.

If added humidity is not for you, install a fan to circulate the humidity throughout the house to fix it.

You can also add to try a dehumidifier.

You can add lighting to your indoor koi pond

Koi fish do better in natural lighting it can bring out their natural beautiful colors.

Many koi keepers who take the indoor koi pond add picture windows or other means to allow natural light into the home.

You can also install incandescent lighting with UVA and UVB bulbs.

These will also help any koi pond plants to grow.

You also need to keep an eye for any indoor koi pond leaks.

Leaks inside a home can cause plenty of damage, so it’s best to always catch them early

Find for pooling water on the floor by the koi pond or any other odd moisture.

Cheap leak detectors can provide some peace of mind once installed.

You can also check out my koi pond construction guide article as your guide on how to build koi pond

Do you have an indoor koi pond? Send us a photo via our contact form!

 

 

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4 Tips To Maintain Koi Ponds

koi ponds


Koi ponds are increasing in popularity. While you can choose various types of fishes for such ponds, koi fish is one of the most popular ones to keep in ponds. Besides, koi ponds are known to add serene beauty to homes. These fishes are usually much easier to raise, even for kids. Thus, they are a preferred breed to other fish species. Despite of ease, you may have to keep check on their health. Moreover, you will have to make sure that the habitat is appropriate for their survival. Whether you plan to breed them for business, or as a hobby, you will need to check the following tips to stock koi carefully in their respective ponds.

  • Moderate temperature conditions

You may require at least 1000 gallons of water for a koi pond. Also, you may need hardy plants, rocks, and smooth gravel in such a pond. These fishes can tolerate cold temperature moderately, so the pond will need to be constructed in a place with suitable temperature. While this species is able to manage through cold winters briefly, you may still need to find ways to keep the pond temperature regulated for them to survive. Similarly, you may have to control the temperature in hot summers as well. If you can manage this, while keeping the water quality hygienic, these fishes can reach up to 8 inches in just the first year.

  • Companionship and care

Koi have a much longer life than goldfishes. You can expect these to survive up to an average life of thirty years. Some have been even reported to survive more than 200 years. Thus, you are going to have to take care of them properly so that they are with you for many years to come. You will find that koi love companionship. They prefer each other’s company. In addition, and will love it when people feed them.

  • Oxygen supply

Koi also need proper supply of oxygen. Therefore, you should think of installing a nice fountain or waterfall in the pond to keep the water oxygenated for the fishes. Lack of oxygen may also result in the increase in the growth of ammonia in the water. This happens when the fishes excrete, resulting in the water becoming more polluted. In summers, this activity increases. You do not want the water to lose its oxygen due to the presence of impurities. Also, if you have plans for listing yourself on directories, etc. for koi then you can visit Zoomthelist.Com.

  • Ensure a functional filter

You also need to provide proper filtration in the pond. Proper water conditions for a longer time will only work if you have an operational filter system installed in the pond. Good filtration will help you remove the waste from the water bodies much faster.

Remember to use such methods to improve the condition of water for your breeding koi fishes. These fishes can survive for a long time if they have ideal conditions. Follow these tips and get the best out of your koi ponds.

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koi fish yin yang 7 Things About Koi Fish Yin Yang Your Boss Wants To Know

koi fish yin yang koi fish pendant

koi fish yin yang and the koi symbol, and koi in feng shui.

koi fish yin yang koi fish color meaning koi fish color meaning in tattoo usually meant for the red or orange colored koi fish in tattoo symbolize as a mother

for pink a daughter a red koi color also symbolize bravery,

koi that have red colors are benigoi and for orange orenjie and this type of kois are mostly thrown in culling.

koi fish yin yang

Koi fish yin yang origin came from Taoism/Daoism, a Chinese religion, and a philosophy.

The yin which is the dark swirl koi fish is associated with shadows, feminity, and through of a wave.

The yang, the light swirl koi fish represents brightness, passion, and growth

You can purchase this koi fish yin yang necklace here https://www.giobelkoicenter.com/product/koi-fish-yin-yang-choker-koi-fish-necklace/

And I sell on my Etsy shop also koi fish yin yang rings https://www.etsy.com/listing/614832676/koi-fish-ring-fish-ring-real-925?ref=listing_published_alert

Koi fish Yin and Yang have been for thousands of years already.

I think way back as far as 700 B.C.E during I Ching the book of changes a text Universal in its understanding.

It represents a dynamic balance of opposites and the process of unfolding events and change. Koi fish yin yang are like two opposite yet complementary energies.

Koi fish yin yang cannot exist without each other, they never are separated for example night and day form a koi fish yin yang

night looks and is very different than a day but it is impossible to have one without each other, both create a totality a complete whole.

koi fish color meaning chart

koi fish color meaning koi fish colors have meanings it represents certain fortune and success in life.

koi fish color meaning chart koi fish yin yang

  • Kohaku this is a white koi with red markings and this symbolizes a success in your career
  • Kumunryu This is a Doitsu koi fish with black and white pattern that is unstable and changes all the time depending on temperature that is why kumonryu koi fish symbolizes life constant changes and transformations
  • Ogon This is a plain solid coloration koi fish usually plain silver, yellow, gold, white and orange, this represents success in your business. and wealth
  • Kuchibeni is a type of Kohaku with red markings in their mouth that looks like they have lipstick Kuchibeni represents love and long lasting relationships.
  • Yamabuki A Yambuki koi has golden bright colors and they are a symbol of riches and wealth.

ying yang koi fish tattoos

Koi Fish Meaning

ying yang koi fish tattoos
The koi fish is a symbol with extremely deep meaning for those who choose it as part of their body art.

If you have been considering getting a tattoo that involves a koi fish, take the time first to learn the meaning associated with them.

The traditional significance of a koi fish tattoo can vary depending on the fish’s orientation (whether it is going up or down your body) and color. You want to be sure that your koi fish tattoo conveys the desired meaning.

Japanese Koi Fish Legend

A koi on a float during the Gion Festival in Kyoto representing the fish’s legendary struggle against all obstacles.

A koi on a float during the Gion Festival in Kyoto representing the fish’s legendary struggle against all obstacles. |

Source
Koi fish have a very long history in Chinese and Japanese culture.

They were originally common carp and were later domesticated and bred to produce certain colors.

Chinese invaders brought koi to Japan, where the fish flourished.

Koi fish are prominent in the work of Japanese tattoo artists because of a long-standing legend of how the fish become dragons. Most of the meaning and symbolism behind the fish stems from this ancient legend.

How a Koi Became a Dragon

According to legend, any koi that is able to scale the waterfall known as “Dragon’s Gate” will be transformed into a dragon.

According to legend, any koi that is able to scale the waterfall known as “Dragon’s Gate” will be transformed into a dragon. | Source

According to Chinese and Japanese myth, there was once a giant school made up of thousands of koi fish swimming up the Yellow River in China. As they swam, they gained strength by pushing against the current.

However, on the Yellow River, there is a waterfall. Once the fish reached the waterfall, most turned back and just went with the current because it became too hard.

The ones who remained continued to try to reach the top of the waterfall. These koi kept trying for one hundred years. At last, one koi successfully leaped to the top of the waterfall.

To reward this dedicated koi, the gods turned it into a beautiful golden dragon.

The falls have become known as the “Dragon’s Gate.” And legend has it that to this day, any koi that has the strength and perseverance to complete to journey up Dragon’s Gate will become a heavenly dragon.

It is also said that if a koi is caught, it will await the cut of the knife without a quiver with the bravery of a Samurai warrior facing the sword in battle.

This clearly portrays the cultural beliefs in the strength and courage of the koi. read more at https://tatring.com/tattoo-ideas-meanings/Japanese-Koi-Fish-Tattoo-Meanings

Here is another good article of ying yang koi fish tattoos

ying yang koi fish tattoos

40 Yin Yang Koi Fish Tattoos For Men – Cosmic Force Ink Ideas
In Chinese and Japanese culture, the Koi fish has a deep history and symbolic meaning. They mark one of the rare instances of domesticated fish. Originally carp, they were bred for their rich colors.

Some believe, however, that long ago, they descended from dragons.

The story goes that once there was a huge school of fish made up of thousands of Koi swimming in the Yellow River in China. They went upriver, pushing against the current until they came to a waterfall. Many turned back, believing it was too difficult an obstacle.

Some koi, however, kept trying and trying to jump over it. They kept at it for hundreds of years until finally, one koi made it to the top. To reward his persistence and bravery, the gods of the river turned that fish into a golden dragon.

Today the waterfall is known as the dragon’s gate, and some believe that any fish that can jump it will still be transformed into a dragon.

When a koi fish is caught, it will not flop and try to flee. With the bravery of a samurai, it awaits the inevitable blade that will take its life.

Coupled with the ancient symbol of yin and yang—light and dark, balance in the universe—this tattoo is one of the most powerful and symbolic images known to man. People with this tattoo do not sit down and die, but remain persistent in all aspects of life. Win or lose, they stoically accept their fate as another turn of the wheel.

learn more http://nextluxury.com/mens-style-and-fashion/yin-yang-koi-fish-tattoos-for-men/

koi fish symbolism what do koi fish represent

Koi Fish meaning in Japan is good fortune or luck they also are associated with perseverance in adversity and strength of purpose,

the koi fish yin yang symbolizes good luck, abundance, and perseverance.

Symbolic in Buddhism is to represent courage. … Based on that legend, it became a symbol of worldly aspiration and advancement.

In Japanese culture, the koi carp is a highly respected and very symbolic fish that is closely tied to the country’s national identity.

The koi carp is thought to be a symbol of luck, prosperity, and good fortune within Japan.

The name “koi” itself is Japanese and simply means “carp” in the Japanese language.

koi fish yin yang necklace 

If you are bit scared in having a koi fish yin yang tattoo you might as well consider in wearing a koi fish yin yang necklace.

We have koi fish jewelry available here in our store Shop here koi jewelry

We have koi fish yin yang necklace and earrings available for sale too.

What is a koi fis yin yang and what does it mean?

koi fish meaning Definition of the Nishikigoi and its name

“Nishikigoi” is a general term for colored koi with markings which are bred for appreciation.

Before the second world war, it used to be called “Colored koi”, “Flowery koi” “Figured koi” or “Fancy koi”.

But the authorities did not approve of the words “Colored” or “Flowery” during the war, so it was renamed “Nishikigoi”

The word “koi” was first used about 2500 years ago in China.

It was in 533 B.C. when Confucius  son was born and was presented as a fish by King Shoko of Ro.

The fish was named “Koi”

The original home of the koi was said to be Persia.

They were brought to Japan through China and Korea about 1000 years ago.

The colored koi, however, were born in Japan

They are work of Japanese art.

The Doitsu is a kind of the Nishikigoi which has breed for food.

Its origin was a black carp.

In Japan a Nishikigoi and a Doitsu were crossbreeds and a colored Doitsu was born.

The Nishikigoi is called “Living jewel” or “National fish”. It was Mr. Komei Koshihara, the president of Nagoya

women’s college, Who named the Nishikigoi “Living jewel” “National fish” was first used.

In a photo album of the First All Nippon Nishikigoi Show in 1968.

Mr. Hideo Miya of Ojiya was its inventor.

yin yang fish

The eye of each teardrop is symbolic of the constant watchful eye of the koi. This pairing of fish is often seen outside the context of the yin yang symbol as well.

In Japan, fish that are prepared for sashimi while still alive are called … Another dish, popular in China, is called “yin yang fish,

Yin Yang fish 陰陽魚 in Chinese cuisine is a dish which consists of a deep-fried whole fish that remains alive after cooking. The fish’s body is cooked while its head is wrapped in a wet cloth to keep it breathing. Wikipedia

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koi breeding you need to know 2018

koi breeding

koi breeding tips that will make you breed koi fish successfully

koi breeding This is my personal experience on  how to breed koi fish.

I had also included the actual koi breeding step by step videos that I had done in koi breeding.

The videos start with identifying the koi fish genders down to hatching and caring and raising koi fry.

The most important part is to identify koi fish breeder gender check out the video below

How can you tell if a koi fish is male or female?

A mature male koi will have a slender looking body, while a female koi will have a rounded body,

particularly when it’s spawning season and she’s carrying a nest full of eggs! Next, examine your koi’s fins.

A male koi’s pectoral fins, the ones near his head, will appear pointed and solid in color

 

Also, check the male breeders if they are ready to be breed by checking if they have enough milt and sperm watch video below on how to do it.

 

 

koi breeding setup 

My koi breeding setup is simple DIY breeding koi pond tank and the materials I used are bamboo for the koi pond frame and Trapal for the liner.

koi breeding bamboo trapal koi pond

 

how old do koi have to be to breed

Koi fish are sexually matured when they are about 1-year old already but it is not advisable to breed them at young age

Why? because the membrane of the female egg is thin yet and the outcome is high mortality rate of the koi fry,

It is hard to determine koi fish age if you just bought it from somebody else or at the pet store, since sizes will not determine koi fish age,

because koi fish that are placed in smaller koi pond grows slow, so tendency some will breed even if their sizes are small because of their age are sexually matured already.

 

How long is a koi fish pregnant?

Koi do not get pregnant and are not live-bearers. Koi fish typically mate in warmer water in the spring or summer seasons.

There is no timeframe how long will the female koi fish developed eggs. What you can do is isolate the female koi fish breeder.

This will make the female koi fish breeder to store and develop eggs.

You can tell if the female koi fish breeder has enough eggs already by looking at its abdomen.

The female koi fish breeder abdomen will be swollen

The mating period lasts about two to three days in which the female lays the eggs upon various surfaces while the male shortly after fertilizes them.

 

how often do koi fish lay eggs

Normally koi will breed once a season on Countries that have four seasons usually spring time.

Why, because during springtime the temperature is warm and foods are abundant.

but not always, sometimes it will take warmer water and sometimes colder water.

Sometimes a sudden change in water temperature and water chemistry stimulate them to spawn.

Once instance to prove this is I transfer my large female koi to the breeding tank with cooler water

and when I check her in the morning it had spawn that night already.

It did make for a mess in her show tank. Some will spawn twice in a year, some won’t and even skip a year.

Some breeders will induce spawning so that they can develop fry on a schedule.

I always do this though I am not using an artificial breeding method controlling environment works for me.

I isolate the female from males and condition both the female and male koi fish breeder

I can breed my koi fish the whole year round since We don’t have four season here in my place.

Some koi will spawn later in the year but for the most part the farms time to a part of the season to keep their whole operation running on a schedule.

What age to breed koi?

A Koi’s prime mating age is between 3-6 years old, but koi have also been able to produce baby koi fish until they are up to 15 years old.

Make sure to give your breeding koi couple some privacy when it’s time for them to mate. Koi need a place to lay their eggs.

How long does it take for koi fish eggs to hatch?

Your koi eggs will hatch around 4 days after they are fertilized for colder Countries. 2 days for Tropical warmer Countries.

They will then attach themselves to structure like the side of the tank or pond for 2-3 days where they will be feeding off their yolk sac.

 

Is my koi fish pregnant?

However, your koi will appear bloated and pregnant for up to several days before she’s ready to release her eggs.

At this point, you could still stop the spawning from happening if you don’t want eggs or baby fish (fry)

in your pond by simply removing the females from the pond, keeping them separate from the males.

 

koi breeding Separate the female koi fish breeder for conditioning 

Separate the female koi fish breeder from male koi fish breeders. Why? It will help ensure the female koi fish breeder to develop more eggs.

If female koi fish breeder is mixed with male koi fish breeders in the community pond.

The males will mate her without your knowledge, so the female koi fish cannot store enough eggs on its tummy.

female koi fish showa breeder Breeding koi fish
Here is a photo of a koi fish female breeder prior from separating and conditioning

Watch the video here 

Feed your female koi breeder and male koi fish breeder high protein koi food pellets.

Feed your koi fish breeders plenty of live foods and vegetation

Watch video here

Live foods for koi fish 

  • Daphnia
  • Earth worms
  • Snails
  • Tubifex
  • Shrimp

List of vegetation that koi fish loves

  • duckweed
  • green pea
  • wheat germ
  • lettuce
  • water melon
  • azola

 

Observe the female koi fish breeder body specifically her tummy region if it became swollen already.

This is your indicator if the female koi fish is ready to spawn

You can also apply a gentle pressure in its ventral area if the tummy is swollen already if there are eggs already.

The eggs will come out if it is ready to spawn.

One indicator also is the tummy region is soft when touch.

koi breeding female koi fish breeder after separation Breeding koi fish
Here is the photo of the female koi fish breeder after separation tummy swollen already

 

And you can also watch the video here

 

 

Preparing the koi pond for breeding 

  • I change the water 60 % and leave the water dripping slowly this will stimulate them to breed too.
  • Add nesting media I created a floating yarn and net

 

how do koi fish mate

The male koi fish will chase the female koi fish and bump its abdomen to the pond wall or nesting media.

Adding the koi fish breeders 

I add the koi fish together at 6 pm in the evening and note this was also done at the full moon.

I check them at 12:00 midnight if they already breed but there was no koi breeding sign yet,

a breeding sign is female will gather the nesting media and seems like creating bubbles and males will chase her,

so I just leave them and then when I wake up at around 5:00 am in the morning they are already chasing and breeding here is the actual video of them breeding watch koi fish actual video breeding 

Remove the koi fish breeders after they are done mating.

You will notice if they are already done mating when the males no longer chase the female koi fish breeder.

You need to remove them fast immediately because after laying eggs they will start eating their eggs.

Then perform 60% water change this will prevent water to be foul because of the sperms.

in koi breeding you must always prepare methylene blue for protecting the eggs.

Place methylene blue to prevent the molds attacking the eggs.

how fast do koi fry grow this will depend on the temperature of the water the climate the faster they grow because warmer temperature stimulate their metabolism and this will trigger them to eat fast.

What do koi fish eggs look like?

Koi like to lay their eggs on pond plants, spawning mats, or spawning ropes. … Koi eggs are tiny and translucent.

They can range from milky white to yellow or green. After the next two days, the koi fish eggs will hatch

Here is a video of a koi fry growth chart watch it here

 

koi fry growth rate in the first week from hatching their sizes are about 1 cm and their koi fry color are all yellow yet.

you can watch this video of my 1-week old koi fry

how fast do baby koi grow to depend on the temperature, size of the pond and sources of live foods.

If you feed them daily with live foods they grow too fast also if your temperature is warmer they tend to feed more in warmer temperature because warm climate makes their metabolism fast, so they get hungry all the time.

koi eggs hatching depends on the temperature here in my place which is tropical and warm koi eggs hatch in 2 days in colder region koi eggs hatch for 7 to 10 days.

3-week old koi fry
what do baby koi fish look like It really depends on the stage for the first-week yellow, second week two colors appear black and yellow, third week 3 colors? If you want to see baby koi fish fry see my video below

 

1-Week Old Koi Fry Video

 

2-Week Old Koi Fry in our koi breeding 

 

3-Week Old Koi Fry

 

4-Week Old Koi Fry Video

 

5-week old koi fry video

 

5 week old koi fry

 

6-week old koi fry video

 

Here is the vidoe of my 7-week old koi fry now

Update of our koi fry today, they are now 8-week old koi fry, here’s a video below

 

Update today the koi fry are now 9-week old koi fry their number decreases because

I was not able to remove the tobi koi fry and last week also the water quality was degraded because some of the clams died and also their pooh increase already since they are growing to watch the video below

 

 

Here is an article about Tobi koi fry from http://www.raingarden.us

THE NATURE OF TOBI
Steve Hopkins
Rain Garden Ornamentals
June 2007
Anyone who breeds koi knows about tobi. In other species these are often called “shooters”.

They occur in goldfish spawns too. They are the fry that grow to juvenile size very quickly.

They are noted for eating their smaller siblings.

Most tobi koi do not have the refined characteristics the breeder is looking for, although some do.

I have never seen a good explanation of how and why tobi develop.

If anyone knows of an authoritative description, please let us know. Until then, I will give you my off-the-wall
theory about tobi.

I think tobi are hard to explain because there are two factors at work, genetics and blind luck.

Genetics: Koi and goldfish carry in their genetic code remnants of everything that come before.

A top-notch pair of gosanke or ranchu carries all the genetic material needed to make the ancestral common carp or crucian carp from which they were derived through selective breeding.

They also have all the genetic material needed to recreate the incremental steps in their evolution.

In the offspring from a pair of sanke you will find kohaku, higoi and perhaps even a magoi.

A group of ryukin offspring may include individuals with characteristics of wakin and common goldfish.

The more ancestral forms are always more hardy.

Left to their own devices and allowed to breed indiscriminately for many generations, a population of koi will revert
back to something resembling the ancestral common carp and goldfish will revert back to something resembling a crucian carp.

In a group of sibling fry, those with a more primitative genetic make-up will be just a little bit stronger and faster giving them a slight advantage when it comes time to eat or avoid a predator.

But, in the world of fish fry, a slight advantage can become amplified many fold.

There is a snowball effect. A fry that gets just a little bit bigger than its siblings is better able to
capture and compete for food so it grows faster.

The larger the size disparity, the bigger the advantage. So, over just a few weeks time an individual that is just slightly
larger than its siblings becomes ten times larger than its siblings.

At some point, the size disparity becomes so great that the larger individual can eat its siblings providing it
with a new limitless food supply.

The snow ball effect escalates. Blind Luck But, how can some tobi be excellent examples of highly refined koi or goldfish and show no signs of being a throw-back to an ancestral form?

I think it is because there is a blind luck factor at work as well.

Imagine a group of larvae which have absorbed their yolk sack and are ready to begin feeding.

Perhaps some arrive at this stage a few hours ahead of the rest because they were spawned first or their position on the spawning substrate was a fraction of a degree warmer then the rest, or because of some other factor.

The larvae instinctively dart at a moving food particle.

Some times they catch it and sometimes they miss.

They are growing extremely rapidly and catching one or two extra choice food morsels can make a difference in that growth rate.

Some individuals are just lucky and are able to get a tiny bit ahead of their siblings.

As described above, a very small advantage can quickly snowball into a large advantage.

An individual with no innate genetic advantage can become a tobi just through bind luck.

Another Observation In some batches of fry the size distribution is large and there is an unusually large number of tobi.

In other batches the size distribution is narrow and the siblings look almost identical.

In general, the better the fry are fed the less variation there will be in their size.

If abundant live food can be kept in front of the fry at all times while maintaining good water quality, there is a much lower incidence of tobi.

Under the best of conditions the growth of fry is phenomenal and most of the population (except for those with serious deformities) has the potential to grow at the rate of tobi.

The best way to minimize the number of tobi is to provide better nutrition and husbandry.

The biggest and best koi and goldfish will have had the best nutrition and water quality their entire lives.

Periods of less than optimal conditions can have long-term effects.

In extreme cases, we say that the fish is stunted.

The younger the fish, the more severe and lasting the effect of poor nutrition and water quality.

Tobi are considered by most to be undesirables.

If they are genetic throw-backs then they probably are undesirable. However, you should be on the look-out for those fish

which have both the genetic potential to meet your selection criteria and the good luck to have gotten off to a fast start in life and become a tobi.

It is always a good idea to separate tobi if you can; especially if they have become large enough to be cannibals.

But, do not automatically assume they have no potential.

Update of my koi fry check out this video

To be continue…

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What you need to consider when designing a pond

What you need to consider when designing a pond

So, you’ve decided you want a koi pond in your backyard. Congratulations, it’s a great decision. Ponds aren’t just for keeping fish such as koi in, but they can also encourage other nature into your garden, provide a stunning focal point for visitors to admire and offer a source of relaxation – who doesn’t love closing their eyes and hearing nothing but the sound of trickling water as your very own pond babbles away not far from your back door?

With the decision taken to construct a pond, the big question is, what is your pond going to look like and where in your backyard is it going to go? Here are the factors you need to consider when designing a pond.

Decide on the style of your pond

When her home in West Village, New York needed a refresh, actress Julianne Moore hired professional landscaper Brian Sawyer to redesign her garden. Thankfully, you don’t need to source a professional with a Guaranteed Scholarships in Garden Design to help you decide on the style of your pond. When it comes to a pond housing fish, the most common designs are a formal shape, raised up and near to the house so that you can see your fish swimming around in all their splendor.

Consider the safety aspects

Arguably the most important factor to consider when it comes to designing a pond is the safety aspect. We’ve all read horror stories about young children accidentally walking or falling into ponds with terrible consequences. A raised pond can prevent that happening by providing a physical barrier between child and water. It also offers an edge to sit on, which can be handy if you want to relax in the garden or if the pond is for somebody elderly who may need to sit down while working on the pond. If you are still worried about the potential of a child falling in, then you can purchase a pond cover or netting. This will also protect your fish from any urban animals that may see them as an easy lunch.

Think about the electricity supply

Most likely, your pond is going to require a filter and pump while many of us will also want to install fountains or waterfalls. All of these require electricity to work. That can have a bearing on the positioning of your koi pond, as you are going to need it to be relatively close to a mains supply, which will probably come from a building. You should always use and consult a qualified electrician, especially when dealing with electricity and water.

Check the positioning of underground services

Your pond is going to require at least some digging down, so you need to check that it isn’t going to be situated above any water pipes, sewage pipes of electric cables. The last thing you want when you start constructing it is to cut through any of those three utilities.

Avoid siting your pond in the shade

There are several reasons for avoiding putting your koi pond in the shade. The most obvious is that if it is situated under trees, then come fall it’s going to fill up with fallen leaves which will be a nightmare to remove. If you want flowers to bloom among the water, then you’ll need to choose a position which receives sunlight for around six hours a day.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ways to Encourage Your Kids to Take Care of Their Koi

Ways to Encourage Your Kids to Take Care of Their Koi


Giving a child a goldfish can be an excellent way to teach responsibility. Once your children are a bit more mature, you can introduce them to koi fish. Although koi require more care than goldfish, they are also more versatile, and they can be placed indoors or outdoors. Use latch hook hairstyles or another extra special treat to reward your child for a job well done. You will be happy to learn that your kids are capable of caring for your koi fish once you teach them how to do things correctly. Here is the best way to get kids to care for their koi.

Ask Your Kids to Demonstrate

Setting up and maintaining a koi pond can be fun, so your children will want to get hands on right away. After the koi are safely placed in their aquarium or pond, you can have your kids show you that they know what to do. Have them feed the koi while you stand back and observe. When it comes time to clean out the pond or tank, give your children the tools and supervise them as they set out to work. As long as the responsibilities you give them are age appropriate, your children will impress you with how well they take charge.

Make Them Responsible for a Set Period of Time

When kids are old enough to be home alone for a period of time, they’re definitely big enough to take care of their own koi. Add koi care responsibilities on your children’s chore chart so they know what to do. This can mean that they need to check the koi pond’s water temperature every morning, or that they will need to feed their koi every day after school. Give them some responsibility but check up on them so that their koi are guaranteed to stay healthy. After a while, you can trust your kids to be responsible and you can even consider rewarding them with a funky hairstyle, like a mohawk or crochet braids.

Quiz Them on Their Koi Knowledge

After you have seen your kids feed their koi, clean out the tank, and check on their fish, you need to do just one more thing to ensure that they are fully responsible. Quiz your children on their knowledge of koi to see if they’ve got all the facts down right. Ask them about what water temperatures are safe for koi, how much food they should feed their fish, and what they should do if they see their koi are sick. Some of their answers might surprise you, but overall you can expect them to get the majority correct.

Koi fish live for a long time if they are cared for well, so your kids can grow up with a family pet that sticks around for decades. Get them started early so that they can care for their koi fish, even when you aren’t at home. As their fish grow larger and their collection becomes even more vast, they will get to know their koi on a personal level.

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metronidazole for fish (for anaerobic bacteria) and anti-protozoal medication

metronidazole for fish

how to use metronidazole for fish (for treating anaerobic bacteria) and anti-protozoal medication

 

where to buy metronidazole for fish you can buy metronidazole for koi fish at petstore near you or drug stores.

metronidazole for fish dosage Directions from SeaChem Metronidazole; use 100 mg. for every 10 gallons (40 L).
Repeat every 2 days until symptoms disappear.

If there are no available SeaChem Metronidazole at pet stores near your place. You can purchase Metronidazole for humans.

You can buy Metronidazole for humans at any drugs stores near you.

Make sure any UV Sterilizer (if used) is turned off and any carbon, Purigen,

Chemipure or similar chemical filter media is also removed during treatment.

To feed (use as for a medicated food), use 100 mg. with approximately i tablespoon of frozen or dried food (fried food would need to be placed in just enough water to cover and make wet/moist).

Feed until symptoms disappear. Introduction of Metronidazole to the aquarium water when feeding is OK.

Metronidazole can also be used in a fish bath. This is generally performed at double the “in tank” dose as per amount of water used in this bath.

I recommend the use of Methylene Blue and maybe salt during this bath treatment too (once or twice per day for 7-10 days).

metronidazole for fish bloat, metronidazole for fish parasites, metronidazole for fish cures ich, metronidazole for koi fish and humans

you can use metronidazole for human if there are no available metronidazole for fish in the pet stores near you

here is a good article from www.aquarium-medications.com

Metronidazole is an antibiotic (for anaerobic bacteria) and anti-protozoal medication used to treat various conditions internally and externally in fish.

As for Anaerobic bacteria, these are bacterium that thrive in environments in which there is little oxygen (anaerobic environments) and can cause disease in such environments as the intestinal tract and liver.

Metronidazole belongs to a class of antibiotics known as nitroimidazoles which work by ceasing the growth of bacteria and protozoa.

Metronidazole works by selectively blocking some of the functions within the bacterial cells and some parasites resulting in their death.

Metronidazole is metabolized in the liver (whether a fish or a human).

Metronidazoles primary use is for the treatment of ANAEROBIC gram positive & SOME negative bacteria including those that produce beta-lactamase.

However, it is not effective against aerobic bacterium. This means Metronidazole is a poor choice for suspected

bacterial diseases in open heavily oxygenated aquariums/ponds such as Columnaris,

while it is an excellent choice for diseases of the low/no oxygen environment of the intestinal tract or other internal

suspected bacterial pathogens (generally used ina fish food soak for best results).

Metronidazole may be a good choice for any bacterial disease present in low oxygen, high bio-load aquariums or ponds.

As well Metronidazole is effective for some protozoa.

It was originally found effective for the management of infection caused by Trichomonas vaginalis.

For fish applications Metronidazole has been shown to be in particular more effective for internal and external flagellates.

Metronidazole is also sometimes effective for other protozoan parasite infections, especially for

Cryptocaryon in marine aquaria as well as Hexamita & Ichthyophthirius.

Metronidazole is often recommended for disease in Cichlids which is often thought to be caused by Hexamita,

HOWEVER there is considerable evidence that the cause of “Hole in the Head” is simply the lack of Calcium and even positive calcium ions.

This is especially common in aquariums utilizing water softened using sodium chloride or potassium chloride to drive out hard water minerals.

Use of such water should be ceased prior to using Metronidazole and as well, the use of products such as Wonder

Shells mineral blocks should also be used first before treating with Metronidazole (or combined).

Due to Metronidazoles effectiveness against anaerobic bacteria by selectively blocking some of the cell functions of

anaerobic bacteria, Metronidazole along with Neomycin is a good choice for bloating of the digestive tract (common in goldfish).

Metronidazole selectively blocks some of the cell functions in anaerobic bacteria, resulting in their demise.

Metronidazole is also effective used in combination (such as with Praziquantel) or by itself for internal parasites such as Nematodes or Trematodes.

In marine aquarium infections is where Metronidazole really shines as it is very effective internally and since Marine

fish are always drinking the water around them, medication is easily transported to the infected area.

In Freshwater, treatment can be improved by soaking food as well and this is still an effective freshwater treatment as well.

7 days is a minimum treatment time indicated by the author. Instructions for treating with Metro for Hexamita

typically suggest 7-10 days, and if you read National Fish Pharmacy instructions for their Metro, they indicate 10 days period, nothing less.

Instructions vary and most instructions for treating with Metro indicate repeating dose every 24 hours with a 25% water change before treatment.

Part of the reason for the water change is to help reduce the flagellites that are expelled in the feces into the water.

A study at the University of Florida on Hexamita in Angelfish and treatment methods showed daily 25% water changes were almost as effective at reducing the amount of Hexamita in the intestines of affected fish as the metro.

Here is the link from the study. https://www.vin.com/apputil/content/defaultadv1.aspx?id=3981436&pid=11108&print=1 In addition, for Hexamita,

Metro should be combined with Nitrofuracin Green powder for 14 days to be truly effective.

Metro for 10, Nitro in combination with the Metro but for 14 days.

 

 

 

 

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power outage? 5 things to do with your koi pond during power outage

solar powered pond aerator

power outage? 5 things to do with your koi pond during power outage

power outage emergency in your koi pond What’s MOST important to Koi fish during a power outage?

Koi require oxygen to live, and without an air pump or a water fall running,

they will quickly consume all available oxygen in the pond and die!

Water with an oxygen concentration of less than 3 mg/l will generally not support fish.

 

1. solar powered pond aerator-You could consider solar powered pond aerator with batteries.

Also reducing fish stock

.solar powered pond aerator

 

2. ups battery backup (UPS) to run your regular air pumps.


An uninterruptible power supply (UPS) can also carry your pond through a brief power outage.

They are available at most office supply or computer retail stores.

The UPS works by providing the necessary current via a battery.

The battery remains charged by being plugged into the wall outlet.

This means that your pond will not flinch even a little bit when the power goes off, as it is will not be powered by line electricity.

The UPS will last longer if used to power small pumps or air pumps with low current consumption.

The larger circulation pumps will usually run only a few minutes.

 

 

3.Finally, if you live in an area where power outages are more common, you may want to consider a gasoline-powered generator.gasoline-powered generator.

The downside to generators is that they can be expensive, noisy, and rather heavy.

However, they can keep your pond (and also your home appliances) going throughout an extended power outage.

An important safety tip: DO NOT feed your koi fish during a power outage unless it is absolutely necessary, as it will cause pollutants and algae to build up faster. Most fish can go 5 to 7 days without being fed.

 

 

4.Tap water-Ancost-effectiveective way is to let your tap water to run continuously until the electricity is back on. Only thing is to monitor the chlorine level from time to time. Add the anti-chlorine as desired. I did this twice, and no problems with the fishes

.tap water

 

5.Treating Ponds With  Hydrogen Peroxide

Hydrogen Peroxide
Measure the length, width, maximum depth and average depth of the pond in feet. You will use these measurements to find the volume of the pond.

 

pond calculator

 

Calculate the volume of the koi pond using an online tool such as pond calculator. This calculator can also determine a recommended pump size and how many fish the pond can safely support.

Apply 1/2 cup of 3 percent hydrogen peroxide solution per 100 gallons of koi pond water to increase the oxygen content.

The peroxide will take effect within an hour, and the increased oxygen will last for about four hours.

Add 1/2 cup 3 percent hydrogen peroxide solution per 625 gallons of pond water when using peroxide after a potassium permanganate treatment.

It will take about an hour for the water to clear.

Things You Will Need

  • online pond volume calculator
  • 3 percent hydrogen peroxide solution
  • measuring cup

Tip
If you use hydrogen peroxide in the midst of a potassium permanganate treatment, wait three to four days before resuming treatment.

Warnings
Hydrogen peroxide can cause gill damage if applied directly to koi.

Pour peroxide into the pond away from the fish, so it is diluted by the time it reaches them.

Use of hydrogen peroxide to increase oxygen levels is only a temporary solution.

Continual use can damage the koi’s gills.

 

Do you have other ways to manage you koi pond during power outage? Please leave in the comments below thanks

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The best plants for your koi pond

koi pond plants

koi pond plants not only look beautiful but can also serve to keep algae at bay. As a koi pond owner, you will probably also take pride in its appearance and upkeep, and if you have been searching for tips on the right kinds of plants for your koi pond, you have come to the right place! Discover which plants are safe to place in your pond, and how to introduce plants into a koi pond that has previously been plant-free. Here, you will also get some terrific tips about which plants to feature in your pond, and what you need to ensure your chosen plants will thrive.

 

Maintaining the quality of your koi pond

If you are contemplating introducing a koi pond to your garden, you must be aware that the one of the most essential elements of caring for your koi is maintaining the pH levels in the water. Koi require an alkaline environment, with pH levels of 7.5 to 8. Any reading below 7 is dangerous and the levels will need to be raised. You should check the pH levels regularly using a pH testing kit. It is also advisable to test the area around the pond and you can find the Best Soil pH Tester at Backtofarm.Com. Should you find the pH levels to be too low you can remedy this by taking bucket of pond water and dissolving 1 teaspoon of baking soda per 5 to 10 gallons of pond water. Add this solution to the pond. Once the levels are correct, you are ready to introduce plants to your pond.

 

 

Introducing plants to your koi pond

As you may already be aware koi are likely to attempt to eat ay plants they can reach, and so you need to be cunning in the way you introduce plants to the pond. One method is to grow plants on a plant shelf, away from the hungry mouths of koi, however these shelves may provide predators with a handy step which they will use to catch and eat the koi. An alternative is to place plants directly into, or onto the water.

 

Water hyacinth

There are three main types of water plants for ponds you can introduce to your koi pond: floating, submerged, and shallow-water marsh plants. An attractive plant you may consider is the floating Water Hyacinth which provides many benefits including a natural filtration system, removing excess nutrients from the water. A floating plant such as the Water Hyacinth also blocks out light meaning algae will be less likely to grow in your pond. Yet, there are some downsides to selecting a Water Hyacinth, as your koi may decide to nibble on this easily accessible plant.

 

Umbrella Palm

This plant resides in the shallow-water marsh plant category an is an attractive addition to a koi pond border. As you may have guessed from the name, the Umbrella Palm is shaped like an umbrella with several long leaves protruding from an extended stalk. This plant can thrive in warmer climates, but will need to be taken indoors if colder weather ensues.

 

American Waterweed (Elodea)

This wonderful plant is completely submerged but for the white flowers it produces which lie at the surface of the pond. The Elodea can be a great provider of shelter for smaller koi, and is perfect for utilising any excess carbon dioxide in the water. You will need to keep an eye on this plant however, as it can grow excessively, and is dangerous if allowed to infiltrate public waterways.